Andy Kroll

Andy Kroll

Senior Reporter

Andy Kroll is Mother Jones' Dark Money reporter. He is based in the DC bureau. His work has also appeared at the Wall Street Journal, the Detroit News, the Guardian, the American Prospect, and, where he's an associate editor. Email him at akroll (at) motherjones (dot) com. He tweets at @AndrewKroll.

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The Conservative Dark Money Daisy Chain

| Wed Sep. 11, 2013 12:44 PM EDT

We've known for more than a year that major players in conservative politics use a network of nonprofit groups to move tens of millions of dollars around the country while keeping the identities of their donors a secret. This has been called a "shadow money trail" and a "daisy chain" of dark money, and it lets donors pour money into politics and issue campaigns anonymously. Now, the folks at are out with a report shedding new light on the murky constellation of groups used to circulate that money.

OpenSecrets' report focuses on two 501(c)(4) nonprofits: TC4 Trust and the Center to Protect Patient Rights. Both of these groups have ties to the Koch brothers and their network of wealthy conservative and libertarian donors. It's not clear where the funding for TC4 Trust or the Center to Protect Patient Rights actually comes from—as in, who the original donors are—but OpenSecrets has discovered that these two outfits are engaged in "a high-stakes game of hide-the-ball, disguising transfers of millions of dollars from one to the other behind a veil of Delaware limited liability corporations." For years, both organizations have used intermediary groups that are also shrouded in secrecy to shuffle their money.

This flowchart helps visualize just how TC4 and the Center to Protect Patient Rights use a handful of middlemen to move their money around:

The Center to Protect Patient Rights came onto the scene last year, when the group was revealed to be a conduit for dark money flowing into a number of well-known conservative groups. In 2010, CPPR funneled $44 million into outfits such as Grover Norquist's Americans for Tax Reform, the Koch-backed Americans for Prosperity, Club for Growth, and 60-Plus Association, which bills itself as the conservative alternative to the AARP.

CPPR, run by a political operative named Sean Noble who has worked for the Kochs, came to be seen as part of a daisy chain of right-leaning nonprofits shuffling secret money around the country. There is very little information on where exactly CPPR's money comes from because the group's donors are not disclosed. One of few chances to get a peek at the donors bankrolling this dark money universe could come from California, were the state's attorney general and election watchdog are jointly investigating an $11 million donation made in 2012 that passed through CPPR. That investigation has gone deep enough that, as I reported in April, conservative operatives are on edge about what it could reveal. "A lot of folks are going to have their dirty laundry hung out," a conservative lobbyist told me at the time, "and it's not going to be pretty."

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Mitch McConnell: Want My Syria Position? Wait Till Next Week

| Fri Sep. 6, 2013 3:58 PM EDT
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell.

At an appearance Friday at the Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) spoke about the Syrian civil war and the Assad regime's use of chemical weapons on the Syrian people.

McConnell did not take a position on whether the US military should bomb Syria in response to the chemical weapons attacks. "This is a tough call. I think there are good arguments on both sides," he said. The Kentucky senator told the audience he would announce his position on whether to bomb Syria next week.

McConnell did, however, delve a bit deeper into his views on the chemical weapons attack. "Use of chemical weapons against anybody, particularly against your own people, has been viewed for decades as simply unacceptable," he said. That view is awfully close to President Obama's position that the use of chemical weapons crosses a "red line" widely acknowledged by the international community.

In 2012, Obama said that "a red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around or being utilized. That would change my calculus." Earlier this week, Obama hedged that by saying, "I didn't set a red line; the world set a red line. The world set a red line when governments representing 98 percent of the world’s population said the use of chemical weapons are abhorrent and passed a treaty forbidding their use even when countries are engaged in war."

What McConnell said at the Northern Kentucky Chamber is a boiled-down version of that statement. It remains a mystery whether McConnell will back strikes in Syria—and risk further inflaming his already hostile conservative base—or cast his lot with fellow Kentucky senator Rand Paul and oppose the strikes. We'll have to wait until next week to find out.

Sheldon Adelson: I Stand With President Obama on Bombing Syria

| Wed Sep. 4, 2013 12:47 PM EDT
Las Vegas casino mogul Sheldon Adelson.

The debate over whether to bomb Syrian military facilities and weapons installations is creating some strange bedfellows. Among them: President Obama and Las Vegas casino mogul Sheldon Adelson.

On Tuesday, the Republican Jewish Coalition, which counts Adelson as a donor and a board member, told its members to urge Congress to authorize a strike in Syria. A spokesman for Adelson, a top backer of pro-Israel causes, told Bloomberg News that the gambling mogul supported the coalition's position—and thus Obama's—on Syria.

Obama and Adelson are far from ideological allies. Adelson reportedly spent upwards of $150 million, in disclosed and dark money, to defeat Obama in last year's presidential election. He and his wife, Miriam, almost single-handedly kept Republican presidential hopeful Newt Gingrich in the running during the GOP primary season, giving $20.5 million to the pro-Gingrich super-PAC, Winning Our Future. Once Romney won the party's nomination, Adelson and his wife poured $30 million more into Restore Our Future, the pro-Romney super-PAC. On election night, Adelson attended the Romney campaign's party at the Westin hotel in Boston.

During the campaign, Adelson questioned Obama's commitment to protecting Israel. "Time and again, President Obama has signaled a lack of sympathy—or even outright hostility—toward Israel," Adelson wrote in an op-ed for JNS News Service. These days, Adelson seems to be feeling better about Obama's foreign policy stance.

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