dana liebelson

Dana Liebelson

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Dana Liebelson is a reporter in Mother Jones' Washington bureau. Her work also appears in Marie Claire and The Week. In her free time, she plays electric violin and bass in a punk band.

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The Republican Freakout Over This Feminist, Pro-Choice Federal Judicial Nominee

| Tue Nov. 12, 2013 4:00 AM PST
Nina Pillard

Update: Senate Republicans have blocked Nina Pillard, making her the third woman nominated to the D.C. Circuit to be blocked this year. Melanie L. Campbell, president and CEO of the National Coalition on Black Civic Participation, says, "We see this as an abuse of power by a group of Republican Senators when there no legitimate issues have been presented, and these candidates are highly qualified."

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) is expected to hold a confirmation vote today for Cornelia "Nina" Pillard, who was nominated by President Obama to sit on the second-highest court in the United States: the DC Circuit Court of Appeals. Pillard is a Georgetown University law professor and a magna cum laude graduate from Harvard Law School who has argued and filed briefs on dozens of cases that have come before the Supreme Court. She is also unabashedly feminist and pro-choice and supports access to contraception and comprehensive sexual education. As a result, she's attracting a wave of attacks from Republicans, who are waging a battle to make sure she never gets to join the conservative-dominated court. 

"I have concerns about your nomination…[Your academic] writing, to me, suggest that your views may well be considerably outside of the mainstream," Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) said during Pillard's July hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee, which in September voted to advance her confirmation to the full Senate. Conservative think tanks have been less diplomatic with their views: Tony Perkins, president of the Family Research Council, wrote that Pillard promotes "militant feminism," and "America can't afford to give a lifetime appointment to a radical ideologue."

The two biggest Supreme Court cases that Pillard worked on helped affirm rights for both men and women in the United States. In 1996, her brief helped persuade the US Supreme Court to end the Virginia Military Institute's decades-old men-only policy. And in 2003, her argument led the Supreme Court to uphold the inclusion of men in the Family and Medical Leave Act. It's not these cases, but rather Pillard's academic writings on reproductive rights, that have sparked Republican fears of her "militant feminism."

At a September Senate Judiciary Committee hearing, Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) went so far as to read Pillard's writings to another DC Circuit judicial nominee to see if he disagreed—without revealing that Pillard wrote them. A Democratic Senate aid told the Huffington Post he found the exchange "super weird." The writings Grassley quoted came from a 2007 Georgetown University Law Center paper, in which Pillard noted that "reproductive rights, including the rights to contraception and abortion, play a central role in freeing women from historically routine conscription into maternity." That insurance plans were not required to cover women's contraceptives was, she wrote, "emblematic of a much broader failure," and she expressed support for more comprehensive sex education in schools.

In a 2006 entry for the Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties, Pillard wrote that "accurate health education can help to make abortion less necessary by teaching teens about reproduction and birth control." Republicans aggressively attacked this viewpoint. "You [have argued] that if a state decides to teach abstinence-only, that that decision…in your judgment, may be unconstitutional. Is that indeed what you were arguing?" Cruz asked at the July hearing. 

Pillard replied: "I'm a mother. I have two teenage children, one boy and one girl…I want both of my children to be taught to say no, not just my daughter. I want my son to be taught that too. The article was very explicit. I don't see any constitutional objection [to] abstinence-only education that does not rely on sex-role stereotypes." 

Cruz said that he found that to be "an extraordinary position," and Ed Whelan, writing in the National Review, accused Pillard of "false testimony" on the abstinence education issue. "No one who seeks to use the Constitution to impose and advance her own dogmatic belief…should be trusted with judicial power," he wrote. Pillard has said repeatedly that her personal views will have no place in her judicial decision-making, and Media Matters has called the National Review's attacks on Pillard "sexist, hypocritical, and flawed."

Sen. Mike Lee (R-Utah) also brought up Pillard's writings at the July hearing, accusing Pillard of comparing anti-abortion protesters to white supremacists. "Do you believe that pro-life protesters are fairly analogous to Klu Klux Klan members who lynched African Americans?" he asked. Pillard disagreed, noting that the brief in question referred to why protesters shouldn't interfere with law enforcement, and, at the time, there wasn't a more relevant statute to cite. She said that after that case, Congress passed the Freedom of Access to Clinics Entrances Act in 1994, which made it illegal for protesters to obstruct people going to health clinics. 

If Pillard's confirmation is blocked by Republicans, it will be because they can't handle an openly feminist, pro-choice federal judge—or because, as Reid has pointed out, they are stonewalling all of the Obama administration's nominees, no matter their background. Obama has nominated two others to the DC Circuit, one of whom has already been filibustered by Republicans. "While Senate Republicans are blocking President Obama's nominees to this vital court, they were happy to confirm several judges to the DC Circuit when Presidents Reagan and Bush were in office…Pillard is incredibly qualified and dedicated," Reid said.

At least one conservative legal scholar agrees: "I know well Professor Pillard's intellect, integrity, and temperament…I know her to be a straight shooter when it comes to the law and legal interpretation," wrote Viet D. Dinh, who served as the assistant attorney general for legal policy under President George W. Bush. "I am confident that she would approach the judicial task of applying law to facts in a fair and meticulous manner​."

The Loophole That Allows Facebook to Avoid Paying Taxes on Billions of Earnings

| Fri Nov. 8, 2013 10:22 AM PST

Most Americans assume that Silicon Valley, a shining beacon of US economic growth, will give a lot of dough back to Uncle Sam over the next few years. But thanks to a controversial loophole in US tax code, 12 tech companies—including Facebook, Twitter and Linkedin—are poised to avoid paying income taxes on their next $11.4 billion in earnings, netting the companies a collective savings of $4 billion, according to a report put out this week by the Citizens for Tax Justice (CTJ). 

The way the law stands now, US companies get big tax deductions when they pay their employees in stock options. For example, if an executive is given the option to buy a million shares of a company at five cents a share and later cashes those options in when they're selling for $20 a share, the company can deduct the price difference in tax breaks, even though they never actually paid that higher salary. This is especially profitable to emerging industries, like tech, where companies give stock options to young executives when they're still coding out of their parents' basements. These tech employees have an incentive to stay with the company over the long-term, and then cash in once the company is profitable. That means that companies get to store these tax breaks until—ta-da!—they're not paying income taxes for years. Here's how much these 12 companies have saved: 

CTJ

Twitter is the latest company that stands to profit from this, since it just went public. But in this latest report, CTJ determined that Facebook still has the highest amount of stock deductions to cash in—about $6.2 billion worth, allowing it to avoid income taxes for almost five years. And it's not just tech companies. In April, CTJ found that 280 Fortune 500 companies have benefited from this break in the last three years alone. 

Tony Nitti from Forbes argues that even with this loophole, Uncle Sam isn't losing money, since as Facebook deducts $5 billion in taxes from Mark Zuckerberg's stock, Zuckerberg is taxed on $5 billion in income, and the individual rate is higher than the corporate rate. Facebook did not immediately respond to comment on the report, but a spokesperson told the Huffington Post earlier this year that "it's a mistake to look at only the corporate tax revenue while ignoring the billions of taxes paid from initial shareholders."​

But Matt Gardner, executive director of the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, tells Mother Jones that the IRS is still losing money, since Zuckerberg would be taxed on his income no matter where it came from, and under the loophole, the company is able to write off his income without corporate income taxes.  "If Facebook buys Zuckerberg a lottery ticket for a buck, and then he wins a million dollars, should the company be able the write off that million? That's absurd, but that gives you a sense of what's going on here," says Gardner.

Bipartisan lawmakers have recently started to denounce this loophole, and in February of 2013, Senator Carl Levin (D-MI) proposed a bill that would limit how high companies could go with their stock-option tax breaks.

"People recognize that these loopholes are not fair. They are wrong in every sense that a policy can be wrong—wrong fiscally, wrong economically, wrong ethically," said Levin in a statement. 

Fri Nov. 22, 2013 10:26 AM PST
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