The Incredible Shrinking News Media

| Mon Jun. 25, 2007 2:34 PM EDT

The San Jose Mercury News recently launched yet another round of editorial cuts -- This makes three in just the last 18 months, a cut of nearly 17 percent that will leave the paper with 200 newsroom positions, down from a peak of 400 just seven years ago.

With the San Francisco Chronicle's recent announcement of its own staff slicing, coupled with major regional media consolidation, the Bay Area is starting to feel like the incredible shrinking news area.

But the Bay Area is not a case in isolation. Media consolidation is plaguing media outlets across the nation. In our March/April 2007 issue, Mother Jones found that equity-chasing investors and the FCC are key players in the incredibly expanding media mess. Wall Street, the Bush Administration and technology are all in the mix, too.

—Gary Moskowitz

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Title IX--35 Years Old And Still Misunderstood

| Sat Jun. 23, 2007 11:39 AM EDT

Title IX is 35 years old today. The brainchild of former Congresswoman Patsy Mink, Title IX establishes equal opportunity for girls in all schools that receive federal funding. Unfortunately, the term "Title IX" is now associated with equal athletic opportunity, but the law covers much more than that.

Also unfortunately, many people who write and argue about Title IX, including many journalists who should know better, are clueless about how the law works.

The ACLU website, in recognition of the 35th anniversary, has an entire section devoted to Title IX. Here, you can learn about what the law means, look at actual Title IX case summaries, and find out what you can do to help promote the ideals of Title IX.

Indie Publishing Takes a Big Hit

| Fri Jun. 22, 2007 7:39 PM EDT

Any bookish type will tell you that some of the most interesting and innovative copy in bookstores and libraries often comes from a small independent publisher that is willing to take a chance on an author. So when PGW (Publishers Group West), one of the main distributors for these scrappy DIY publishing houses, got put on the chopping block back in January, it was looking like rough waters ahead for indie publishers.

When PGW's parent company went bankrupt, all of its assets were frozen, which meant that publishers were not paid for any sales from the last quarter of 2006 (which includes December, the most profitable month for any retailer). Eventually the company did get taken over, but publishers only received 70 percent of what they were owed. Being a bookish type myself, I have been following the ongoing drama via Shelf Awareness for the last six months, but you can get the full story over at Salon.

Some small publishers folded, others were bought out, and among the indie houses still standing, many are struggling. Included in this list is one of my personal favorites, author Dave Eggers' publishing group McSweeney's, which lost an estimated $130,000 in actual earnings. They're having a big sale on their website in an effort to raise money to offset their losses. Keep one of my favorite publishing houses alive by buying some cool stuff. My personal recommendation? This shirt.

—Martha Pettit

More on Our New Fourth Branch of Government

| Fri Jun. 22, 2007 6:20 PM EDT

Ever-helpful White House spokesperson Dana Perino addresses the curious question of whether Dick Cheney is his own special branch of government:

Q: Do you agree with the contention that the Office of the Vice President is not part of the executive branch?

MS. PERINO: What I know -- and I am not a lawyer; and this is an interesting constitutional question that legal scholars can debate and I'm sure you'll find plenty of them inside the beltway -- is that the Vice President has a unique role in our United States government. He is not only the Vice President of the United States, but in that role he is also the President of the Senate. I will let him go ahead and --

Q: So there's a fourth branch of government.

MS. PERINO: -- I will let that debate be held.

So Cheney's not part of the executive because he's part of the legislative branch. Fascinating. And you gotta love Perino's deft use of the old "We've Made Up Our Minds, But You're Welcome to Debate This" move from the Bush Rhetorical Playbook.

Sheriff Obama To Clean Up Town -- On the First Day

| Fri Jun. 22, 2007 4:47 PM EDT

The Obama campaign has released Barack Obama's plan to reform Washington -- a plan they say he will enact on his first day in office. Some of it goes a good bit further than the measures Democrats in Congress have enacted, some of it is short on details. Regardless, he definitely has his heart in the right place. Highlights from a fact sheet sent out by the campaign:

- Closing the revolving door: No political appointee in an Obama Administration would be able to lobby the executive branch during the remainder of the Administration. Huge change from the current way of doing things.

- Ending the abuse of no-bid contracts: Admirable, but no details given.

- Stopping the influence of lobbyists: President Obama would issue an executive order banning lobbyists from giving gifts in any form to executive branch employees.

- Ending politicization of the federal government: Tougher enforcement measures in the Hatch Act.

- Cute/nutty stuff: Obama would not sign any bill without giving the public an opportunity to comment on the White House website for five days. Cabinet officials would be required to host national broadband town halls. And there's this sort of Big-Brother-for-federal-employees thing: "Obama will require his appointees... to conduct the significant business of the agency in public, so that any citizen can see in person or watch on the Internet as the agencies debate and deliberate the issues that affect American society. Videos of meetings will be archived on the web, and the transcript will be available to the public." American citizens can watch in person as bureaucrats do their jobs?? How incredibly boring and ripe for trouble.

- Disclosure on earmarks and tax breaks: President Obama would ensure that tax
breaks to special interests and all congressional earmarks are posted on the Office of Management and Budget's website.

- No more political operatives with sweet jobs: "Obama will issue an Executive Order requiring that political appointees possess relevant professional qualifications and experience related to the core mission of the agency for which they are nominated."

You can read more about Obama's plans for corruption, oversight, etc. at this campaign web page.

Media Donates Politically in Small Numbers -- But Mostly to Democrats

| Fri Jun. 22, 2007 3:06 PM EDT

The investigative unit at just published a long study of which journalists donate money to political candidates and causes. Campaign contributions by a journalist are often seen as acceptable things -- the assumption being that the contribution is part of the journalist's private life and the partisan support it implies won't affect his or her work. Some newsrooms don't care, some ban contributions by political reporters and editors (Abe Rosenthal, the former New York Times editor, is reported to have said, "I don't care if you sleep with elephants as long as you don't cover the circus."), and some ban donations altogether. But the workplace rules that govern or don't govern this issue are less interesting that the picture it paints of journalism as an industry.

Of the 144 journalists who made political contributions between 2004 and the first quarter of 2007, 125 gave to Democrats and liberal causes. Just 17 gave to Republicans, while two gave to both. There are some obvious ones -- a producer for Bill O'Reilly gave to Republicans -- but there are some surprises -- a researcher for Brit Hume gave to Democrats. (Penance?) loves Democrats, as do Newsweek and Rolling Stone. But perhaps no one helps out the left more than The New Yorker, which places no restrictions on donations and had fully 10 writers and staffer donate to Democrats (and none to Republicans). You can see the full list here. What is it about journalism as a business that attracts left-leaning folks? Or is there something about working in journalism that makes a lefty out of you over time? Speculation is welcomed in the comments.

Maybe the most valuable conclusion here, though, is that journalists mostly take pains to maintain objectivity -- the 144 who have donated represent less than one percent of the reported 100,000 journalists nationwide.

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Redoing the Primary System: Rotating Regionals?

| Fri Jun. 22, 2007 2:56 PM EDT

Lamar Alexander, like many people, is upset with the primaries-gone-wild fiasco we've seen recently: too many states are moving too far up the calendar, leading to a front-loaded campaign that favors big money candidates and necessitates frenetic campaigning years before the election. What's the alternative? A rotating regional primary system:

Alexander said the model for federal legislation is based on a 1999 bill that Lieberman co-wrote that would have created a regional primary system. That bill would have created a system of four rotating regions, with a cluster of 13 mid-Atlantic and Northeast states voting on the first Tuesday of March, with a southern group of states going the first Tuesday of April, a Midwest group the first Tuesday of May and a Mountain West and far West group going last, the first Tuesday of June.
The next election, the order would be rotated so that no region would always go first. That bill, which was referred to the Senate Rules and Administration Committee, went nowhere legislatively speaking.

The states would likely hate this idea, because it takes control away from them, and in a body where a single senator can hold up legislation, the lawmakers from New Hampshire and Iowa would make sure it doesn't go anywhere. But at least someone's doing some thinking on the issue.

Dick Cheney: Check and Balance This!

| Thu Jun. 21, 2007 9:14 PM EDT

Quick, forget everything you learned in 5th-grade social studies (or Election) about the three branches of government. You know, the executive, judicial, and legislative. Now it turns out we actually have four branches of government. Like so many of the interesting new things we've learned about how the federal government is really supposed to work, this head-scratcher comes from Dick Cheney. Rep. Henry Waxman's government oversight committee has the details:

The Oversight Committee has learned that over the objections of the National Archives, Vice President Cheney exempted his office from the presidential order that establishes government-wide procedures for safeguarding classified national security information. The Vice President asserts that his office is not an "entity within the executive branch." [emphasis mine]

So there you have it. There's a fourth branch of government, and its name is Dick Cheney. But what should the official name be? How about the "extracurricular branch"? Add your naming suggestions in the comments.

Sopranos Finale Goes On and On and...

| Thu Jun. 21, 2007 5:31 PM EDT

mojo-photo-sopranos.jpgIs this a sign maybe David Chase was onto something, the fact that nobody can stop talking about the thing, almost two weeks after it aired? Here's some updates, fallout, and more parodies:

- The accompaniment to the finale, Journey's 1981 hit, "Don't Stop Believin'," has surged back into the charts in the wake of the show's publicity, reports, up 371% in digital sales (currently residing at #26 on iTunes), with their Greatest Hits album up 111%. Grab A+D's freestyle mix of the track for your next party: "Don't Stop Believin' In Planet Rock" (mp3)

- Wanda Sykes gave her theory about the show's ending on Conan O'Brien last night: "He whacked his family. The son's annoying, whining all the time, the daughter can't park… he just whacked 'em." Alternately, for evidence supporting the "Tony is dead" theory, check out, ahem,

- Hillary Clinton's spoof video drew over 500,000 hits to their website, according to her people, beating the day they launched the freakin' campaign. Even Giuliani brought it up, saying "I still prefer my 'Godfather' imitation, but you know, I have a lot more practice at it." Whichever random Clinton aide thought this thing up, give them a damn raise.

More parodies after the jump.

Finally, Some Answers on NSA Domestic Spying?

| Thu Jun. 21, 2007 3:40 PM EDT

The Senate Judiciary Committee has made at least nine formal requests for documents regarding the NSA's domestic spying programs, but the Bush Administration has refused to hand anything over. The stonewalling may finally cease now that the committee has voted to issue subpoenas, with Chairman Leahy openly questioning what the Administration has to hide.

A list of the documents Leahy and the committee hope to uncover can be found here.