Attack of the Mammoth Clones?
Teams of Japanese and Russian scientists see a real shot at cloning an animal that has been extinct for roughly 10,000 years.
Try figuring out if this is an excerpt from an AFP story that ran on Saturday, or the synopsis for a certain 1993-Steven-Spielberg-popcorn-movie-turned-amusement-park-ride:
Scientists from Japan and Russia believe it may be possible to clone a mammoth after finding well-preserved bone marrow in a thigh bone recovered from permafrost soil in Siberia, a report said...
Teams from the Sakha Republic's mammoth museum and Japan's Kinki University will launch fully-fledged joint research next year aiming to recreate the giant mammal, Japan's Kyodo News reported from Yakutsk, Russia...[T]he discovery in August of the well-preserved thigh bone in Siberia has increased the chances of a successful cloning. Global warming has thawed ground in eastern Russia that is usually almost permanently frozen, leading to the discoveries of a number of frozen mammoths...
But in all seriousness (since the Jurassic Park angle has already been done to death on this story) the report is just the latest in the teams' efforts to bring the animal back from extinction—a phase that the species of tusked mammal have dabbled in for about 100 centuries.
The clone-a-furry-prehistoric-creature formula, according to researchers, is as follows:
- Swap out the nuclei of egg cells from an elephant for ones taken from the frozen mammoth's marrow cells, thus creating embryos with mammoth DNA.
- Plant those special embryos into the wombs of a bunch of elephants.
- Each elephant—a close relative of the mammoth—delivers the resurrected-mammoth baby in roughly 22 months.