No. 5: American Petroleum Institute (A.K.A. Energy Citizens)
Meet the 12 loudest members of the chorus claiming that global warming is a joke and that CO2 emissions are actually good for you.
Meet "Bryan from Ohio" and "Judy from Alaska"—just a couple of the hardworking, freedom-loving Americans who've signed on to support the pro-oil advocacy group Energy Citizens. This August, the group held a rally a few blocks from Exxon HQ in downtown Houston "to give these energy citizens a voice in the climate bill debate." Its blog described the 3,500 attendees as "truckers, farmers, homemakers, small business people, veterans, and the unemployed" who expressed their concerns about the Waxman-Markey climate bill.
Or their bosses' concerns. Energy Citizens is a creation of the American Petroleum Institute, the oil industry's largest trade group. (In 2009, API has spent some $5.8 million on lobbying, much of it on the climate and energy bills.) A memo from API president Jack Gerard, leaked to Greenpeace, urged his group's members to ensure "turnouts of several hundred attendees" at supposedly grassroots events like the ones Energy Citizens was sponsoring. He explained, "Our member company local leadership—including your facility manager's commitment to provide significant attendance—is essential to achieving the participation level that Senators cannot ignore." Kate Sheppard (then at Grist) obtained a list of the coordinators of 21 events Energy Citizens was planning; 15 out of the 21 were registered lobbyists, mostly for API and its affiliates.