This story was originally published by The Huffington Post and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.
When Amazon kicked off a bidding war for its second North American headquarters in September, the company laid out a vision of its perfect suitor. The ideal city would have more than a million people, mass transit, an international airport, attractive housing and â€œstable and business-friendlyâ€ regulations.
But the retail goliath apparently isnâ€™t worried about how surging seas, extreme weather and deadly heat waves might affect its operations or the 50,000 employees it promises to hire in its new $5 billion â€œsecond home.â€ The company also doesnâ€™t seem overly concerned with how much its ravenous appetite for energy and reliance on fleets of fossil-fueled delivery trucks are making those things worse.
Amazon made no mention of climate change in its â€œHQ2â€ requests for proposals. Few, if any, of the public bids from 238 cities in 54 states, provinces and territories throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico included risks from warming temperatures. Likewise, Amazon refuses to release data on its greenhouse gas emissions, making the Seattle-based giant a pariah among environmentalists who rank it as one of the least transparent corporations of its size.
This year, unseasonable wildfires, 1,000-year floods and back-to-back scale-topping hurricanes made climate change more tangible for many Americans. Yet the nearly $566 billion corporate titan has managed to erect a tent around its circus over a second headquarters to try to keep out the frightening weather. And all the players seem willing to ignore the forecast.
The company plans to announce its decision next year. In the meantime, analysts made their own rankings. Moodyâ€™s Analytics considered 34 variables, including costs, quality of life and transportation. The analysis, published in October, ranked Austin, Texas, a city racked in recent years by drought and flooding, first. Atlanta, prone to heat waves, was second. Philadelphia, a coastal city at risk of sea level rise, came in third.
â€œWe didnâ€™t take into consideration climate change risk or rising sea waters or anything like that,â€ Adam Ozimek, co-author of the analysis and a senior economist at Moodyâ€™s, told HuffPost. â€œWithin the United States, within the 50 states, itâ€™s hard to look and find places where youâ€™re seeing major divestment or declines in investment due to reasons of climate change.â€
Another analysis by Anderson Economic Group yielded different results but still ignored climate change. CNN and The New York Times made their own lists but mentioned â€œclimateâ€ only in reference to business regulations.
Noticing the research void, Aseem Prakash, director of the University of Washingtonâ€™s Center for Environmental Politics, formulated his own ranking based on climate vulnerability. He and his fellow researcher, Nives DolÅ¡ak, calculated the total number of days each county spent under a federally declared emergency or disaster. They based the assessment on 25 years of Federal Emergency Management Agency data on severe storms, flooding, hurricanes, tornadoes, snow, coastal floods and weather-related fires. They used 1992 as the start date to include Hurricane Andrew, the second-most damaging storm in the U.S. after the 1926 Great Miami storm.
Only two citiesâ€”Portland, Oregon, and Pittsburghâ€”ranked in the top 10 for both the Moodyâ€™s study and theirs.
â€œThis suggests that economic and business criteria probably do not help us to understand a cityâ€™s vulnerability to climate change,â€ Prakash wrote in a blog post for HuffPost.
Amazon declined to comment for this story.
Including climate data in economic and market forecasts remains a surprisingly novel concept. Itâ€™s only been in the past two to three years that insurance companiesâ€”whose business is based on predicting and planning for potential risksâ€”began seriously reconsidering how it plans for a warmer future. The British Labour Party announced plans to include climate change in its economic predictions just last month.
And most big tech companies, such as Facebook, Apple and Alphabetâ€™s Google, release detailed reports on their energy use and overall output of carbon pollution. But not Amazon.
The company touts its efforts to reduce its emissions of planet-warming gases, trumpeting the solar panels on its warehouse roofs and encouraging customers to recycle its packaging. In October, CEO Jeff Bezos tweeted a video of himself christening the companyâ€™s 18th renewable-energy project and largest wind farm yetâ€”a roughly 100-turbine operation in Snyder, Texasâ€”with a bottle of Champagne.
— Jeff Bezos (@JeffBezos) October 19, 2017