Kevin Drum Feed | Mother Jones http://www.motherjones.com/Blogs/2015/02/kansas-economy-sucks-so-lets-do-little-gay-bashing- http://www.motherjones.com/files/motherjonesLogo_google_206X40.png Mother Jones logo http://www.motherjones.com en Tales From City of Hope #7: Weekend Update http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-7-weekend-update <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_day_3_cake.jpg" style="margin: 8px 0px 15px 30px;" width="290">Since my actual stem cell transplant happened on Thursday, that counts as Day Zero. Today is Day +2. It turns out that part of the prep for the transplant was an IV injection of both Benadryl and Ativan, so I was pretty conked out the entire day. Friday was about the same. Strong stuff, but today I seem to be more alert. For now, anyway.</p> <p>My white cell count continues to drop, which is paradoxically a good thing. Basically, my immune system will drop nearly to zero, probably around Monday or Tuesday, and then begin rebounding. Assuming nothing goes wrong, the main effect will be lots of fatigue and poor appetite. So let's hope nothing goes wrong, shall we?</p> <p>In the meantime, while I wait for a guest post from President Obama, my mother has promised to deliver me a traditional chocolate birthday cake of my childhood on Sunday. We shall christen it the Day +3 cake since we're not even within shouting distance of my birthday at the moment.</p> <p>Otherwise, today is busy! Marian is here, doing some laundry while I'm being hydrated for four hours. Later my sister is coming, and our friend Eileen a little after that. Should be quite the party.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Sat, 25 Apr 2015 16:54:54 +0000 Kevin Drum 274216 at http://www.motherjones.com Friday Cat Blogging - April 24 2015 http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/friday-cat-blogging-april-24-2015 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>While Kevin is undergoing treatment, we've invited <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/bitcoin-women-problem" target="_blank">lots of</a> <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/euro-ingroup-bias" target="_blank">exciting</a> <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/cheryl-rofer-iran-nuclear-deal" target="_blank">guest</a> <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/clinton-90s-welfare-reform" target="_blank">writers</a> to stop by in his honor. But there's no reason the hospitality can't extend to another species, is there?</p> <p>This week's <em>Mother Jones </em>affiliated cat is Max, who joined&nbsp;reporter <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/authors/patrick-caldwell" target="_blank">Patrick Caldwell</a> last summer as the fifth (and only feline) resident of his Washington, DC row house. Here's a shot of Max exploring the dark corners of his realm.</p> <center> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-version="4" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:8px;"> <div style=" background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;"> <div style=" background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAAGFBMVEUiIiI9PT0eHh4gIB4hIBkcHBwcHBwcHBydr+JQAAAACHRSTlMABA4YHyQsM5jtaMwAAADfSURBVDjL7ZVBEgMhCAQBAf//42xcNbpAqakcM0ftUmFAAIBE81IqBJdS3lS6zs3bIpB9WED3YYXFPmHRfT8sgyrCP1x8uEUxLMzNWElFOYCV6mHWWwMzdPEKHlhLw7NWJqkHc4uIZphavDzA2JPzUDsBZziNae2S6owH8xPmX8G7zzgKEOPUoYHvGz1TBCxMkd3kwNVbU0gKHkx+iZILf77IofhrY1nYFnB/lQPb79drWOyJVa/DAvg9B/rLB4cC+Nqgdz/TvBbBnr6GBReqn/nRmDgaQEej7WhonozjF+Y2I/fZou/qAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;">&nbsp;</div> </div> <p style=" margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;"><a href="https://instagram.com/p/x0YwDhTehf/" style=" color:#000; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;" target="_top">So amazed to discover the underground territory</a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;">A photo posted by Patrick Caldwell (@patcaldwell) on <time datetime="2015-01-14T03:02:07+00:00" style=" font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px;">Jan 13, 2015 at 7:02pm PST</time></p> </div> </blockquote> <script async defer src="//platform.instagram.com/en_US/embeds.js"></script></center> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Max's background is almost as shrouded and mysterious as that crawl space. How old is he? No one knows. How many people have cared for him before Pat and his roommates? No one's quite sure about that either.</p> <p>As the story goes, Max has been bequeathed from shared home to shared home like a well-loved futon as his keepers have, one after the other, moved out of the beltway. And while that might make him sound like a very mobile cat, Pat reports he's quite sedentary in most respects. His favorite form of play&mdash;swatting at things just above his head&mdash;can and usually is performed while reclining on his back. This Thanksgiving, he gave the humans a brief scare by slipping away while they were out celebrating. But true to his nature, when they came home Max seemed to have whiled away the hours just a few yards from the window they'd mistakenly left open.</p> <p>Unlike <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/friday-cat-bloggging-24-april-2014" target="_blank">Hilbert and Hopper</a>, Max can't count on Southern California's sun to keep him warm, so over the winter his roommates cleverly rigged up a cat bed right above a radiator. Ready for a nap?</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <center> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-version="4" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:8px;"> <div style=" background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;"> <div style=" background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAAGFBMVEUiIiI9PT0eHh4gIB4hIBkcHBwcHBwcHBydr+JQAAAACHRSTlMABA4YHyQsM5jtaMwAAADfSURBVDjL7ZVBEgMhCAQBAf//42xcNbpAqakcM0ftUmFAAIBE81IqBJdS3lS6zs3bIpB9WED3YYXFPmHRfT8sgyrCP1x8uEUxLMzNWElFOYCV6mHWWwMzdPEKHlhLw7NWJqkHc4uIZphavDzA2JPzUDsBZziNae2S6owH8xPmX8G7zzgKEOPUoYHvGz1TBCxMkd3kwNVbU0gKHkx+iZILf77IofhrY1nYFnB/lQPb79drWOyJVa/DAvg9B/rLB4cC+Nqgdz/TvBbBnr6GBReqn/nRmDgaQEej7WhonozjF+Y2I/fZou/qAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;">&nbsp;</div> </div> <p style=" margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;"><a href="https://instagram.com/p/zX5nD1zesF/" style=" color:#000; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;" target="_top">I feel ya buddy</a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;">A photo posted by Patrick Caldwell (@patcaldwell) on <time datetime="2015-02-21T18:34:04+00:00" style=" font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px;">Feb 21, 2015 at 10:34am PST</time></p> </div> </blockquote> <script async defer src="//platform.instagram.com/en_US/embeds.js"></script></center> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>With the roommate most responsible for Max heading to Kansas City for medical school come fall, this peripatetic puss's future is a bit unsettled. Will he stay with his current community, or will he head west? If he stays, what if the new roommate is allergic, or&mdash;as hard as this may be to imagine&mdash;not a cat person? Yes, there may be yet another loving home in his future.</p> <p>Whatever happens, there's no doubt Max will land on his feet. Cats always do.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 24 Apr 2015 18:35:04 +0000 Clint Hendler 274151 at http://www.motherjones.com Bonus Friday Cat Blogging - 24 April 2015 http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/friday-cat-bloggging-24-april-2014 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>In the top photo, Hopper is scrooched under Karen's display case just to show she can do it. But something has caught her attention. It turned out to be Hilbert, who was innocently walking down the stairs and got pounced on a few seconds after this picture was taken. And with that the evening festivities were on.</p> <p>The next day Hilbert found something more relaxing to do. He discovered the kitchen window and curled up to watch the local parrot population. What could be more entertaining?</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_hopper_2015_04_24.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 15px 0px 5px 90px;"><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_hilbert_2015_04_24.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 15px 0px 5px 90px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 24 Apr 2015 16:00:07 +0000 Kevin Drum 274161 at http://www.motherjones.com If You Read One Post About Labor Force Participation This Decade, Let It Be This One http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/clinton-90s-welfare-reform <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><em>While Kevin Drum is focused on getting better, we've invited some of the remarkable writers and thinkers who have traded links and ideas with him from Blogosphere 1.0 through today to pitch in posts and keep the conversation going. Here's a missive from Max Sawicky</em><em>, a DC-based economist and blogger. You can read his always entertaining work on welfare policy, politics, and many other topics at <a href="http://maxspeak.net/" target="_blank">MaxSpeak, You Listen!</a></em> <em>or find him on <a href="https://twitter.com/maxbsawicky" target="_blank">Twitter</a>.</em></p> <p>I started blogging in <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20020516134056/http://www.maxspeak.org/gm/index.htm" target="_blank">May of 2002</a>. In those days the liberal side of the blogosphere was relatively thin, so I got a bit of notoriety. In my recollection, that fall I started noticing the blog of Mr. Kevin Drum. As the weeks went on I noticed this guy Drum was writing <em>a lot</em>, all well-reasoned, articulate prose. Other people were noticing as well. He left me in the dust. At least Kevin was reading me. At some point he came through D.C. with his wife and we had lunch.</p> <p>I'm honored to be invited to contribute to this <em>festschrift</em>. Yes, that's the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Festschrift" target="_blank">word</a> his editors used when they got in touch. Such high-falutin academic terminology. I prefer to think of it as a roast. But there is nothing funny about Kevin. He's just too damn reasonable and level-headed. No doubt this contributes to his success. I usually have something obnoxious to say about everybody, but with Kevin I draw a blank. Since I've been able to infiltrate the ginormous <em>Mother Jones</em> web site, I need to come up with something. My default mode is attack, so here's some MaxSpeak love for KD and <em>MoJo</em>.</p> <p>In <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/welfare-reform-and-decline-work" target="_blank">this post from just last weekend</a>, Kevin links to <a href="http://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2015/04/declining-desire-to-work-and-downward-trends-in-unemployment-and-participation.html" target="_blank">a bit from Tyler Cowen</a>. <em>That was your first mistake, Brother Drum. </em>I realize linking is not endorsing, though KD offers a limited, tentative 'interesting possibility' type of approval. You see, the prolific and very smart Tyler hails from the zany economics department of George Mason University. No good can come from referencing him. These characters spend all their time excoriating Government and social protection for the working class from tenured, <a href="http://mercatus.org/" target="_blank">Koch-subsidized</a> positions at a public university. Sweet.</p> <p>Professor Cowen briefly discusses a paper suggesting the Clinton era welfare reform (sic) reduced labor force participation. (I too am an economist, in case you didn't know. <a href="https://www.econ.umd.edu/" target="_blank">Ph.D.</a> from Dave's All-Night University.) The paper suggests that the causes are the imposition of work requirements under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF; formerly Aid to Families with Dependent Children, or just 'the welfare'), and the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC).</p> <p>The TANF explanation makes no sense. To get benefits you have to work, sooner or later. Previously, you didn't. How could that reduce labor force participation? (On pushing welfare people into Social Security Disability Insurance, thus far there is no evidence of that.) The other cause&mdash;the EITC providing enough benefits to a couple to enable one spouse to work less&mdash;is pretty well known, though the magnitude of the effect is weak. This is all basic stuff in the literature, as noted in Cowen's comments section by <a href="http://www.vpostrel.com" target="_blank">Virginia Postrel</a>, but it's evidently new to Tyler. In his defense, Tyler publishes a dynamite <a href="http://tylercowensethnicdiningguide.com/" target="_blank">guide</a> to ethnic dining in the MD/DC/VA metro area.</p> <p>So the upshot is this whole mess is <em>thesis interruptus</em>. Even Tyler is skeptical in the end. Though he alludes to it vaguely, the implication of one spouse working somewhat less because the other earns more is not necessarily Bad, unless you're a <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stakhanovite_movement" target="_blank">Stakhanovite</a>. More time not working can be more time with the kids.</p> <p>The 1996 welfare reform looked good in the late '90s, but that was when the whole labor market looked really, really good. <a href="http://www.cbpp.org/topics/family-income-support" target="_blank">Since 2000, not so much</a>. Poverty rates, for instance, have consistently gone up since then. People have not been empowered to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. Looking to Tyler for enlightenment on anti-poverty programs is like taking Driver's Ed from Vin Diesel.</p> <p>Your go-to sources on the plight of the poor would include <a href="http://jaredbernsteinblog.com/" target="_blank">Jared Bernstein</a>, <a href="http://www.demos.org/policyshop/matt%20bruenig" target="_blank">Matt Bruenig</a>, <a href="http://www.thenation.com/blogs/kathleen-geier" target="_blank">Kathy Geier</a>, <a href="https://www.americanprogress.org/about/staff/fremstad-shawn/bio/" target="_blank">Shawn Fremstad</a>, and <a href="http://www.epi.org/people/elise-gould/" target="_blank">Elise Gould</a>, among others, and occasionally <a href="http://maxspeak.net/work-makes-fritos/" target="_blank">your humble servant</a>.</p> <p>I wish Kevin the best for an industrial-strength recovery so he can continue to set a good example for progressive commentary, while also providing me periodically with inviting targets. And I look forward to <em>Mother Jones</em>' expos&eacute; of Scott Walker's background in Wisconsin animal husbandry. With the obligatory <a href="http://maxspeak.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/mad-cow11.jpg" target="_blank">slide show</a>.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 24 Apr 2015 13:40:06 +0000 Max Sawicky 274111 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #6: What Does Kevin Smell Like? http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-6-what-does-kevin-smell <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>As you recall from yesterday, the DMSO preservative used to keep my stem cells fresh was alleged to cause a distinct body odor. So today, after the transfusion, I asked everyone who came into my <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_kevin_smell.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">room what I smelled like. The results are displayed on the right in chart form because Science&trade;.</p> <p>The results were disappointing. My sample size was dismally small, and 100 percent female. No single result rose to the level of significance at the 95 percent level. There wasn't even a modal response. In fact, it was worse than that. One respondent said garlic, but all four of the others said definitely not garlic. One said sweet and another said not sweet. And one person said there was no odor at all.</p> <p>The best I can conclude is that there <em>is</em> an odor of some kind, but everyone smells something different. I should add, however, that the test conditions were suboptimal. I'm such a good stem cell producer that I only needed two bags of cells. Some people need as many as ten. This means less DMSO for me and therefore less odoriferousness. Beyond that, given the poor state of the data, your guess is as good as mine.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 24 Apr 2015 01:58:26 +0000 Kevin Drum 274156 at http://www.motherjones.com The Feds Say One Schmuck Trading From His Parents' House Caused a Market Crash. Here's the Problem. http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/high-frequency-trading-flash-crash-sarao <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>On Tuesday, the Justice Department and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, a key Wall Street regulator, blasted out <a href="http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/futures-trader-charged-illegally-manipulating-stock-market-contributing-may-2010-market-flash" target="_blank">press</a> <a href="http://www.cftc.gov/PressRoom/PressReleases/pr7156-15#PrRoWMBL" target="_blank">releases</a> declaring a great victory in their war on illegal manipulation of financial markets. The reason for the feds' braggadocio? They think they've caught <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/22/business/dealbook/trader-in-britain-arrested-on-charges-of-manipulation-that-led-to-2010-flash-crash.html" target="_blank">the guy who caused</a> May 2010's "flash crash," a market seizure that vaporized a trillion dollars in shareholder value in a matter of minutes.</p> <p>Federal regulators say that Navinder Singh Sarao, a 36-year-old British futures trader whose company was <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/crime/11557755/Flash-crash-trader-Navinder-Singh-Sarao-sat-on-27m-fortune-while-his-mother-worked-two-jobs.html" target="_blank">reportedly based in his parents' home</a>, illegally placed huge sell orders he never intended to complete, artificially driving down the price of a key futures contract so he could later swoop in to buy it cheaply. (This is called "spoofing" in financial jargon.) There's one big problem, though: By charging Sarao with "contributing to the market conditions that caused" the flash crash, federal regulators are changing their story about what really happened to financial markets five years ago.</p> <p>Here's the background. In the days and weeks after the flash crash, the Securities and Exchange Commission, alongside other regulators, worked diligently to figure out what had happened. The flash crash was chaos: Liquidity evaporated, the same stocks traded at both a penny and at $100,000, and CNBC hosts freaked out even more than usual. (Prices eventually returned to normal, and the SEC canceled some of the weirdest trades.)</p> <p>The flash crash was essentially over in five minutes. But it took regulators nearly five months to come up with a theory about what happened. And in late September 2010, when the SEC and the CFTC&mdash;the same agency now charging Sarao with causing the crash&mdash;released a joint report on what happened, they <a href="https://www.sec.gov/news/studies/2010/marketevents-report.pdf" target="_blank">didn't mention</a> spoofing, let alone Sarao. Instead, they blamed a large trade by a firm out of Kansas City.</p> <p>It's not even clear that the feds' new explanation is correct. As Matt Levine <a href="http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-04-21/guy-trading-at-home-caused-the-flash-crash" target="_blank">notes</a> over at <em>Bloomberg View</em>, regulators believe that Sarao continued to place massive fake sell orders in the years after the flash crash, but somehow that activity never triggered another crisis:</p> <blockquote> <p>If regulators think that Sarao's behavior on May 6, 2010, caused the flash crash,&nbsp;and if they think he continued that behavior for much of the subsequent five years, and if that behavior was screamingly obvious, maybe they should have stopped&nbsp;him a little earlier?</p> <p>Also, I mean, if his behavior on May 6, 2010, caused the flash crash, and if he continued it for much of the subsequent five years, why&nbsp;didn't he cause, you know, a dozen flash crashes?&nbsp;</p> <p>So I mean&hellip;maybe he didn't cause the flash crash?</p> </blockquote> <p>But in some ways, it doesn't particularly matter whether regulators' new theory is correct. What matters is that it took so long for them to develop it.</p> <p>As I <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/02/high-frequency-trading-danger-risk-wall-street" target="_blank">reported in January 2013</a>, today's financial markets move so fast that regulators can't even monitor them in real time, let alone intervene if something starts to go wrong. Sophisticated trading algorithms can buy and sell financial products faster than you can blink&mdash;all without human intervention, let alone real-time human judgment. When something does go wrong, it can take months or years to figure out what happened. "A robust and defensible analysis of even a small portion of the trading day can itself take many days," Gregg Berman, who wrote the 2010 SEC/CFTC report, told me in 2013.</p> <p>Since real-time intervention by human regulators is impossible, regulators have to rely on automatic measures&mdash;fail-safes that stop trading if prices rise or fall too fast, for example. But these sorts of automatic braking systems are, by definition, designed in response to the previous crisis. "We're always fighting the last fire," Dave Lauer, a market technology expert who has worked for high-speed trading firms, said in 2013. As I wrote then:</p> <blockquote> <p>Years of mistakes and bad decisions led to the 2008 collapse. But when the next crisis happens, it may not develop over months, weeks, or even days. It could take seconds.</p> </blockquote> <p>More <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/02/high-frequency-trading-danger-risk-wall-street" target="_blank">here</a>.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Corporations Crime and Justice Regulatory Affairs Top Stories Thu, 23 Apr 2015 23:17:01 +0000 Nick Baumann 274146 at http://www.motherjones.com Bitcoin's Problem With Women http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/bitcoin-women-problem <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><em>While Kevin Drum is focused on getting better, we've invited some of the remarkable writers and thinkers who have traded links and ideas with him from Blogosphere 1.0 through today to pitch in posts and keep the conversation going. Here's a contribution from Felix Salmon</em><em>, who, after years of blogging on finance and the economy for Reuters and other outlets, is now a senior editor at </em><a href="http://fusion.net/author/felix-salmon/" target="_blank">Fusion</a><em>.</em></p> <p>Nathaniel Popper's new book, <a href="http://www.harpercollins.com/9780062362490/digital-gold"><i>Digital Gold</i></a>, is as close as you can get to being the definitive account of the history of Bitcoin. As its subtitle proclaims, the book tells the story of the "misfits" (the first generation of hacker-libertarians) and "millionaires" (the second generation of Silicon Valley venture capitalists) who were responsible for building Bitcoin, mining it, hyping it, and, in at least some cases, getting rich off it.</p> <p>The tale is selective, of course: Not everybody involved with Bitcoin talked to Popper, and the identity of Bitcoin's inventor, Satoshi Nakamoto, remains a mystery. But Popper did talk to most of the important people in the cryptocurrency crowd, and he tells me that he put real effort into trying "to find a woman who was involved in some substantive way."</p> <p>The result of that search? Zero. Nothing. Zilch. Popper's book features no female principals at all: The sole role of women in the book is as wives and girlfriends.</p> <center> <div class="embed-twitter"> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" width="500"> <p>Big crowd at <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/bitcoinexpo?src=hash">#bitcoinexpo</a> in London <a href="http://t.co/rrWb9ipwBZ">pic.twitter.com/rrWb9ipwBZ</a></p> <p>&mdash; Stacy Herbert (@stacyherbert) <a href="https://twitter.com/stacyherbert/status/406823110038401024">November 30, 2013</a></p> </blockquote> <p><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></p> </div> </center> <p>There are nasty consequences of this. If you are a woman involved with Bitcoin, you are invariably going to get treated like an outsider. As <a href="http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/bitcoin-needs-women">Victoria Turk</a> says, "it seems that the only Bitcoin community that particularly welcomes female participation is the NSFW subreddit r/GirlsGoneBitcoin," which is basically a site where women get paid in cryptocurrency to pose nude. Or look at Arianna Simpson's <a href="https://medium.com/@ariannasimpson/this-is-what-its-like-to-be-a-woman-at-a-bitcoin-meetup-b07f3bb6ab5b">enraging account</a> of what it's like to be a woman at a Bitcoin meetup:</p> <blockquote> <p>The person who actually suggested the event to Ryan was another young woman (the only other woman at the event), a VC who was in town from San Francisco and was interested in checking it out for the first time. The aforementioned groper knew Ryan vaguely from other Bitcoin events, and greeted their arrival with a warm "Oh, nice to see you! I see you brought your girlfriend this time." When the two of them try to point out that a) they are not together and b) she was actually the one who had brought him, they are cut off with a swift "Sure, sure, I just wanted to see what the dynamic was between you two." Apparently that's code for "checking if you're ok with my hitting on her," as that's exactly what he proceeds to do.</p> </blockquote> <p>Men make up an estimated <a href="http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-03-10/demographics-bitcoin">96 percent</a> of the Bitcoin community, which means that if Bitcoin does end up succeeding, as its adherents think it will, and if the people who own Bitcoin see their holdings soar in value, then <i>all</i> of the profits will end up going to what <a href="http://suitpossum.blogspot.com/2014/01/crypto-patriarchy-problem-of-bitcoins.html">Brett Scott</a> calls the "crypto-patriarchy." Not many men, to be sure: As <a href="http://www.antipope.org/charlie/blog-static/2013/12/why-i-want-bitcoin-to-die-in-a.html">Charlie Stross</a> says, the degree of inequality in the Bitcoin economy "is ghastly, and getting worse, to an extent that makes a sub-Saharan African kleptocracy look like a socialist utopia." But it's not many men, and effectively zero women.</p> <p>Popper doesn't dwell on the almost complete absence of women in the Bitcoin story&mdash;in fact, he doesn't mention it at all in his book. And the Bitcoin elite themselves aren't doing much introspection on the topic. (We still have Bitcoin developers like the one in Simpson's article saying things like "women don't care about cryptocurrencies.") But the gender gap is a bigger problem than Bitcoiners realize. Unless and until women can be brought into the Bitcoin fold, broader adoption is simply not going to happen.</p> <p>If you talk about Bitcoin with the people who use it, the language they use is always about technology and finance. Bitcoiners tend to think in terms of how things work, rather than how they're used in the real world. Buying and selling Bitcoin is still much more difficult than it should be, despite many years of development, which implies that people aren't concentrating enough on real-world ease-of-use.</p> <p>In general, people buy Bitcoin for one of three reasons: because they're speculating on its future value, because they are doing something illegal, or because they have ideological reasons for doing so. But if there's ever going to be broad adoption of Bitcoin technology, it will need to be appealing to law-abiding people who neither know nor care what the blockchain is, and who have no particular beef whatsoever with fiat currencies.</p> <p>That's a product design job, and frankly, it's a product design job well suited for women who aren't approaching the problem while grinding the ideological axes so widely held inside the Bitcoin community. As one woman involved with Bitcoin put it to me, "Money is a political issue for Bitcoiners. It's a human issue for everybody else."</p> <p>Right now, Bitcoin is almost purpose-built for the $582 billion international remittances market, where women are <a href="https://www.homestrings.com/news-and-analysis/2015/march/12/western-union-women-move-half-of-global-remittances/#.VTf-HIuTS1k">half of the senders, and two-thirds of the recipients</a>. And while there is no shortage of Bitcoin-based remittance products out there, none of them seem to be designing for real-world use cases. The developers are solving technical problems, and ignoring the much bigger and more important human problems.</p> <p>Let's say you wanted to build a mobile savings app in sub-Saharan African. If you asked male Bitcoin developers to build such a thing for a target audience of young African girls, they might have talked about how to maximize the amount of money saved. But, working on the ground in South Africa, the <a href="http://www.takepart.com/article/2015/03/14/mobile-savings-accounts-vumi">Praekelt Foundation</a> came from a different perspective. Apps like these aren't really about maximizing savings, so much as they're about empowerment. If you can build a product for girls that ratifies their identity and individuality and gives them self-esteem, then you're creating something much more valuable than a few dollars' worth of savings: You're keeping them in school, and you're keeping them healthy, and you're <a href="http://www.progressivepolicy.org/blog/the-drop-out-crisis-and-teen-pregnancy/">helping them</a> to not get pregnant. <em>That's</em> the kind of way that cryptocurrencies could change the world. The problem is that the men in Popper's book just don't think that way.</p> <p>Bitcoin boosters like venture capitalist Marc Andreessen have an interesting reaction when people criticize Bitcoin on the grounds that the community is just male nerds. Yes, they say, it is&mdash;<a href="http://www.vox.com/2014/6/30/5839436/marc-andreessen-on-bitcoin">just like the internet was, 20 years ago</a>. In other words, far from treating the homogeneity of Bitcoin as a problem, they treat it as being auspicious. And, so far at least, there's no evidence that they're really attempting to fix the problem.</p> <p>The lack of women in Bitcoin isn't just an issue of equality. It's a fundamental weakness of the currency itself. As long as the Bitcoin community is dominated by men geeking out about the blockchain, it's never going to be able to make the <i>human</i> connections that are required for widespread adoption. Right now, the best that anybody can hope for (and no one's holding their breath even for this) is that a handful of female geeks might be welcomed into the clique of male geeks who are working on Bitcoin-related projects.</p> <p>But even if that happens, it's not even close to being sufficient. Bitcoin, at its core, is an attempt to solve big socioeconomic problems through technology. So long as it remains an overwhelmingly male domain, it's going to continue to concentrate on the economic problems, while missing the big social problems. Which means that it's going to continue going nowhere.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Books Economy Sex and Gender Top Stories Thu, 23 Apr 2015 21:41:03 +0000 Felix Salmon 274126 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #5: My Stem Cells Have Come Home to Papa http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-5-my-stem-cells-have-come-home-papa <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>It is 9:49 am PDT on April 23, and my stem cell transfusion is complete. It took less than 20 minutes. Now the stem cells just have to graft and start multiplying, each of them eventually maturing into some kind of blood product (red blood cell, white blood cell, platelet, etc.). This will take about a month, but I'm not home free even then. It turns out that these will initially be "baby" cells, and it takes them about a year to fully learn how to do their jobs. Who knew that itty bitty cells had to attend cell training school?</p> <p>The entire remainder of my visit at City of Hope is just waiting for my immune system to recover and to keep an eye out for severe side effects in case they happen. In a few days I'll be losing my appetite, but apparently this is because I'll be losing my sense of taste. In the past, I've lost my appetite due to IV painkillers in the hospital or extreme fatigue at home. In both cases food tasted normal, but I just couldn't stand the thought of eating anything.</p> <p>So will this be better or worse? Presumably, food will be tasteless but not repulsive. That strikes me as no fun, but actually more tolerable than being actively repulsed by food. We'll see.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Thu, 23 Apr 2015 17:28:27 +0000 Kevin Drum 274116 at http://www.motherjones.com Who's Tired Of Politics? http://www.motherjones.com/contributor/2015/04/whos-tired-politics <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Yesterday lifelong political junkie George Packer <a href="http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/american-politics-why-the-thrill-is-gone" target="_blank">reluctantly confessed something:</a> "It might not be wise for a sometime political journalist to admit this, but the 2016 campaign doesn&rsquo;t seem like fun to me."</p> <p>Ed Kilgore and Dylan Byers both took issue with this. In a nutshell, <a href="http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/political-animal-a/2015_04/is_politics_still_fun055212.php" target="_blank">Kilgore thinks</a> 2016 will be a fairly consequential election and the horse race will be fairly unpredictable, while <a href="http://www.politico.com/blogs/media/2015/04/will-be-another-slog-205937.html" target="_blank">Byers thinks</a> the horse race <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_presidential_horserace_0.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">will have as many twists and turns as usual. Lots of fun for everyone!</p> <p>I'm a bit of an odd duck on this subject: a daily blogger and political junkie who has only a slight interest in the campaigns themselves. I have <em>some</em> interest, and I usually end up writing plenty of campaign posts, but it mostly seems like uninteresting kabuki to me. Candidates are so thoroughly media trained these days that you mostly know what they're going to say before they open their mouths. "Gaffes" are seldom more than slightly ambiguous extemporaneous constructions that the media plays along with either out of boredom or a desire to seem like they're not playing favorites. All the marketing minutiae of ad buys and demos and GOTV innovations is interesting in an academic sense, but it hardly seems to matter much in the face of overwhelming evidence that a few basic fundamentals decide the race months before Election Day. And the tired and almost childish obsession of the press corps with dumb adherence to narratives and personalities is enough to make any serious reader scream.</p> <p>But these aren't really Packer's main beefs with presidential campaigns. This is:</p> <blockquote> <p>The reason is the stuckness of American politics. Especially in the years after 2008, the worst tendencies of American politics only hardened, while remaining in the same place. Beneath the surface froth and churn, we are paralyzed. You can sense it as soon as you step out of the train at Union Station in Washington, the instant you click on a <em>Politico </em>article about a candidates&rsquo; forum in Iowa: miasma settles over your central nervous system and you start to go numb. What has happened is that the same things <em>keep</em> happening. The tidal wave of money keeps happening, the trivialization of coverage keeps happening, the extremism of the Republican Party keeps happening (Ted Cruz: abolish the I.R.S.; Rand Paul: the Common Core is &ldquo;un-American&rdquo;). The issues remain huge and urgent: inequality, global warming, immigration, poorly educated children, American decline, radical Islamism. But the language of politics stays the same, and it is a dead language. The notion that answers will come from Washington or the campaign trail is beyond far-fetched.</p> </blockquote> <p>This is it, and it's a common complaint. Both parties are stuck in the same sound bites; neither is willing to seriously compromise; and given the structure of the US government it's vanishingly unlikely that either party can get much of anything done. Tax policy can be changed via reconciliation, and Barack Obama had a short window where he got some things done via a huge Democratic majority in the Senate. Neither party is likely to replicate that in the near future. Likewise, for all the sound and fury, the differences between mainstream Democratic and Republican foreign policy have become pretty narrow since George Bush's Iraq debacle.</p> <p>As Packer says, American politics is stuck. It's paralyzed. Exhibit 1: We've just witnessed a historically unprecedented delay in confirming an Attorney General that everyone agrees is eminently qualified. Why? Because of a bit of clever Republican gameplaying over an abortion clause that was fundamentally trivial but great red meat for the base. When the Democratic base finally cottoned on to the game, they went predictably ballistic and everything stalled. It was all just dumb kabuki: gameplaying from Republicans, predictable outrage from Democrats, and all over a long accepted principle that bans federal funding of abortion. Two months of gridlock over trivial symbolism. And why not? Everyone knows there was nothing important that had any chance of getting done anyway.</p> <p>So yeah: unless you're a horse race junkie by nature, it's pretty hard to get excited by the horse race when it has almost no chance of changing things except on the margins. This will change eventually, but probably no time soon.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum 2016 Elections Thu, 23 Apr 2015 16:21:14 +0000 Kevin Drum 274101 at http://www.motherjones.com The American Teen Whose Death-by-Drone Obama Won't Explain http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/abdulrahman-al-awlaki-obama-drone <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>On Thursday, President Barack Obama appeared in the White House press room to reveal that a US strike in January on an Al Qaeda compound had killed two hostages held by the terrorist group, Giovanni Lo Porto, an Italian, and Warren Weinstein, an American. He offered his condolences to their families for the mistake that led to their deaths.</p> <p>It's remarkable that Obama spoke of this at all. The US targeted killing program is shrouded in secrecy, and the president had never before issued a statement like this about people accidentally killed by US drone strikes. (He did not use the word "drone.") One such death that stands out is that of Abdulrahman al-Awlaki, a 16-year-old American citizen who was killed in a US drone strike.</p> <p>Abdulrahman was the son of Anwar al-Awlaki, the radical cleric turned Al Qaeda propagandist. The father was killed in a drone strike that targeted him in Yemen in September 2011. The son was killed weeks later in a separate strike in Yemen. According to his family, <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/18/opinion/the-drone-that-killed-my-grandson.html" target="_blank">the attack was on a restaurant</a>. Attorney General Eric Holder later said that this strike did not "specifically" target the young man.</p> <p>The US government has never said that Abdulrahman was involved in terrorist activities. In 2012, I <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2012/08/live-430-est-ask-president-obama-anything-reddit" target="_blank">asked Obama during a Reddit AMA</a> what he thought about the teen's death, and the question received hundreds of votes from Redditors, meaning the president and/or his social-media team almost certainly noticed it. Yet Obama didn't respond.</p> <p>Now that he's established the precedent of explaining the killings of US citizens in targeted strikes, Obama and the administration might see fit to say what happened in the case of Abdulrahman. Was his death accidental or is there evidence he was involved with terrorists?</p> <p>For more on Abdulrahman al-Awlaki, read <a href="http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a14627/obama-lethal-presidency-0812/" target="_blank">Tom Junod's 2012 piece on his killing</a>.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Crime and Justice Foreign Policy International Top Stories Thu, 23 Apr 2015 15:15:15 +0000 Nick Baumann 274096 at http://www.motherjones.com It's Not the 1 Percent Controlling Politics. It's the 0.01 Percent. http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/one-percent-campaign-giving <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Even before presidential candidates started <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2015/04/ted-cruz-super-pac-donor-robert-mercer" target="_blank">lining up</a> <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/koch-brothers-scott-walker-2016" target="_blank">billionaires</a> to <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/03/marco-rubio-norman-braman-billionaire" target="_blank">kick-start</a> their campaigns, it was clear that the 2016 election could be the biggest big-money election yet. This chart from the political data shop <a href="https://www.crowdpac.com/blog/the-1-percent-of-the-1-percent" target="_blank">Crowdpac</a> illustrates where we may be headed: Between 1980 and 2012, the share of federal campaign contributions coming from the very, very biggest political spenders&mdash;the top 0.01 percent of donors&mdash;nearly tripled:</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/crowdpac-chart630.gif"></div> <p>In other words, a small handful of Americans<a href="#correction">*</a> control more than 40 percent of election contributions. Notably, between 2010 and 2012, the total share of giving by these donors jumped more than 10 percentage points. That shift is likely the direct result of the Supreme Court's 2010 <em>Citizens United</em> ruling, which struck down decades of fundraising limits and kicked off the super-PAC era. And this data only includes publicly disclosed donations, not dark money, which almost certainly means that the megadonors' actual share of total political spending is even higher.</p> <p>It's pretty fair to assume that most of these top donors are also sitting at the top of the income pyramid. Out of curiosity, I compared the share of campaign cash given by elite donors alongside the increasing share of income controlled by the people who make up the top 0.01 percent&mdash;the 1 percent of the 1 percent. The trend lines aren't an exact match, but they're close enough to show how top donors' political clout has increased along with top earners' growing slice of the national income. Again, note the bump around 2010 and 2011, when the <em>Citizens United </em>era opened just as the superwealthy were starting to recover from the recession&mdash;a rebound that has <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/10/charts-income-inequality-recession-survival-richest" target="_blank">left out most Americans</a>.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="400" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="//mjdwcharts.s3.amazonaws.com/ck4Cj/1/index.html" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p id="correction"><em>Correction: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that a few hundred people control 40 percent of election contributions, based on my own calculations. According to Crowdpac</em>, <em>the number is around 25,000.</em></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Charts Dark Money Elections Money in Politics Top Stories Thu, 23 Apr 2015 10:15:13 +0000 Dave Gilson 274001 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #4: The Smell of Victory in the Morning http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-4-smell-victory-morning <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Chemotherapy is over and tomorrow is Tag Null: that is, Day Zero, when they pump my own frozen stem cells back into me. The entire process takes about 20 minutes, but I'll be in the hospital practically the entire day getting liters and liters of IV fluids. This is partly to keep me hydrated and partly just because they want to keep me under observation for a while.</p> <p>But here's the interesting thing. The stem cells are kept in a preservative solution to keep them fresh, and apparently this will give me a strong body odor of some kind. But what? One nurse said I would smell like bad garlic for a day. That sounds bad. But a different nurse said I would smell like creamed corn. That seems more tolerable. Yet a third suggested it differed by nationality, and a white boy like me might smell like iodine.</p> <p>But which is it? To me, of course, I will smell fresh as a new-plucked daisy. It's only other people who have to put up with my olfactory weirdness. In any case, I plan to ask everyone who comes into my room what I smell like. Spoiled tuna? A lovely cheese casserole? Bacon and eggs? Who knows?</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_garlic_vs_creamed_corn.jpg" style="margin: 15px 0px 5px 45px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Thu, 23 Apr 2015 02:45:32 +0000 Kevin Drum 274091 at http://www.motherjones.com By Immense Coincidence, GOP Benghazi Probe Scheduled to Finish Up During Height of 2016 Hillary Campaign http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/immense-coincidence-gop-benghazi-probe-scheduled-finish-during-height-2016-hillar <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-04-22/release-of-benghazi-report-on-hillary-clinton-likely-pushed-to-election-season" target="_blank">From Bloomberg News:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>The findings of a Republican-led committee investigating Hillary Clinton&rsquo;s response to the deadly 2012 attack in Benghazi, Libya, <strong>likely will not be released until next year, just months before the 2016 presidential election.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>I am shocked, shocked to hear this news.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum 2016 Elections Wed, 22 Apr 2015 19:16:42 +0000 Kevin Drum 274076 at http://www.motherjones.com Obama Has a Plan to Expand Medicaid in Red States—by Weakening It http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/obama-medicaid-expansion-aca-obamacare-waiver <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>One of the Affordable Care Act's major provisions sought to expand the number of people covered by Medicaid by allowing people earning up to 138 percent of the poverty line to enroll.</p> <p>But in many parts of the country, it hasn't worked out that way. Individual states are largely responsible for running Medicaid, and despite the act's generous terms&mdash;the federal government promised to initially cover 100 percent of the cost, then 90 percent after 2016&mdash;only 29 states have taken the deal. Of the holdouts, most are conservative states with Republican governors where Obama is unpopular.</p> <p>Some red states have been coming around, lured by of the enormous infusion of federal funds they'll receive by expanding Medicaid. And without participating, states soon stand to lose billions in other payments designed to compensate hospitals for care for the uninsured. (Florida could <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/17/us/florida-governor-to-sue-obama-administration-over-medicaid-expansion.html" target="_blank">lose more than $2 billion</a> on account of leaving 800,000 residents uninsured who could otherwise be covered under Medicaid.)</p> <p>Despite that carrot and stick, Republican-controlled states have demanded additional concessions from the Obama administration before taking part in the expansion&mdash;and in many cases, as a <a href="http://www.healthlaw.org/publications/browse-all-publications/health-advocate-april-2015#.VTbVf2a0zmE" target="_blank">new paper from the National Health Law Program</a> suggests, the administration has agreed to changes that undermine its own goal of expanding coverage.</p> <p>These changes have made some states' Medicaid programs more, well, Republican&mdash;not to mention punitive. Take Arkansas, which in 2013 was allowed to use its Medicaid funds to let poor residents buy private insurance on the state health exchange&mdash;policies that may not have the same protections or coverage as traditional Medicaid. Iowa and New Hampshire have followed suit.<strong> </strong>According to the NHLP, these initial waivers emboldened states to seek even greater concessions. An example is Indiana, where, in exchange for agreeing to expand Medicaid, officials not only won the right to charge poor people premiums and co-payments, but also to lock people out of the program for at least six months if they fail to pay those premiums.</p> <p>The administration has granted such waivers through its authority to authorize so-called demonstration projects to encourage policy innovation in the states. But NHLP contends that waivers like Indiana's violate the law, which "requires demonstrations to actually demonstrate something." As NHLP points out, reams of research have long showed that such premiums dramatically reduce health coverage for low-income people. After the Obama administration granted Indiana's request, Arkansas went back to ask for permission to charge premiums, too. And it prevailed.</p> <p>And yet some states still want more. Florida, for instance, is <a href="http://miami.cbslocal.com/2015/03/06/florida-bill-would-create-state-health-insurance-exchange/" target="_blank">considering a bill</a> that would use billions of dollars of Medicaid money to provide vouchers to poor people to buy private insurance. But anyone getting a voucher would have to pay mandatory premiums, and also either have a job or be in school. Childless adults need not apply. (The administration hasn't signed off on this one&mdash;yet.)</p> <p>NHLP suggests that the Obama administration is undercutting its very strong bargaining position by allowing states to dismantle Medicaid through waivers, at the expense of the very poor and sick. Its white paper notes that Medicaid's history proves even the most ardent opponents of government health care eventually come around: In 1965, when the program was first created, only 26 states joined in. Five years later, though, almost all had.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Health Care Obama Wed, 22 Apr 2015 19:10:46 +0000 Stephanie Mencimer 274016 at http://www.motherjones.com Washington State Is So Screwed http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/washington-state-drought-apples-snowmelt <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>California's been getting all the attention, but it isn't the only agriculture-centric western state dealing with brutal drought. Washington, a major producer of wheat and wine grapes and the source of nearly <a href="http://county.wsu.edu/chelan-douglas/agriculture/treefruit/Pages/Apples_in_Washington_State.aspx" target="_blank">70 percent of US apples grown for fresh consumption</a>, also endured an usually warm and snow-bereft winter.</p> <p>The state's Department of Ecology has <a href="http://www.ecy.wa.gov/drought/">declared</a> "drought emergencies" in 24 of the state's 62 watersheds, an area comprising 44 percent of the state. Here's more from the agency's <a href="http://www.ecy.wa.gov/drought/">advisory</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>Snowpack statewide has declined to 24 percent of normal, worse than when the last statewide drought was declared in 2005. Snowpack is like a frozen reservoir for river basins, in a typical year accumulating over the winter and slowly melting through the spring and summer providing a water supply for rivers and streams.&nbsp;This year run-off from snowmelt for the period April through September is projected to be the lowest on record in the past&nbsp;64 years.</p> </blockquote> <p>The drought regions <a href="http://bestapples.com/growers/regions/index.aspx">include</a> apple-heavy areas like <a href="http://bestapples.com/growers/regions/growers_yakima.aspx" title="Yakima Valley">Yakima Valley</a> and the <a href="http://bestapples.com/growers/regions/growers_okanogan.aspx" title="Okanogan">Okanogan region</a>. Given that warmer winters&mdash;and thus less snow&mdash;are <a href="http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/northwest.html" target="_blank">consistent with the predictions of climate change models</a>, the Washington drought delivers yet more reason to consider expanding fruit and vegetable production somewhere far from the west coast. That's an idea I've called de-Californication (see <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2015/04/07/can-farms-survive-without-drying-up-california-13/de-californify-the-nations-produce-supply" target="_blank">here</a> and <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/tom-philpott/2015/04/decalifornify-cotton-vegetables-fruit-south" target="_blank">here</a>). But we'll need a new term to encompass the northwest. De-westernization? Doesn't have quite the same ring.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Food and Ag Wed, 22 Apr 2015 13:50:04 +0000 Tom Philpott 273941 at http://www.motherjones.com Does Walmart Have Plumbing Problems? http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/does-walmart-have-plumbing-problems <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>No, really. Did five Walmart stores have to shut down and abruptly lay off all their workers within hours because they suddenly discovered massive plumbing problems? <a href="http://www.latimes.com/business/hiltzik/la-fi-mh-is-walmart-closing-stores-to-remodel-20150421-column.html#page=1" target="_blank">Michael Hiltzik is skeptical.</a></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 22 Apr 2015 05:40:29 +0000 Kevin Drum 274031 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #3: The Stop Sign For Dwarves http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-3-stop-sign-dwarves <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_short_stop_sign.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 8px 0px 5px 30px;">This is the stop sign at the end of the road that runs outside my apartment in Parsons Village. It is about three feet high.</p> <p>There are no other stop signs on the corner. As far as I can tell, there are (currently) no obstructions that prevent building a normal height sign. All the other traffic signs in the vicinity are normal height.</p> <p>So what's the deal? Did it replace a normal height sign that trams and maintenance carts that kept ignoring? Is it some kind of "fun" sign for the kiddies? Did someone write the specs in metric, and 3 meters became 3 feet somehow? Any other ideas?</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 22 Apr 2015 02:14:52 +0000 Kevin Drum 274026 at http://www.motherjones.com New Document Cache Shows the Real Roots of ISIS Are as Much Secular as Religious http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/new-document-cache-shows-real-roots-isis-are-much-secular-religious <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><em>Spiegel </em>has quite a fascinating report this week about the origins and growth of ISIS. It's a great counterpoint to <a href="http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2015/02/what-isis-really-wants/384980/" target="_blank">Graeme Wood's <em>Atlantic</em> piece</a> from February that focused on the Islamic and theological roots of ISIS and the territorial ambitions of its self-appointed caliph, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.</p> <p>But it turns out that this is far from the whole story. According to Christopher Reuter, a recently discovered cache of documents shows that the founding architect of ISIS was actually Haji Bakr, the pseudonym of Samir Abd Muhammad al-Khlifawi, a former colonel in the intelligence service of Saddam Hussein's air defense force. Bakr, who lost his job and his power in 2003 when Paul Bremer made the decision to disband the Iraqi army, was the real mastermind behind ISIS. In dozens of detailed pages written in 2012, he laid out an organizational plan for the kind of <a href="http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/islamic-state-files-show-structure-of-islamist-terror-group-a-1029274.html" target="_blank">pervasive, brutally efficient spy state he knew best:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>It seemed as if George Orwell had been the model for this spawn of paranoid surveillance. But it was much simpler than that. Bakr was merely modifying what he had learned in the past: Saddam Hussein's omnipresent security apparatus, in which no one, not even generals in the intelligence service, could be certain they weren't being spied on.</p> <p>....There is a simple reason why there is no mention in Bakr's writings of prophecies relating to the establishment of an Islamic State allegedly ordained by God: He believed that fanatical religious convictions alone were not enough to achieve victory. But he did believe that the faith of others could be exploited. In 2010, Bakr and a small group of former Iraqi intelligence officers made Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the emir and later "caliph," the official leader of the Islamic State. They reasoned that Baghdadi, an educated cleric, would give the group a religious face.</p> </blockquote> <p>So the roots of ISIS are purely pragmatic: Bakr wanted to build an organization that could retake Iraq, and he calculated that this could best be done by combining the secular mechanisms of Saddam Hussein with the religious fanaticism of an Al Qaeda. The whole piece is well worth a read.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Iraq Tue, 21 Apr 2015 20:28:18 +0000 Kevin Drum 273996 at http://www.motherjones.com Scott Walker May Have Just Scored 2016's Biggest Sugar Daddies http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/koch-brothers-scott-walker-2016 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Charles and David Koch have already made it clear that they plan to do everything in their power to prevent Hillary Clinton (or, in case she stumbles, any other Democrat) from winning the presidency. The moguls hope to garner <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/01/koch-brothers-889-million-2016-elections" target="_blank">$889 million for the 2016 election</a> from their networks, much of it bound to be channeled through their favorite Dark Money organizations. At one single summit in late January they managed to <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/02/koch-retreat-donors-249-million-2016" target="_blank">raise $249 million</a> from friends and allies.</p> <p>And now, it looks like the Koch brothers may have landed on their standardbearer for all that spending. As the <em>New York Times</em> <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/politics/first-draft/2015/04/20/koch-brothers-signal-support-for-scott-walker/" target="_blank">reported</a>:</p> <blockquote> <p>On Monday, at a fund-raising event in Manhattan for the New York State Republican Party, David Koch told donors that he and his brother, who oversee one of the biggest private political organizations in the country, believed that Mr. Walker would be the Republican nominee.</p> <p>"When the primaries are over and Scott Walker gets the nomination," Mr. Koch told the crowd, the billionaire brothers would support him, according to a spokeswoman. The remark drew laughter and applause from the audience of fellow donors and Republican activists, who had come to hear Mr. Walker speak earlier at the event, held at the Union League Club.</p> </blockquote> <p>If the Kochs do decide to back Scott Walker, according to the <em>Times</em>, the money would come from them personally, rather than their network of affiliated groups. But with a <a href="http://www.forbes.com/billionaires/" target="_blank">combined net worth</a> of over $85 billion, Charles and David could set up a vehicle that would outspend nearly anyone while barely tapping into their bank accounts. Seeing the brothers get behind Walker isn't terribly surprising. The pair <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2011/02/wisconsin-scott-walker-koch-brothers" target="_blank">invested</a> heavily in his initial gubernatorial campaign and have <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2014/01/koch-network-scott-walker-recall-election-wisconsin" target="_blank">aided him</a> in his subsequent elections.</p> <p>Not so fast, though, <em>Politico</em>'s Mike Allen <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2015/04/koch-brothers-will-offer-audition-to-jeb-bush-117177.html?hp=c1_3" target="_blank">cautioned</a> this morning. Despite David Koch's remarks, he provided <em>Politico</em> a statement disavowing any endorsement. As Allen wrote, the brothers say they are undecided and still plan to hold "auditions" at their summer donor conference. In addition to Walker, the lineup of people under consideration reportedly includes Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, Ted Cruz, and, most surprisingly, Jeb Bush.</p> <p>Whoever ends up gaining the Kochs' support would have unparalleled fundraising might, and would have to be considered a favorite for the Republican nomination. And their ascent would be the latest example of the power of the ultrarich in the age of the super PAC: Winning broad support from small donors doesn't matter when the affections of two individuals willing to spend astronomically could upend the entire campaign.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum 2016 Elections Dark Money Elections Money in Politics Scott Walker The Right Tue, 21 Apr 2015 19:53:53 +0000 Patrick Caldwell 273981 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #2: Chemo Has Started http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-2-chemo-has-started <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_ice_chips.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">It is 10:43 am PDT on April 21, 2015. It is Day -2 (Day 0 is Thursday, when the actual stem cell transfusion takes place) and my final round of chemotherapy has officially started. Oddly enough, it only lasts about half an hour. The rest of my 8-hour stay in the hospital today is taken up with prep and about 4-6 hours of IV fluids.</p> <p>Right now I am manically chewing on ice chips. Apparently they have discovered that this constricts the blood flow to the mouth and therefore reduces the amount of Melphalan that makes it into your mouth and gums. This is pretty effective at minimizing mouth sores, so I'm sucking on ice chips for all I'm worth. The photographic evidence, along with all the usual machines that go ping, is on the right.</p> <p><strong>UPDATE:</strong> Keeping up the ice chip routine gets old pretty quick. But worth it if it keeps the mouth sores at bay.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Tue, 21 Apr 2015 18:10:12 +0000 Kevin Drum 273976 at http://www.motherjones.com Chart of the Day: Obamacare Is Popular! http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/chart-day-obamacare-popular <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Guess what? Obamacare's popularity has been rising slowly but steadily for the past two years, and in April it hit a milestone. <a href="http://kff.org/health-reform/poll-finding/kaiser-health-tracking-poll-april-2015/" target="_blank">According to Kaiser,</a> it is now more popular than unpopular. Not by much, but at least it's making progress.</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_kaiser_obamacare_april_2015.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 15px 0px 5px 15px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Health Care Tue, 21 Apr 2015 16:22:18 +0000 Kevin Drum 273966 at http://www.motherjones.com Tired of Remembering Passwords? Try Swallowing Them Instead. http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/swallowing-passwords-biometric-paypal-leblanc <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Chances are you're bad at passwords. Most of us are. A <a href="http://www.slideshare.net/jcleblanc/kill-all-passwords" target="_blank">recent statistic offered up by Jonathan LeBlanc</a>, the global head of developer advocacy at PayPal, suggests that nearly 10 percent of people have a password consisting of 123456, 12345678, or, simply, "password."</p> <p>LeBlanc has some bold thoughts on improving this state of affairs. As he told <a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2015/04/17/paypal-wants-you-to-inject-your-username-and-eat-your-password/" target="_blank">the <em>Wall Street Journal</em></a> last week, "embeddable, injectable, and ingestible devices" are the next step companies will use to identify consumers for "mobile payments and other sensitive online interactions."</p> <p>From the <em>Journal: </em></p> <blockquote> <p>While there are more advanced methods to increase login security, like location verification, identifying people by their habits like the way they type in their passwords, fingerprints and other biometric identifiers, these can lead to false negative results, where valid users can't log in to their online services, and false positives, where invalid users can log in.</p> <p>Mr. Leblanc pointed to more accurate methods of identity verification, like thin silicon chips which can be embedded into the skin. The wireless chips can contain ECG sensors that monitor the heart&rsquo;s unique electrical activity, and communicate the data via wireless antennae to "wearable computer tattoos."</p> <p>Ingestible capsules that can detect glucose levels and other unique internal features can use a person's body as a way to identify them and beam that data out.</p> </blockquote> <p>To be fair, LeBlanc told the paper that these specific technologies aren't necessarily things that PayPal is planning, but he's been raising the possibility in <a href="http://www.slideshare.net/jcleblanc/kill-all-passwords" target="_blank">a presentation he's been giving</a>, and has said the online dealbroker is "definitely looking at the identity field" as a means of allowing users a more secure way to identify themselves.</p> <p>You don't have to be a "<a href="http://www.end-times-prophecy.org/mark-of-beast-rfid-technology.html" target="_blank">mark of the beast</a>" person or a <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z19V6sm17wg" target="_blank">conspiracy theorist</a> to have concerns. Indeed, what could possibly go wrong with a little implanted device that reads your vein patterns or your heart's unique activity or blood glucose levels just so you can seamlessly buy that cup of Starbucks? Wouldn't an insurance company love to use that information to decide that you had one too many donuts&mdash;so it won't be covering that bypass surgery after all?</p> <p>As the <em>Wall Street Journal</em> cautiously notes, "Mr. Leblanc admits that there's still a ways to go before cultural norms catch up with ingestible and injectable ID devices."</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Tech Tue, 21 Apr 2015 13:25:05 +0000 AJ Vicens 273951 at http://www.motherjones.com Tales From City of Hope #1: The Buzzcut Has Landed http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/tales-city-hope-1-buzzcut-has-landed <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_kevin_parsons_village_0.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">Well, I'm here at City of Hope. On Tuesday at 7 am the final round of chemotherapy begins.</p> <p>I'm staying in a little studio apartment in Parsons Village, which is on the grounds of the City of Hope campus. The picture on the right provides a glimpse of it. Also, as you can see, it provides a glimpse of the new me. As of yesterday I still had quite a bit of hair left, but it was falling out and I was shedding around the house like a Persian cat from hell. So I figured it was time to just shave it off. It's all coming out eventually anyway.</p> <p>So what do I remind you of? Kiefer Sutherland in <em>Stand By Me</em>? One of the drones from Apple's 1984 commercial? Y'all can decide in comments.</p> <p>I visited my sister and my mother yesterday, and I'm happy to report that Hilbert and Hopper are in fine fettle. I set up my sister with Skype on her iPad, so now she can call at night and show me the little furballs in real time. Technology FTW.</p> <p>And don't forget our Spring fundraiser! I'm still hoping you guys contribute generously to the cause. Remember what they say: Every dollar you give helps one of my hairs grow back.</p> <p><a href="https://secure.motherjones.com/fnp/?action=SUBSCRIPTION&amp;list_source=7Z54KD&amp;extra_don=1&amp;abver=A" target="_blank">Donate by credit card here.</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&amp;hosted_button_id=JVT34NP6NHQM2" target="_blank">Donate by PayPal here.</a></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Mon, 20 Apr 2015 23:24:27 +0000 Kevin Drum 273946 at http://www.motherjones.com We Didn't Learn Anything From Deepwater Horizon—And We're Going to Pay For It http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/five-years-after-bp-spill-were-still-taking-insane-risks-offshore-drilling <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Today is the <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2015/04/five-year-anniversary-deepwater-horizon-bp-spill" target="_blank">fifth anniversary</a> of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico, an event that triggered the nation's worst-ever oil spill. The well leaked for three months and dumped over 200 million gallons of oil into the sea. The explosion itself killed eleven men; the resulting pollution killed a stupefying amount of wildlife, including 800,000 some birds. And despite billions paid out by BP in fines and restoration costs, the economic impact of the disaster remains wide-reaching and <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/09/four-years-after-bp-spill-gulf-oystermen-are-still-struggling-recover" target="_blank">ongoing</a>.</p> <p>But possibly even more outrageous than the spill itself is how little has been done by government to prevent a similar disaster. The oil and gas industry has stayed active in Washington, and managed to fend off serious efforts to curb drilling: Congress has passed zero new laws&mdash;not one&mdash;to restrict offshore drilling or force it to be safer. The Obama administration has approved over 1,500 offshore drilling permits since the spill. And back in January the administration <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/28/us/obama-plan-calls-for-oil-and-gas-drilling-in-the-atlantic.html" target="_blank">announced a plan</a> to open <em>new</em> areas in the Atlantic and Arctic for offshore drilling. As my colleague Tim Murphy <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2015/04/cartoonish-conflicts-interest-louisianas-legislature" target="_blank">noted today</a>, Louisiana's oversight of the oil industry is rife with ludicrous conflicts of interest that raise serious doubts about the state's ability to make drilling safer.</p> <p>In other words, the wounds from BP are scarcely healed, but we're pushing deeper and deeper into offshore drilling.</p> <p>In fact, well construction in the Gulf is <em>literally</em> pushing into deeper water, where the risks of a spill are even greater. <a href="http://bigstory.ap.org/article/260b1dbc50c548ba8af576bc75014a03/5-years-after-bp-spill-drillers-push-riskier-depths" target="_blank">From an AP investigation</a> pegged to the anniversary:</p> <blockquote> <p>A review of offshore well data by the AP shows the average ocean depth of all wells started since 2010 has increased to 1,757 feet, 40 percent deeper than the average well drilled in the five years before that...</p> <p>Drillers are exploring a "golden zone" of oil and natural gas that lies roughly 20,000 feet beneath the sea floor, through a 10,000-foot thick layer of prehistoric salt...</p> <p>Technology now allows engineers to see the huge reservoirs beneath the previously opaque salt, but the layer is still harder to see through than rock. And it's prone to hiding pockets of oil and gas that raise the potential for a blowout.</p> </blockquote> <p>Drilling in the Gulf makes up less than <a href="http://www.eia.gov/special/gulf_of_mexico/data.cfm" target="_blank">one-fifth</a> of US crude oil production, and an even smaller share of total oil production if you count unconventional oil from fracking. So it wouldn't be a crippling blow to our energy supply to consider putting the brakes on offshore drilling&mdash;if not forever, at least until we feel secure that we've done enough to prevent another Deepwater Horizon.</p> <p>Meanwhile, our expansion into deeper and riskier drilling is happening even though there are still <a href="http://www.earthisland.org/journal/index.php/elist/eListRead/five_years_after_the_bp_deepwater_horizon_disaster_oil_spills_are_on_the_ri" target="_blank">an average of two offshore drilling accidents <em>every day</em></a>.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Climate Change Climate Desk Energy Infrastructure Mon, 20 Apr 2015 19:13:43 +0000 Tim McDonnell 273921 at http://www.motherjones.com Who Subsidizes Restaurant Workers' Pitiful Wages? You Do http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2015/04/how-many-billions-do-americans-spend-subsidize-food-industrys-low-wages <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>For Americans who like to eat out occasionally, the full-service restaurant industry is full of relatively affordable options&mdash;think Olive Garden, Applebees, or Chili's. But these spots aren't exactly a bargain once a hefty hidden cost is factored in: The amount of taxpayer assistance that goes to workers earning little pay.</p> <p>Food service workers have more than twice the poverty rate of the overall workforce, and thus more often seek out public benefits. A <a href="http://rocunited.org/wp2015b/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/REPORT_Public-Cost-of-Low-Wages-in-Full-Service-Restaurant-Industry.pdf" target="_blank">new report</a> published last week by the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United (ROC), a restaurant workers' advocacy and assistance group, calculated the tab and found that from 2009 to 2013, regular Americans subsidized the industry's low wages with nearly $9.5 billion in tax money each year. That number includes spending from roughly 10 different assistance programs, including Medicaid, food stamps, and low-income housing programs like Section 8.</p> <p>Here's the breakdown per program:</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Screen%20Shot%202015-04-17%20at%201.23.14%20PM.png" style="height: 429px; width: 550px;"><div class="caption">Restaurant Opportunities Centers United</div> </div> <p>The amounts were calculated by combining Census and Bureau of Labor Statistics figures on the programs' cost and enrollments with the number of Americans working in full-service restaurants.</p> <p>ROC also found that employees at the five largest full-service restaurant companies alone cost taxpayers about $1.4 billion per year. According to the report, these five companies employ more than half a million of the sector's more than 4 million workers.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="400" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="//mjdwcharts.s3.amazonaws.com/lcuKd/3/index.html" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe></p> <p>Here's another striking statistic: If you add up these five companies' profits, CEO pay, distributed dividends, and stock buy-backs, the total comes to a bit more than $1.48 billion&mdash;almost exactly what taxpayers spend on these five companies' workers, $1.42 billion.</p> <p>ROC's report notes another key point: <a href="http://www.americansfortaxfairness.org/files/3.19.15-ATF-Polling-Questions-on-Tax-Fairness-Issues-Final.pdf" target="_blank">Polling</a> shows that most Americans want a tax system that requires Corporate America to pull its weight. If customers start realizing that their meal costs a lot more than the check says, they just might lose their appetite.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Charts Food and Ag Labor Mon, 20 Apr 2015 12:45:07 +0000 Hannah Levintova 273866 at http://www.motherjones.com