Loopholes Gone Wild
The SEIU has put out a new report on Wackenhut, a private security firm that won a contract to guard Army bases in Alaska, noting that the new guards have performed dismally at their job. Guards are using old and rusted weapons and often receive insufficient training; felons gain access to the bases without security clearances; no one has any radio equipment. It's a disaster. The slightly glossed-over story here, though, is how Wackenhut got the contract. Michael Scherer did some reporting on this for Mother Jones earlier this year: Wackenhutlike Halliburton, Vance International and other large multinational corporationstook advantage of a loophole to "team up" with a local tribal company, Alutiiq, that received a no-bid contracts; a common phenomenon whereby tribal companies take advantage of minority set-aside programs in Alaska, and then fork over the profits to large corporations:
A Mother Jones analysis of federal contracting records shows that no-bid, or "sole-source," awards to native companies have risen dramatically since the late 1990s (see chart). Back in 1999, the largest tribal firms received just $195.5 million worth of no-bid work, or roughly 3 percent of the awards under the federal government's program to assist small and minority-owned companies. By 2003, however, large tribal companies were getting $1.3 billion worth of contracts without any competition, accounting for nearly 15 percent of the minority program.
[I]n many cases, the biggest winners from the contracting exemptions are non-native companies. Under the federal rules, between 15 and 50 percent of the work must be done by employees of the tribal company. But tribes can also form joint ventures with other firms, allowing them to classify many of the non-native companies' employees as their own. In some of the largest contracts, native corporations have simply taken over services the federal government wanted to privatize. In one $2.2 billion project to run part of the military's mapmaking division, two Alaska tribes brought in their own managers to rehire and oversee hundreds of federal employees, a process in which many workers lost their civil service benefits. "Very little changes," says Peter Fagan, a contracting consultant who has worked with tribal companies. "You just get new hats and business cards."
This isn't affirmative action so much as a spigot that runs from Congress directly to business coffers. And at the head of this entire scam sits Sen. Ted Stevens (R-AK), the president pro tempore of the Senate, who has extensive ties to several native companies in the state, as well as a number of defense and security contractors. Last month, Benjamin Wallace-Wells of the Washington Monthly did some additional reporting on the ways in which Stevens has used "sole-source" Eskimo contracts to funnel money to the defense industry. The GAO and other Senate and House Committees have begun investigating, so it's entirely possible that this could turn into a major scandal of some sort or other. For the moment, though, GOP welfarealong with Wackenhut's poor performancehas put Army bases at risk. Anecdotes like these are exactly why it's worth getting jittery over the billions of dollars now being shoveled down south for post-Katrina reconstructionwith, as far as anyone can tell, little to no oversight.