Political MoJo

U.S. only country to ban funding for clean syringe programs

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 8:30 PM EDT

"Give Them Dirty Needles and Let Them Die" is the title of a new piece in AlterNet, inspired by a remark once made by Judge Judy when she went to Australia and was asked her opinion about the distribution of sterile needles to drug injectors to prevent the spread of HIV and hepatitis C.

In her report, author Roseanne Scotti maintains that the judge's remark is actually a reflection of the federal government's attitude toward the clean needle program. Opponents of syringe access programs, Scotti points out, say that providing such programs "condones" drug use. The fact that several studies have shown that needle programs do not actually encourage drug use are probably irrelevant to the opposition, who not only turn their noses up at scientific research, but who also oppose anything that they can claim condones a behavior they do not like.

This is not to argue that anyone likes the idea of drug addiction, but drug addiction is a reality. One cannot help but wonder whether Judge Judy and her followers likewise condemn Rush Limbaugh to a painful death, or whether they wish former Supreme Court Chief Justice William Rehnquist had died of AIDS.

According to the AlterNet piece, the rate of HIV related to shared syringes is 4% in Australia, 6% in the UK, 17% in Canada, and 22% in the U.S. Even Iran has started a syringe exchange program. In 2002, U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher concluded in his report to Congress:

After reviewing all of the research to date, the senior scientists of the Department and I have unanimously agreed that there is conclusive scientific evidence that syringe exchange programs . . . are an effective public health intervention that reduces the transmission of HIV and does not encourage the use of illegal drugs.

Satcher's conclusion was corroborated by the American Medical Association, the American Public Health Association, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Institutes of Health Concensus Panel, and the AIDS Advisory Commissions of Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton. However, the U.S. remains the only country with a ban against the federal funding of clean syringe programs.

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Depends on what the meaning of "hoax" is

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 5:05 PM EDT

Following in Al Gore's footsteps, earlier this month former President Bill Clinton launched an effort with 22 of the world's largest cities to cut emissions, a bigger move on the global warming front than anything our current administration has offered. Others, though, are taking up the reins including:

California Governor Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger is in talks with Prime Minister Tony Blair about trading carbon dioxide pollution credits.

22 states and the District of Columbia have set standards demanding that utilities as much as 33 percent from renewable sources by 2020.

11 states have set goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.

California has passed legislation mandating that automakers reduce their vehicles' carbon dioxide emissions 30 percent by 2016 (10 other states have committed to adopt the same standards if the law survives in court).

As many as 13 states are working to get power plants to trade pollution credits for carbon emissions while cutting greenhouse gas emissions 10 percent by 2019.

Meanwhile, Congress can't get it together to pass the Climate Stewardship Act which has been around since 2003. That one of the bill's pioneering authors, Joe Lieberman, just lost his primary, is a less than promising sign.

Global Warming a Hoax? Don't Buy it!

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 4:15 PM EDT

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In case you doubted it, there are still those arguing that global warming is a figment of Al Gore's fevered imagination. Our local Contra Costa Times, for instance, ran an opinion piece the other day that began:

[Challenge] global warming hysteria next time you're at a cocktail party and see what happens.

Admittedly, I possess virtually no expertise in science. That puts me in exactly the same position as most dogmatic environmentalists who want to craft public policy around global warming fears.

The only inconvenient truth about global warming, contends Colorado State University's Bill Gray, is that a genuine debate has never actually taken place. Hundreds of scientists, many of them prominent in the field, agree.

Gray is perhaps the world's foremost hurricane expert. His Tropical Storm Forecast sets the standard. Yet, his criticism of the global warming "hoax" makes him an outcast.

"They've been brainwashing us for 20 years," Gray says. "Starting with the nuclear winter and now with the global warming. This scare will also run its course. In 15-20 years, we'll look back and see what a hoax this was."

Yes, well, the reason the guy's an outcast--if you take "outcast" to mean "disagreed with because holding views at odds with the overwhelming scientific consensus"--is that the vast majority of scientists disagree with him, on scientific grounds.

Anyway, more on the "hottest hoax around" from Mark Fiore. (Click on the cartoon to watch.)

Monsoons, flooding and landslides, oh my! El Paso's finally an official Disaster Area

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 1:53 PM EDT

President Bush finally declared El Paso County a disaster area, more than two weeks after major flooding hit his home state. The border city was hit with 15 inches of rain in the span of a week (including seven inches in one day), nearly twice the annual precipitation. Including in neighboring Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, more than 5,000 homes have been damaged and preliminary estimates put the damage at more than $100 million.

Flash flood warnings are still in effect and the Army Corps of Engineers has said that an aging earthen dam holding back 6 million gallons of water from the Mexican side of the Rio Grande, could flood El Paso in as little as three minutes. Mayor John Cook told the El Paso Times, it would be "like a tidal wave hitting downtown El Paso."

Two years ago John Walton, a hydrologist at UTEP, tried to get the city, the Army Corps of Engineers and FEMA to do something about the rapid development in arroyos and the resulting poor drainage systems in the city, telling top officials, "failure to address these issues could lead to flooding of homes and businesses during a large storm event." His pleas were ignored.

Federal Court Strikes Down NSA Wiretap Program

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 1:40 PM EDT

A federal judge in Detroit has ordered the Bush administration to halt the NSA wiretap program, saying it violates free speech rights, protections against unreasonable searches and the constitutional check on the power of the presidency.

From the opinion:

This is a challenge to the legality of a secret program (hereinafter "TSP") undisputedly inaugurated by the National Security Agency (hereinafter "NSA") at least by 2002 and continuing today, which intercepts without benefit of warrant or other judicial approval, prior or subsequent, the international telephone and internet communications of numerous persons and organizations within this country. The TSP has been acknowledged by this Administration to have been authorized by the President's secret order during 2002 and reauthorized at least thirty times since. ...

"[T]his court is constrained to grant to Plaintiffs the Partial Summary Judgment requested, and holds that the TSP violates the APA; the Separation of Powers doctrine; the First and Fourth Amendments of the United States Constitution; and the statutory law."

Yale's Jack Balkin isn't impressed by the court's reasoning, though.

It is quite clear that the government will appeal this opinion, and because the court's opinion, quite frankly, has so many holes in it, it is also clear to me that the plaintiffs will have to relitigate the entire matter before the circuit court, and possibly the Supreme Court. The reasons that the court below has given are just not good enough. This is just the opening shot in what promises to be a long battle.

Bush's Summer Reading: The Stranger (?!)

| Thu Aug. 17, 2006 1:29 PM EDT

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Why would Albert Camus's classic novel strike a nerve, John Stewart wonders. (Click on the image.)

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West Virginia school fights to keep painting of Jesus on the wall

| Wed Aug. 16, 2006 9:25 PM EDT

Some kids raise money to buy sports equipment for their school. Some raise money to help Katrina victims. At Bridgeport High School in Clarksburg, West Virginia, the kids raised $6,700 so that a picture of Jesus can remain on the wall. They had some help from the local Christian Freedom Fund, which raised over $150,000 to pay for legal fees.

Americans United for Separation of Church and State and the West Virginia chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union sued the Harrison County Board of Education two months ago because the presence of a painting, "Head of Christ," which hangs outside the principal's office, sends a message that the school board endorses Christianity as an official religion. The sepia-toned painting has been there for thirty-seven years.

Eigfht national legal groups with constitutional law expertise have volunteered to help the school board, and "You Can't Take Our Jesus Down" T-shirts were spotted at a recent public meeting of the school board. The plot took a new twist a few days ago, however, when school board member Mike Queen was asked by the West Virginia Ethics Commission to stop soliciting money for the Christian Freedom fund. Queen maintains that he contacted the board, and not the other way around, when he learned that others were interested in asking the board for an opinion on his fund-raising efforts.

Even Developed Countries are Running Low on Water

| Wed Aug. 16, 2006 8:15 PM EDT

Next week is World Water Week, with a big conference going on in Stockholm, Sweden. To mark the occasion WWF has put out a new and depressing report warning that climate change and poor resource management have combined to produce water shortages even in developed countries. need to reduce pollution, get serious about conservation, and fix up ageing infrastructure.

In Europe, countries on the Atlantic are suffering recurring droughts, while water-intensive tourism and irrigated agriculture are endangering water resources in the Mediterranean. In Australia, the world's driest continent, salinity is a major threat to a large proportion of its key agricultural areas.

Despite high rainfall in Japan, contamination of water supplies is an extremely serious issue in many areas. In the United States, large areas are already using substantially more water than can be naturally replenished. This situation will only be exacerbated as global warming brings lower rainfall, increased evaporation and changed snowmelt patterns.

Some of the world's thirstiest cities, such as Houston and Sydney, are using more water than can be replenished. In London, leakage and loss is estimated at 300 Olympic-size swimming pools daily due to ageing water mains. It is however notable that cities with less severe water issues such as New York tend to have a longer tradition of conserving catchment areas and expansive green areas within their boundaries.

More on water: Not so long ago John Luoma wrote in Mother Jones about the true cost of water privatization in cities all over the world, as measured in contamination, rate increases, shortages, and scandals. And Maude Barlow described in an interview how developing countries are increasingly pressured into ceding control over their dwindling water supplies to private firms.

Private donors give $100 million to stem cell research

| Wed Aug. 16, 2006 7:48 PM EDT

Nearly three years ago California voters approved a $3 billion bond for embryonic stem cell research. Yet state dollars are tied up in lawsuits bolstered by the religious right (more on the lawsuits and other states' efforts to fund research on new stem cell lines here).

Today the Wall Street Journal reports that private donors have contributed more than $100 million to the state's new stem-cell research agency, the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, as well as to research programs at state universities.

Donors include Ray Dolby, of Dolby Laboratories Inc., who has given $21 million and Eli Broad, real estate magnate and philanthropist, who has given at least $27 million. Venture capitalist John Doerr, bond-fund manager Bill Gross, and Qualcomm Inc. founder Irwin Jacobs have also been major contributors.

Mother Jones Names New Editors-in-Chief

| Wed Aug. 16, 2006 2:58 PM EDT

We're happy to announce today that Monika Bauerlein and Clara Jeffery have been named the editors-in-chief of Mother Jones. Monika, who was most recently investigative editor, has been at the magazine since 2000. Clara has been deputy editor since 2002. In one fell swoop, they've bumped up the total of women editors in chief of "thought leader" magazines by half.

They'll be discussing their new gig and their plans for the magazine and web site on Mother Jones Radio this Sunday. If you have questions or comments you'd like to hear them address on the air, please email host Angie Coiro at angie@motherjones.com.

(Official press release here.)