When a train carrying hydrochloric acid derailed and caught fire in a
tunnel near Baltimore last month, a silent tremor of fear must have
shivered through the boardrooms of nuclear-energy corporations.
Nuclear executives know, as few Americans do, that the train could theoretically have been carrying radioactive material; the Department of Energy has approved the use of that
track for transport of high-level nuclear waste.
Trains loaded with highly radioactive waste from
nuclear plants will be rolling across the American heartland sooner than most
people may realize, in large part because the Bush administration intends to re-emphasize nuclear power as part of its energy
plan. But more nuclear plants
and increased production at existing plants means more waste,
which presents a sticky problem for the government and
its friends in the energy industry.
It's been about three decades since
the US began producing significant amounts of energy from nuclear fission, but the country has yet to decide on a long-term storage solution for the resulting waste. And
assuming, as most experts do, that the controversial storage facility at Yucca Mountain is
approved, how will the waste get there? Or to the private storage facility proposed for the Skull Valley Goshute Indian
reservation in Utah? The US Department of Energy may be
sending it via train (or truck) through a town near
Critics of so-called "nuke trains" point out that train derailments in general are on the rise, and
there have been dozens of serious "incidents" involving spent fuel shipments since 1949. By some calculations, the contents
of a single container of spent nuclear fuel could release as much radioactivity as 200 Hiroshima bombs.
industry scientists say safety precautions make the chances of a container breaking
open and leaking, even in a serious train wreck, minute. But the Baltimore accident raises questions about their assurances. Casks designed for transport of radioactive waste are
built to withstand temperatures of as much as 1,475 degrees for
up to 30 minutes. The Baltimore
Sun reported that the Baltimore train burned at temperatures as high as 1,500 degrees for several days.
There is also the real threat of terrorism against trains
carrying such dangerous cargo -- what the Nuclear Regulatory Commission
calls "radiological sabotage." At a 1996 counter-terrorism
symposium in Las Vegas, researchers presented a report on the risks of terrorism and sabotage against nuclear spent-fuel shipments to Yucca Mountain, and urged the NRC to "completely reexamine" their estimates of a terrorist threat.
In Europe, controversy over nuclear waste transport has resulted in massive
protests, culminating this year with demonstrators
chaining themselves to the tracks. Only "the biggest security operation since World War II"
allowed authorities to clear a path for the train. The hubbub spread
through Europe; now London is considering an outright
ban on nuclear shipments over the city's trouble-prone rails.
On this side of the Atlantic, a growing alliance of activists is betting that if Americans --
especially those who live in the towns on the designated rail lines -- knew
of the potential dangers, they too would take to the streets in protest. A shipment of spent fuel from New York to an Idaho processing
plant planned for this year may "be the first of tens of thousands of
shipments" the federal government would like to see approved,
Kevin Kamps, an organizer for the Nuclear Information and Resource Service, told Newsweek. In Springfield, Ill., which is on the New York-to-Idaho
route, residents in the past protested shipments of napalm through their town.
Anti-nuke organizer David Kraft told the Evansville Courier Press, "This stuff makes napalm look like
BRITS TORTURED GAYS TO 'CURE' THEM
In the 1950s and '60s, Great Britain's publicly funded National Health
Service forced gays to undergo harsh experimental procedures
designed to "cure" them of homosexuality, reports PlanetOut. The NHS used electroshock
therapy, hallucinogenic drugs and brainwashing techniques. Gays who
agreed to the treatments often did so because their only other choice was
prison: Homosexual acts were illegal in Britain at the time. Among
those treated was Alan Turing, the noted mathematician and World War
II codebreaker, who was reportedly forced to undergo estrogen treatments
before he committed suicide in 1954.
INVENTING THE ABORTION DISEASE
Having failed to succeed in the courts and on the streets, the anti-choice brigades are picking a new battlefield: Linguistics. Among their latest linguistic creations is "Post Abortion Stress Syndrome" or PASS. Not recognized as an official diagnosis by any major medical organization, the syndrome is said to involve feelings
of guilt and nightmares -- reasonable reactions to a emotionally and
physically difficult procedure, but far short of a medical condition.
Ms. conjectures that the "syndrome" is a legal invention intended to
pave the way for anti-choice groups to file malpractice lawsuits against
As"60 Minutes" recently reported, the term "partial-birth abortion" is also a creation of right-wing abortion foes, who sought an emotionally charged phrase in their quest to outlaw one type of procedure and thereby open the door for an outright ban on abortion.