Sources: The Road to Nowhere


Forfeited vacation days: Expedia.com, “Vacation Deprivation Survey,” May 2004.

Time needed to relax: Families and Work Institute, “Overwork in America: When the Way We Work Becomes Too Much,” March 2005.

Doing work during vacation: Families and Work Institute, “Overwork in America: When the Way We Work Becomes Too Much,” March 2005.

Travel barriers: Lonely Planet, “2005 Travelers’ Pulse Survey.”

French strike: “French parliament allows employers to dismantle 35-hour workweek in exchange for higher pay,” Associated Press, March 22, 2005.

Paid vacation time offered, not taken: Families and Work Institute, “Overwork in America: When the Way We Work Becomes Too Much,” March 2005.

Maximum hours in EU: European Industrial Relations Observatory, “Working time–developments in EU and national regulation,” March 2004.

Presidential vacations: Kenneth T. Walsh, From Mount Vernon to Crawford: A History of the Presidents and Their Retreats, 2005; “A White House on the Range: Bush Retreats to Ranch for ‘Working Vacation’,” Washington Post, August 7, 2001; “Escape from the White House,” CBS News, December 13, 1999.

Bush vacation before 9/11: “A White House on the Range: Bush Retreats to Ranch for ‘Working Vacation’,” Washington Post, August 7, 2001.

Schiavo v. Asian tsunami: “Supporters Praise Bush’s Swift Return to Washington,” New York Times, March 21, 2005; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, “NOAA and the Indian Ocean Tsunami,” December 29, 2004; “President Discusses Support for Earthquake and Tsunami Victims,” White House transcript, December 29, 2004.

Middle-aged men and heart attacks: “Are Vacations Good for Your Health? The 9-Year Mortality Experience After the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial,” Psychosomatic Medicine 62:608-612, 2000; Dr. Brooks Gump, Department of Psychology, SUNY Oswego.

“Presenteeism”: “Health, Absence, Disability, and Presenteeism Cost Estimates of Certain Physical and Mental Health Conditions Affecting U.S. Employers,” Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine 46(4), April 200; Cornell News Service, “Economists coin new word, ‘presenteeism,’ to describe worker slowdowns that account for up to 60 percent of employer health costs,” April 20, 2004.

RAND bonus: RAND Corporation; “Too many Americans shun vacations,” Detroit Free Press, June 24, 2004.

Roman holidays: Hutton Webster, Rest Days: A Study in Early Law and Morality, cited in Juliet B. Schor, The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure (Basic Books, 1992).

Idleness in Massachusetts: Juliet B. Schor, The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure (Basic Books, 1992).

“Work-shy elements”: Tom Hodgkinson, How to be Idle (HarperCollins 2005).

Mandated vacations around the world: The Bureau of National Affairs and American Bar Association International Labor Law Committee, “International Labor and Employment Laws,” 1997, 2002; Human Resources and Skills Development Canada; International Labour Organization, “Paid annual leave,” July 2004.

Leisure sickness: “Leisure Sickness: A study on Its Prevalence, Phenomenology, and Background,” Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 71(6), 2002.

Passport holders: Calculations based on numbers from U.S. Department of State, U.S. Census; calculations based on figures from U.K. Passport Service, National Statistics Online (U.K.); Community Marketing, Inc., “Gay & Lesbian Travel Profile,” 2005.

Sex on vacation: National Leisure Travel Monitor, 2004.

Hours worked per capita: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, “Employment Outlook,” 2004.

Flights of Fancy: Webflyer.com, “Chronology of Mileage Redemption/Program Liability Accumulation,” 2003.

Air rage insurance: “Insurer offers air rage cover,” London Telegraph, November 30, 2004.

Air rage categories: Center for Investigative Psychology, University of Liverpool, “Air Rage: In-flight Violence” (unpublished study).

Number one currency: “In terminal decline? Frequent-flyer miles,” The Economist, January 8, 2005.

High gas prices: Ipsos-Public Affairs survey conducted for the Associated Press and AOL News, April 2005.

Solo travel: Fodor’s Travel Publications survey, March 2005.

Dining alone: Fodor’s Travel Publications survey, March 2005.

Nude resorts: National Leisure Travel Monitor, 2003.

Religious services: Travel Industry Association of America, “Travel Statistics and Trends, 2004.”

U.S., Saudi tourism: World Tourism Organization, “Tourism Highlights: Edition 2004”; World Tourism Organization, “Facts and Figures,” 2003.

Christian cheerleaders: “Cheerleading camps combine spirit, sport Christian themes center stage at clinics,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, May 1, 2005.

Disney-going Mother Jonesers: In-house survey, May 2005.