In light of the PR nightmare that has descended on the Susan G. Komen Foundation since announcing it would no longer fund grants to Planned Parenthood for mammogram referrals, the Avon Foundation for Women, a top breast cancer charity connected to the cosmetics company, rushed to post a clarification on the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer Facebook page:
"The Avon Foundation for Women is an independent 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization and is not affiliated in any way with Susan G. Komen for the Cure. The Avon Walk for Breast Cancer event series is a project of the Avon Foundation and has no connection to any Susan G. Komen event."
The 39-mile, two-day walk is the Avon Foundation's most high-profile charity event. In 2010 nearly 22,000 participants took part in one of nine walks and raised more than $55 million. It's of a piece with Komen's big event, the Susan G. Komen for the Cure event, a 3-day, 60-mile walk that takes place in 14 cities around the country. Though it's true Komen and Avon aren't connected, there are plenty of reasons to be skeptical about Avon’s Walk for Breast Cancer. AFW claims that their walk increases visibility for the disease and builds solidarity among survivors and their loved ones, but these fundraisers also do a great deal to boost the public image of a cosmetics company best known for its door-to-door saleswomen.
According to a 2010 report at Charity Watch (formerly known as American Institute of Philanthropy) titled “Avon Raises Awareness for Its Cosmetics and for Breast Cancer,” in 2008 the organization spent $39 in order to raise each $100 it pulled in. This was inefficient enough to earn a C+ rating from the website. More concerning still are the charity's ties to a for-profit corporation.
While Avon Foundation for Women claims it has no employees, an arrangement that would presumably save the organization a good deal on salaries, Charity Watch learned that they do spend money on what's described as an "administrative services arrangement" where Avon the charity reimburses Avon the cosmetics corp. for things like management expenses and operations. These costs could account for a portion of the $7.6 million that Avon Foundation paid for "other fees for services" in 2008, but the ways things are, we can't know for sure. Additionally, according to its 2010 financial statements, the corporation provided the foundation with $1.6 million for staffing.
"By using Avon employees for its staffing needs and reimbursing the company for these related costs in lump sums, this arrangement allows APF [Avon Product Foundation] to not provide breakouts of what it is compensating each person for their services to the charity," says Charity Watch, which tried to get the organization to provide information on the costs and revenue of its walks, but wasn't given access to those numbers.
We do know that the foundation spent over $45 million dollars last year on its "Breast Cancer Crusade", $35 million of which went to grants for research, patient care, and outreach and education. I struggled to figure out how much was raised by the walks in a particular year; however, the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer FAQ claims $423 million has been raised from 2003–2011.
Okay, so Avon's finances are murky, but the breast cancer walk still sounds like a pretty good time. It also sounds expensive. For the participants able to raise the $1,800 minimum, the organization offers fundraising guidance and trainings. An article by Anne Kadet in Smart Money describes how during the course of the walk Avon shells out for snacks and bathrooms at rest stops, and a night in the “Wellness Village” complete with yoga, massages, and entertainment.
The walk is a bonding experience that brings major visibility to the cause and to Avon's brand. Herein lies Charity Watch's main gripe with the foundation. Linking a corporation to a cause through similar branding, and selling similar products for profit and for charity, is called "cause-related marketing." Promoting a company and product while aiding a cause could result in a tug-of-war between what's best for the visibility and identity of Avon the corporation and what's going to have the most impact on the fight against breast cancer. As the Charity Watch investigation explains, "APF could be choosing high profile activities, such as the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer, based on the amount of publicity and brand awareness they generate rather than the efficiency with which funds are raised or the level of awareness generated for breast cancer."
In Kadet's Smart Money piece, Kim Irish, director of programming for the advocacy group Breast Cancer Action, echoes this sentiment and expresses a similar skepticism about whether walking, running, and biking are the best ways to raise money for breast cancer research, prevention, and treatment to begin with. "If walking could cure breast cancer," she says, "it would be cured by now.”
This article has been revised.