MoJo Author Feeds: Jeremy Schulman | Mother Jones Mother Jones logo en Every Insane Thing Donald Trump Has Said About Global Warming <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Donald Trump has a lot of things to say about global warming. He's called it an urgent problem, and he's called it a hoax. He's claimed it's a scam invented by the Chinese, and he's denied that he ever said that. He's promised to "cancel" the historic Paris climate agreement, and he's said he still has an "open mind" on the matter.</p> <p>Some environmental activists have <a href="">pointed to Trump's unpredictable statements</a> as evidence that he might not follow through on his campaign pledges to dismantle the Obama administration's climate legacy. But Trump has already put <a href="">one of the nation's most prominent climate skeptics</a> in charge of the Environmental Protection Agency transition. And just last week, one of Trump's top aides <a href="">assured Americans</a> that the president-elect still believes climate science is mostly "bunk."</p> <p>For those keeping score at home, here's a timeline of the Donald's thoughts on global warming. We'll update it from time to time.</p> <dl class="timeline"><dt>12/6/09</dt> <dd> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="letter" class="image" src="/files/Screen%20Shot%202016-11-30%20at%203.06.59%20PM_0.png" style="height: 212px; width: 250px;"><div class="caption"><a href="" target="_blank"><strong>Read the full the letter at <em>Grist</em>. </strong></a></div> </div> <p><strong>Trump signs a letter calling for urgent climate action. </strong>As <em>Grist</em> <a href="">reported earlier this year</a>, Trump and three of his children signed a <a href=";h=1836">2009 letter</a> to President Barack Obama calling for a global climate deal. "We support your effort to ensure meaningful and effective measures to control climate change, an immediate challenge facing the United States and the world today," declared the letter, which was signed by dozens of business leaders and published as an ad in the <em>New York Times</em>. "If we fail to act now, it is scientifically irrefutable that there will be catastrophic and irreversible consequences for humanity and our planet."</p> </dd> <dt>2/14/10</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump changes his mind, says Gore should be stripped of Nobel Prize because it's cold outside.</strong> According to the <em>New York Post</em>, Trump had changed his tune by early 2010, <a href="">telling an audience at one of his golf clubs</a>, "With the coldest winter ever recorded, with snow setting record levels up and down the coast, the Nobel committee should take the Nobel Prize back from Al Gore&hellip;Gore wants us to clean up our factories and plants in order to protect us from global warming, when China and other countries couldn't care less. It would make us totally noncompetitive in the manufacturing world, and China, Japan and India are laughing at America's stupidity." (He would later say he was joking about the Nobel Prize being rescinded.)</p> </dd> <dt>2/16/10</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump claims scientists admitted global warming is a "con."</strong> Around this time, Trump caught wind of the so-called "<a href="">ClimateGate scandal</a>," in which climate deniers wrongly claimed a trove of hacked emails showed that scientists had conspired to fabricate evidence of global warming. Trump said (inaccurately) on Fox News that there was an email "sent a couple months ago by one of the leaders of global warming, the initiative&hellip;almost saying&mdash;I guess they're saying it's a con." He added that "in Washington, where I'm building a big development, nobody can move because we have 48 inches of snow."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="367" mozallowfullscreen="true" src=";end=382.6" webkitallowfullscreen="true" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>11/6/12</dt> <dd> <p><strong>"The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese." </strong></p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">November 6, 2012</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script></dd> <dt>12/6/13</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump declares global warming a "hoax." </strong>As an unusually powerful <a href="">ice storm</a> ripped through the southern part of the United States, Trump announced that climate change is a "hoax."</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Ice storm rolls from Texas to Tennessee - I'm in Los Angeles and it's freezing. Global warming is a total, and very expensive, hoax!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">December 6, 2013</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">We should be focused on magnificently clean and healthy air and not distracted by the expensive hoax that is global warming!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">December 6, 2013</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script></dd> <dt>Jan. 2014</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump says scientists are in on the hoax. </strong>On January 6, Trump went on Fox News to discuss a <a href="">severe cold snap that set records</a> across the country. "This winter is brutal," <a href="" target="_blank">said Trump, adding that climate change is a "hoax"</a> perpetrated by "scientists [who] are having a lot of fun." Trump kept up this line of argument throughout the <a href="">long and miserable winter</a>.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">This very expensive GLOBAL WARMING bullshit has got to stop. Our planet is freezing, record low temps,and our GW scientists are stuck in ice</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 2, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">NBC News just called it the great freeze - coldest weather in years. Is our country still spending money on the GLOBAL WARMING HOAX?</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 25, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Any and all weather events are used by the GLOBAL WARMING HOAXSTERS to justify higher taxes to save our planet! They don't believe it $$$$!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 26, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">The weather has been so cold for so long that the global warming HOAXSTERS were forced to change the name to climate change to keep $ flow!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 29, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Snowing in Texas and Louisiana, record setting freezing temperatures throughout the country and beyond. Global warming is an expensive hoax!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 29, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script></dd> <dt>2014</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump donates money to fight climate change. </strong>At some point in 2014, Trump <a href="">donated $5,000 of his foundation's money to Protect Our Winters</a>, an advocacy group dedicated to "mobilizing the outdoor sports community to lead the charge towards positive climate action." <a href="">As the group's website</a> explains, "If we're serious about slowing climate change, it's imperative that we decrease our dependence on fossil fuels and focus on cleaner sources of energy and electricity."</p> <div class="inline inline-left" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Screen%20Shot%202016-11-30%20at%203.16.54%20PM.png" style="height: 76px; width: 630px;"><div class="caption"><strong>An entry in the Donald J. Trump Foundations's <a href="" target="_blank">2014 tax filings </a></strong></div> </div> <p><a href="">According to the New York <em>Daily News</em></a><em>, </em>Trump made the donation at the request of Olympic snowboarding gold medalist Jamie Anderson, who was <a href="" target="_blank">one of the contestants</a> on Trump's <em>Celebrity Apprentice </em>reality show. Anderson was participating on behalf of Protect Our Winters, which, she said on the show, "brings light and inspiration to climate change." Still, Trump remained a climate change denier. During the season premier, which aired in early 2015, Trump suggested that New York's cold weather undermined Gilbert Gottfried's belief in climate science:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="275" src="" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>6/17/15</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump says it's "madness" to call climate change our "No. 1 problem." </strong>The day after announcing his candidacy for the GOP presidential nomination, Trump appeared on Sean Hannity's Fox News show, where he said he was "not a believer in man-made" warming. He added, "When I hear Obama saying that climate change is the No. 1 problem, it is just madness."</p> </dd> <dt>9/21/15</dt> <dd> <p><strong>"I'm not a believer in man-made global warming." </strong>During the GOP primary race, Trump kept up his climate denial. Here he is on <a href="">Hugh Hewitt's radio show</a>: "I'm not a believer in man-made global warming. It could be warming, and it's going to start to cool at some point. And you know, in the early, in the 1920s, people talked about global cooling&hellip;They thought the Earth was cooling. Now, it's global warming&hellip;But the problem we have, and if you look at our energy costs, and all of the things that we're doing to solve a problem that I don't think in any major fashion exists."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="275" src="" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>12/1/15</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump says it's "ridiculous" for Obama to pursue the Paris climate agreement.</strong> The long-anticipated Paris climate negotiations began barely two weeks after the city was struck by a devastating series of terrorist attacks. As the talks kicked off, <a href="">Obama called the summit</a> "an act of defiance" against terrorism and urged the world leaders gathered there to agree to an ambitious deal to combat global warming. <a href="">Trump took to Instagram</a> to <a href="">express his disapproval</a>. "While the world is in turmoil and falling apart in so many different ways&mdash;especially with ISIS&mdash;our president is worried about global warming," he said. "What a ridiculous situation."</p> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-version="7" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:658px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"> <div style="padding:8px;"> <div style=" background:#F8F8F8; line-height:0; margin-top:40px; padding:50.0% 0; text-align:center; width:100%;"> <div style=" background:url(data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAACwAAAAsCAMAAAApWqozAAAABGdBTUEAALGPC/xhBQAAAAFzUkdCAK7OHOkAAAAMUExURczMzPf399fX1+bm5mzY9AMAAADiSURBVDjLvZXbEsMgCES5/P8/t9FuRVCRmU73JWlzosgSIIZURCjo/ad+EQJJB4Hv8BFt+IDpQoCx1wjOSBFhh2XssxEIYn3ulI/6MNReE07UIWJEv8UEOWDS88LY97kqyTliJKKtuYBbruAyVh5wOHiXmpi5we58Ek028czwyuQdLKPG1Bkb4NnM+VeAnfHqn1k4+GPT6uGQcvu2h2OVuIf/gWUFyy8OWEpdyZSa3aVCqpVoVvzZZ2VTnn2wU8qzVjDDetO90GSy9mVLqtgYSy231MxrY6I2gGqjrTY0L8fxCxfCBbhWrsYYAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC); display:block; height:44px; margin:0 auto -44px; position:relative; top:-22px; width:44px;">&nbsp;</div> </div> <p style=" margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;"><a href="" style=" color:#000; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;" target="_blank">What is Obama thinking?</a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;">A video posted by Donald J. Trump (@realdonaldtrump) on <time datetime="2015-12-01T16:12:10+00:00" style=" font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px;">Dec 1, 2015 at 8:12am PST</time></p> </div> </blockquote> <script async defer src="//"></script></dd> <dt>12/30/15</dt> <dd> <p><strong>"A lot of it's a hoax," and "I want to use hair spray." </strong>During a <a href="">campaign speech in Hilton Head</a>, South Carolina, Trump criticized Obama for worrying too much about "the carbon footprint" of the greenhouse gas emissions that are causing climate change&mdash;an issue that Trump proceeded to <a href="">conflate with the hole in the ozone layer</a>. "I want to use hair spray," complained Trump. "They say, 'Don't use hair spray, it's bad for the ozone.' So I'm sitting in this concealed apartment, this concealed unit&hellip;It's sealed, it's beautiful. I don't think anything gets out. And I'm not supposed to be using hair spray?" He then returned to the subject of the climate hoax: "So Obama's talking about all of this with the global warming and the&mdash;a lot of it's a hoax, it's a hoax. I mean, it's a money-making industry, okay? It's a hoax, a lot of it."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="275" src=";end=2197" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>1/24/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump says his claim that global warming is a Chinese hoax was a "joke." </strong>At a Democratic debate in January, <a href="">Bernie Sanders criticized Trump</a>, noting the real estate mogul "believes that climate change is a hoax invented by the Chinese." Trump responded the next day on Fox News, suggesting that his <a href="">infamous 2012 tweet</a> was a joke. "I think the climate change is just a very, very expensive form of tax," <a href="">said Trump, according to <em>PolitiFact</em></a><em>.</em> "A lot of people are making a lot of money&hellip;And I often joke that this is done for the benefit of China. Obviously, I joke. But this is done for the benefit of China, because China does not do anything to help climate change. They burn everything you could burn; they couldn't care less. They have very&mdash;you know, their standards are nothing. But they&mdash;in the meantime, they can undercut us on price. So it's very hard on our business."</p> </dd> <dt>May 2016</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump wants to build a sea wall to protect his resort from global warming. </strong><a href=""><em>Politico </em>reported</a> that one of Trump's golf clubs asked officials in County Clare, Ireland, to approve construction of a sea wall to guard against the dangers of sea level rise and "more frequent storm events." According to an environmental impact statement submitted with the application, "If the predictions of an increase in sea level rise as a result of global warming prove correct&hellip;it is likely that there will be a corresponding increase in coastal erosion rates&hellip;In our view, it could reasonably be expected that the rate of sea level rise might become twice of that presently occurring."</p> </dd> <dt>5/5/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>"Trump digs coal."</strong> Shortly after clinching the GOP nomination, Trump traveled to West Virginia, where he was <a href="">endorsed by the West Virginia Coal Association</a>. At a <a href="">rally in Charleston</a>, Trump pointed to signs being waved in the crowd. "I see over here: 'Trump digs coal,'" he said. "That's true. I do." Trump promised to bring back coal mining jobs by repealing Obama's "ridiculous rules and regulations."</p> <div class="inline inline-left" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Trump Digs Coal" class="image" src="/files/trump-digs-coal-wv630.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Coal miners wave signs at Trump's May 5 rally in Charleston, West Virginia. </strong>Steve Helber/AP</div> </div> </dd> <dt>5/26/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump pledges to "cancel" the Paris climate agreement.</strong> In a major speech on energy policy, <a href="">Trump said that during his first 100 days in office</a>, he would "rescind all the job-destroying Obama executive actions including" his landmark climate regulations, "cancel the Paris Climate Agreement," and "stop all payments of US tax dollars to UN global warming programs."</p> </dd> <dt>7/26/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump says he "probably" called climate change a "hoax."</strong> In a remarkably odd exchange on Fox News, Bill O'Reilly asked Trump whether it was "true" that he had "called climate change a hoax." Trump replied that he "might have" done so following the <a href="">release of the ClimateGate emails</a>. "Yeah, I probably did," he added. "I see what's going on." Trump went on to say that fossil fuels "could have a minor impact" on the climate but "nothing [compared] to what they're talking about."</p> <script type="text/javascript" src=";w=450&amp;h=253"></script><noscript>Watch the latest video at <a href=""></a></noscript></dd> <dt>9/26/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump picks leading climate skeptic to run the EPA transition. </strong>Hours before Trump's first debate with Hillary Clinton, <a href="">word leaked</a> that he had chosen Myron Ebell of the Competitive Enterprise Institute to lead his transition efforts at the Environmental Protection Agency. Ebell has a long history of opposing efforts to fight climate change; he's even <a href=";">accused climate scientists</a> of "manipulating and falsifying the data." <a href="">As we reported</a>, "Ebell has called&hellip;Obama's Clean Power Plan 'illegal' and the Paris Climate Accord a 'usurpation of the Senate's authority.' Any small increase in global temperatures, he has said, is 'nothing to worry about.'"</p> </dd> <dt>9/26/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump denies saying climate change is a Chinese hoax.</strong> During the first debate, Clinton noted that Trump "thinks that climate change is a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese." In response, <a href="">Trump simply lied</a>. "I did not, I did not," he said. "I do not say that." Trump campaign manager Kellyanne Conway later attempted to clarify his position, <a href="">telling the <em>Huffington Post</em></a>, "What he has said is, he believes [climate change] is naturally occurring and is not all man-made."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="275" src="" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>11/23/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump has "open mind" on Paris agreement but still thinks scientists are misleading us.</strong> <a href="">In an interview with the <em>New York Times</em></a> two weeks after his victory, Trump made a number of confusing and contradictory statements about climate science and policy. Asked if he still planned to pull out of the Paris agreement, Trump said, "I have an open mind to it. We're going to look very carefully." He conceded that there is "some connectivity" between humans and climate change," adding, "It depends on how much. It also depends on how much it's going to cost our companies." He claimed that the "hottest day ever" <a href="">was in 1898</a>. He said climate is "a very complex subject. I'm not sure anybody is ever going to really know." He once again invoked ClimateGate, declaring, "They say they have science on one side but then they also have those horrible emails that were sent between the scientists." And, apparently in contrast to his request to build a sea wall in Ireland, Trump even speculated that sea level rise would actually <em>improve </em>the <a href="">Trump National Doral</a> golf course in Florida. (He may be <a href="">wrong</a> about that.)</p> </dd> <dt>11/27/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Trump's "default position" is that climate change "is a bunch of bunk." </strong>Following Trump's confusing <a href=""><em>New York Times </em>interview</a>, incoming White House chief of staff Reince Priebus sought to reassure supporters that the president-elect is, in fact, a climate change denier. "As far as this issue on climate change, the only thing he was saying, after being asked a few questions about it, is, 'Look, I'll have an open mind about it,'" Priebus explained on Fox. "But he has his default position, which is that most of it is a bunch of bunk. But he'll have an open mind and listen to people."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="275" src="" width="490"></iframe></p> </dd> <dt>12/1/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Ivanka Trump "wants to make climate change&hellip;one of her signature issues." </strong>According to <em>Politico</em>, a "source close to" Trump's daughter Ivanka said the first daughter "wants to make climate change&mdash;which her father has called a hoax perpetuated by the Chinese&mdash;one of her signature issues&hellip;The source said Ivanka is in the early stages of exploring how to use her spotlight to speak out on the issue."</p> </dd> <dt>12/5/16</dt> <dd> <p><strong>Donald and Ivanka Trump meet with Al Gore.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Ivanka Trump will meet today with Al Gore! to talk climate change today, the transition announces.</p> &mdash; Michael D. Shear (@shearm) <a href="">December 5, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Former Vice President Al Gore walks through Trump Tower lobby to meet with Ivanka Trump on climate change <a href=""></a></p> &mdash; Jonathan Lemire (@JonLemire) <a href="">December 5, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Climate change activist Al Gore just had 'an extremely interesting conversation' with Trump <a href=""></a></p> &mdash; Chris Mooney (@chriscmooney) <a href="">December 5, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script></dd> </dl><p><em>This story has been updated. Natalie Schreyer contributed to this article.</em></p></body></html> Environment Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Energy Science Top Stories Mon, 05 Dec 2016 11:00:11 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 320386 at Look at All the Climate Change Deniers Vying for Jobs in the Trump Administration <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Donald Trump is a global warming denier. He wants to "cancel" the Paris climate agreement and repeal the Clean Power Plan&mdash;the twin pillars of President Barack Obama's efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions. He's even promised to revive the coal industry, <a href="" target="_blank">against all odds</a>.</p> <p>But Trump won't be able to do these things all by himself. To fulfill his campaign promise and reverse the steps of his predecessor in the fight against warming, he's going to need an entire administration of like-minded people. Environmental officials who reject climate science. National security officials who dismiss concerns that climate change will destabilize the world. Diplomats who oppose international climate agreements. Department heads who want to drill, baby, drill.</p> <p>Here's a list of Trump appointees and possible appointees (drawn for the <em><a href="" target="_blank">New York Times</a>, <a href="" target="_blank">Politico</a>, <a href="" target="_blank">E&amp;E</a>, </em>and elsewhere) who deny climate change or who oppose or want to roll back efforts to deal with it. We'll update the list as the Trump transition continues. Be afraid.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Donald Trump</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>President</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong></p> <ul><li><em>We're going to rescind all the job-destroying Obama executive actions including the Climate Action Plan and the Waters of the US rule.</em></li> <li><em>We're going to save the coal industry and other industries threatened by Hillary Clinton's extremist agenda.</em></li> <li><em>I'm going to ask Trans Canada to renew its permit application for the Keystone Pipeline.</em></li> <li><em>We're going to lift moratoriums on energy production in federal areas</em></li> <li><em>We're going to revoke policies that impose unwarranted restrictions on new drilling technologies. These technologies create millions of jobs with a smaller footprint than ever before.</em></li> <li><em>We're going to cancel the Paris Climate Agreement and stop all payments of US tax dollars to UN global warming programs. [Trump campaign website, accessed <a href="" target="_blank">11/16/16</a>]</em></li> </ul><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">November 6, 2012</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Mike Pence</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>Vice president</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong> "Donald Trump and I have a plan to get this economy moving again&hellip;by lowering taxes across the board for working families, small businesses and family farms, ending the war on coal that is hurting jobs and hurting this economy even here in Virginia, repealing Obamacare lock, stock, and barrel, and repealing all of the executive orders that Barack Obama has signed that are stifling economic growth in this economy." [Vice Presidential debate, <a href="" target="_blank">10/5/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="473" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Reince Priebus</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>Chief of staff</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"Democrats tell us they understand the world, but then they call climate change, not radical Islamic terrorism, the greatest threat to national security. Look, I think we all care about our planet, but melting icebergs aren't beheading Christians in the Middle East." [CPAC speech, <a href="" target="_blank">2/27/15</a>]</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Obama's war on <a href="">#energy</a> kills jobs and raises costs. <a href=""></a> Stop the war on <a href="">#coal</a>. <a href=""></a></p> &mdash; Reince Priebus (@Reince) <a href="">January 14, 2015</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Stephen Bannon</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position:</strong> Chief strategist and senior counselor</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"Do you agree with the pope and President Obama that [climate change] is absolutely a path to global suicide, if specific deals are not cut in Paris [at the international climate negotiations], versus focusing on radical Islam?" [<em>Breitbart News Daily</em> via the <em>Washington Post</em>, <a href=";tid=ss_tw" target="_blank">12/1/15</a>]</p> <p>"The pope&hellip;has kind of fallen into this hysteria&hellip;Here you have the pope saying the world's near suicide if something doesn't happen in Paris." [<em>Breitbart</em><em> News Daily</em> via <a href="" target="_blank">Media Matters for America</a>, <a href="" target="_blank">12/2/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Myron Ebell</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>Head of EPA transition team&mdash;possible EPA administrator</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>Ebell, a high-profile climate skeptic, is the <a href="" target="_blank">director of the Center for Energy and Environment</a> at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, a DC think tank that promotes "limited government, free enterprise, and individual liberty." He has <a href=";" target="_blank">accused climate scientists</a> of "manipulating and falsifying the data." The <a href="" target="_blank"><em>New York Times </em>describes Ebell</a> as "one of the most vocal opponents" of the EPA's Clean Power Plan.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>Attorney general nominee</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"The balloon and satellite data track each other almost exactly, and it shows almost no warming. So what we're talking about is: The predictions aren't coming true." [<em>Washington Watch</em> via Right Wing Watch, <a href="" target="_blank">11/30/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Ken Blackwell, former Ohio secretary of state</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>Head of transition team for domestic issues</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"Another false environmentalist narrative is the global warming hoax. A few decades back, environmentalist "scientists" started devising computer models that predicted man-made calamity&mdash;Manhattan submerged by rising Atlantic waters&mdash;within 10 or 15 years ago. It turns out the models were rigged, the data were falsified and, in fact, there has been no measurable warming for nearly 20 years. Most troubling of all, the lying scientists colluded to ruin the careers of honest scientists who tried to tell the truth." [<em>Washington Times</em>, <a href="" target="_blank">4/30/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Rep. Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Position: </strong>CIA director nominee</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"President Obama has called climate change the biggest national security threat of our lifetime, but he is horribly wrong. His unwillingness to acknowledge the true threat posed by Islamic extremism will get Americans killed. His perverse fixation on achieving his economically harmful environmental agenda instead of defeating the true threats facing the world shows just how out of sync his priorities are with Kansans and the American people." [Pompeo press release, <a href="" target="_blank">11/30/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Eric Bolling, Fox News host</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>"A position&hellip;in the Department of Commerce," according to <em><a href="" target="_blank">Politico</a>.</em> Among other things, Commerce oversees the <a href="" target="_blank">National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration</a>, which is one of the country's most important bodies for researching climate science.</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>Bolling, a <a href="" target="_blank">former crude oil trader</a> on the New York Mercantile Exchange, <a href="" target="_blank">pointed out last year</a> that "there's a great tweet that's going around the internet: When Al Gore was born, there were 130,000 glaciers, and now there are only 130,000 glaciers." Here's how he explained <a href="" target="_blank">his views on climate science</a> in 2014: "I have two questions for you. Number one: If a&hellip;meteorologist can't tell us if it's going to rain tomorrow or be, you know, 20 degrees or or 50 degrees, how can they tell us what it's going to be 2,100 years from now&mdash;that this whole global warming thing, what we're doing now, is going to affect then? And the other thing is: Even if some of the carbon we're emitting&hellip;is manmade, how much is it? And is it really the reason why the globe is increasing in temperature&mdash;if it is&mdash;every so slightly? I mean, there's so many questions. The hoax is that if a meteorologist were to say, or a weather scientist were to say, that 'yeah, this is normal&mdash;it's weather, it's cold, it's hot, it's normal,' then they wouldn't get funded. All these big projects wouldn't be funded."</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" class="video-embed" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src="" width="480"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>John Bolton, former UN ambassador</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>Secretary of State</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong> "Obama can achieve his climate change legacy only through delicate negotiations with Congress. His poor relations with the House and Senate, especially on foreign policy, appear to render success unlikely. Obama may rely on his unilateral authority to join a world climate pact [in Paris], but without Congress his most important promises will be empty ones whose fate will be left to his successor." [<em>Los Angeles Times</em>, <a href="" target="_blank">12/1/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Jan Brewer, former governor of Arizona</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions:</strong> Secretary of Interior</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong> "Everybody has an opinion on [climate change], you know, and I probably don't believe that it's man made. I believe that, you know, that weather and certain elements are controlled maybe by different things." [<em>Think Progress</em>, <a href="" target="_blank">12/3/13</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Sen. Ted Cruz (Texas)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions: </strong><a href="" target="_blank">US Supreme Court justice</a></p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"If you are a&hellip;liberal politician who wants government power, if that is your driving urge&mdash;government power over the American citizenry&mdash;then climate change is the perfect pseudoscientific theory. Why is that? Because it can never be disproven&hellip;The climate is always changing. It has been changing from the beginning of time." [Cruz campaign event via the <em>Washington Post</em>, <a href="" target="_blank">2/3/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="381" mozallowfullscreen="" scrolling="no" src="" webkitallowfullscreen="" width="630"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn (Ret.)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>National security adviser</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"And here we have the President of the United States up in Canada talking about climate change. I mean, God, we just had the largest attack...on our own soil in Orlando. Why aren't we talking about that? Who is talking about that? I mean, Fort Hood, Chattanooga, Boston, people forget about 9/11!" [Fox News, <a href="" target="_blank">6/29/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Newt Gingrich, former speaker of the house </strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position:</strong> "I want to be the senior planner for the entire federal government, and I want a letter from you that says Newt Gingrich is authorized to go to any program in any department, examine it and report directly to the president." [<em>Hill</em>, <a href=";utm_medium=website&amp;utm_content=link" target="_blank">7/20/16</a>]</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>Gingrich used to be in favor of taking action on climate change, <a href="" target="_blank">even appearing in an ad on the subject</a> with Nancy Pelosi and <a href="" target="_blank">voicing support</a> for a cap-and-trade carbon pricing system. He later called his participation in the ad "<a href="" target="_blank">dumb</a>" and <a href="" target="_blank">opposed the cap-and-trade bill</a> backed by Obama in 2009. Last year, <a href="" target="_blank"><em>Politico </em>reported</a> that Gingrich "said it should not be a given for politicians to assume that climate change is man-made. 'I don't think it should be a given. The truth is, I think we don't know. There&rsquo;s a difference between political science and science,' he said."</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Rudy Giuliani, former New York City mayor </strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions: </strong>Secretary of State, secretary of Homeland Security</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"The president's wrong in linking somehow by fixing climate change if he's gonna fix it, he's gonna fix terrorism. That's absurd. There's no connection between the two things. Where it's like two different things. It's like saying I'm gonna fix terrorism by curing cancer." [Fox News via CNS News, <a href="" target="_blank">12/2/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Gov. Nikki Haley (S.C.)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions: </strong>Secretary of State</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"'[The Clean Power Plan] is exactly what we don't need,' the governor said after addressing a gathering of the SC Electric Cooperatives at Wild Dunes Resort on the Isle of Palms. 'This is exactly what hurts us. You can't mandate utility companies which, in turn, raises the cost of power. That's what's going to keep jobs away. That's what's going to keep companies away.' She added that officials in Washington 'stay out of the way.'&hellip;'We need to be able to do our jobs and continue to recruit companies and recruit jobs without additional mandates,' Haley said." [The <em>Post and Courier</em>, 6/3/14]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong><a href="" target="_blank">Harold Hamm</a>, oil and gas executive</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions:</strong> Secretary of Interior, secretary of Energy</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"Obama imposed punitive regulations to stop this [oil and gas] renaissance, and in his administration's very own words, they want to crucify America's oil and natural gas producers&hellip;President Trump will release America's pent-up energy potential, get rid of foreign oil, trash punitive regulations, create millions of jobs, and develop our most strategic geopolitical weapon: crude oil&hellip;Every time we can't drill a well in America, terrorism is being funded&hellip;Climate change isn't our biggest problem; it's Islamic terrorism. Every onerous regulation puts American lives at risk." [Republican National Convention, <a href="" target="_blank">7/20/16</a>]</p> <p><strong><em>Bonus</em>&mdash;Views on earthquake science: </strong>"Oil tycoon Harold Hamm told a University of Oklahoma dean last year that he wanted certain scientists there dismissed who were studying links between oil and gas activity and the state's nearly 400-fold increase in earthquakes, according to the dean's e-mail recounting the conversation. Hamm, the billionaire founder and chief executive officer of Oklahoma City-based Continental Resources, is a major donor to the university, which is the home of the Oklahoma Geological Survey. He has vigorously disputed the notion that he tried to pressure the survey's scientists. 'I'm very approachable, and don't think I'm intimidating,' Hamm was quoted as saying in an <a data-tracker-action="click" data-tracker-category="nav" data-tracker-label="inline_link.01" data-web-url="" href="" target="_blank">interview with EnergyWire</a>, an industry publication, that was published on May 11. 'I don't try to push anybody around.'" [<em>Bloomberg,</em> <a href="" target="_blank">5/15/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Jeffrey Holmstead, energy industry lobbyist</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>EPA administrator</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong><a href="" target="_blank">Holmstead</a>, an assistant EPA administrator under President George W. Bush, <a href="" target="_blank">told a Senate committee in 2015</a>: "Given the implementation schedule that EPA has proposed for [the Clean Power Plan], it will be implemented almost entirely by the next administration. And when the next administration takes office in January 2017, it is virtually certain that the litigation over the legality of the CPP will still be going on, so that the new administration will need to decide whether to defend and implement the CPP as finalized under the Obama Administration&hellip;For legal, practical, and political reasons, it would be relatively easy for a new administration to modify or simply revoke the CPP altogether and start from scratch with a more legally defensive approach&hellip;The process that led to the 1990 Amendments [to the Clean Air Act] is instructive. It shows what an administration can do&mdash;even when both Houses of Congress are controlled by the opposing party&mdash;to get legislation through Congress when such legislation is a priority for the President. In my view, it is a shame that the Obama Administration has not made this type of effort when it comes to climate change legislation and has instead pursued an ill-advised and almost certainly illegal regulatory approach."</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Laura Ingraham, radio host</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>Press secretary</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong> "This entire effort [the Paris climate negotiations] is about setting up global rules of governance. Rules that will, if instituted&mdash;which we know they won't be&mdash;but if ever instituted would mean that we have less control over our own destiny as a country than we do today. Because Congress will have limited ability to change any treaty. Again, I don't think it's going to happen. But if these rules should go into place, we should expect the same compliance from countries like China that we get from China in deals like the World Trade Organization and the World Trade Organization Treaty. So, if people want less sovereignty in the United States, less independence, less oversight, our congressional authority to be meaningful, then we should all be excited about what's going on with 150 leaders in Paris. But this has nothing to do with terrorism. It has everything to do with bringing America's economy down, hurting the fossil fuel industry, etc., etc.&mdash;one of the few sectors that's actually growing jobs and still paying people decent wages in the United States. So forgive me if I'm not all hot and bothered by the Paris events." [Fox News via Media Matters, <a href="" target="_blank">12/1/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Rep. Michael McCaul (R-Texas)</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>Secretary of Homeland Security</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"'Within the Department of Homeland Security, more money, in fact, millions of dollars, are dedicated to climate change rather than combating what I consider to be one of the biggest threats to the homeland, and that's the violent extremists radicalizing Islamist terrorists radicalizing over the Internet in the United States of America,' [McCaul said.]&hellip;That is a very narrow comparison. It concerns only the Homeland Security Department and only programs designed to prevent Islamic extremists' use of the Internet. Within that limited frame, McCaul's comparison holds up. However, any complete analysis would show that federal departments and agencies spend significantly more money targeting terrorists than they do targeting climate change." [Politifact, <a href="" target="_blank">5/14/15</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Patrick Morrisey, West Virginia attorney general</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>EPA administrator</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"<span style="color: #000000;">Morrisey has become one of the leading Attorneys General in the fight against President Obama&rsquo;s overreaching, illegal EPA regulations. In February 2016, under Morrisey&rsquo;s leadership, the Supreme Court halted implementation of Obama's signature climate change initiative, the Clean Power Plan, in an unprecedented win for AG Morrisey and the 28 other state Attorneys General." [Morrisey campaign website, accessed <a href="" target="_blank">11/16/16</a>]</span></p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Sarah Palin, former governor of Alaska</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions:</strong> Secretary of Interior</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"I want people to be empowered to ask questions about what is being fed them from the scientific community, that something's not making a whole lot of sense when it comes to inconsistent data that is being produced and being fed, especially to our children, when it comes to global warming or climate change&mdash;whatever they're calling it today&hellip;It's a problem right from the start when you're led to believe that 97 percent of scientists all agree that there is a consensus on global warming." [<em>Guardian</em>, <a href="" target="_blank">4/15/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Rick Perry, former governor of Texas</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible positions:</strong> Secretary of Energy</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change: </strong>"I do believe that the issue of global warming has been politicized. I think that there are a substantial number of scientists who have manipulated data so that they will have dollars rolling into their projects. And I think we are seeing almost weekly, or even daily, scientists who are coming forward and questioning the original idea that manmade global warming is what is causing the climate to change&hellip;The cost to the country and to the world of implementing these anti-carbon programs is in the billions, if not trillions, of dollars at the end of the day. And I don't think, from my perspective, that I want America to be engaged in spending that much money on still a scientific theory that has not been proven and, from my perspective, is more and more being put into question." [Perry campaign speech via CBS News, <a href="" target="_blank">8/17/11</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><br><strong>Scott Pruitt, Oklahoma attorney general</strong></h3> <p><strong>Possible position: </strong>EPA administrator, secretary of Interior</p> <p><strong>Views on climate change:</strong> "The EPA does not possess the authority under the Clean Air Act to accomplish what it proposes in the unlawful Clean Power Plan. The EPA is ignoring the authority granted by Congress to states to regulate power plant emissions at their source. The Clean Power Plan is an unlawful attempt to expand federal bureaucrats' authority over states' energy economies in order to shutter coal-fired power plants and eventually other sources of fossil-fuel generated electricity." [Pruitt press release, <a href=";article_id=16092" target="_blank">7/1/15</a>]</p> <p><em>This article will be updated throughout the transition period.</em></p></body></html> Environment Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Fri, 18 Nov 2016 19:46:17 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 319406 at 11 Democrats Who Could Defeat President Trump in 2020 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>It's official. Donald Trump won.</p> <p>The next presidential election is four years away. It's hard to imagine Hillary Clinton making a third attempt at the White House. Joe Biden will be 77 years old. Bernie Sanders will be 79. But there are plenty of other Democrats who might take a shot, and if history is any guide, they could start <a href="" target="_blank">jumping into the race</a> as early as 2018. So here, in no particular order, is our very early list of the Democrats who might make a run:</p> <h3 class="subhed">Elizabeth Warren</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Elizabeth Warren" class="image" src="/files/2020warren630.jpg"><div class="caption">Ira Chaplain/ZUMA</div> </div> <p>An obvious place to start. Warren, an anti-Wall Street crusader, has an impressive following among progressives and a knack for generating huge publicity online. Plus, the Massachusetts senator <a href="" target="_blank">loves going after Trump</a>:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Let&rsquo;s be honest - <a href="">@realDonaldTrump</a> is a loser. Count all his failed businesses. See how he cheated people w/ scams like Trump U.</p> &mdash; Elizabeth Warren (@elizabethforma) <a href="">March 21, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><h3 class="subhed">Tim Kaine</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Tim Kaine" class="image" src="/files/timkaine630.jpg"><div class="caption">Maurice Ross/ZUMA</div> </div> <p>Despite some criticism of his debate performance, the Democrats' 2016 VP candidate is emerging from the campaign relatively unscathed. The Virginia senator <a href="" target="_blank">remains reasonably popular</a> in his home state, where he previously served as governor. He has a <a href="" target="_blank">quietly impressive progressive record</a>, and&mdash;until last night&mdash;he'd never lost a race.</p> <h3 class="subhed">Amy Klobuchar</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Amy Klobuchar" class="image" src="/files/2020klobuchar630.jpg"><div class="caption"><a href="" target="_blank">Stuart Isett/Fortune Most Powerful</a>/Flickr</div> </div> <p>The Minnesota senator has <a href="" target="_blank">sky-high approval ratings</a>. She's already been the <a href="" target="_blank">subject of presidential speculation</a>. She <a href="" target="_blank">told the <em>Star Tribune </em></a>last year that she's given some thought to running for governor or the White House.</p> <h3 class="subhed">Kirsten Gillibrand</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Kirsten Gillibrand" class="image" src="/files/2020Gillibrand630.jpg"><div class="caption">Mike Segar/Reuters via ZUMA</div> </div> <p>After Clinton became secretary of state, Gillibrand replaced her as New York's junior senator. Will Gillibrand succeed Clinton as the party's presidential nominee, too?</p> <h3 class="subhed">Kamala Harris</h3> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>The California attorney general was elected to the US Senate on Tuesday. If she decides to take on Trump, she'll have served in federal office for only a couple of years&mdash;which is exactly how long Barack Obama served in the Senate before launching his White House bid. In a headline last year, the <em>Washington Post </em>asked, "<a href="" target="_blank">Is Kamala Harris the next Barack Obama?</a>"</p> <h3 class="subhed">Tammy Duckworth</h3> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>After two years as assistant secretary of veterans affairs and two terms representing her Illinois district in Congress, Duckworth defeated GOP Sen. Mark Kirk on Tuesday. An Iraq War veteran, Duckworth was awarded the Purple Heart after losing both her legs in combat. Following two consecutive Democratic nominees who made history, the party could select a third by tapping the first Asian American major-party nominee.</p> <h3 class="subhed">Cory Booker</h3> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>The New Jersey senator and former Newark mayor has a reputation as a political reformer. His first attempt to run for mayor against an entrenched political machine is chronicled in the documentary <em><a href="" target="_blank">Street Fight</a></em>.<em> </em>He once <a href="" target="_blank">saved a woman from a burning building</a>.</p> <h3 class="subhed">Martin O'Malley</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Martin O'Malley" class="image" src="/files/2020omalley630.jpg"><div class="caption"><a href="" target="_blank">Karen Murphy</a>/Flickr</div> </div> <p>The former Maryland governor's style&mdash;a bland mix of liberalism and technocratic competence&mdash;never really caught on this time around. But after a couple of years of Trump, who knows?</p> <h3 class="subhed">Chris Murphy</h3> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>The Connecticut senator got <a href="" target="_blank">a bit of buzz</a> earlier this year as a possible running mate for Clinton. He's perhaps best known for his <a href="" target="_blank">outspoken gun control advocacy</a> in the wake of the Sandy Hook massacre in his state. In June, he received substantial media attention when he <a href="" target="_blank">spearheaded a 15-hour filibuster</a> in support of firearms legislation.</p> <h3 class="subhed">John Hickenlooper</h3> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="John Hickenlooper" class="image" src="/files/630hickenlooper2020.jpg"><div class="caption"><a href="" target="_blank">Stuart Isett/Fortune Brainstorm Tech</a>/Flickr</div> </div> <p>The Colorado governor is <a href="" target="_blank">generally disliked by environmentalists</a> because of his coziness with the state's fracking industry. Still, his name was floated this year as a possible VP pick, and he's a <a href="" target="_blank">popular politician</a> in a swing state.</p> <h3 class="subhed">Michelle Obama</h3> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Former Barack Obama adviser David Axelrod <a href="" target="_blank">recently declared</a> that he "would bet everything" he owns that Michelle Obama won't run for office. But the popular first lady <a href="" target="_blank">clearly has no love for Trump</a>, and if she did choose to seek the nomination, it's hard to imagine another Democrat beating her. Sure, she's never held an elected office of her own&mdash;but you know who else hasn't?</p> <p><em>This article was revised on November 9 to reflect election results.</em></p></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Elections elizabeth warren Martin O'Malley Tue, 08 Nov 2016 22:21:35 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 318386 at Here Are the Races to Watch if You Care About Global Warming <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>The climate <a href="" target="_blank">didn't get much attention</a> in this year's debates, but Tuesday's election will still have major consequences for the fight against global warming. Donald Trump thinks climate change is a <a href="" target="_blank">hoax</a>; he's pledged to <a href="" target="_blank">withdraw</a> from the historic Paris climate accord and <a href="" target="_blank">to repeal President Barack Obama's Clean Power Plan</a>, which is intended to cut greenhouse gas emissions from coal plants. Hillary Clinton has said she will continue Obama's climate legacy and has called for installing <a href="" target="_blank">half a billion solar panels</a> by the end of her first term.</p> <p>The debate isn't restricted to the top of the ticket; there are a number of state races that will play a key role in determining US climate policy, along with a handful of ballot initiatives covering everything from rooftop solar to a proposed carbon tax. The situation in each state is unique. Some races&mdash;New Hampshire's Senate contest, for instance&mdash;feature two candidates who want to act on climate change. Others, such as West Virginia's gubernatorial election, feature two candidates who are champions of the coal industry. The impacts of climate change also vary from state to state: Alaska faces wildfires and melting permafrost; Florida is confronting rising seas; Iowa could be hit with falling corn yields. And of course, the voters in each state are different, too. Coloradans overwhelmingly acknowledge that humans are warming the planet. Their neighbors in Utah: not so much.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="allowfullscreen" allowtransparency="true" frameborder="0" height="760" id="datawrapper-chart-ej1ah" mozallowfullscreen="mozallowfullscreen" msallowfullscreen="msallowfullscreen" oallowfullscreen="oallowfullscreen" src="//" webkitallowfullscreen="webkitallowfullscreen" width="100%"></iframe><script type="text/javascript">"undefined"==typeof window.datawrapper&&(window.datawrapper={}),window.datawrapper["ej1ah"]={},window.datawrapper["ej1ah"].embedDeltas={"100":1167,"200":892,"300":803,"400":772,"500":731,"600":731,"700":717,"800":700,"900":700,"1000":700},window.datawrapper["ej1ah"].iframe=document.getElementById("datawrapper-chart-ej1ah"),window.datawrapper["ej1ah"]["ej1ah"].embedDeltas[Math.min(1e3,Math.max(100*Math.floor(window.datawrapper["ej1ah"].iframe.offsetWidth/100),100))]+"px",window.addEventListener("message",function(a){if("undefined"!=typeof["datawrapper-height"])for(var b in["datawrapper-height"])"ej1ah"==b&&(window.datawrapper["ej1ah"]["datawrapper-height"][b]+"px")});</script>Below, we've listed every state with a competitive presidential, Senate, or gubernatorial race&mdash;as well as ones that are voting on climate-related initiatives. And we've included a few key facts: namely, where the candidates stand on climate; the specific consequences of warming in each state; and the percentage of each state's residents who are climate science deniers (<a href="" target="_blank">according to research</a> from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication). One final note: For the sake of consistency, we included every Senate and gubernatorial race that the <a href="" target="_blank">Cook Political Report</a> rates as "toss up," "lean," or "likely." Many of these elections will probably be close, but a few (see: Alaska's Senate race) almost certainly won't be.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Alaska&nbsp; </strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Alaska has warmed twice as fast as the rest of the nation, bringing widespread impacts. Sea ice is rapidly receding and glaciers are shrinking. Thawing permafrost is leading to more wildfire, and affecting infrastructure and wildlife habitat. Rising ocean temperatures and acidification will alter valuable marine fisheries." [National Climate Assessment, <a href="">2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 47%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R): "I do believe that our climate is changing. I don't agree that all the changes are necessarily due solely to human activity." [Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee session, <a href="">1/8/15</a>]</p> <p>Joe Miller (L): "We haven't heard there's man-made global warming." [<em>Fairbanks Daily News-Miner</em>, <a href="">8/22/10</a>]</p> <p>Ray Metcalfe (D): "Every [Alaskan] has witnessed climate change over the past fifty years. Our winters are warmer, our summers are longer, and our Arctic Village shores, once protected by sea ice are eroding. Bold clean energy action is needed to stave off a climate hostile to human life. Unfortunately, Congress is protecting the profits of those opposed to protecting the planet." [Metcalfe Facebook post, <a href="">8/2/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Arizona</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Annual precipitation has decreased in Arizona during the last century, and it may continue to decrease. So soils are likely to be drier, and periods without rain are likely to become longer, making droughts more severe&hellip;Increasing droughts and higher temperatures are likely to affect Arizona's top agricultural products: cattle, dairy, and vegetables." [Environmental Protection Agency, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Maybe.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. John McCain (R): "I think we need to address greenhouse gas emissions. But I try to get involved in issues where I see a legislative result&hellip;So I just leave the issue alone because I don't see a way through it, and there are certain fundamentals, for example nuke power, that people on the left will never agree with me on. So why should I waste my time when I know the people on the left are going to reject nuclear power?" [<em>Time</em>, <a href="">3/2/14</a>]</p> <p>Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick (D): "The EPA's [Clean Power Plan] is another example of Washington's lack of understanding when it comes to rural and Western energy issues. I oppose this new rule because it hurts my district, which has four coal-fired plants that power Arizona's big cities, small towns, businesses and residences. These plants also provide good-paying jobs in our tribal and rural regions. The Navajo Generating Station in Page, for example, employs hundreds of people, mostly Native Americans, and provides nearly all of the power for the Central Arizona Project. That means our entire state has a big stake in the energy production and economic stability of these plants. We need to find a balance between protecting our local economies while pursuing the longer-term goal of producing clean, affordable and reliable power. I will not support efforts that kill jobs in my district and lack provisions for responsibly transitioning us toward a clean-energy economy." [Kirkpatrick press release, <a href="" target="_blank">6/2/14</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Colorado</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Rising temperatures have and will continue to impact the state's resources in a variety of ways, including more rapid snowmelt, longer and more severe droughts, and longer growing seasons&hellip;Moreover, Colorado experiences numerous climate-related disasters, such as [tornadoes], hailstorms, and wildfires, that will continue to occur and may be exacerbated by climate change." [University of Colorado and Colorado State University, <a href="">January 2015</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 41%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yep.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Michael Bennet (D): "Colorado's economy is already being threatened by unchecked climate change&hellip;[The Clean Power Plan] is an important step toward curbing carbon pollution and addressing climate change." [Bennet press release, <a href=";id=3416" target="_blank">8/3/15</a>]</p> <p>Daryl Glenn, El Paso County commissioner (R):</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Ryan Warner, Colorado Public Radio: To get you on the record, you do not agree with the majority of scientists who say climate change has human causes. Is that correct?</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Glenn: Well that's your assumption. You're bringing an assumption to the table and the premise to your question has me to basically adopt your position and I can't do that without verifiable data.</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Warner: Oh it's not my position. It's that the majority of scientists believe that climate change has a human caused component. Do you concur with them?</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Glenn: Again, you are bringing facts to the particular issue that I don't have, been presented to me. You're saying that the majority of scientists are saying that. That's your statement.</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Warner: Right. Well, that's a fact. Is it a fact that you agree with?</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Glenn: Well that's the fact that you're representing and I don't accept your premise of that question.</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Warner: Do you believe that climate change has human causes?</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Glenn: Well again, I would, I am a data guy, I would want to see the, a verifiable information of that.</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Warner: There's a lot out there. Have you looked at it?</p> <p style="margin-left:.5in;">Glenn: We've looked at a lot of things. We've also looked at that and we've also looked at the economic impact of this policy and how they are disproportionately hurting people when it comes to their livelihood. So that's really where the focus is. We need to make sure we're looking at policies like that that we're looking at both sides of the equation instead of just one. [Colorado Public Radio, <a href="">7/29/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Florida</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "There is an imminent threat of increased inland flooding during heavy rain events in low-lying coastal areas such as southeast Florida, where just inches of sea level rise will impair the capacity of stormwater drainage systems to empty into the ocean. Drainage problems are already being experienced in many locations during seasonal high tides, heavy rains, and storm surge events." [National Climate Assessment, <a href="" target="_blank">2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 42%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Always.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Marco Rubio (R): "I do not believe that human activity is causing these dramatic changes to our climate the way these scientists are portraying it&hellip;And I do not believe that the laws that they propose we pass will do anything about it&mdash;except, they will destroy our economy." [ABC News, <a href="">5/13/14</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Rep. Patrick Murphy (D): "Everywhere I go in Florida, I see the effects of [climate change]. Sen. Rubio denies science." [WFTV debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/17/16</a>]</p> <p><strong>On the ballot:</strong></p> <p>Rooftop Solar (Amendment 1): This is a <a href="" target="_blank">confusing initiative that could actually undermine</a> rooftop solar in the Sunshine State. <a href="" target="_blank">As we reported</a> in March, "Amendment 1 was created by an organization with a grassroots-sounding name: Consumers for Smart Solar. In reality, though, the organization is <a href="" target="_blank">financed by the state's major electric</a> utility companies as well as by conservative groups with ties to the Koch brothers&hellip;The amendment says state and local governments have the authority 'to ensure that consumers who do not choose to install solar are not required to subsidize the costs of backup power and electric grid access to those who do.'" That's widely seen as an attack on net metering, the policy requiring utilities to pay consumers for the extra power produced by their solar panels.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Georgia</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Sea level is rising more rapidly in Georgia than along most coasts because the land is sinking. If the oceans and atmosphere continue to warm, sea level is likely to rise one to four feet in the next century along the coast of Georgia. Rising sea level submerges wetlands and dry land, erodes beaches, and exacerbates coastal flooding&hellip;[H]urricane wind speeds and rainfall rates are likely to increase as the climate continues to warm. Whether or not storms become more intense, coastal homes and infrastructure will flood more often as sea level rises, because storm surges will become higher as well." [EPA, <a href="" target="_blank">August 20</a><a href="">16</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 45%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Apparently so.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p><em>(Goes to a runoff if no one wins a majority)</em></p> <p>Sen. Johnny Isakson (R): "I've done everything I can as a United States Senator to educate myself on the carbon issue and the climate change issue. Seven years ago I went with Sen. Boxer from California to Disko Bay in Greenland with Dr. [Richard] Alley who's the leading glaciologist in the world to study for a while what he says about the possibility of carbon being the cause of climate change. And there are mixed reviews on that; there's mixed scientific evidence on that." [<em>Atlanta Journal Constitution</em>, <a href="">3/18/15</a>]</p> <p>Jim Barksdale (D): "Climate change is a reality and if left unchecked, rising ocean tides will harm Georgia's Atlantic coast and threaten our state's robust tourism and shipping industries." [Barksdale campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/28/16</a>]</p> <p>Allen Buckley (L): "Change the gas tax to be an energy tax with the following general concept&mdash;the cleaner a fuel is, the less tax it bears and the dirtier a fuel is, the more tax it bears. For example, the current federal excise tax is 18.4 cents per gallon of gasoline. If, in the future, one-third of our vehicles run on gasoline, one-third run on batteries and one-third run on hydrogen, and the respective 'well to wheels' carbon dioxide output is 6, 3 and 1, then the 18.4 cent excise tax should be allocated so that gasoline bears 33.1 cents per gallon, battery-powered cars pay 16.6 cents per gallon in gasoline-equivalent terms and hydrogen vehicles pay 5.5 cents per gallon in gasoline-equivalent terms&hellip;Concerning global warming, while I believe it is happening, the degree to which it is man made is very hard to gauge." [Buckley campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/28/16]</a></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Illinois</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change: </strong>"Changing climate is likely to increase the frequency of floods in Illinois. Over the last half century, average annual precipitation in most of the Midwest has increased by 5 to 10 percent. But rainfall during the four wettest days of the year has increased about 35 percent, and the amount of water flowing in most streams during the worst flood of the year has increased by more than 20 percent. During the next century, spring rainfall and average precipitation are likely to increase, and severe rainstorms are likely to intensify. Each of these factors will tend to further increase the risk of flooding&hellip;In Lake Michigan, changing climate is likely to harm water quality. Warmer water tends to cause more algal blooms, which can be unsightly, harm fish, and degrade water quality." [EPA, <a href="">Aug. 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 39%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Mark Kirk (R): "I have voted that climate change is happening and it's also caused by man&hellip;The best thing that we can do on climate change is make sure that China converts to a more nuclear future to limit those&mdash;that one coal-burning plant coming on a week that we expect&mdash;that would really help the planet&hellip;We need to work cooperatively with developing countries to make sure they emit less." [WICS debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/27/16</a>]</p> <p>Rep. Tammy Duckworth (D): "Of course climate change is real. And I support an all-of-the-above approach attacking climate change&mdash;everything from moving our country towards being carbon-neutral, moving our country towards clean energy&hellip;My opponent has not been consistent&hellip;Depending on whether or not he's up for election...he's either voted for the Clean Power Plan or against the Clean Power Plan. He's switched back and forth." [WICS debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/27/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Indiana</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Changing the climate is likely to increase the frequency of floods in Indiana&hellip;During the next century, spring rainfall and average precipitation are likely to increase, and severe rainstorms are likely to intensify. Each of these factors will tend to further increase the risk of flooding...Although springtime in Indiana is likely to be wetter, summer droughts are likely to be more severe...Longer frost-free growing seasons and higher concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide would increase yields for some crops during an average year. But increasingly hot summers are likely to reduce yields of corn and possibly soybeans." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 46%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Former Sen. Evan Bayh (D): "Evan Bayh supports Indiana's coal industry, including opposing the EPA's coal rules. Pointing out that the coal industry contributed $2 billion to Indiana's economy, Evan argued that the EPA's rules would put 'tens of thousands' of Hoosier jobs at risk. In the Senate, Evan not only voted twice against cap-and-trade legislation, he signed a letter stating that he would not support any climate change bill that did not protect Indiana jobs." [Bayh campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/28/16</a>]</p> <p>Rep. Todd Young (R): "My mind remains open about the various scientific questions and so forth. We're often told that there is a consensus among scientists, and I've come to discover&mdash;as the number of scientists I've talked to and the number of things I read&mdash;that's not necessarily the case. But I think we need to prepare for the worst, and so I support energy efficiency measures. I think natural gas has been a big part of the solution if in fact we need to reduce man-generated carbon dioxide emissions. And I think any public policy that doesn't account for the fact that most CO2 emissions don't come from the United States, but they come from other countries, is a flawed policy. So let's not unilaterally tax our power, our people, to solve a global problem." [WLKY, <a href="">10/8/14</a>]</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>John Gregg, former Indiana speaker of the House and <a href="">former coal lobbyist</a> (D): "Like my family, I've worked in the coal industry. And I've opposed federal rules impacting coal jobs." [Gregg campaign ad, <a href="">8/11/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Lt. Gov Eric Holcomb (R): "[Holcomb will] stand strong against unreasonable Federal EPA rules, like the so-called Clean Power Plan, that continue to lead to higher prices for Hoosiers." [Holcomb campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/28/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Iowa</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "[Iowa] will face the highest likely losses of any Midwest state from climate-related commodity crop yield declines. By the end of this century, absent significant adaptation by Iowa farmers, the state could face likely declines in its signature corn crop of 18% to 77%&mdash;a huge hit for a corn industry worth nearly $10 billion." [Risky Business, <a href="">January 2015</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 44%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground? </strong>Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Chuck Grassley (R): "We had global warming between 1940 and 1998. Since then, we haven't had a rise in temperature. That doesn't mean we don't have a problem. If that problem is going to be solved, it ought to be solved by an international treaty." [Iowa Agribusiness Radio Network, <a href="">5/17/14</a>]</p> <p>Former Lt. Governor Patty Judge (D): "Climate change is very real. It is a serious issue it should be treated that way&hellip;It is not just ours here in Iowa or even in the United States. One of the things that we need to do immediately is try to move our self away from petroleum-based or fuels from carbon-based fueling of this country, and, you know, we started doing that here in Iowa and we've been very successful with developing our alternative energy programs." [Iowa Public Radio, <a href="">5/31/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Maine</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Heat waves, more powerful storms, and rising seas are increasingly transforming Maine&mdash;effects that most climate scientists trace to greenhouse gases warming the planet&hellip;Over the past 100 years, temperatures throughout the Northeast have risen by about 2 degrees Fahrenheit&hellip;Precipitation has increased by more than 10 percent, with the worst storms bringing significantly more rain and snow. And sea levels have climbed by a foot. A study by the Gulf of Maine Research Institute this year found that coastal waters are warming at a rate faster than 99 percent of the world's other oceans." [<em>Boston Globe</em>, <a href="">9/21/14</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 42%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground? </strong>Yes. (Maine allocates electoral votes by congressional district, and the<a href=""> 2nd district is competitive</a>.)</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Michigan</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Changing the climate is likely to harm water quality in Lake Erie and Lake Michigan. Warmer water tends to cause more algal blooms, which can be unsightly, harm fish, and degrade water quality. During August 2014, an algal bloom in Lake Erie prompted the Monroe County Health Department to advise residents in four townships to avoid using tap water for cooking and drinking. Severe storms increase the amount of pollutants that run off from land to water, so the risk of algal blooms will be greater if storms become more severe. Severe rainstorms can also cause sewers to overflow into lakes and rivers, which can threaten beach safety and drinking water supplies." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Minnesota</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "The state has warmed one to three degrees (F) in the last century. Floods are becoming more frequent, and ice cover on lakes is forming later and melting sooner. In the coming decades, these trends are likely to continue. Rising temperatures may interfere with winter recreation, extend the growing season, change the composition of trees in the North Woods, and increase water pollution problems in lakes and rivers. The state will have more extremely hot days, which may harm public health in urban areas and corn harvests in rural areas." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Perhaps.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Missouri</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Seventy years from now, Missouri is likely to have more than 25 days per year with temperatures above 95&deg;F, compared with 5 to 15 today. Hot weather causes cows to eat less, produce less milk, and grow more slowly&mdash;and it could threaten their health. Even during the next few decades, hotter summers are likely to reduce yields of corn. But higher concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide increase crop yields, and that fertilizing effect is likely to offset the harmful effects of heat on soybeans, assuming that adequate water is available. On farms without irrigation, however, increasingly severe droughts could cause more crop failures. " [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 45%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Probably not.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Roy Blunt (R): "Electric service providers in Missouri have warned that the EPA's so-called Clean Power Plan will raise energy costs for Missourians, reduce jobs, and hurt our state's economic competitiveness. As a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, I've fought hard to ensure provisions that would defund this harmful power grab were included in the final appropriations bill. I also support legislation to block this harmful rule and protect workers and families from the damaging effects of the Obama Administration's executive overreach and costly energy regulations." [Blunt press release, <a href="">8/3/15</a>]</p> <p>Missouri Secretary of State Jason Kander (D): "He understands that climate change is a real consequence of human activity and we have a moral obligation to address this challenge. That means reducing carbon pollution and accelerating our transition to clean energy, not only to protect our planet, but also to ensure our national security." [Kander campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/31/16</a>]</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race</strong></p> <p>Eric Greitens (R): "Federal overreach from agencies like the EPA is hurting family farms. I will fight against these crippling regulations, and always side with the hard working farmers and ranchers of Missouri." [Greitens campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/31/16</a>]</p> <p>Missouri Attorney Gen. Chris Koster (D): "The EPA's Clean Power rule effectively eliminates Missouri's competitive advantage as a low energy-cost state&hellip;A significant question exists whether the final rule goes beyond EPA's authority to set emission standards&hellip;For these reasons, I have decided to file suit against the EPA as soon as the final rule is published. Look folks, I believe that climate change is real, and cleaner energy production is an important state goal, one Missouri's energy producers are already aggressively working toward&hellip;However, it is essential that we achieve these goals in a responsible way that makes sense for Missouri's economy and Missouri's future." [Koster speech transcript, <a href="">10/9/15]</a></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Montana</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Since the 1950s, the snowpack in Montana has been decreasing. Diminishing snowpack can shorten the season for skiing and other forms of winter tourism and recreation&hellip;More than one thousand glaciers cover about 26 square miles of mountains in Montana, but that area is decreasing in response to rising temperatures. Glacier National Park's glaciers receded rapidly during the last century." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 46%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Gov. Steve Bullock (D): "Steve believes Montanans should control our own energy future. He introduced a balanced and responsible plan that builds upon Montana's traditional base of energy generation, like coal in Colstrip, while sparking a new generation of clean technology development, investing in renewables like wind and solar and encouraging innovation, savings, and energy efficiency for homes and businesses." [Bullock campaign website, accessed <a href="">10/31/16</a>]</p> <p>Greg Gianforte (R): "This [the Supreme Court's decision to halt the Clean Power Plan] is great news for Montana, but the fight isn't over. We cannot rest. We must keep up the pressure and work to defeat this "costly power plan" once and for all." [Gianfote press release, <a href="">2/9/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Nebraska</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "The number of high temperature stress days over 100&deg;F is projected to increase substantially in Nebraska and the Great Plains region. By mid-century (2041&acirc;&#128;&#144;2070), this increase for Nebraska would equate to experiencing typical summer temperatures equivalent to those experienced during the 2012 drought and heat wave." [University of Nebraska-Lincoln, <a href="">September 2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 47%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Trump will win Nebraska, but the state awards its electoral votes by congressional district, and the 2nd district might be up for grabs.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Nevada</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Much of Nevada's tourist income comes from attractions that will be vulnerable to climate impacts. For instance, Las Vegas's 45 golf courses, which are used by one-third of all visitors, could see a sharp decline in golfers due to rising temperatures and decreased water supplies&hellip;Lower water levels in Lake Mead significantly reduced recreational visitors, especially boaters, as marinas and docks were left high and dry." [Demos, <a href="">4/19/12</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 41%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Former Nevada Attorney General Catherine Cortez Masto (D): "The Clean Power Plan is a bold step not just in lowering carbon emissions, but also in creating the clean energy jobs of the future. &nbsp;With our abundance of wind, solar, and geothermal energy, Nevada has been a leader in moving away from carbon emissions and embracing a clean energy economy that has created good-paying jobs in our state that can't be shipped overseas." [Cortez Masto campaign press release, <a href="">8/3/15</a>]</p> <p>Rep. Joe Heck (R): "To maintain our economic and national security, we must maximize all of our nation's energy resources, including renewable sources, alternative fuels, and fossil fuels, all in a way that balances economic development and protecting our environment. Nevada is poised to lead our nation in renewable development and we must harness those resources. However, we shouldn't penalize those that depend on fossil fuels for energy and the jobs they provide. [The Clean Power Plan] is not the all-of-the-above energy strategy needed to boost job creation and reduce energy prices for families." [Heck press release, <a href="">8/3/15</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="473" mozallowfullscreen="true" src="" webkitallowfullscreen="true" width="630"><br></iframe></p> <p><strong>On the ballot:</strong></p> <p>Electricity Deregulation (Question 3): Nevadans will be voting on a state constitutional amendment that would dismantle the monopoly held by NV Energy, the state's biggest utility. If Question 3 passes&mdash;and then passes again in 2018&mdash;consumers will be able to purchase power from any electricity retailer willing to sell it. The measure is backed by a number of large, energy-intensive businesses in the state, <a href="" target="_blank">including Tesla and Sheldon Adelson's Sands casinos</a>. Proponents argue deregulation will allow them to purchase cheaper renewable energy. According to the <em><a href="" target="_blank">Wall Street Journal</a></em>, one of Questions 3's supporters, a Nevada data storage company called Switch, "estimates it is currently paying NV Energy&nbsp;as much as 80%&nbsp;more&nbsp;for green power&nbsp;than it would pay a competitive supplier." Opponents, including the state's <a href="" target="_blank">AFL-CIO chapter</a>, counter that the measure could harm consumers and cost jobs, according to the <em>Journal</em>. (For more on the problems surrounding energy deregulation, <a href="" target="_blank">read our investigation</a>.)</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>New Hampshire</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "The frequency of extreme heat days is projected to increase dramatically, and the hottest days will be hotter, raising concerns regarding the impact of extreme, sustained heat on human health, infrastructure, and the electrical grid&hellip;Southern New Hampshire can also expect to experience more extreme precipitation events in the future. For example, under the high emissions scenario, events that drop more than four inches of precipitation in forty-eight hours are projected to increase two- to three-fold across much of southern New Hampshire by the end of the century." [University of New Hampshire, <a href="">2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Gov. Maggie Hassan (D): "Yes I do [believe climate change is man-made]. I have been fighting climate change and working to improve our environment. Sen. Ayotte, when she first ran for the United States Senate, <a href="">doubted whether climate change was real</a>. And I have the endorsement of the Sierra Club, and I'm very proud of that." [NH1 TV debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/27/16</a>]</p> <p>Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R): "I do believe that [climate change] is real, and Gov. Hassan again needs to understand that <a href="">I was the first Republican in the country to support the president's Clean Power Plan</a>, that I've crossed party lines, even taken criticism from my own party to protect New Hampshire's environment, and that goes back to my time as attorney general." [NH1 TV debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/27/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" class="video-embed" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src="" width="480"></iframe></p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Chris Sununu, member of the New Hampshire Executive Council (R): "I'm an environmental engineer&hellip;The Earth has been slowly warming since the mid-1800s; there's not doubt about that. Is it man-made or not? Look, one thing I do know: Nobody knows for sure&hellip;One of the biggest concerns of this entire issue is that we've created all this regulation that pushes down on businesses and pushes down on individuals. I'm going to free that up and do it smart and responsibly." [WMUR debate, <a href="" target="_blank">9/7/16</a>]</p> <p>Colin Van Ostern, member of the New Hampshire Executive Council (D): "Van Ostern is a strong advocate for clean energy, and he'll increase investment in solar and renewable energy. He believes clean energy projects are critical for boosting our clean tech economy, limiting energy costs, protecting our environment, and creating thousands of jobs." [Van Ostern campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/3/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>North Carolina</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Most of the state has warmed one-half to one degree (F) in the last century, and the sea is rising about one inch every decade. Higher water levels are eroding beaches, submerging low lands, exacerbating coastal flooding, and increasing the salinity of estuaries and aquifers." [EPA, <a href="" target="_blank">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 44%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Richard Burr (R): "US Sen. Richard Burr, R-N.C., voted against legislation in January 2015 that declared in part that 'human activity contributes to climate change.'&hellip;'Senator Burr believes that climate change is real and humans do contribute to those changes,' said spokesman Jesse Hunt. 'However, it is his belief that the best way to reduce emissions and pollution is not through partisan political theater but through developing consensus on areas that will bring about effectual change.'" [<em>Citizen-Times</em>, <a href="">10/4/16</a>]</p> <p>Former State Rep. Deborah Ross (D): "[Ross] voted repeatedly to support clean energy, oppose fracking, address climate change, and protect North Carolina's land, air, and water&hellip;Deborah knows that we need to slow the harmful effects of climate change. The best ways to do this are to invest in renewable energy and clean technology." [Ross campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/1/16</a>]</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Gov. Pat McCrory (R): "I believe there is climate change. I'm not sure you can call it climate warming anymore, especially here in the Carolinas. I think the big debate is how much of it is man-made and how much of it will just naturally happen as Earth evolves." [ABC, <a href="">2/16/14</a>]</p> <p>North Carolina Attorney Gen. Roy Cooper (D): "A strong economy and a healthy environment go hand-in-hand. I am glad North Carolina has become a leader in renewable energy technology and that energy companies are shifting toward more sustainable power supplies than coal. As Attorney General, I have disagreed with the state environmental regulators who were focused on scoring political points rather than protecting our water, air and other natural resources." [Cooper campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/1/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Ohio</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "In Lake Erie, the changing climate is likely to harm water quality. Warmer water tends to cause more algal blooms, which can be unsightly, harm fish, and degrade water quality. During August 2014, an algal bloom in Lake Erie prompted the City of Toledo to ban drinking and cooking with tap water. Severe storms also increase the amount of pollutants that run off from land to water, so the risk of algal blooms will be greater if storms become more severe. Increasingly severe rainstorms could also cause sewers to overflow into the Great Lakes more often, threatening beach safety and drinking water supplies." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 45%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Rob Portman (R): "[Portman voted] 'yes' this week on an amendment declaring that climate change is real, caused by human activity, and Congress should do something about it. In January, Portman voted 'no' on a similar amendment, which said 'human activity significantly' contributes to climate change&hellip;Portman, who is seeking re-election in a key swing state, said he opposed the January measure because he's not sure how much of a factor human activity is in global warming. 'I'm not going to quantify it because scientists have a lot of different views on that,' he told reporters Thursday&hellip;Portman has been a vocal opponent of the Obama administration's new regulations designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from power plants 30 percent from 2005 levels by 2030." [<em>Cincinnati Enquirer</em>, <a href="">3/29/15</a>]</p> <p>Former Gov. Ted Strickland (D): "Strickland supports Obama's plan to cut carbon dioxide emissions from coal-burning power plants while boosting clean-energy jobs. He says he wants to be sure its implementation doesn't hurt Ohio, although it is unclear how he or anyone could do anything about it if that happens. But one way, he and other Democrats say, is to support expansion of alternative energy sources&mdash;wind, solar, biomass&mdash;and help those industries become catalysts for jobs. As governor, Strickland signed a bill with the goal of getting 25 percent of electricity sold in Ohio to come from alternative energy sources by 2025&mdash;a plan that Gov. John Kasich, who defeated Strickland in 2010, put on ice." [<em>Cleveland Plain Dealer</em>, <a href="">9/3/15]</a></p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="473" mozallowfullscreen="true" src="" webkitallowfullscreen="true" width="630"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Oregon</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Reduced snowpacks, less water for irrigation, drought-related wildfires, rising sea levels and insect-infested timber. Those are just a few of the impacts of climate disruption that could affect Oregonians, two environmental groups warned Tuesday." [<em>The Oregonian</em>, <a href="">5/6/14</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 40%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Gov. Kate Brown (D): "This year, Oregon became the first state to envision a future without coal-powered electricity when Kate signed the nation's first 'coal-to-clean' law, which will completely phase out dirty coal power by 2030 and double Oregon's reliance on renewable energy by 2040. In 2015, she stood up to Big Oil and signed a law that bolsters the use of cleaner-burning vehicle fuels in Oregon. Kate will continue the fight to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support innovation that reduces Oregon's reliance on fossil fuels." [Brown campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/1/16</a>]</p> <p>Bud Pierce (R): "Repeal the Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Law so ordinary Oregonians will not have to spend an extra 19 cents to a dollar per gallon of gasoline in a hidden gas tax whose proceeds will go to state-favored, out-of-state green energy companies." [Pierce campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/1/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Pennsylvania</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "The commonwealth has warmed more than half a degree (F) in the last century, heavy rainstorms are more frequent, and the tidal portion of the Delaware River is rising about one inch every eight years. In the coming decades, changing the climate is likely to increase flooding, harm ecosystems, disrupt farming, and increase some risks to human health." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 44%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Pat Toomey (R): "Senator Toomey believes that coal is an essential part of America's energy future, not to mention an important part of Pennsylvania's economy. Unfortunately, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been especially aggressive in pursuing regulations that specifically target coal power plants. These regulations have already put hundreds of Pennsylvanians out of work and will continue to cause economic distress while yielding negligible benefits for our environment." [Toomey Senate website, accessed <a href=";id=32">11/1/16</a>]</p> <p>Katie McGinty, former Pennsylvania Secretary of Environmental Protection (D): "Climate change presents a serious global threat to our health, economic well-being and national security. In the Senate, I will lead the way to a healthier and safer environment by working to pass commonsense climate protections with investments in energy efficiency and clean energy." [McGinty campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/1/16</a>]</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Utah</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "[Utah] has warmed about two degrees (F) in the last century. Throughout the western United States, heat waves are becoming more common, and snow is melting earlier in spring. In the coming decades, the changing climate is likely to decrease the flow of water in Utah's rivers, increase the frequency and intensity of wildfires, and decrease the productivity of ranches and farms." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 48%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Supposedly.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Vermont</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "High nighttime temperatures are increasingly common and have widespread impacts on humans, recreation and energy demand. In winter months, warmer nighttime temperatures threaten snow and ice cover for winter recreation. In summer months, this causes increased demand for cooling. An increase in high-energy electric (lighting) storms is projected to continue particularly threatening infrastructure and transportation systems." [Vermont Climate Assessment, <a href="">2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 38%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Sue Minter, former Vermont secretary of transportation (D): "I'm opposed to a carbon tax. But I am very concerned about climate change. And I think it is clear that change is not just real&mdash;it is here; it is having an enormous effect on all of us&hellip;I have plans to address climate change, focusing on our clean, green energy future here. Looking at collaborating with other northeastern states like we've done before to reduce carbon emissions." [WPTZ debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/25/16</a>]</p> <p>Lt. Gov. Phil Scott: "I would veto [a carbon tax] if it hit my desk. I believe that this would just ratchet up the cost of living across Vermont. I don't think that we can afford it. I'm not looking to do anything that would raise the cost of living on already-struggling Vermonters." [WPTZ debate via Media Matters, <a href="">10/25/16</a>]</p> <p>Former baseball player <a href="">Bill Lee</a> (Liberty Union Party): <a href="">Um, well, just watch this video</a>:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" class="video-embed" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src="" width="480"></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Virginia</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "The combination of land subsidence, sea level rise, flat and low tidewater topography and intensive coastal real estate and infrastructure development puts southeastern Virginia, namely the Virginia Beach/Norfolk/Hampton Roads region, at extreme risk from storm surges&hellip;Climate change will make the situation much worse." [Demos, <a href="">4/19/12</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>West Virginia</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "During the next century, average annual precipitation and the frequency of heavy downpours are likely to keep rising. Average precipitation is likely to increase during winter and spring but not change significantly during summer and fall. Rising temperatures will melt snow earlier in spring and increase evaporation, and thereby dry the soil during summer and fall. As a result, changing the climate is likely to intensify flooding during winter and spring, and droughts during summer and fall." [EPA, <a href="">August 2016</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 49%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>Gubernatorial race:</strong></p> <p>Jim Justice, billionaire coal baron (D): "Until we have really accurate data to prove [that humans contribute to climate change] I don't think we need to blow our legs off on a concept. I welcome the scientific approach to it and the knowledge. I would not sit here and say, 'absolutely now, there's no such thing' or I would no way on Earth say there is such a thing. I believe there's an awful lot of scientist that say, 'no, no, no, this is just smoke and mirrors.' I welcome the discussion, but I don't know, I just don't know." [<em>The Register-Herald</em>, <a href="">4/27/16</a>]</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>State Senate President Bill Cole, (R): "West Virginia must continue to lead the fight for our energy industry against an Obama administration that's dead set on destroying the development of fossil fuels. The rich history of our state has always been tied to its abundance of natural resources. Those whose motives are highly questionable&mdash;will say that the days of coal, oil and gas are over and that we need to move on to solar, wind and other alternative sources of power&hellip;Bill Cole supports Donald Trump for President because he will allow our miners to go back to work, let us harness our natural gas, and free us of the impossible roadblock to growth that is the EPA." [Cole campaign website, accessed <a href="">11/3/16</a>]</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"><br></iframe></p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Washington</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "In Washington and Oregon, more than 140,000 acres of coastal lands lie within 3.3 feet in elevation of high tide. As sea levels continue to rise, these areas will be inundated more frequently&hellip;Ocean acidification threatens culturally and commercially significant marine species directly affected by changes in ocean chemistry (such as oysters) and those affected by changes in the marine food web (such as Pacific salmon)...Warmer water in regional estuaries (such as Puget Sound) may contribute to a higher incidence of harmful blooms of algae linked to paralytic shellfish poisoning." [National Climate Assessment, <a href="">2014</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers: </strong>40%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> No.</p> <p><strong>On the ballot:</strong></p> <p>Carbon Tax (I-732): Washington voters will decide whether to adopt <a href="">a carbon tax</a> to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Revenue from the tax would be offset through a sales tax reduction, as well as through tax rebates and credits to individuals and businesses. A number of environmentalists support I-732, <a href="">but other environmentalists oppose it</a>; they argue that it won't do enough to support clean energy, that it will disproportionately hurt low-income residents, and that communities of color didn't have enough input in developing the proposal.</p> <h3 class="subhed"><strong>Wisconsin</strong></h3> <p><strong>Impacts of climate change:</strong> "Research suggests that warming temperatures in spring and fall would help boost agricultural production by extending the growing season across the state. However, increased warming during the summer months could reduce yields of crops such as corn and soybeans, with studies suggesting that every 2&deg; F of warming could decrease corn yields by 13 percent and soybean yields by 16 percent." [Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts, <a href="">2011</a>]</p> <p><strong>Percentage of residents who are climate deniers:</strong> 43%</p> <p><strong>Presidential battleground?</strong> Yes.</p> <p><strong>Senate race:</strong></p> <p>Sen. Ron Johnson (R): "I've never denied climate change. It's always changed, always will. I would ask the questioner: What would happen if we had no sun? It would be a cold, hard rock orbiting in space. So obviously the sun has the primary effect on weather and climate on planet Earth. So I'm just not a climate change alarmist&hellip;The jury's out [on man-made climate change]&hellip;I'm a skeptic." [<em>Milwaukee Journal Sentinel</em> interview, <a href=";theater">10/21/16</a>]</p> <p>Former Sen. Russ Feingold (D): "This is enormously threatening to the future of our country and our planet. Anyone who talks about children, grandchildren, great grandchildren has to take this seriously. The climate is obviously changing dramatically." [WUWM Milwaukee Public Radio, <a href="">11/2/16</a>]</p> <p><em>This article has been revised.</em></p></body></html> Environment 2016 Elections Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Energy Hillary Clinton Mon, 07 Nov 2016 11:00:13 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 318161 at A GOP Senate Candidate Just Got Angrily Booed for Denouncing Trump <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>The Republican running for US Senate from Nevada was angrily booed at his own campaign rally today when he told the crowd that he could no longer support Donald Trump and that the GOP nominee should drop out of the race.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Joe Heck, campaigning to take retiring Harry Reid's seat, gets heckled and booed after saying Trump should drop out <a href=""></a></p> &mdash; Colin Jones (@colinjones) <a href="">October 8, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Heck was reacting to the 2005 video <a href="" target="_blank">published Friday by the<em> Washington Post</em></a>, in which Trump bragged that his fame enabled him to "do anything" to women. "Grab them by the pussy," he said in the video. "You can do anything."</p> <p>At the rally, Heck&mdash;a congressman locked in a tight race to fill Harry Reid's seat in the Senate&mdash;said, "I can no longer look past the pattern of behavior and comments that have been made by Donald Trump. Therefore I cannot in good conscious continue to support Donald Trump. Nor can I vote for Hillary Clinton." That drew a mix of applause and jeers.</p> <p>Moments later, when Heck said that Republicans should "formally ask Mr. Trump to step down" from the ticket, the crowd erupted in loud boos.</p> <p>Heck is one of several prominent GOP politicians to un-endorse Trump in the wake of Friday's revelations. Others include New Hampshire Sen. Kelly Ayotte, Idaho Sen. Mike Crapo, and Utah Rep. Jason Chaffetz.</p></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Donald Trump Sex and Gender Top Stories Sat, 08 Oct 2016 17:30:50 +0000 316081 at Here's What Donald Trump Really Thinks of America's Scientists <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><div class="inline inline-left" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Trump hats" class="image" src="/files/trumphats2000full.jpg" style="height: 516px; width: 630px;"><div class="caption">JRLPhotographer/iStock</div> </div> <p>It wasn't much of a surprise Thursday when Donald Trump's campaign issued a <a href="" target="_blank">blistering statement</a> condemning the Paris climate agreement. The deal&mdash;which has now been ratified by enough countries to go into effect next month&mdash;is a giant first step toward cutting the greenhouse gas emissions that are causing global warming. "Politicians like Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton continue to make bad deals that undermine the interests of the American people," said a Trump spokesman. "The Paris Accord is just the latest example. Hillary Clinton and other supporters of this global political agreement ignore the reality that it will cost the American economy trillions of dollars."</p> <p>It was a bit more surprising, however, that Team Trump decided to use the opportunity to criticize the nation's scientists. "Mr. Trump and Gov. Pence appreciate that many scientists are concerned about greenhouse gas emissions," said the statement. It then added, "We need America's scientists to continue studying the scientific issues but without political agendas getting in the way."</p> <p>A few months ago, the implication that scientists were skewing their results to match their supposed political agendas might have seemed like a relatively tame statement from Trump. After all, he spent years declaring that global warming is a "hoax" perpetrated by "<a href="" target="_blank">scientists [who] are having a lot of fun.</a>" In July, he defended his use of the word "hoax" by <a href="" target="_blank">invoking</a> the widely debunked <a href="" target="_blank">"ClimateGate" scandal</a>: "If you look at Europe where they had their big summit a couple of years ago, where people were sending out emails&mdash;scientists&mdash;practically calling it a hoax, and they were laughing at it."</p> <p>But more recently, Trump has been trying to run away from that rhetoric. During the first debate, Trump insisted (<a href="" target="_blank">falsely</a>) that he'd never described climate change as a Chinese hoax. The following day, Pence&mdash;who once <a href="" target="_blank">described climate change as a "myth"</a>&mdash;acknowledged that human activities do "have some impact on climate." Regardless, it's now clear that Trump still thinks scientists are lying to us.</p> <p>I reached out to a few climate scientists to get their reaction to Trump's latest attack on them. Needless to say, they weren't pleased. Trump's statement is "just another underhanded way of dodging the scientific reality and engaging in mud-slinging against honest scientists by arguing they are engaging in a political agenda," said Michael Mann, an atmospheric scientist at Penn State, in an email. "This is very Trumpian projection, since of course it is only him and Pence and their fellow congressional climate change deniers who are engaged in a political agenda."</p> <p>But years of Trump-like rhetoric seems to have taken its toll. A <a href="" target="_blank">new survey from the Pew Research Center</a> found that just 32 percent of respondents believe that climate science is guided by the "best available evidence" most of the time. Meanwhile, large majorities of respondents say that climate research is influence&nbsp;at least some of the time by the scientists' political beliefs and efforts to advance their careers.</p> <p>All of this helps explain why, according to Pew, just 21 percent of respondent have "a great deal" of confidence that scientists will act in the best interests of the public. Of course, that doesn't mean the public trusts Trump. In the same survey, just 4 percent of respondents had a great deal of confidence in the nation's business leaders.</p></body></html> Environment 2016 Elections Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Energy Science Top Stories Fri, 07 Oct 2016 21:33:57 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 315961 at Someone Finally Asked a Debate Question About the World's Most Important Issue <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>It's been <a href="" target="_blank">nearly eight years</a> since American presidential candidates were last asked about climate change during a general election debate. Lester Holt didn't ask Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump about the issue<strong> </strong>when they met last week at Hofstra University. Bob Schieffer, Jim Lehrer, and Candy Crowley <a href="" target="_blank">never asked about global warming during</a> the 2012 debates. Nor did Martha Raddatz, who moderated that year's vice presidential showdown.</p> <p>As it turns out, though, the problem goes well beyond presidential debates. During the first 10 general election debates in competitive Senate and gubernatorial races this year, moderators asked no questions about global warming, according to <a href="" target="_blank">research released last week</a> by the liberal group Media Matters for America. Candidates occasionally brought up climate change on their own&mdash;that <a href="" target="_blank">happened briefly</a> in last week's presidential debate&mdash;but the moderators simply ignored the issue. That meant zero questions about <a href="" target="_blank">rising seas</a>; zero questions about how <a href="" target="_blank">devastating floods</a>, <a href="" target="_blank">heat waves</a>, and <a href="" target="_blank">wildfires</a> are becoming more likely; and zero questions about the threat that the changing climate poses to our <a href="" target="_blank">food supply</a> and to <a href="" target="_blank">our military operations</a> and to <a href="" target="_blank">international stability</a>.</p> <p>Finally, on Friday&mdash;the day after Media Matters published the initial installment of its debate scorecard&mdash;a moderator got around to asking about climate change. During a debate broadcast by WMUR (a Manchester ABC station), New Hampshire Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R) and her challenger, Gov. Maggie Hassan (D), were both asked whether global warming is real and what the government should do about it. Ayotte is somewhat unique among GOP politicians: She embraces climate science and even supports the Obama administration's Clean Power Plan&mdash;a set of regulations designed to cut greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector. The result was a pretty informative exchange. You can watch it below:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" class="video-embed" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src="" width="480"></iframe></p> <p>The Media Matters scorecard is an impressive undertaking&mdash;one that the researchers plan to update daily until the election. According to Andrew Seifter, the group's climate and energy program director, the project involves constant news and database searches to track dozens of upcoming debates across the country, the videos and transcripts of which the researchers obtain and analyze. (Full disclosure: I used to work at Media Matters. Seifter is a friend and former colleague.)</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Media Matters debate scorecard" class="image" src="/files/debatescorecard1003.png" style="height: 583px; width: 630px;"></div> <p>In addition to showing what (if anything) was said about climate change at debates that have already taken place, the scorecard lists the broadcasters and moderators in charge of those that are coming up. The goal, says Seifter, is to empower concerned citizens to pressure moderators into addressing the issue. Rather than waiting until after the election season to release the results, he says, the scorecard will serve as a "living, research-based resource" that people can use to "demand change."</p> <p>The debates, Seifter argues, are the "best opportunity for the voters to learn about where the candidates stand" on climate change. So let's hope more moderators start asking about it.</p></body></html> Environment 2016 Elections Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Media Top Stories Mon, 03 Oct 2016 21:18:22 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 315511 at Did Trump Call Global Warming a Chinese Hoax? (Yes. And Tonight He Lied About It.) <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>According to Donald Trump, Donald Trump <a href="" target="_blank">never supported the Iraq war</a>; he <a href="" target="_blank">never called pregnancy</a> an "inconvenience" for employers; and he certainly never&mdash;ever&mdash;<a href="" target="_blank">called climate change a Chinese hoax</a>.</p> <p>Trump, you'll be shocked to learn, wasn't exactly telling the truth. Let's focus on the climate claim, which you can watch in the video above.</p> <p>During Monday night's presidential debate, Hillary Clinton said: "Donald thinks that climate change is a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese. I think it's real. I think science is real."</p> <p>"I did not, I did not," countered Trump. "I do not say that."</p> <p>Clinton is correct. Here's what Trump tweeted in 2012:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">November 6, 2012</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Trump has <a href="" target="_blank">since suggested that this comment was a joke</a>&mdash;a hilarious one, no doubt. Regardless, Trump has repeatedly called global warming a "hoax." On Fox News in 2014, for instance:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" class="video-embed" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src="" width="480"></iframe></p> <p>And on Twitter:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Ice storm rolls from Texas to Tennessee - I'm in Los Angeles and it's freezing. Global warming is a total, and very expensive, hoax!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">December 6, 2013</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">We should be focused on magnificently clean and healthy air and not distracted by the expensive hoax that is global warming!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">December 6, 2013</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">NBC News just called it the great freeze - coldest weather in years. Is our country still spending money on the GLOBAL WARMING HOAX?</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 25, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Any and all weather events are used by the GLOBAL WARMING HOAXSTERS to justify higher taxes to save our planet! They don't believe it $$$$!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 26, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">The weather has been so cold for so long that the global warming HOAXSTERS were forced to change the name to climate change to keep $ flow!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 29, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Snowing in Texas and Louisiana, record setting freezing temperatures throughout the country and beyond. Global warming is an expensive hoax!</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">January 29, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en">Massive record setting snowstorm and freezing temperatures in U.S. Smart that GLOBAL WARMING hoaxsters changed name to CLIMATE CHANGE! $$$$</p> &mdash; Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) <a href="">February 5, 2014</a></blockquote> <script async src="//" charset="utf-8"></script></body></html> Environment 2016 Elections Climate Change Climate Desk Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Top Stories Tue, 27 Sep 2016 03:39:32 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 314996 at Why One Scientist Went Public With Her Sexual Harassment Story <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>In the past few years, sexual harassment in the sciences has become an increasingly visible problem. Disturbing allegations about the <a href="" target="_blank">Environmental Protection Agency</a>, the <a href="" target="_blank">National Park Service</a>, and the former head of the UN's <a href="" target="_blank">Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change</a> have all made headlines. So have a number of cases involving prominent university professors.</p> <p>On the latest episode of the <em>Inquiring Minds</em> <a href="" target="_blank">podcast</a>, Kishore Hari talks to Sarah Ballard, an accomplished exoplanet researcher who was also a complainant in one of the most high-profile recent harassment controversies. Last year, <a href="" target="_blank"><em>BuzzFeed</em></a> reported that Geoff Marcy, a renowned astronomer at the University of California-Berkeley, had faced sexual harassment accusations. A <a href="" target="_blank">report</a> produced by the university found that Marcy had "violated the relevant UC sexual harassment policies"; it cited allegations that he had inappropriately touched students. Initially, Marcy was placed on probation; he was instructed by the university to comply with its sexual harassment policies and to avoid physical contact with students (except to shake their hands).</p> <p><iframe scrolling="no" src="" style="width: 100%; height: 200px; border: 0 none;"></iframe></p> <p>But the <em>BuzzFeed</em> story sparked a national outcry, and many began demanding a more severe punishment. Marcy posted an <a href="" target="_blank">apology</a> on his website, though he denies some of the allegations in the report and says that his actions didn't harm his students' professional lives. He ultimately retired under <a href="" target="_blank">pressure</a> from faculty at the university.</p> <p>On <em>Inquiring Minds</em>, Ballard depicts Marcy as a professor who praised her talent yet abused her trust. She first met him when she was an undergraduate student in one of his classes, but her excitement to work with one of the world's foremost experts on exoplanets soon took a dark turn. On one occasion, Marcy told Ballard a detailed story about his sexual history. On another occasion, she says, he attempted to massage her neck after driving her home.</p> <p>After that, Ballard agonized over whether to confront Marcy about his behavior, ultimately deciding to do so. As described in the Berkeley report, this prospect caused "great anxiety" for Ballard, "in part because she believed such a confrontation would effectively forfeit any opportunity of receiving a letter of recommendation" from Marcy. But it never came to that. Ballard says Marcy's behavior suddenly changed and the harassment stopped. She later found out that a graduate student had confronted Marcy about unwelcome behavior Marcy had allegedly exhibited toward a different student.</p> <p>Marcy didn't deny Ballard's allegations&mdash;though he does deny some of the other allegations in Berkeley's report. (According to the Berkeley report, he told the university investigator that he didn't recall touching Ballard in the car but that it was possible he did.) In an interview with <em>Mother Jones</em>, Marcy's attorney, Elizabeth Grossman, argued that Marcy's actions weren't serious enough to justify the backlash he's experienced. "There is not a single allegation of sexual assault [against Marcy]," said Grossman. "There is not a single allegation of soliciting sex, of requesting sex in exchange for academic favor. There is not a single suggestion of his interfering with anyone's ability to thrive on campus."</p> <p>Ballard, however, says she was deeply affected by her interactions with Marcy. "To have [Marcy] say, 'You are talented, you are full of promise'&mdash; that is so compelling," she explains. "And then to have all of the sudden the knowledge that&hellip;that message might not have been delivered in good faith: You feel like the rug has been pulled out under you. So does that mean that I'm not promising? Does that mean that all of it was a lie?&hellip;It was profoundly rattling to my nascent sense of self as an astronomer, as a scientist."</p> <p>Years later, when Ballard heard that allegations against Marcy were going to become public, she made the decision to come forward and identify herself as one of the victims. She hopes that by doing so, she'll make things easier for other women.</p> <p>"There was one principle which helped me to unravel the tangled knot of my feelings that I could always return to&hellip;and that was you have to be the woman you needed then," says Ballard. "You couldn't protect yourself then, but you can protect younger you today, and you can protect women who are 20 today."</p> <p>Ballard went on to receive a Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics from Harvard (she notes that Marcy wrote a recommendation letter that helped her get into the prestigious university). She now researches exoplanets at MIT. But across the country, many other women have left the sciences. That's partly because of widespread sexual harassment, argues&nbsp;Rep. Jackie Speier (D-Calif.). Indeed, a 2014 <a href="" target="_blank">study</a> found that roughly two-thirds of female scientists surveyed said they had experienced harassment while doing field research.</p> <p>In January, Speier gave a <a href="" target="_blank">speech</a> on the floor of the US House of Representatives recounting the allegations against Timothy Slater, who taught astronomy at the University of Arizona and is now a professor at the University of Wyoming. Speier had <a href=";view=article&amp;id=1838:congresswoman-speier-speaks-about-university-of-arizona-sexual-harassment-report-on-the-house-floor&amp;catid=20&amp;Itemid=7" target="_blank">obtained the results</a> of a <a href="" target="_blank">confidential 2005 investigation</a> conducted by the University of Arizona. "Dr. Slater himself admitted that he gave an employee a vegetable-shaped vibrator and that he frequently commented to his employees and students about the appearance of women," said Speier on the House floor. "My staff spoke with one female grad student who was required to attend a strip club in order to discuss her academic work with Dr. Slater. The woman has since left the field of astronomy." After reading the report, "I was physically sickened," Speier says on <em>Inquiring Minds</em>.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="400" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Slater declined to answer specific questions from <em>Mother Jones</em> about the allegations, though he did provide a letter his lawyers had sent to the University of Arizona threatening to sue the university for defamation and breach of privacy over the release of the report. In the letter, Slater's attorneys said the university's report "contains numerous false and misleading allegations, which Rep. Speier and the media has reported as fact." Specifically, the attorneys state that Slater "never gave a vibrator" to "any graduate student, ever" and that Slater "denies that he ever pressured anyone to go to the strip club or that anyone ever complained about going to strip club."</p> <p>Speier proposes one solution to the problem of sexual harassment in the sciences. The federal government has the power under Title IX to fight harassment, she notes. Because so many universities, even private ones, rely on federal dollars, they could lose federal funding in the form of grants or student loans if they violate the law. Last week, she <a href="" target="_blank">introduced</a> legislation requiring universities to inform federal grant-making institutions when they determine a professor has engaged in sexual harassment.</p> <p>Speier isn't optimistic that the bill will pass in the current Congress, but she wants harassment victims to know they have an advocate on Capitol Hill. Her message to them? "They've been heard."</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Inquiring Minds</a><em> is a podcast hosted by neuroscientist and musician Indre Viskontas and Kishore Hari, the director of the Bay Area Science Festival. To catch future shows right when they are released, subscribe to </em>Inquiring Minds<em> via <a href="" target="_blank">iTunes</a> or <a href="" target="_blank">RSS</a>. You can follow the show on Twitter at <a href="" target="_blank">@inquiringshow </a>and <a href="" target="_blank">like us on Facebook</a>.</em></p></body></html> Environment Interview Podcasts Climate Desk Science Sex and Gender Top Stories Inquiring Minds Mon, 26 Sep 2016 18:41:30 +0000 Natalie Schreyer and Jeremy Schulman 314206 at Gary Johnson Wants to Ignore Climate Change Because the Sun Will Destroy the Earth One Day <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src=";end=3279" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Gary Johnson, the Libertarian candidate for president, takes what he calls the "long-term view" of climate change. "In billions of years," <a href="" target="_blank">he said</a> in 2011, "the sun is going to actually grow and encompass the Earth, right? So global warming is in our future."</p> <p>The former New Mexico governor did acknowledge that humans are making the world warmer in the near term, too&mdash;but he doesn't think the government should do much about it. In the same speech, he denounced "<a href="" target="_blank">cap-and-trade</a> taxation," said we "should be building new coal-fired plants," and argued that the "trillions" of dollars it would cost to combat climate change would be better spent on other priorities.</p> <p>All of that makes Johnson's popularity among younger voters pretty surprising. <a href="" target="_blank">Surveys have consistently found</a> that millennials care deeply about climate change. A November 2015 <a href="" target="_blank">ABC News/<em>Washington Post </em>poll</a>, for example, found that 76 percent of 18- to-29-year-olds see global warming as a serious problem, and 64 percent want the federal government to do more to combat it. Nevertheless, a <a href="" target="_blank">recent Quinnipiac poll</a> found that Johnson is now running second among 18- to-34-year-old voters, just 2 percentage points behind Hillary Clinton.</p> <p>Johnson's 2011 comments weren't an aberration. Over the past few years, he has spoken out repeatedly against environmental regulation. In a <a href="" target="_blank">2011 NPR interview</a>, he instead called for a "free-market approach" to reducing carbon emissions, arguing that consumer demand for cleaner energy, coupled with cheap natural gas, was causing a shift away from coal. He made the same argument during a <a href="" target="_blank">Libertarian presidential candidate debate in May 2012</a>. "If government gets involved" in fighting climate change, he said, "we are going to be spending trillions of dollars and have no effect whatsoever on the desired outcome."</p> <p>During his 2012 campaign, Johnson called for cutting federal spending by 43 percent. In one interview, he noted that this would also mean <a href="" target="_blank">a 43 percent reduction</a> in the Environmental Protection Agency's budget. (During that same interview, he repeated his statement about the <a href="" target="_blank">sun eventually destroying the planet</a>: "Long-term consequence of our existence in the whole scheme of things is the sun is getting closer to the Earth and that at a point in the very distant future, the sun will actually encompass the Earth. So global warming is something that's going to be inevitable.")</p> <p>For most of his 2016 campaign, Johnson has maintained his opposition to government efforts to deal with global warming. His campaign website <a href="" target="_blank">acknowledges</a> that the climate is "probably" changing and that humans are "probably" contributing to that change. But, it adds:</p> <blockquote> <p>[T]he critical question is whether the politicians' efforts to regulate, tax and manipulate the private sector are cost-effective&mdash;or effective at all. The debate should be about how we can protect our resources and environment for future generations. Governors Johnson and [Libertarian vice presidential nominee William] Weld strongly believe that the federal government should prevent future harm by focusing on regulations that protect us from real harm, rather than needlessly costing American jobs and freedom in order to pursue a political agenda.</p> </blockquote> <p>In July, Johnson was asked during on appearance on <em>Real Time with Bill Maher </em>whether he had a "comprehensive plan to combat climate change." Johnson's answer: "No." He went on to argue that the coal industry's recent struggles were a result of free-market forces (such as cheap natural gas) rather than the Obama administration's new climate regulations. (Many experts say both factors have played significant roles in coal's decline. Former Climate Desk reporter Tim McDonnell <a href="" target="_blank">has argued</a> that of the two, the market forces are indeed more important.)</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>But then Johnson's stance changed dramatically. In an August <a href="" target="_blank">interview with the <em>Los Angeles Times</em></a>, he announced he was "open" to the idea of the federal government imposing a revenue-neutral tax on carbon emissions. Economists have long viewed a <a href="" target="_blank">carbon tax</a> as the most efficient way of putting a price on greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to limit warming&mdash;many see it as preferable to the complex <a href="" target="_blank">cap-and-trade proposal</a> backed by President Barack Obama during his first term. In a subsequent <a href="" target="_blank">interview on CNBC</a>, Johnson called a carbon tax a "very libertarian proposal" under which "the market will take care of" climate change. (During the Democratic primaries, <a href="" target="_blank">Bernie Sanders endorsed a carbon tax</a>; Clinton did not.)</p> <p>Many Libertarians and conservatives were outraged by Johnson's sudden embrace of a carbon tax. "<a href="" target="_blank">It's Official: Gary Johnson Is a Left-Wing Candidate</a>," declared the <em>Federalist</em>, a conservative publication. After plenty of public criticism from the right, Johnson changed his mind, <a href="" target="_blank">telling supporters at a New Hampshire rally</a> that after considering a carbon tax, "I have determined that, you know what, it's a great theory, but I don't think it can work, and I've worked my way through that." His flip-flop drew loud applause from the<strong> </strong>crowd.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Johnson elaborated in an <a href="" target="_blank">interview</a> the following day with the libertarian magazine <em>Reason. </em>He declared himself a "skeptic" when it comes to the idea "that government policy can address" climate issues and said a carbon tax "sounds good in theory, but it wouldn't work in practice."</p> <p>"So, no support for a carbon fee," Johnson added. "I never raised one penny of tax as governor of New Mexico, not one cent in any area. Taxes to me are like a death plague."</p> <p>And besides, what good will all those taxes do for us when the sun engulfs our planet?</p></body></html> Environment 2016 Elections Climate Change Climate Desk Energy Top Stories Gary Johnson Thu, 22 Sep 2016 10:00:32 +0000 Jeremy Schulman 314536 at