Blogs | Mother Jones http://www.motherjones.com/Blogs/2010/06/kevin-drum/transportation.house.gov/authors/transportation.house.gov/Media/file/.../www.mms.gov/ooc/PDFs/undefined http://www.motherjones.com/files/motherjonesLogo_google_206X40.png Mother Jones logo http://www.motherjones.com en Poverty Keeps Getting Worse and Worse for Working-Age Adults http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/poverty-keeps-getting-worse-and-worse-working-age-adults <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>The Census Bureau released its <a href="http://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-169.html#" target="_blank">annual poverty report</a> today, and the headline number shows that the official poverty rate declined from 15.0 percent to 14.5 percent. This decline was driven entirely by a drop in the number of children living in poverty.</p> <p>This gives me an excuse to make a point that doesn't get made often enough. You'll often see charts showing that the overall poverty rate has remained roughly the same since the late 60s, and that's true. But this is largely due to more generous Social Security benefits, which have reduced elderly poverty from over 30 percent to under 10 percent.</p> <p>There's been no such reduction among working age adults. In fact, just the opposite. The low point for working-age poverty was about 9 percent, reached in 1968, and since then it's steadily increased. There are small variations from year to year, but basically it went up to about 10-11 percent in the 80s and then increased to 13.6 percent during the Great Recession. It's stayed there ever since.</p> <p>The safety net has helped most of these folks tread water, but it doesn't change the fact that the market economy has gotten steadily bleaker for the poor over the past 40 years. It's great that we've made such significant inroads against elderly poverty, but aggregates can fool you about the rest of the country. Among everyone else, poverty has only gotten worse and worse.</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_poverty_18_64_2013.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 15px 0px 5px 1px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Economy Wed, 17 Sep 2014 00:14:09 +0000 Kevin Drum 260426 at http://www.motherjones.com The Endless Rabbit Hole of Secession, Shetland Islands Edition http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/endless-rabbit-hole-secession-shetland-islands-edition <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><strong>NOTE: There's, um, a pretty important update at the bottom of this post.</strong></p> <p>Following a string of links from an Atrios post, I came across this paragraph from a piece a few months ago about the <a href="http://www.spectator.co.uk/australia/australia-features/9226741/little-scotlanders/" target="_blank">possibility of Scottish independence:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>As for Mr Salmond&rsquo;s fantasies about oil revenues: stocks are dwindling, fracking is driving down the price, when territorial waters are drawn up he may find some of what he thinks is his oil in the North Sea will actually be England&rsquo;s, <strong>and the Shetland Islands &mdash; in whose waters much of his reserves lie &mdash; say that if Scotland goes independent, they will seek to re-join Norway.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>Wait. What? <em>Re</em>join Norway? Hasn't it been quite a few centuries since they had anything to do with Norway? I clearly haven't been paying enough attention to this stuff. What's it all about? <a href="http://euanmearns.com/cameron-warns-norway-over-shetland-land-grab/" target="_blank">Here's a piece from earlier this year:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>David Cameron today summoned Norwegian Ambassador H&aring;rek Hardbalne to Downing Street to demand that Norway makes clear it has no territorial interest in the Shetland Islands. <strong>This follows yesterday&rsquo;s extraordinary announcement by the leader of Shetland Islands&rsquo; Council, Leif Erikson, that Shetland planned to hold a separate referendum on independence from Scotland should Scots choose independence from the UK on September 18th.</strong></p> <p>....In an interview with the BBC, ambassador Hardbalne said that he did not wish to comment on the surprise move by Shetland but wished to stress that Norway has always upheld the democratic rights to self determination. The BBC reported that the threat of sanctions and exclusion from NATO already had the Norwegians running scared.</p> </blockquote> <p>That's <em>Dr.</em> Leif Erikson, by the way. In any case, apparently the Shetland Islands really have been making noises about this. If Scotland secedes in order to grab a bigger share of North Sea oil wealth, then why shouldn't they secede from Scotland? They have <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_shetland_islands_oil.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">the same gripe about unfair division of oil revenues, after all. <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/9151646/Scotlands-oil-rich-Northern-Isles-tell-Alex-Salmond-We-might-stay-with-UK.html" target="_blank">This is from 2012:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>The Orkney and Shetland islands could remain part of the UK if the rest of Scotland votes to separate, according to a report submitted by their MSPs to the Government. The islands could even declare independence themselves, it adds.</p> <p>Alternatively, they could agree to join a separate Scotland only if they are granted a much bigger portion of North Sea oil and gas revenues, around a quarter of which lies in Shetland&rsquo;s waters alone. Tavish Scott, the Liberal Democrat MSP for Shetland, agreed the threat was political &ldquo;dynamite&rdquo; but questioned why Mr Salmond was the only politician who could use oil wealth to argue for self-determination.</p> </blockquote> <p>This bit of soap opera is obviously old news to anyone who's followed the Scottish independence movement closely, but that doesn't happen to include me. In any case, it's an amusing confirmation of my belief that no matter how small a political unit you have, there's always a piece of it that's richer than the rest and feels like it should no longer have to subsidize all the rest of the freeloaders. I wonder if the Shetland Islanders would be open to an invitation to join the state of California?</p> <p><strong>UPDATE:</strong> It appears that I've been taken in by an April Fools post regarding the whole Norway business. Leif Erikson is not the leader of the Shetland Islands council, and&nbsp;H&aring;rek Hardbalne (aka Hagar the Horrible) is not the ambassador from Norway. So sorry. But in a way, being suckered into this joke somehow makes this whole post better, doesn't it?</p> <p>As for the rest of it, there doesn't seem to be much to that either. There's been some talk here and there about secession and/or rejoining the UK if Scotland votes for independence, but nothing very serious. Basically, I was pretty thoroughly snookered by all this.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum International Tue, 16 Sep 2014 22:02:50 +0000 Kevin Drum 260411 at http://www.motherjones.com This Republican Tried To Stop North Carolina From Apologizing For A Racist Massacre. He’d Like Your Vote, Please. http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2014/09/thom-tillis-wilmington-blocked-apology-racial-massacre <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>In 1898, furious that a mixed-race coalition had swept the city's municipal elections, white supremacists burned down a black-owned newspaper in Wilmington, North Carolina; overthrew the local government; and killed at least <a href="http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newsouth/4360" target="_blank">25 black residents</a> in a week of rioting. It was one of the worst single incidents of racially motivated violence in American history. But in 2007, when a nonpartisan commission recommended that the state legislature <a href="http://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/BillLookUp/BillLookUp.pl?Session=2007&amp;BillID=H751&amp;votesToView=all" target="_blank">pass a resolution</a> formally apologizing for the massacre, Republican Senate nominee Thom Tillis, then a first-term state representative, rose to block it.</p> <p>"It is time to move on," he wrote in a message to constituents. "In supporting the apology for slavery, most members felt it was an opportunity to recognize a past wrong and move on to pressing matters facing our State. HB 751 and others in the pipeline are redundant and they are consuming time and attention that should be dedicated to addressing education, transportation, and immigration problems plaguing this State."</p> <p>But at the time, Tillis&mdash;who <a href="http://www.wwaytv3.com/2014/09/16/christie-stumps-for-tillis-wilmington-duo-avoids-protestors" target="_blank">showed up</a> in Wilmington on Tuesday with New Jersey Governor Chris Christie in tow&mdash;offered another explanation for opposing the measure: Not all whites had participated in the riots. So Tillis pushed for an amendment introduced by a fellow state representative that would have added language to the bill commemorating the heroic white Republican lawmakers who had opposed the violence. "The proposed amendment would have acknowledged the historical fact that the white Republican government joined with black citizens to oppose the rioters," he argued. The amendment failed, and Tillis ended up voting no on the final version.</p> <p>Although North Carolina has been targeted by the GOP as a top pickup opportunity, Tillis has struggled to gain traction&mdash;in part because of his leadership role in the unpopular state legislature. In the most recent poll, he <a href="http://www.newsobserver.com/2014/09/15/4150826/latest-poll-shows-hagan-pulling.html" target="_blank">trailed</a> Kay Hagan,&nbsp;the Democratic incumbent, by nine points.</p></body></html> MoJo Elections Race and Ethnicity Top Stories Tue, 16 Sep 2014 20:37:37 +0000 Tim Murphy 260381 at http://www.motherjones.com Book Review: My Life As a Foreign Country http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/book-review-my-life-foreign-country-brian-turner <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><div class="inline inline-left" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="my life as a foreign country" class="image" src="/files/life-foreign-country-250.jpg"></div> <p><strong>My Life As a Foreign Country</strong></p> <p>By Brian Turner</p> <p>NORTON</p> <p>In this moving account of his time as a sergeant in Iraq, Brian Turner, whose poem "The Hurt Locker" was the namesake for the Oscar-winning film, delivers a succession of oddly beautiful, appropriately devastating reflections that drive home the realities of war. Turner takes us from training camp to war zone and home again, where, in bed with his wife, he dreams he's a drone, flying over countries of wars past.</p> <p><em>This review originally appeared in our <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/toc/2014/09" target="_blank">September/October issue</a> of</em> Mother Jones.&nbsp;</p></body></html> Mixed Media Books Iraq Military Tue, 16 Sep 2014 20:33:39 +0000 Julia Lurie 258986 at http://www.motherjones.com Even Liberia's Legislature Can't Escape the Ravages of Ebola http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2014/09/even-liberias-legislature-may-have-ebola <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Of all the countries doing battle with Ebola,&nbsp;Liberia has been dealt the gravest blow. <a href="http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/who%20roadmapupdate16sept14.pdf" target="_blank">According</a>&nbsp;to the World Health Organization, the impoverished West African nation now accounts for about half of all documented cases. And more than 1,200 residents are known or suspected to have died from the disease. In late August, the government quarantined an entire neighborhood for <a href="http://www.voanews.com/content/liberias-west-point-ebola-quarantine-lifted/2434374.html" target="_blank">twelve days</a> to prevent the outbreak from spreading.</p> <p>Now the virus is forcing Liberian lawmakers to put their own work on hold.</p> <p></p><div id="mininav" class="inline-subnav"> <!-- header content --> <div id="mininav-header-content"> <div id="mininav-header-image"> <img src="/files/images/motherjones_mininav/ebola-mini.jpg" width="220" border="0"></div> <div id="mininav-header-text"> <p class="mininav-header-text" style="margin: 0; padding: 0.75em; font-size: 11px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 1.2em; background-color: rgb(221, 221, 221);"> More <em>MoJo</em> coverage of the Ebola crisis. </p> </div> </div> <!-- linked stories --> <div id="mininav-linked-stories"> <ul><span id="linked-story-259686"> <li><a href="/politics/2014/09/ebola-world-health-organization-budget"> Why the World Health Organization Doesn't Have Enough Funds to Fight Ebola</a></li> </span> <span id="linked-story-259576"> <li><a href="/politics/2014/09/world-health-organization-doctors-without-borders-ebola-senegal-nigeria"> This Map Shows Why People Are Freaking Out About Ebola's Arrival in Senegal</a></li> </span> <span id="linked-story-258436"> <li><a href="/politics/2014/08/new-drugs-and-vaccines-cant-stop-ebola-outbreak"> New Drugs and Vaccines Can't Stop This Ebola Outbreak</a></li> </span> <span id="linked-story-257666"> <li><a href="/environment/2014/08/5-diseases-are-scarier-ebola"> 5 Diseases That Are Scarier Than Ebola</a></li> </span> <span id="linked-story-255436"> <li><a href="/environment/2014/07/we-are-making-ebola-worse"> We Are Making Ebola Outbreaks Worse by Cutting Down Forests</a></li> </span> </ul></div> <!-- footer content --> </div> <p>On Monday, Liberia's legislature announced that the House of Representatives had canceled an "extraordinary sitting" to discuss the outbreak because its own chamber had been tainted by "a probable case of Ebola" and was being sprayed down with chlorine. The statement didn't specify the source of the infection, but it noted that one of the chamber's doormen had recently died after a "short illness."</p> <p>Liberia is ill-equipped to fight off the Ebola outbreak. Its&nbsp;<a href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201308120973.html" target="_blank">entire national budget</a>&nbsp;for 2013-2014 was $553 million, with only $11 million allotted for health care&mdash;about what&nbsp;Kanye&nbsp;West and Kim&nbsp;Kardashian&nbsp;are <a href="http://abc7.com/archive/8946423/" target="_blank">estimated</a> to have spent on their Bel&nbsp;Air mansion in&nbsp;2012.</p> <p>Despite its meager resources, last month&nbsp;Liberia's legislature&nbsp;<a href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201408150798.html" target="_blank">allocated</a> $20 million&nbsp;to battle virus. But the nation had already burned through&nbsp;a quarter of that money by the first week of September. On Tuesday, the United Nations officials pleaded with the international community to step up assistance to Liberia and neighboring countries, <a href="http://www.voanews.com/content/ebola-outbreak-who-response-one-billion-dollars/2451347.html" target="_blank">saying</a> it will take $1 billion in aid to keep the number of cases in the region confined to the "tens of thousands."</p></body></html> <p style="font-size: 1.083em;"><a href="/mojo/2014/09/even-liberias-legislature-may-have-ebola"><strong><em>Continue Reading &raquo;</em></strong></a></p> MoJo Health International Tue, 16 Sep 2014 20:30:51 +0000 Alex Park 260371 at http://www.motherjones.com Rand Paul to Appear at Event Featuring Neo-Confederate Aide He Had to Fire http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2014/09/rand-paul-jack-hunter-lpac-neo-confederate <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>This week, the Ron Paul-led Campaign for Liberty hosts its fourth annual <a href="http://lpac.com" target="_blank">Liberty Political Action Conference</a>, and the speaking list features a roster of well-known Republican politicians and libertarian activists. The biggest draw of this year's LPAC will undoubtedly be Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.), who each day inches closer to a 2016 presidential run. Slated to speak at&nbsp;the same event, though, is Paul's ex-aide Jack Hunter, who the senator fired after his past as&nbsp;a neo-Confederate advocate was revealed.</p> <p>Hunter used to be the social media director in Paul's Senate office, and he co-wrote Paul's 2010 book, <em><a href="http://www.amazon.com/The-Tea-Party-Goes-Washington/dp/1455503118">The Tea Party Goes to Washington</a></em>. But in 2013, the <a href="http://freebeacon.com/national-security/rebel-yell/"><em>Washington Free Beacon</em> revealed</a> that Hunter, under a different identity, had long been involved with the neo-Confederate and southern secessionist movements. For 13 years, Hunter was a South Carolina talk radio host who called himself the "Southern Avenger." In public, he wore a luchador mask bearing a Confederate flag. As the Avenger, Hunter made many a provocative remark, including arguably racist comments. He said that John Wilkes Booth's heart was "in the right place" and that he celebrated Booth's birthday every year. He claimed that Abraham Lincoln would have been romantically drawn to Adolf Hitler. He called the NAACP a <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20071104065513/http://www.southernavenger.com/82/?form_58.userid=4&amp;form_58.replyids=87" target="_blank">"malicious hate group"</a> on par with the KKK. He contended that a "non-white majority America would simply cease to be America."</p> <p>Hunter also chaired an organization called the League of the South, which advocated "the secession and subsequent independence of the Southern States from this forced union and the formation of a Southern republic." The <em>Free Beacon</em> reported,</p> <blockquote> <p>"The League of the South is an implicitly racist group in that the idealized version of the South that they promote is one which, to use their ideology, is dominated by 'Anglo-Celtic'&nbsp;culture, which is their code word for 'white,'" said Mark Pitcavage, the director of investigative research at the [Anti-Defamation League]. The ADL said it does not necessarily classify it as a hate group.</p> <p>The League of the South maintains that it is not racist and does not discriminate in terms of membership.</p> </blockquote> <p>"When I was part of it, they were very explicit that's not what they were about," Hunter told the <em>Free Beacon</em>. "I was a young person, it was a fairly radical group&mdash;the same way a person on the left might be attracted in college to some left-wing radical groups."</p> <p>After Hunter was unmasked, Paul <a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/rand-paul-john-harwood-spar-over-jack-hunter-95243.html">said</a>&nbsp;that his Southern Avenger commentaries were "stupid" and canned him. A few months later, Hunter wrote a story titled <a href="http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2013/11/confessions-of-right-wing-shock-jock-jack-hunter-100261.html#ixzz3DVCTAYaW">"Confessions of a Right-Wing Shock Jock"</a> and distanced himself from his old comments. "I said many terrible things," he wrote. "I disavow them."</p> <p>Now, Hunter is back in the fold and back on the speaker's list in the liberty movement presided over by Ron and&nbsp;Rand Paul. The Campaign for Liberty <a href="https://www.campaignforlibertyfoundation.org/lpac-2014-is-almost-here/">bills</a> him as "the one and only Jack Hunter." Hard to argue with that.</p></body></html> MoJo 2016 Elections Civil Liberties Congress Elections The Right Rand Paul Tue, 16 Sep 2014 19:29:33 +0000 Andy Kroll 260376 at http://www.motherjones.com No, Ronald Reagan Was Not Just a More Amiable Version of Barry Goldwater http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/no-ronald-reagan-was-not-just-more-amiable-version-barry-goldwater <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Jacob Weisberg is critical of Rick Perlstein's <a href="http://www.amazon.com/The-Invisible-Bridge-Nixon-Reagan/dp/1476782415/ref=tmm_hrd_title_0?ie=UTF8&amp;qid=1410893757&amp;sr=1-1" target="_blank"><em>The Invisible Bridge</em>,</a> the third volume in his history of movement conservatism from 1958 to 1980. The first two books covered Barry Goldwater and Richard Nixon; the third spans the period from 1972 through 1976, which encompasses the end of Nixon and the rise of Reagan. <a href="http://www.democracyjournal.org/34/a-bridge-too-far.php?page=all" target="_blank">Here's Weisberg:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>Most historians view the Nixon-Reagan transition as a break in the ideological continuum, a shift from an era in which Republicans made peace with the growing welfare and regulatory state to one in which a newly energized conservative movement effectively challenged <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_invisible_bridge.jpg" style="margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">it. Perlstein, by contrast, sees the move from Nixon to Reagan as continuity: Both men tried to reverse what the 1960s were doing to the country.</p> <p>....<strong>An alternative thesis is the one Perlstein seemed to be framing up with his first, shorter, and better book: that the crucial bridge in modern Republican politics was the one leading from Barry Goldwater to Reagan.</strong> Nixon was the last important President of the New Deal Era, in the same way that Bill Clinton is best subsumed under the rubric of the Reagan Era....In his attack on government, Reagan drew very little from Nixon, and a great deal from Goldwater....Reagan&rsquo;s views were not simply Goldwater&rsquo;s views; they were Goldwater&rsquo;s views purged of their excesses and abstraction, grounded in the country&rsquo;s lived experience, and given a hopeful cast. That&rsquo;s the bridge Reagan walked across and the one I wish Perlstein had tried to sell us.</p> </blockquote> <p>I think Weisberg has missed the bridge that Perlstein is trying to sell us. Reagan <em>wasn't</em> merely a better, more congenial version of Barry Goldwater. That's part of the story, but there's a second part as well: Reagan's exploitation of the politics of resentment that Nixon rode to victory in 1968 and 1972. Just as Reagan sanded off the scariest edges of Goldwaterism to make it more palatable to a national audience, he also sanded off&mdash;or perhaps just kept hidden&mdash;the scariest edges of right-wing populist resentment. But make no mistake: it was there, and it was a big part of Reagan's appeal. Intellectually, Reagan's politics may have been the child of Goldwater, but emotionally they were the child of Nixon.</p> <p>That said, I think Weisberg also makes some sharp criticisms of <em>The Invisible Bridge</em>. I enjoyed it, but it rings true when he complains that "for long stretches, reading this book feels like leafing through a lot of old newspapers." It's a little more of a pastiche than either of his first two books, and too often this is to the detriment of the bigger story.</p> <p>But there was another, more fundamental, disappointment. The genius of <em>Before the Storm</em>, the first book in the series, is that it explained the birth of movement conservatism to a liberal audience. This is harder than it sounds. A conservative history, simply because of the unspoken assumptions that would inevitably color it, would largely leave liberal readers cold. An overtly liberal history, by contrast, would almost certainly be unable to truly explain the appeal of Goldwater and his supporters. But Perlstein threads this needle brilliantly. <em>Before the Storm</em> explains the rise of Goldwater in a way that conservatives consider fair but that liberals find comprehensible.</p> <p>For better or worse, Perlstein abandoned this approach in <em>The Invisible Bridge</em>. Maybe that was inevitable as the spotlight moved first from a principled loser like Goldwater to a destructive manipulator like Nixon and then to a man who set back the liberal project in a way that's still painful to this day. It's just plain easier to be dispassionately curious about Goldwater than about either Nixon or Reagan. Nonetheless, this failing also makes <em>The Invisible Bridge</em> less interesting. Even granting the hagiographic glow that conservatives tend to demand of Reagan biographers, this really isn't a book that very many conservatives would consider fair. And except for brief flashes of insight<sup>1</sup> it doesn't truly explain to liberal sensibilities just what was so appealing about the man.</p> <p>It's still a lovely book that I paged through hungrily. And let's face it: saying that it's not as good as <em>Before the Storm</em> is something you could say about nearly every book ever written. It's still pretty damn good. But I wish Perlstein had gone a little lighter on his obvious contempt for Reagan and spent a little more time owning up&mdash;perhaps uncomfortably&mdash;to just what it was about the liberalism of the 70s that finally drove so many voters crazy.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>For example, there's this brief bit about the White House consulting Reagan during the 1973 Arab-Israeli war:</p> <blockquote> <p>Kissinger [] solicited him for advice on the extraordinarily delicate matter of how to frame an Israeli resupply operation that, if handled incorrectly, could lead to a military confrontation with the Soviet Union. Reagan suggested: "Why don't you say you will replace all the aircraft the Arabs claim they have shot down?"</p> <p>This was brilliant. Since the Arabs were wildly exaggerating their success, presenting them with a Hobson's choice&mdash;saying nothing or facing international humiliation&mdash;was perfect. Reagan's interpersonal intelligence was something to behold.</p> </blockquote> <p>More like that, please.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum The Right Tue, 16 Sep 2014 19:09:47 +0000 Kevin Drum 260391 at http://www.motherjones.com World Leaders Have Failed to Seriously Confront Climate Change. Could That Change Next Week? http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2014/09/heres-deal-big-un-climate-summit-next-week <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Break out your protest sign materials and take your <a href="http://photoblog.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/09/05/13676318-moscow-police-nab-greenpeace-polar-bear-protesters" target="_blank">polar bear costume</a> to the dry cleaner, boys and girls: This coming weekend marks the kickoff of <a href="http://www.climateweeknyc.org/" target="_blank">Climate Week NYC 2014</a>, a flurry of meetings and protests about climate action. It all starts with the <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/09/biggest-climate-change-demonstration-ever-un-new-york" target="_blank">People's Climate March</a> in Columbus Circle on Sunday. Organizers are already calling it the <a href="http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2014/09/08/3564319/climate-march-climate-summit-new-york-preview/" target="_blank">biggest climate march in history</a>, with over 100,000 folks expected to turn up.</p> <p>But the week's main event is on Tuesday at the United Nations, where Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will preside over a confab of heads of state (including President Obama), diplomats, CEOs, and policy wonks who will all be talking about how to prevent global warming from reaching catastrophic levels.&nbsp;</p> <p>The UN conference is meant as a preparation for the major international climate negotiations scheduled for next winter in Paris, a summit that is <a href="http://www.vox.com/2014/8/28/6075433/global-climate-talks-paris-2015" target="_blank">theoretically</a> intended to produce an aggressive carbon-cutting treaty to replace the Kyoto Protocol. In other words, in classic UN fashion, it's a meeting about a meeting, or as Mashable's Andrew Freedman <a href="http://mashable.com/2014/09/05/un-climate-summit-preview/" target="_blank">more eloquently put it</a>, "the cocktail party ahead of a formal dinner." So it's probably safe to assume that next week we'll be served appetizers and <em>amuse-bouches</em> rather than a substantive meal, climate action-wise.</p> <p>Still, New York is a city on the front lines of climate change: Just yesterday the last subway line damaged two years ago by Hurricane Sandy <a href="http://online.wsj.com/articles/normal-r-train-service-set-to-return-monday-1410749256" target="_blank">finally came back online</a>. So the excitement is building. Here are a few things to look for:</p></body></html> <p style="font-size: 1.083em;"><a href="/blue-marble/2014/09/heres-deal-big-un-climate-summit-next-week"><strong><em>Continue Reading &raquo;</em></strong></a></p> Blue Marble Climate Change Climate Desk Corporations Energy Science Top Stories Tue, 16 Sep 2014 18:14:23 +0000 Tim McDonnell 260236 at http://www.motherjones.com Quote of the Day: Maybe Bill Clinton Needs a Minder http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/quote-day-maybe-bill-clinton-needs-minder <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><a href="http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/political-animal-a/2014_09/here_we_go_with_the_big_dog_go052110.php" target="_blank">From Ed Kilgore,</a> commenting on the latest "gaffe" from Bill Clinton:</p> <blockquote> <p>The idea of a former two-term President of the United States having to get his remarks vetted by some campaign operative who was in high school when Clinton was negotiating with the Israelis and Palestinians may seem humiliating. But it may come to that.</p> </blockquote> <p>This is all related to a minor dustup over Bill making some ambiguous off-the-cuff remarks about Bibi Netanyahu in a rope-line chat at the Harkin Steak Fry this weekend. By itself, it's not a big deal, but it might be an omen of things to come. After all, you may recall that Bill's remarks during Hillary's 2008 run for the Democratic nomination were not, um, 100 percent helpful at all times. And there's nothing the media loves more than a bit of Clinton discord that can be dissected and psychoanalyzed for days on end. It might not be fair, but no one ever said presidential campaigns were fair.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Foreign Policy Hillary Clinton Media Tue, 16 Sep 2014 17:01:26 +0000 Kevin Drum 260361 at http://www.motherjones.com Chart of the Day: Fox's Benghazi Obsession http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/chart-day-foxs-benghazi-obsession <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_fox_benghazi_obsession.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 8px 0px 15px 30px;">The good folks at Media Matters have taken on the soul-crushing task of tallying up coverage of Benghazi on Fox's prime-time evening shows, and they report that <a href="http://mediamatters.org/research/2014/09/16/report-foxs-benghazi-obsession-by-the-numbers/200694" target="_blank">Fox has aired nearly 1,100 segments</a> in the 20 months since the attacks. In a bit of a shocking upset, the winner of the obsession war wasn't heavy favorite Sean Hannity, but the normally more mild-mannered Bret Baier.</p> <p>However, don't count Hannity out quite yet. By far, the stupidest Benghazi talking point has been the endless "stand down" infatuation&mdash;the notion that rescuers were available but someone in the White House deliberately ordered them not to go in. This is stupid not just because it's been debunked over and over and over, but also because it makes no sense. Even if Obama hates America, why would he do this? It's political suicide.</p> <p>Anyway, guess who's spent the most time on the stand down order? That's right: Sean Hannity, by a huge margin. Hannity might not have won the overall obsession crown, but he certainly won the special award for pandering idiocy.</p> <p>As you'd expect, coverage was heaviest just after the Benghazi attacks in 2012, but even after that initial flurry Fox has kept up a steady drumbeat of 20-30 Benghazi segments each and every month. It makes me wish I could figure out an anti-Obama angle for <em>my</em> obsession with lead and crime. These guys would be the greatest allies ever. I need to put my thinking cap on.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Media Tue, 16 Sep 2014 16:21:08 +0000 Kevin Drum 260356 at http://www.motherjones.com Assignment Desk: How Does the Media Deal With Domestic Violence? http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/assignment-desk-how-does-media-deal-domestic-violence <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>I have an assignment for an enterprising reporter or intern with access to a telephone. I'd like a survey done of a dozen or so major media outlets, including but not limited to ESPN, CNN, the <em>New York Times</em>, CBS, Fox, the <em>Nation</em>, and <em>National Review</em>. And <em>Mother Jones</em>, of course. Here are the survey questions:</p> <ol><li>To your knowledge, have any of your employees ever been charged and/or convicted of domestic violence?</li> <li>In general, what is your corporate policy for dealing with employees who have been convicted of domestic violence?</li> </ol><p>Just curious!</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Crime and Justice Media Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:46:08 +0000 Kevin Drum 260351 at http://www.motherjones.com It's Hard to Say It, But US Policy Toward Terrorist Ransom Demands Is Probably Right http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/its-hard-say-it-us-policy-toward-terrorist-ransom-demands-probably-right <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Rukmini Callimachi's story in the <em>New York Times</em> today about the anger and frustration of James Foley's family over their treatment by the US government is heartbreaking. Foley was among dozens of hostages being held by ISIS, but one of the few to be murdered. Why? Because the others were Europeans, and European governments routinely pay ransoms to <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/16/us/for-hostages-family-us-policy-offered-no-hope.html?hp&amp;action=click&amp;pgtype=Homepage&amp;version=LargeMediaHeadlineSum&amp;module=photo-spot-region&amp;region=top-news&amp;WT.nav=top-news&amp;_r=0" target="_blank">win the release of their citizens:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>&ldquo;The F.B.I. didn&rsquo;t help us much &mdash; let&rsquo;s face it,&rdquo; Diane Foley said in a telephone interview. &ldquo;Our government was very clear that no ransom was going to be paid, or should be paid,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;It was horrible &mdash; and continues to be horrible. You are between a rock and a hard place.&rdquo;</p> <p>....The United States and Britain are among the only countries that abide by a zero-concession policy, refusing to accede to terrorists&rsquo; demands, arguing that doing so encourages more kidnapping. By contrast, European countries have repeatedly paid to free their citizens, despite signing numerous declarations vowing not to, prompting condemnation from former American officials and analysts.</p> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="246" data-total-count="7120" itemprop="articleBody">....As early as February of this year, the Europeans proceeded from requesting proof of life to making a ransom counteroffer, according to a person closely involved in the crisis who said the average sum negotiated per person was around &euro;2 million.</p> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="403" data-total-count="8038" itemprop="articleBody">The Foleys and the other American families were left to answer the emails themselves and kept largely in the dark....The families said they had little evidence that the kidnappings had become a major concern for the Obama administration, though they acknowledge that they were not necessarily aware of all of the government&rsquo;s efforts. While they reached out to the State Department and were repeatedly told &ldquo;everything was being done,&rdquo; they said they never had any clear indication that this was a policy priority.</p> </blockquote> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="403" data-total-count="8038" itemprop="articleBody">The Foley family has been berating the Obama administration for the death of their son ever since the video of his beheading was released, and who can blame them? If I were in their shoes, I'd probably feel exactly the same way, and I probably would have been desperate to try to raise the ransom money.</p> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="403" data-total-count="8038" itemprop="articleBody">But the hard truth is that this is why I wouldn't have been in charge of the government's response. There's very little concrete research that tells us whether the US non-negotiation policy is effective, but common sense suggests that it is. And at the very least, it starves terrorist groups of a flow of cash they can use to finance their operations. The European approach may seem more humane, but it's largely driven by political cowardice&mdash;their governments are afraid of the public backlash if they get stuck in a long-running hostage situation&mdash;and seems highly likely to lead to more hostages and more deaths in the long run.</p> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="403" data-total-count="8038" itemprop="articleBody">Of course, we now know that the US government <em>was</em> trying to free Foley and the others. But the rescue mission failed, and the Foleys, of course, were told nothing of it beforehand.</p> <p class="story-body-text story-content" data-para-count="403" data-total-count="8038" itemprop="articleBody">How hard-hearted do you have to be to say that, sadly, the Foleys are wrong and US government policy is right? I'm not sure. But that's how it strikes me. And I have nothing but contempt for conservative writers who have used this episode as an excuse for launching crude attacks on Obama. If you think the United States should change its policy regarding ransom demands, then have the guts to say so. Otherwise, keep your yap shut. The Foleys have an excuse for their grief. No one else has an excuse for exploiting it.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Foreign Policy Human Rights Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:33:14 +0000 Kevin Drum 260336 at http://www.motherjones.com Americans Are Refreshingly Realistic About the ISIS Threat http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/americans-are-refreshingly-realistic-about-isis-threat <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_pew_isis_campaign_terrorism.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 8px 0px 15px 30px;">Paul Waldman draws my attention to a <a href="http://www.people-press.org/2014/09/15/bipartisan-support-for-obamas-military-campaign-against-isis/" target="_blank">new Pew poll</a> with an interesting result. Hawkish Republicans have been running around for the past month insisting that ISIS terrorists are a direct threat to the United States, and therefore we have to fight them in Iraq so they don't come over here and start killing helpless women and small children en masse.</p> <p>But apparently hardly anyone is buying it. Only 18 percent of Americans think that fighting ISIS will reduce the odds of a terrorist attack on US soil. And there's not a big difference between the parties. Even among Republicans, only 23 percent think a military campaign against ISIS will make us safer at home. That's a refreshingly realistic appraisal.</p> <p>But why? Is it because the Republican fear campaign is so transparently unhinged? Or is it because of President Obama's unusually low-key approach to the ISIS campaign? I'd like to think it's at least partly the latter. I'm not very excited about <em>any</em> kind of campaign against ISIS at the moment, but as a second-best alternative, it's at least nice to see it being sold to the public as a case of having to eat our vegetables rather than as yet another exciting bomb-dropping adventure in defense of our national honor. It's a step in the right direction, anyway.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Iraq Military Obama Mon, 15 Sep 2014 22:28:40 +0000 Kevin Drum 260326 at http://www.motherjones.com Madam Secretary? Seriously? http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/madam-secretary-seriously <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>I may be off my rocker for wondering about this, but here goes. You've seen the ads for <em>Madam Secretary</em>, right? (Aside from those of you who shun TV as unworthy of your attention, of course.) T&eacute;a Leoni stars as a smart, tough, engaged, down-to-earth, <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_madam_secretary.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">problem-solving secretary of state who <em>gets results by doing the right thing</em>.</p> <p>Now, sure, her husband is not a former US president. So she isn't quite just a gauzy, fictionalized depiction of Hillary Clinton. But she's close! And considering that secretary of state is surely one of the least glamorous positions in the federal government&mdash;another grueling day working the phones with fellow foreign ministers, hooray!&mdash;it's pretty hard not to see this as a fairly transparent attempt to make Hillary look like presidential timber. At least, that's what I'd think if I were either a Republican or any Democrat thinking of running against her.</p> <p>On the other hand, shows like this usually flop, so maybe it won't work out. Or maybe Hillary will look wan and fainthearted compared to the hard charging, damn-the-politics Elizabeth McCord. I dunno. But it sure seems like a helluva coincidence, doesn't it?</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Film and TV Mon, 15 Sep 2014 20:27:18 +0000 Kevin Drum 260296 at http://www.motherjones.com Look At This Hippie Getting Attacked By This Bat http://www.motherjones.com/contributor/2014/09/look-hippie-getting-attacked-bat <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>So, you go camping with your friends and you're having a nice little jam session and then all of a sudden <a href="http://gawker.com/bat-with-rabies-attacks-and-bites-man-jamming-in-forest-1634895582?utm_campaign=socialflow_gawker_facebook&amp;utm_source=gawker_facebook&amp;utm_medium=socialflow" target="_blank">"IT'S A BAT!"</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/H5ZLHnwVxuc?rel=0" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Thankfully, none of these guys were harmed during the attack, but when they took the body of the bat to a local vet&mdash;they apparently killed it with BB guns after the video stopped recording&mdash;they were informed that their departed flying friend was, in fact, rabid. That's scary. The guitarist is getting treated and will be OK.</p> <p>Feel free to have nightmares about this though.</p> <p>(via <a href="http://gawker.com/bat-with-rabies-attacks-and-bites-man-jamming-in-forest-1634895582?utm_campaign=socialflow_gawker_facebook&amp;utm_source=gawker_facebook&amp;utm_medium=socialflow" target="_blank"><em>Gawker</em></a>)</p></body></html> Contributor Animals Mon, 15 Sep 2014 20:20:21 +0000 Ben Dreyfuss 260291 at http://www.motherjones.com Obama Has Indeed Learned Some Foreign Policy Lessons, Just Not the Ones the Establishment Likes http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/obama-has-indeed-learned-some-foreign-policy-lessons-just-not-ones-establishment- <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Over at FP, David Rothkopf has a long and critical examination of President Obama's foreign policy. Unfortunately, it starts with a biting assessment from "one of America's most dependable Middle Eastern allies," which is almost single-handedly enough to disqualify it as serious analysis. Anyone who still thinks that America's "most dependable" Mideast allies have anything but their <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_flags_1.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">own ancient parochial hatreds at heart really needs to find a different line of work.</p> <p>But for some reason I kept reading. And as usual, among the endless parade of Obama horror stories, <a href="http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/09/09/national_insecurity_obama_foreign_policy" target="_blank">Syria looms the largest:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>On Aug. 20, 2012, Obama met with reporters to discuss the crisis in Syria....In an unscripted moment, he suggested that he would take action against the Syrian regime if it used chemical weapons....Despite intelligence reports of multiple violations of that red line, the White House managed to ignore or sidestep the issue&nbsp;&mdash; that is, until exactly one year later, when, on Aug. 21, 2013, a major chemical-weapons attack claimed the lives of an estimated 1,429 people in Ghouta, a Damascus suburb.</p> <p>The tripwire strung by the president himself had been clearly and unmistakably tripped. <strong>Now, his credibility was at stake.</strong></p> <p>Three days later, Obama met with his national security team and indicated that he was inclined to strike Syria....Lacking many close relationships with European or other world leaders, he called one of the few he thought he could count on: British Prime Minister David Cameron....But Obama, Cameron, and their teams would soon discover that they had moved too quickly and had badly miscalculated....Parliament rejected Cameron's call to arms.</p> <p>This coincided with the U.S. Congress's growing doubts about the action. <strong>Some, perhaps most, of this was politics</strong>....Despite these headwinds, by the afternoon of Aug. 30, 2013, the White House appeared set to follow through on the limited-attack option....But later that afternoon, the president went on a walk around the South Lawn of the White House with his chief of staff, Denis McDonough....Afterward, when the two joined a small group of top advisors in the Oval Office, Obama reportedly <a href="http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887323527004579077401049154032" target="_blank">announced</a>, "I have a big idea I want to run by you guys," and then segued into his new plan to put action on hold until he could get a formal vote of congressional support.</p> <p>...."This was the real turning point for the administration's foreign policy," a former senior Obama advisor told me. "This was when things really started to go bad."</p> <p>With Syria festering for more than two years amid pleas to the United States for leadership and support from longtime regional allies, <strong>the media was primed to respond, and many critics immediately assailed the president for being indecisive</strong>....It also set a precedent that would seemingly require the president to seek congressional approval for future military actions, even though the War Powers Resolution explicitly notes that he does not require it.</p> </blockquote> <p>Rothkopf takes this as a fatal error, but it's telling what he thinks the error is. Obama has long had a fairly consistent belief that you should avoid bellicose, uncompromising rhetoric, but on August 20, 2012, he momentarily forgot that and set his infamous red line on Syrian use of chemical weapons. A year later, with his "credibility" at stake&mdash;perhaps the cause of more dumb wars than anything else in history&mdash;he was inclined to launch a military strike on Syria. But then he thought harder about it and decided to see if there was any support for the idea. As it turned out, there wasn't. Despite the endless hectoring of Republicans, when it came time to actually support a military response, they decided that playing politics was more important. And so Obama backed down.</p> <p>Rothkopf thinks this was Obama's big mistake. But there's an alternative reading: that setting the red line in the first place was the real mistake. It took a while, but eventually Obama concluded that maybe it wasn't wise to let our foreign policy be dictated by a brief, intemperate remark. Figuring that out, rather than being goaded into a pointless response, is a rare sign of wisdom in a president, most of whom serve out their entire terms in endless fear of the media questioning their credibility.</p> <p>The rest of Rothkopf's piece is choppy and incoherent enough that I couldn't really make sense of it. He thinks George Bush deserves credit for finally adopting a more diplomatic approach to foreign affairs in his second term, but criticizes Obama for continuing it. He praises Bush for adopting a more coherent foreign policy with less infighting in his second term, but criticizes Obama for basically doing the same thing from the start. He's obscurely critical of Obama's habit of asking everyone in a meeting for their opinions, and then not making a decision instantly. I don't quite know why. And there's the usual criticism of disjointed decision making and personality conflicts, which as near as I can tell has been a staple of foreign policy thumbsuckers since about the time of George Washington.</p> <p>More generally, Rothkopf criticizes Obama for not learning from his mistakes, but he seems not to understand that Obama <em>has</em> learned from his mistakes. Among other things, he's learned that even the limited appetite he had for military intervention in his first term was probably too much. In his second term, he's even more reticent to use military force. But apparently this doesn't count as a lesson learned. Not in the world of serious foreign policy, anyway.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Foreign Policy Obama Mon, 15 Sep 2014 18:13:16 +0000 Kevin Drum 260276 at http://www.motherjones.com Here's the Defense of Unsalted Pasta Water That Darden Won't Make Itself http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/heres-defense-unsalted-pasta-water-darden-wont-make-itself <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Over at Vox, a virtual water cooler for the world's most pressing problems, Matt Yglesias tells us that Darden is fighting back against charges that it has mismanaged Olive Garden. <a href="http://www.vox.com/xpress/2014/9/15/6152275/olive-garden-salt-pasta-water" target="_blank">But he's unimpressed with their PowerPoint deck:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>The entire Darden counter-presentation has <i>nothing to say about salting the water</i>. And to be clear, this is a 22 slide presentation. They had plenty of opportunity to explain themselves, apologize, or deny it. Instead, they're just keeping quiet.</p> </blockquote> <p>Here at MoJo, an entirely different virtual water cooler for the world's most pressing problems, I don't know anything about cooking pasta. However, one of my readers claims he does. So here's the defense that Darden has declined to offer on its own:</p> <blockquote> <p>I acknowledge that salting the water is a common and recommended practice for both pasta and dried beans, but this practice has the effect of toughening the outer surface of both pasta and beans during the cooking process. If you wait to add salt until after the cooking is completed the texture of the boiled food will be more tender. This does not mean it can&rsquo;t be &ldquo;al dente,&rdquo; which refers to the structure of the complete noodle (or bean), just that the skin or surface is not tough. Try it.</p> </blockquote> <p>So there you have it. Feel free to discuss this critical issue in comments.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Food and Ag Mon, 15 Sep 2014 17:06:52 +0000 Kevin Drum 260271 at http://www.motherjones.com Teddy Roosevelt, Lewis Hine and Lazy Frogs: 15 Photos http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/day-photos-august-15-roosevelt-library-of-congress <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>While searching through the Library of Congress archives last week, I noticed that a number of photos included the date they were photographed or published. I pulled together a handful, giving a little look at what was happening <a href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/search/?q=%22August%2015%22&amp;sp=1" target="_blank">on this date through history</a>. These photos are often pretty mundane, but even the most common, everyday occurrences take on new meaning, or at least become more a bit interesting when viewed from a distance in time.</p> <p>Here are a few photos from August 15th, all photos from the <a href="http://www.loc.gov/" target="_blank">Library of Congress</a>, with captions as provided with the photos.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><a href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/pan.6a36147/" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/6a36147v.jpg"></a> <div class="caption"><strong>Cyanotype image of construction of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1890. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/36426v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Theodore Roosevelt, 1913. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/00477v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>"Chopping corn" Everett Adams, 15 years and Ora Adams, 9 years. Address Hiatt, Ky. Go to Hickory Grove School, but they have been absent most of the past 6 weeks for work, sickness, etc. Location: Rockcastle County, Kentucky, by Lewis W. Hine, 1916</strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/06856v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Theo. Roosevelt, Jr. playing tennis, 1922. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/23256v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Miss M. Pearl. McCall, 1922. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/14210v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Senators Goose Goslin slides safely into home and collides with Yankees catcher Wally Schang in 2nd game of double header, 1925. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/33566v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Just plumb too lazy to catch his food on the fly like regular frogs do, Popeye, giant frog from Louisiana in the U.S. Department of Commerce aquarium, has to be fed his meals from acting as nursemaid for the critter, 1937. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/35542v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>CORE members swing down Fort Hamilton Parkway, Brooklyn, toward 69th St. ferry on trek to Washington. World Telegram &amp; Sun photo by O. Fernandez, 1963. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/8b00457v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Defense housing, Ben Morrell Project, Norfolk, Virginia. Housing for civilian and married enlisted personnel at the Norfolk, Virginia housing naval base. Constructed at a cost of $3,356,000 by the Navy. Of the 1,362 units built, 1,062 were completed August 15, 1941. Rents range from $17 to $23 a month. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/019420pv.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Firehouse, Vallejo, Solano County, CA, 1919 </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/04818v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Senator Cappe of Kansas, 1921 </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/11949v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>John Coolidge, Mrs. Coolidge, &amp; President Coolidge enroute to Vermont, 1924. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/39219v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>William A. Hill, Boston, Attorney for the utility king, Howard C. Hopson, leaves the Senate side of the Capitol with his counsel, Moultrie Hitt, Washington attorney, where Hill appeared in response to a citation for contempt growing out of the activities of Hopson, who is wanted by the Senate Lobby Investigating committee, 1935. </strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/00476v.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Red Bud School. County Supervisor in doorway. Teacher thought 20 absent on account of work, etc. Location: Rockcastle County, Kentucky by Lewis W. Hine, 1916.</strong></div> <div class="caption">&nbsp;</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><a href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/pan.6a15436/" target="_blank"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/6a15436v.jpg"></a> <div class="caption"><strong>View of Cincinnati, Ohio. Copyright entry no. 490 dated August 15, 1866 in volume covering time period, Nov. 9, 1864 - May 9, 1867. (click on photo for link to larger view) </strong></div> </div> <p>&nbsp;</p></body></html> Mixed Media Slideshows Media Mon, 15 Sep 2014 16:31:39 +0000 Mark Murrmann 260201 at http://www.motherjones.com What the Hell Is Going On in Scotland? Let John Oliver Explain http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/john-oliver-on-scotland <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Scotland heads to the polls on Thursday to decide if it stays a part of the United Kingdom or not. How should you, an American who saw <em>Braveheart</em> a few times, feel about this? <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YkLPxQp_y0#t=381" target="_blank">Let John Oliver break it down for you</a>:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/-YkLPxQp_y0?rel=0" width="630"></iframe></p> <p><strong>Also: An independent Scotland will need a currency. <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/09/scotland-independence-referendum-currency-bitcoin" target="_blank">How about... Bitcoin</a>?</strong></p></body></html> Mixed Media Film and TV Mon, 15 Sep 2014 15:51:28 +0000 Ben Dreyfuss 260251 at http://www.motherjones.com We're Still at War: Photo of the Day for September 15, 2014 http://www.motherjones.com/mojo/2014/09/were-still-war-photo-day-september-15-2014 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p class="rtecenter"><em>A US Marine carries a round back to his gun in Hawaii for a fire mission. (US Marine Corps photo by Lance Cpl. Victor A. Mancilla)</em></p></body></html> MoJo Military Mon, 15 Sep 2014 15:49:24 +0000 260256 at http://www.motherjones.com Maybe Obama Can Change the Way We Think About War http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/maybe-obama-can-change-way-we-think-about-war <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_obama_business.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 8px 0px 15px 30px;">Over the weekend, Peter Baker wrote a story about President Obama's cautious, calculated approach to the fight against ISIS. It is, Obama says, a reaction against the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/14/world/middleeast/paths-to-war-then-and-now-haunt-obama.html" target="_blank">frenzied buildup to the Iraq War in 2002-03:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>In his own way, Mr. Obama said, he had seen something similar, a virtual fever rising in Washington, pressuring him to send the armed forces after the Sunni radicals who had swept through Iraq and beheaded American journalists. He had told his staff, he said, not to evaluate their own policy based on external momentum. He would not rush to war. He would be deliberate.</p> <p>&ldquo;But I&rsquo;m aware I pay a political price for that,&rdquo; he said.</p> <p>His introspection that afternoon reflected Mr. Obama&rsquo;s journey from the candidate who wanted to wind down America&rsquo;s overseas wars to the commander in chief who just resumed and expanded one....<strong>He alternated between resolve as he vowed to retaliate against President Bashar al-Assad if Syrian forces shot at American planes, and prickliness as he mocked critics of his more reticent approach to the exercise of American power.</strong></p> <p>&ldquo;Oh, it&rsquo;s a shame when you have a wan, diffident, professorial president with no foreign policy other than &lsquo;don&rsquo;t do stupid things,&rsquo; &rdquo; guests recalled him saying, sarcastically imitating his adversaries. &ldquo;I do not make apologies for being careful in these areas, even if it doesn&rsquo;t make for good theater.&rdquo;</p> <p>....This account of Mr. Obama&rsquo;s thinking as he arrived at a pivotal point in his presidency is based on interviews with 10 people who spoke with him in the days leading up to his speech Wednesday night....The president invited a group of foreign policy experts and former government officials to dinner on Monday, <strong>and a separate group of columnists and magazine writers for a discussion on Wednesday afternoon.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>What I'm curious about is why Obama is so intent on making this public. Obviously you don't invite a bunch of columnists and reporters for a chat&mdash;off the record or otherwise&mdash;unless you intend for everyone in the world to hear what you said. In fact, this is a bit of theater in its own right, since a supposedly "private" meeting is bound to get <em>more</em> attention than a garden-variety interview.</p> <p>So....why? Is it something of a sop to his base, trying to assure them that he's not planning to let the current fight morph into Iraq War 2.0? Is it hubris, making sure everyone in the foreign policy community knows that he doesn't care what they think? Is it a deliberate jab against the media and its complicity in ramping up war fever? Or does he truly think that the Beltway punditocracy will respond favorably to this kind of thing?</p> <p>It's all very strange. It's obvious that Obama truly believes he's being cautious and wants everyone to know that this is deliberate, not merely the ramblings of a tortured executive who can't make up his mind. Perhaps he's trying his best to normalize this kind of decisionmaking about war, since it's basically unheard of in modern history. If that's the case, then I wish him the best of luck.</p> <p>And you know what? He might actually be having an effect. He might really be embarrassing a few people into facing up to their tacit assumption that the only kind of strong foreign policy is one that involves both liberal use of the military and plenty of Churchillian rhetoric to go along with it. Maybe he really is normalizing a more levelheaded approach to the world's problems. That would certainly account for the almost insane gibbering we've been getting lately from folks like John McCain and Lindsey Graham, both of whom have apparently been driven mad at the thought that all-war-all-the-time might be losing its appeal as the default foreign policy of serious people. Who knows? Maybe a few serious people are even starting to see it for the folly that it actually is.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Iraq Military Obama Mon, 15 Sep 2014 15:43:36 +0000 Kevin Drum 260241 at http://www.motherjones.com There's an Easier Way to Get Rid of Plastic Bags http://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2014/09/theres-easier-way-get-rid-plastic-bags <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p>Katie Rose Quandt explains why banning plastic bags <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/09/california-bans-plastic-bags" target="_blank">is no panacea:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>Although plastic bags' manufacture is relatively energy intensive (according to the Australian government, a car could drive 36 feet with the amount of petroleum used to make a single plastic bag), other kinds of bags use even more fossil fuel. A heavy-duty, reusable plastic bag must be used 12 times before its global warming impact is lower than continuing to use disposable bags, according to a study by the UK Environment Agency. A cotton bag takes 132 uses, and a paper bag&mdash;which will still be legal with California's ten-cent fee&mdash;must be used four times before its global warming impact is less than using single-use bags.</p> </blockquote> <p>What a mess. Carbon taxes are no panacea either, but this is a pretty good example of why they're so useful. Instead of sponsoring endless studies of the carbon impact of various bags&mdash;and then trying to educate consumers about these studies&mdash;just tax carbon and forget about it. The carbon-intensive bags will rise in price and eventually, if plastic bags really are the worst option, they'll get priced out of the market. No muss, no fuss. And if consumers decide to pay for them anyway, that's not a big problem either. It just means they'll have less money to spend on other carbon-intensive activities. One way or another, it will come out in the wash.</p> <p>The downside, of course, is that this only accounts for carbon. If you want to ban plastic bags for other reasons, then you'll just have to go ahead and ban them. But that's true of everything. A carbon tax doesn't solve every problem on the planet, but it does quickly and cleanly provide a price signal that reduces the demand for carbon-intensive products.</p> <p>And it's a pretty market-friendly mechanism, too, so conservatives ought to like it. Except for the fact that it is, unquestionably, a tax, and we all know that taxes are verboten as long as a single Republican with breath in his body remains in Congress. So we'll get no carbon tax in the foreseeable future, even though it would be good for the planet; allow us to cut taxes in other areas; and make everyone's lives easier. Maybe someday.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Climate Change Mon, 15 Sep 2014 14:24:49 +0000 Kevin Drum 260231 at http://www.motherjones.com Music Review: "Pressure" by My Brightest Diamond http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/music-review-pressure-my-brightest-diamond <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/CePpTXIuQzY?list=UUOkWMIcLDDV1P48NSCdkJ5w" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>TRACK 1</p> <p><strong>"Pressure"</strong></p> <p>From My Brightest Diamond's <em>This Is My Hand</em></p> <p>ASTHMATIC KITTY</p> <p><strong>Liner notes:</strong> The fourth MBD album gets off to a rousing start with this joyful brew of marching-band rhythms, xylophone, brass, and Shara Worden's big, operatic voice.</p> <p><strong>Behind the music:</strong> An alumna of Sufjan Stevens' band, Worden's r&eacute;sum&eacute; includes collaborations with David Byrne, Matthew Barney, the Blind Boys of Alabama, and the Decemberists.</p> <p><strong>Check it out if you like:</strong> Brainy art-poppers, meaning St. Vincent, tUnE-yArDs, or Joanna Newsom.</p></body></html> Mixed Media Music Mon, 15 Sep 2014 10:35:06 +0000 Jon Young 259071 at http://www.motherjones.com Lia Ices' Newfound Urgency http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/lia-ices-masters-dreampop-review <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/BXTJ5JHNC1Q?rel=0" width="630"></iframe></p> <p><strong>Lia Ices<br><em>Ices</em><br> Jagjaguwar</strong></p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="Ices" class="image" src="/files/JAG205.jpg" style="height: 250px; width: 250px;"></div> <p>After displaying her mastery of mesmerizing dream-pop on 2011's <em>Grown Unknown</em>, Lia Ices adds a shot of energy to the mix on this charming third album. Though recorded piecemeal at studios around the country, Ices feels focused and cohesive, with the leadoff track "Tell Me" setting the tempo, setting a typically lush melody to a thumping party beat. Ices is still happily indebted to Kate Bush&mdash;witness the meditative seven-minute "Waves"&mdash;but jaunty songs like "Higher" show she has the confidence to play around with her sound and not settle for ambient-music clich&eacute;s. If this bracing newfound urgency indicates a willingness to court a larger audience a la Lykke Li, more power to her.</p></body></html> Mixed Media Music Mon, 15 Sep 2014 10:00:07 +0000 Jon Young 260141 at http://www.motherjones.com Music Review: "Is What It Is" by She Keeps Bees http://www.motherjones.com/mixed-media/2014/09/music-review-what-it-she-keeps-bees <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/rg0-FzmZA4Y" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>TRACK 10</p> <p><strong>"Is What It Is" </strong></p> <p>From She Keeps Bees'<em> Eight Houses</em></p> <p>FUTURE GODS</p> <p><strong>Liner notes:</strong> Smokey and languid, Jessica Larrabee croons defiantly, "Be not completely consumed/Do not surrender," on this hazy ballad, with kindred spirit Sharon Van Etten singing backup.</p> <p><strong>Behind the music:</strong> Larrabee fronted the Philadelphia band the English System before teaming with drummer Andy LaPlant to form the Brooklyn-based duo.</p> <p><strong>Check it out if you like:</strong> Moody chanteuses (Cat Power, Angel Olsen, PJ Harvey).</p></body></html> Mixed Media Music Mon, 15 Sep 2014 09:35:04 +0000 Jon Young 259066 at http://www.motherjones.com