Blogs | Mother Jones Mother Jones logo en Here's What It's Like to Work at Planned Parenthood <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Last night, Bryn Greenwood, who worked for Planned Parenthood in the late 90s, <a href="" target="_blank">tweeted about her experience:</a></p> <blockquote> <p><img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_planned_parenthood_logo.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 8px 0px 15px 30px;">I worked at a #PlannedParenthood clinic in Kansas for 3 years. My coworkers &amp; I were subjected to the following acts of terrorism:</p> <blockquote> <ul><li>Gasoline was poured under our back door &amp; ignited 4 times. Twice while the clinic was occupied, causing patients to be evacuated.</li> <li>Butyric acid (used as a stink bomb) was poured under our doors &amp; into ventilation system so many times I lost count. Clinic evacuated.</li> <li>2 cherry bombs were left on our doorstep after hours, causing damage &amp; clinic closure. Imagine what it's like going to work after that.</li> <li>We received hundreds of phone calls, threatening to torch our clinic &amp; to kill the "murdering whores" who worked there.</li> <li>3 times someone drove by at night &amp; shot out our windows. Picketers stood on the sidewalk &amp; harassed employees as we swept up broken glass.</li> </ul></blockquote> <p>Our clinic didn't perform abortions. We did well woman exams, pregnancy tests, dispensed birth control, &amp; treated STIs. Our clinic offered free &amp; low cost services in a low income neighborhood, but every day the "pro-life" movement tried to frighten us. The goal was to make us afraid to come to work, to make us quit, to make us close the clinic. That's terrorism. That's how terrorism works.</p> </blockquote> <p>This is what life is like for women's health providers, even ones who don't perform abortions. I guess I'd urge caution about calling this terrorism, since I'm not sure it does us any good to <em>expand</em> the scope of crimes that are part of the "war on terror." Historically speaking, that hasn't been great for liberal values. Still, it's hard to argue that the goals and methods aren't pretty terrifying&mdash;and that's even without Greenwood mentioning the personal threats implicit in photographing license plates and publishing names and addresses of clinic workers, which are common tactics.</p> <p>After two days of near silence, Republican presidential candidates are finally "praying" for the victims of the Colorado attack. They could hardly avoid it when they were booked on national TV&mdash;and anyway, praying is always OK, even for sinners. Especially for sinners, in fact. It's a turn of phrase that doesn't risk showing even the slightest desire to protect Planned Parenthood from future attacks. Republicans might not want Planned Parenthood workers killed, but they sure don't seem to mind if their angry hordes do everything just short of that.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Mon, 30 Nov 2015 16:32:30 +0000 Kevin Drum 290781 at Would You Like Fewer Fries With That? <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Aaron Carroll writes today that calorie labeling in restaurants doesn't seem to have any effect. I skimmed through his review of the evidence in order to get to the part of the story where he tells us what <em>does</em> have an effect, but I <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_fries.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">was disappointed. Not surprised, though. Hardly anything works. Here's his single paragraph <a href="" target="_blank">about alternatives:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>Previous work in <em>Health Affairs</em> showed that training servers to ask if customers might like to <strong>downsize three starchy sides</strong> induced up to a third of customers to order and eat 200 fewer calories per meal. More recent work in the journal showed that changing the &ldquo;prevalence, prominence and default nature of healthy options&rdquo; on <strong>children&rsquo;s menus</strong> led to sustained changes in what people ordered.</p> </blockquote> <p>I don't know about children's menus, but that first suggestion rings a bell. One of my favorite restaurants offers two sides with dinner entrees. I always order the same thing, and all I want is a single side order of fries. This is all but impossible to get. If I tell my server I want just one order of fries and nothing else, I'm told brightly that it's no trouble to just double up the fries. If I say I don't <em>want</em> two orders of fries, the cook gives them to me anyway. I think they want to fill up the plate and make sure I don't feel ripped off.</p> <p>Suggesting that we downsize calorie-laden sides might be a good idea. But in my experience, the first step is for restaurants to <em>allow</em> sides to be downsized if the customer asks. Baby steps.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Mon, 30 Nov 2015 15:48:35 +0000 Kevin Drum 290771 at Obama Just Called Saving the Planet an "Act of Defiance" Against Terror <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>A <a href="" target="_blank">major two-week summit on climate change</a> opened on Monday in Paris, and President Barack Obama was there to urge world leaders to push for a strong international agreement to slow global warming.</p> <p>In his speech (video above), the president also offered a rebuke to the terrorists behind the Nov. 13 attacks in the French capital that left 130 people dead.</p> <p>The summit, he said, is "an act of defiance that proves nothing will deter us from building the future we want for our children."</p> <p>Obama acknowledged America's unique responsibility for ensuring success at the talks, which are designed to produce an unprecedented agreement between nearly 200 nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for the impacts of climate change. It's the first time nations have tried to reach that goal since the last major climate summit, in 2009 in Copenhagen, crumbled over disagreements between the US, China, and developing nations.</p> <p>In his second term, Obama has sought to make action on climate change a central part of his legacy; a strong agreement in Paris would be a vital component to that. "I've come here personally, as the leader of the world's largest economy and the second-largest emitter," Obama said, "to say that the United States of America not only recognizes our role in creating this problem, we embrace our responsibility to do something about it."</p> <p>Prior the speech, Obama met privately with Chinese President Xi Jinping. The two leaders have worked closely over the last year to <a href="" target="_blank">advance a joint climate agenda</a>. President Xi also gave a speech, in which he said it was "very important for China and the United States to be firmly committed to the right direction of building a new model of major country relations."</p> <p>Obama's remarks come a day after the White House announced a <a href="" target="_blank">sweeping initiative</a> to double public-sector investment in clean energy research and development from $5 billion to $10 billion by 2020. That new program, known as <a href="" target="_blank">Mission Innovation</a>, also includes over a dozen major private-sector investors, including Bill Gates, Richard Branson, and Mark Zuckerberg.&nbsp;</p> <p>Finance for clean energy and for climate change adaptation is likely to be a major issue at the talks, as vulnerable nations in Africa, Southeast Asia, and elsewhere urge the US and other major emitters to pony up more cash. At the last major climate summit, in 2009 in Copenhagen, countries agreed to raise $100 billion per year for a UN-administered climate adaptation fund. That goal is only about two-thirds met.</p></body></html> Blue Marble Video Climate Change Climate Desk International Obama Top Stories Mon, 30 Nov 2015 15:12:57 +0000 Tim McDonnell 290766 at Kevin's Three Laws of Political Speech <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Following the attack on the Planned Parenthood clinic on Colorado, we are having the usual spats over what kind of political speech is and isn't appropriate. Apropos of that, here are three things I believe. These are not universally fashionable at the moment, but I suppose that's all the more reason to lay them out yet again.</p> <p><strong>Nazi analogies are OK.</strong> Most Americans are not great students of history, and Nazi analogies are often just the most accessible way to make a historical point that you know everyone will get. Generally speaking, comparing a bit of behavior to the Third Reich doesn't mean you're literally accusing someone of being Hitler, and everyone knows it. We should all stop pretending otherwise. What's more, sometimes the comparison is actually apt. For example, pro-lifers claim to believe that abortion is murder, which makes comparisons to the Holocaust perfectly reasonable.</p> <p>Obvious caveats: Don't be an asshole. It's easy to go overboard and trivialize Nazi horrors. This is both insulting and tedious. It also makes you <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_triangle_shirtwaist_cartoon.jpg" style="margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">look like an idiot, so have a care. Not everything deserves to be compared to Hitler.</p> <p><strong>There's nothing wrong with politicizing tragedies.</strong> The Triangle Shirtwaist fire prompted a sea change in views of workplace safety, and I think that was just fine. The 9/11 attacks increased public support for the invasion of Iraq, and I assume conservatives think that was just fine. More generally, what's wrong with politicizing tragedies? That's when people are paying attention, which means it's often the best time to mobilize public support to address the issues underlying the tragedy. That's what politics is for, isn't it? If liberals want to use the Planned Parenthood attack to raise public awareness of gun violence and access to abortion, they should go right ahead. If conservatives want to use it to raise public awareness of the number of abortions performed every year, they should feel free to try.</p> <p>Obvious caveats: Don't be an asshole. Wait until we actually know what happened. Show some respect for the victims and their families. Don't lie. Never even hint that the tragedy was in some way deserved.</p> <p><strong>Talk is not responsible for extreme acts, especially by the mentally ill.</strong> Political speech is often fiery. It's often <em>supposed</em> to be fiery, and there's always a risk that a few unhinged listeners will react in extreme ways. That's a chance we have to take. If we rein in political speech to a level where there's literally no risk of anyone reacting badly, we'll have nothing but pabulum. Robert L. Deer might very well have been motivated to attack Planned Parenthood because he heard about them selling fetal tissue, but that doesn't mean it was wrong for activists to bring this to the public's attention.<sup>1</sup></p> <p>Obvious caveats: Don't be an asshole. If you're doing the verbal equivalent of hoisting a pitchfork and telling people to storm the Bastille, don't pretend to be surprised when they storm the Bastille. Directly inciting violence is both legally and morally wrong.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>It was wrong to <em>lie</em> about it, but that's a whole different subject.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Mon, 30 Nov 2015 00:21:27 +0000 Kevin Drum 290761 at Ben Carson and the Conservative Grift Machine <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>In the <em>LA Times</em> today Joseph Tanfani and Maloy Moore have a great piece about the American Legacy PAC and its 2014 Save Our Healthcare campaign. It was fronted by Ben Carson, who starred in a video denouncing Obamacare and told viewers, "If you want to hold Washington accountable and truly save American health care, join me and sign our petition<iframe align="right" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="228" src="" style="margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;" width="405"></iframe> today." Needless to say, when you called the toll-free number, it turned out that Carson wanted more than just your John Hancock. <a href="" target="_blank">He also wanted your Benjamins:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>When Juanita McMillon saw his name, she was eager to get out her checkbook. &ldquo;I think he is sincere, and I think he is honest, and I think he is exactly what we need,&rdquo; said McMillon, 80, from the small town of De Kalb in northeast Texas. She gave $350....American Legacy raised close to $6 million in 2014 &mdash; and spent nearly all of it paying the consultants and firms that raised the money. <strong>Just 2% was donated to Republican candidates and committees, financial reports show.</strong></p> <p>&ldquo;I&rsquo;m really careful who I give money to, but I guess I did not read it close enough,&rdquo; McMillon said, adding that she had never heard of American Legacy. &ldquo;I prefer to give money to individuals, and I assumed, I guess, that Dr. Carson was getting my money.&rdquo;</p> <p><strong>Though American Legacy didn&rsquo;t raise much money for Obamacare-hating Republicans, it was a success at something else &mdash; finding people willing to give to Carson</strong>....When Carson entered the race, the campaign tapped those donors again. Donnell gave another $250 to the campaign, and McMillon another $450. Of the more than 4,000 donors to American Legacy, more than 25% also ended up giving to the Carson campaign, a <em>Los Angeles Time</em>s analysis showed.</p> </blockquote> <p>This is good reporting, but so far there's nothing all that new here. Conservatives have turned grifting into a high art, and Carson is just the flavor of the month. What makes this piece great is the response from Doug Watts, Carson's campaign spokesman:</p> <blockquote> <p>Watts defended the American Legacy effort and offered assurance to donors. &ldquo;I would say to those people, you did give to Dr. Carson,&rdquo; Watts said. <strong>&ldquo;They participated in the building of a list&rdquo; of donors for the campaign.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>Booyah! By giving money to Carson's anti-Obamacare campaign, you identified yourself as a soft touch who would give Carson even more money later on. And that's a big help. Of course, these elderly donors <em>thought</em> they were helping Carson fight Obamacare, because, you know, that's what Carson actually said. But what's the difference? Tomayto, tomahto.</p> <p>Anyway, read the whole thing if you've got the stomach for it.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Sat, 28 Nov 2015 20:15:18 +0000 Kevin Drum 290756 at Republican Candidates Are Too Busy This Morning to Denounce Attack on Planned Parenthood Clinic <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>When I went to bed last night, none of the Republican presidential candidates had said anything about the horrific shootings at a Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado. But that was ten <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_stand_planned_parenthood.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">hours ago, and it's now nearly noon on the East Coast. Anything new?</p> <p>As near as I can tell, no. No tweets, no statements, nothing on Facebook. On Twitter, Donald Trump is still blathering about how much he loves the disabled. Jeb Bush is tweeting about football. Ted Cruz hasn't put up anything new in over a week.<sup>1</sup> Marco Rubio was "sickened" by the killing of Lu&iacute;s Diaz in Venezuela a couple of days ago, but is busy promoting his cold-weather bundle of Rubio gear today. Ben Carson is burnishing his foreign policy credentials by talking to refugees in Jordan. Carly Fiorina has been quiet since Thanksgiving.</p> <p>But it's a holiday weekend, so maybe they've turned off the news to spend more time with their families. All 14 of them. Still, I know they're all resolutely opposed to terrorism and adamantly in favor of law and order, so I'm sure they'll issue uncompromising condemnations sometime soon. After all, we can't allow depraved attacks against health clinics on American soil to be met with silence that could easily be interpreted as backing down in the face of hate. Right?</p> <p><sup>1</sup>Oops. I was fooled by the fact that Cruz has his demand for President Obama to insult him to his face permanently at the top of his feed. But Cruz did indeed tweet something this morning. Here's the full version of his statement <a href="" target="_blank">on Facebook:</a> "My and Heidi's prayers are with the loved ones of those killed in Colorado Springs, with those injured, and with the first responders who bravely got the situation under control." Not exactly a stirring condemnation of violence, but I guess it's a start.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Sat, 28 Nov 2015 16:55:25 +0000 Kevin Drum 290751 at Donald Trump and the Politics of Resentment <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>As you surely know by now, the latest round of Republican campaign cretinism came a few days ago when Donald Trump <a href="" target="_blank">mocked a reporter</a> with chronic arthrogryposis, which restricts the movement of his arms <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_trump_kovaleski.jpg" style="margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">and hands. Today Josh Marshall posted a brief but spot-on explanation of why Trump is not only not apologizing for this, <a href="" target="_blank">but going on the offensive over it:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>If you're surprised that Donald Trump isn't apologizing for mocking a reporter's physical handicap and doesn't seem to be paying any price for it, let me help. Half of rightwing politics is about resentment over perceived demands for apologies. <strong>Apologies about race, about fear of Muslims, about not being politically correct, about not liking the losers and the moochers, about Christmas, about being being white.</strong> This will hurt Trump about as much as going after Megyn Kelly did. Remember: his biggest applause line at the first GOP debate came for calling Rosie O'Donnell a fat slob.</p> <p>About half the juice of far-right politics in this country is rooted in refusing to apologize when 'elites' or right thinking people reprove you for not being 'politically correct.'</p> </blockquote> <p>The thing about Trump is that he talks as if he's sitting at home with a couple of his buddies. In settings like that, lots of us make casually derisive remarks that we wouldn't make in public.<sup>1</sup> But Trump <em>does</em> say it in public, and to his supporters that's great. He's finally saying the stuff that they're quite sure <em>everybody</em> says in private.</p> <p>The giveaway was this bit from Trump about Kovaleski: "He should stop using his disability to grandstand and get back to reporting for a paper that is rapidly going down the tubes." That's what Trump's fans think is going on all over the place. The blacks, the Hispanics, the disabled, the immigrants, the poor: sure, they've got problems, but who doesn't? They're just making a big deal out of it in order to gain sympathy and government bennies that the rest of us have to pay for. And the worst part is that you <em>know</em> what everyone else is already thinking about this claptrap, but you get in trouble if you <em>say</em> it. Republican candidates have tapped this vein of resentment for years, but usually in coded ways that won't get them in too much hot water. Trump just dives in. Other politicians may have paved the way, but it's Trump who's finally figured out how to turn it into electoral gold.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>Yes, I do it too, and no, for obvious reasons I'm not going to tell you what my sore spots are.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 27 Nov 2015 23:50:32 +0000 Kevin Drum 290746 at Friday Cat Blogging - 27 November 2015 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>I am an idiot. Yesterday, in a fit of bad timing, my camera chose to tell me its memory card was getting full. I had already transferred all the photos to my PC, so I went ahead and deleted everything on the card. Today, I went looking for a terrific Thanksgiving-themed picture of Hilbert that I took a couple of weeks ago, and....I really don't have to finish this story, do I? It turned out I had transferred everything except for about 50 pictures taken two weeks ago. For some reason, I missed those. File recovery restored a bunch of deleted photos, but not the Hilbert pics.</p> <p>It was a really great picture, too. But I guess you'll never see it. Luckily, my sister-in-law came up for dinner yesterday and brought her dogs. So today you get a very special edition of Friday catblogging starring Rupert the dog. Isn't he cute? There are no Thanksgiving pictures of the cats available because they were both upstairs hiding under the bed. They're such brave little furballs.</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_rupert_2015_11_27_0.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 15px 0px 5px 115px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 27 Nov 2015 19:13:20 +0000 Kevin Drum 290736 at The Fabulous Memory of Donald Trump <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><a href="" target="_blank">Donald Trump</a> on the reporter he mocked a few days ago:</p> <blockquote> <p>Serge Kovaleski must think a lot of himself if he thinks I remember him from decades ago&nbsp;&mdash; <strong>if I ever met him at all, which I doubt I did.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Serge Kovaleski</a> on Donald Trump:</p> <blockquote> <p>In an interview on Thursday, <strong>Mr. Kovaleski said that he met with Mr. Trump repeatedly</strong> when he was a reporter for <em>The Daily News</em> covering the developer&rsquo;s business career in the late 1980s, before joining <em>The Post</em>. &ldquo;Donald and I were on a first-name basis for years,&rdquo; Mr. Kovaleski said. &ldquo;I&rsquo;ve interviewed him in his office,&rdquo; he added. &ldquo;I&rsquo;ve talked to him at press conferences. All in all, I would say around a dozen times, I&rsquo;ve interacted with him as a reporter while I was at <em>The Daily News</em>.&rdquo;</p> </blockquote> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Donald Trump again:</a></p> <blockquote> <p><strong>I have the world's greatest memory.</strong> It's one thing everyone agrees on.</p> </blockquote> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Donald Trump yet again,</a> during the third Republican debate on October 28:</p> <blockquote> <p>BECKY QUICK: You had talked a little bit about Marco Rubio. I think you called him "Mark Zuckerberg&rsquo;s personal senator" because he was in favor of the H-1B visas.</p> <p>&nbsp;DONALD TRUMP: <strong>I never said that. I never said that.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>In fact, Trump had said exactly that in his own immigration plan <em>six weeks earlier</em>. There are legions of examples like this. Perhaps Trump's memory isn't quite as infallible as he thinks? Or maybe his memory is great but he's a serial liar? Decisions, decisions.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 27 Nov 2015 18:20:42 +0000 Kevin Drum 290731 at My Annual Black Friday Post — This Year With Global Updates! <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 10px 0px 5px 1px;"></p> <p>According to the retail industry, "Black Friday" is the day when retail profits for the year go from red to black. Are you skeptical that this is really the origin of the term? You should be. After all, the term <em>Black ___day</em>, in other contexts, has always signified something terrible, like a stock market crash or the start of the Blitz. Is it reasonable to think that retailers deliberately chose this phrase to memorialize their biggest day of the year?</p> <p>Not really. But to get the real story, we'll have to trace its origins back in time. Here's a 1985 article from the <em>Philadelphia Inquirer</em>:</p> <blockquote> <p>[Irwin] Greenberg, a 30-year veteran of the retail trade, says it is a Philadelphia expression. "It surely can't be a merchant's expression," he said. A spot check of retailers from across the country suggests that Greenberg might be on to something.</p> <p>"I've never heard it before," laughed Carol Sanger, a spokeswoman for Federated Department Stores in <strong>Cincinnati</strong>&hellip;"I have no idea what it means," said Bill Dombrowski, director of media relations for Carter Hawley Hale Stores Inc. in <strong>Los Angeles</strong>&hellip;From the National Retail Merchants Association, the industry's trade association in <strong>New York</strong>, came this terse statement: "Black Friday is not an accepted term in the retail industry&hellip;"</p> </blockquote> <p>Hmm. So as recently as 1985 it wasn't in common use nationwide. It was only in common use in Philadelphia. But why? If we go back to 1975, the <em>New York Times</em> informs us that it has something to do with the Army-Navy game. The <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 20px 15px 30px;">gist of the story is that crowds used to pour into Philadelphia on the Friday after Thanksgiving to shop, they'd stay over to watch the game on Saturday, and then go home. It was the huge crowds that gave the day its bleak name.</p> <p>But how old is the expression? When did it start? If we go back yet another decade we can find a Philly reference as early as 1966. An advertisement that year in the<em> American Philatelist</em> from a stamp shop in Philadelphia starts out: "'Black Friday' is the name which the Philadelphia Police Department has given to the Friday following Thanksgiving Day. It is not a term of endearment to them. 'Black Friday' officially opens the Christmas shopping season in center city, and it usually brings massive traffic jams and over-crowded sidewalks as the downtown stores are mobbed from opening to closing."</p> <p>But it goes back further than that. A couple of years ago I got an email from a Philadelphia reader who recalled the warnings she got from the older women at Wanamaker's department store <a href="" target="_blank">when she worked there in 1971:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>They warned me to be prepared for the hoards of obnoxious brats and their demanding parents that would alight from the banks of elevators onto the eighth floor toy department, all racing to see the latest toys on their way to visit Santa. The feeling of impending doom sticks with me to this day. <strong>The experienced old ladies that had worked there for years called it "Black Friday."</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>"For years." But how many years? Ben Zimmer collects some evidence that the term was already in common use by 1961 (common enough that Philly merchants were trying to change the term to "Big Friday"), and passes along an interview with Joseph Barrett, who recounted his role in popularizing the expression <a href="" target="_blank">when he worked as a reporter in Philadelphia:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>In 1959, the old <em>Evening Bulletin</em> assigned me to police administration, working out of City Hall. Nathan Kleger was the police reporter who covered Center City for the Bulletin. In the early 1960s, Kleger and I put together a front-page story for Thanksgiving and we appropriated the police term "Black Friday" to describe the terrible traffic conditions. Center City merchants complained loudly to Police Commissioner Albert N. Brown that drawing attention to traffic deterred customers from coming downtown. I was worried that maybe Kleger and I had made a mistake in using such a term, so I went to Chief Inspector Albert Trimmer to get him to verify it.</p> </blockquote> <p>So all the evidence points in one direction. The term originated in Philadelphia, probably sometime in the 50s, and wasn't in common use in the rest of the country until decades later. And it did indeed refer to something unpleasant: the gigantic Army-Navy-post-Thanksgiving day crowds and traffic jams, which both retail workers and police officers dreaded. The retail industry originally loathed the term, and the whole "red to black" fairy tale was tacked on sometime in the 80s by an overcaffeinated flack trying to put lipstick on a pig that had gotten a little too embarrassing for America's shopkeepers. The first reference that I've found to this usage <a href="" target="_blank">was in 1982,</a> and by the early 90s it had become the official story.</p> <p>And today everyone believes it, which is a pretty good demonstration of the power of corporate PR. But now you know the real story behind Black Friday.</p> <p><strong>UPDATE:</strong> Last year, the future of Black Friday was global domination. This year, the future of Black Friday is....<a href="" target="_blank">better decorum?</a></p> <blockquote> <p>Last year, British retail chains embraced Black Friday as a way to get a jump-start on the holiday shopping season. What followed was, as the Brits would say, a shambles....Now, retailers are following a different tack. Some are simply abandoning the shopfest. Others will still do Black Friday, despite the frenzy, because shoppers will be buying....But the day will be a bit more subdued. More refined. More, well, British.</p> <p>Walmart&rsquo;s Asda chain was among the first British merchants to adopt Black Friday in 2013, and it&rsquo;s leading the retreat. Its decision to drum up publicity at one London store last year backfired spectacularly when camera crews filmed hordes of shoppers barging through the doors and fighting over an inadequate number of cheap smartphones and video games. To prevent a repeat of the unseemly drama, Asda canceled Black Friday this year and will spread its discounting from November into January. &ldquo;Black Friday in its current guise has gone,&rdquo; says Asda Chief Executive Officer Andy Clarke. &ldquo;It will be interesting to see how many retailers continue it next year.&rdquo;</p> </blockquote> <p>I feel certain this is just a temporary setback. America may lead the world in displays of unfettered greed, but it's a universal human aspiration. It's just that it takes a little while to get used to an annual spectacle based on huge mobs of people trampling widows and orphans in order to get good deals on smartphones. But the Romans got used to it,<sup>1</sup> and it helped them forge an empire.</p> <p>Elsewhere, the American tradition of post-Thanksgiving shopping mobs is being imported as&nbsp;<em>Vendredi Noir</em>, <em>Viernes Negro</em>, and plain old English Black Friday. It has now made its way into Colombia, Bolivia, Ireland, Denmark, Sweden, South Africa, Nigeria, Lebanon, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Brazil, Costa Rica, Panama, Australia, India, and Mexico. Its foothold is still tentative, possibly because in these countries today is just another Friday. It's not even a day off work, as God intended. But fear not. Like Halloween, Black Friday is yet another vulgar American holiday that will soon wrap its clammy tentacles around households throughout the world.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>Though in their case, it was mobs of people rushing the&nbsp;<em>Mercatus Traiani</em> for Saturnalia deals on dormouse pie with oyster sauce.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Fri, 27 Nov 2015 13:00:14 +0000 Kevin Drum 290726 at Happy Thanksgiving! <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Aren't they cute when they're asleep? In reality, of course, they're just storing up energy for later. They will strike when all the humans are sated with turkey and don't have the energy to fight back.</p> <p>Happy Thanksgiving, everyone! And remember: no shopping today. Tomorrow is soon enough. Fight the power.</p> <p><img align="middle" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_hilbert_hopper_2015_11_26.jpg" style="margin: 15px 0px 5px 60px;"></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Thu, 26 Nov 2015 16:53:14 +0000 Kevin Drum 290721 at A Stunning Series of Screw-Ups Led to October's US Strike on an Afghan Hospital <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>The Pentagon has completed its investigation of the US attack on a hospital in Afghanistan operated by Doctors Without Borders, and it paints a grim picture. Gen. John Campbell, the top commander <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_msf_hospital_kunduz.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">in Afghanistan, delivered <a href="" target="_blank">a summary of the investigation today:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>According to the military's investigation, the special operations gunship had sought to attack a building suspected of being used as a base by Taliban insurgents, but the plane's onboard targeting system identified the coordinates as an open field. <strong>The crew decided to open fire on a nearby large building, not knowing that it was the Doctors Without Borders hospital.</strong></p> <p>....When the gunship flew closer, its targeting system "correctly aligned" with the intelligence building, not the hospital, <strong>but the crew ignored the system,</strong> he said. The AC-130 aircraft had launched more than an hour early <strong>"without conducting a normal mission brief"</strong> or receiving a list of locations that it was barred from attacking, including the hospital, he said.</p> <p>....A minute before the gunship started firing, the crew transmitted the coordinates of their target to their headquarters at Bagram Airfield, north of Kabul, giving the accurate location of the hospital, Campbell said. <strong>The headquarters "did not realize that the grid coordinates for the target matched a location on the no-strike list," he said.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>In summary: the gunship crew left without getting briefed. Their targeting system malfunctioned, so they decided to open fire on the nearest large building instead. When the targeting system later found the right building, the crew ignored it. And when they sent coordinates to headquarters, nobody there matched it up with their no-strike list.</p> <p>If this is the whole truth, it's a pretty stunning series of screw-ups. If it's not the whole truth, then something even worse happened. We may never know which.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 20:29:04 +0000 Kevin Drum 290716 at Why Did Democrats Lose the White South? <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Modern conservatives are oddly fond of pointing out that it was Democrats who were the party of racism and racists until half a century ago. There's always an implied "Aha!" whenever a conservative mentions this, as though they think it's some little-known quirk of history that Democrats try to keep hidden because it's so embarrassing.</p> <p>It's not, of course. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president, and Republicans were the face of Reconstruction and voting rights for blacks after the Civil War. Because of this, the South became solidly Democratic and stayed that way until World War II. But in the 1940s, racist white southerners gradually began defecting to the Republican Party, and then began defecting en masse during the fight over the 1964 Civil Rights Act.</p> <p>But wait: the 1940s? If Southern whites began defecting that early, then partisan changes in racial tolerance couldn't have been their motivation. Right?</p> <p>But it was. The Civil Rights movement didn't spring out of nothing in 1964, after all. Eleanor Roosevelt was a tireless champion of civil rights, and famously resigned from the DAR when they refused to allow singer Marian Anderson to perform at Constitution Hall in 1939. FDR was far more constrained by his need for Southern votes in Congress&mdash;and it showed in most New Deal <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_eleanor_roosevelt_marion_anderson.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 25px 0px 15px 30px;">programs&mdash;but the WPA gave blacks a fair shake and Harold Ickes poured a lot of money into black schools and hospitals in the South. In 1941 FDR signed a nondiscrimination order for the national defense industry&mdash;the first of its kind&mdash;and he generally provided African-Americans with more visibility in his administration than they had ever enjoyed before. After decades of getting little back from Republicans despite their loyal support, this was enough to make blacks a key part of the New Deal Coalition and turn them into an increasingly solid voting bloc for the Democratic Party.</p> <p>From a Southern white perspective, this made the Democratic Party a less welcoming home, and it continued to get less welcoming in the two decades that followed. Harry Truman integrated the military in 1948, and Hubert Humphrey famously delivered a stemwinding civil rights speech at the Democratic convention that year. LBJ was instrumental in passing the Civil Rights Act of 1957, while Republican Dwight Eisenhower was widely viewed&mdash;rightly or wrongly&mdash;as unsympathetic to civil rights during the 1950s.</p> <p>In other words, Southern whites who wanted to keep Jim Crow intact had plenty of reasons to steadily desert the Democratic Party and join the GOP starting around World War II. By the early 60s they were primed and ready to begin a massive exodus from the increasingly black-friendly Democratic Party, and exit they did. Barry Goldwater, the 1964 GOP nominee, refused to support the Civil Rights Act that year, and influential conservative thinkers like William F. Buckley were decidedly unfriendly toward black equality. This made the Republican Party more and more appealing to Southern white racists, and by 1968 Richard Nixon decided to explicitly reach out to them with a campaign based on states' rights and "law and order." Over the next two decades, the Democratic Party became ever less tolerant of racist sentiment and the exodus continued. By 1994, when Georgia Republican Newt Gingrich won a landslide victory in the midterm elections, the transition of the white South from solidly Democratic to solidly Republican was basically complete.</p> <p>This history is what makes the conservative habit of pointing out that Democrats were the original racists so peculiar. It's true, but it makes the transformation of the party even <em>more</em> admirable. Losing the South was a huge electoral risk, but Democrats took that risk anyway. That made it far more meaningful and courageous than if there had been no price to pay.</p> <p>Despite all this, conservatives still like to argue that the surge in Southern white support for the Republican Party was driven not by racism, but by other factors: economic growth; migration from other regions; and by the evolution of Democratic views on redistribution, free speech, abortion, and other issues. Unfortunately, it's hard to find quantitative data that can settle this dispute.</p> <p>But a couple of researchers recently found some: Gallup poll data starting in the late 50s that asks if you'd be willing to vote for a qualified presidential candidate who happened to be black. Respondents who answered no were coded (quite reasonably) as racially conservative. They then looked at differences between the Democratic Party ID of Southern whites who were and weren't racially conservative. <a href="" target="_blank">Here's their conclusion:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>We find that except for issues involving racial integration and discrimination, whites in the South and elsewhere have indistinguishable preferences on both domestic and foreign policy in the 1950s....We find no evidence that white Southerners who have negative views of women, Catholics or Jews differentially leave the Democratic party in 1963; <strong>the exodus is specific to those who are <em>racially</em> conservative.</strong> Finally, we <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_white_southern_dem_decline_1963_0.jpg" style="margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">find no role for Southern economic development in explaining dealignment.</p> </blockquote> <p>The charts on the right show one specific data point: JFK's televised civil rights speech of June 11, 1963. Among Southern whites, approval of JFK plummets right at that moment (top chart). And in the Gallup polls, racially conservative Southern whites leave the party in droves (bottom chart). This is not a steady decline. It's a sharp, sudden exodus at a specific moment in time.</p> <p>So: why did Democrats lose the white South? For the reason common sense and all the evidence suggests: because the party became too liberal on civil rights, and racist white Southerners didn't like it. Southern white flight from the party began in the 1940s, took a sharp dive in the early 60s, and continued to decline for several decades after as Democrats became ever more committed to black equality. This might not be the only reason for Southern realignment, but it's surely the most important by a long stretch.</p> <p>For more on both this study and the Southern Strategy of the Nixon era, <a href="" target="_blank">Wonkblog's Max Ehrenfreund has you covered.</a></p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 18:48:22 +0000 Kevin Drum 290651 at Marco Rubio Sure Does Have a Lot of (Very, Very) Secret Admirers <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>We all know that dark money is this year's hotness, right? So who's the king of dark money? It turns out the answer is Marco Rubio. Other candidates all have their Super PACs, but Super PACs disclose their donors. Rubio has the Conservative Solutions Project, a 501(c)(4) that doesn't. <a href="" target="_blank">And as Andrew Prokop points out,</a> CSP has been responsible for virtually all of the TV ads so far promoting Rubio.</p> <p>Wait&mdash;allow me to revise and extend. 501(c)(4) groups aren't allowed to promote candidates, so of course CSP isn't doing so. It's doing "issue education." Like this, for example:</p> <p><iframe align="middle" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="260" src="" style="margin: 15px 0px 15px 90px;" width="480"></iframe></p> <p>Can you feel the education? Sure you can! So far Rubio's buddies who run CSP have spent $8.4 million educating us about the problems facing America and the types of fresh, young, Cuban-American men who are leading the charge to solve them. For some reason though, none of the worthies involved in this issue education care to make their largesse public. I wonder what they've got to hide?</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 17:37:57 +0000 Kevin Drum 290691 at Russia Is Paying a Price for Vladimir Putin's Napoleon Complex <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Russia says its pilot received no warning before Turkey shot down one of its fighters on Tuesday. Turkey says it gave plenty of warning. <a href="" target="_blank">Here's the <em>New York Times</em> today:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>A United States military spokesman, Col. Steven Warren, <strong>confirmed on Tuesday that Turkish pilots had warned the Russian pilot 10 times, but that the Russian jet ignored the warnings</strong>....At the emergency NATO meeting, Turkish officials played recordings of the warnings Turkish F-16 pilots had issued to the Russian aircraft. The Russian pilots did not reply.</p> </blockquote> <p>The fact that the US says this doesn't automatically make it true. On the other hand, I wouldn't believe Vladimir Putin without checking for myself if he told me the sky was blue. So while it's entirely likely that both sides have been testing each other for the past couple of weeks, my best guess at this point is that Russia has flown over the Hatay peninsula repeatedly and been warned about it, but continued doing it anyway. This kind of provocation is pretty common in Putin's Russia. This time, though, he did it to a country headed by a guy much like himself, and he paid the price for it.</p> <p>So what happens now? <a href="" target="_blank">"We're not going to war against Turkey,"</a> the Russian foreign minister said today, but Russia will probably announce some kind of symbolic reprisal soon. And that will be that. Putin is discovering to his sorrow that Syria is not quite the same as Crimea or South Ossetia. It's all great when you can show off your shiny new cruise missiles on the nightly news, but this isn't a war that will be over in a few weeks because there's nobody to fight back. It's a never-ending quagmire, and there's not really much in it for Russia.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 17:05:54 +0000 Kevin Drum 290666 at President Obama Has a Different Job Than President Hollande <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Dana Milbank was unimpressed by the contrast Barack Obama made yesterday during his press conference with French president Fran&ccedil;ois Hollande. Hollande was animated and can-do about destroying <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_obama_hollande.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">ISIS, while Obama was....<a href="" target="_blank">a little more realistic about things:</a></p> <blockquote> <p><strong>Tough talk won&rsquo;t defeat terrorists &mdash; but it will rally a nation</strong>. It&rsquo;s no mere coincidence that the unpopular Hollande&rsquo;s support has increased during his forceful response to the attacks, while Obama&rsquo;s poll numbers are down.</p> <p>The importance of language was very clear at the White House on Tuesday, even in translation. There was little difference in their strategies for fighting the Islamic State, but Hollande was upbeat and can-do, while Obama was discouraging and lawyerly. It was as if the smoke-&rsquo;em-out spirit of George W. Bush had been transplanted into the body of a short, pudgy, bespectacled French socialist with wrinkled suit-pants.</p> <p>....Hollande spoke of a new era. &ldquo;There is a new mind-set now,&rdquo; Hollande said. &ldquo;And those who believed that we could wait&rdquo; now realize &ldquo;the risk is everywhere . . . . We, therefore, must act.&rdquo;</p> <p>Then came President Oh-bummer. &ldquo;Syria has broken down,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;And it is going to be a difficult, long, methodical process to bring back together various factions within Syria to maintain a Syrian state.&rdquo;</p> <p><strong>Maybe you can motivate people when you sound so discouraging. But it&rsquo;s hard.</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>Aside from the fact that Milbank is cherry picking a bit here, I think he misses a few things. First is the most obvious: France is the country that was just attacked. <em>Of course</em> its president is the more emotional one. Hollande would seem more emotional than pretty much anyone he was paired up with. Have you ever seen Angela Merkel at a press conference?</p> <p>Second, let's face facts: over the past year France has probably conducted no more than a few hundred airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq. It only started strikes against ISIS in Syria last month. When Hollande says "we must act," he's basically asking the United States to act.</p> <p>Third and most important: Obama isn't <em>trying</em> to rally a nation. Just the opposite, maybe. He's been down this road before, and he's well aware that revving up the public for a splendid little war requires no effort at all&mdash;especially during campaign season. When reporters demand to know why we can't just "take out the bastards," it's obvious that Obama has a different job than Hollande. He's not trying to rally a nation, he's trying to keep everyone grounded about exactly what we can do. And for that I say: good for him. It's harder and less satisfying than preaching fire and brimstone, but in the long run it's better for the country.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 15:53:15 +0000 Kevin Drum 290656 at Vandalized Mosques, Threats of Violence—Anti-Muslim Hate Crimes on the Rise <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>One day after the deadly terror attacks in Paris, a woman in Michigan went on Twitter and <a href="" target="_blank">threatened</a> to "send a message to ISIS." How? By violently targeting Dearborn, Michigan,&nbsp;a Detroit suburb where more than 40 percent of the population is of Arab ancestry. In response, the head of the FBI's Detroit&nbsp;office&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">announced an investigation</a> into a string of<strong>&nbsp;</strong>recent threats in the city. (Sarah Beebee, the woman who sent the tweet, publicly <a href="" target="_blank">apologized</a>.)</p> <p>Since the Paris attacks, there have been similar incidents across the United States, <a href="" target="_blank">from vandalized mosques to threats of violence</a>, rattling Muslim Americans.</p> <p>Based on the latest FBI hate crime figures, these incidents are on the rise. The most recent FBI data, released last Monday, <a href="" target="_blank">indicates</a> that hate crimes based on race, ethnicity, religious beliefs, or sexual orientation have dropped across the board&mdash;with the exception of crimes against Muslim Americans.&nbsp;In 2014, even as the total number of hate crimes dipped nearly 8 percent from the year before, anti-Muslim hate crimes rose 14 percent.&nbsp;</p> <p>While anti-Muslim incidents have risen, they trail behind incidents targeting Jewish Americans. Last year, 609 hate crime incidents were reported against Jews, the highest number of crimes based on religious beliefs&mdash;and four times the number of anti-Muslim crimes. As Christopher Ingraham at the <em>Washington Post</em> <a href="" target="_blank">points out</a>, these figures are likely undercounted, since police departments' participation in the FBI's crime assessment is voluntary and some departments track figures better than others.</p> <p class="rtecenter"><iframe frameborder="0" height="371" scrolling="no" seamless="" src=";format=interactive" width="624.5"></iframe>&acirc;&#128;&#139;</p> <p>Some bright spots can be found in the FBI data: Crimes against people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity dropped from 1,264 in 2013 to 1,115 in 2014. And recorded incidents against Hispanic and black Americans dipped nearly 13 percent and 10 percent, respectively.&nbsp;</p> <p class="rtecenter"><iframe frameborder="0" height="371" scrolling="no" seamless="" src=";format=interactive" width="623.51"></iframe>&acirc;&#128;&#139;</p> <p>The uptick in crimes against Muslim Americans, though, signals a troubling trend that lingers more than 15 years after the terror attacks on September 11, 2001. Ibrahim Hooper, a spokesman for the Council on American-Islamic Relations, <a href="" target="_blank">described</a> the climate in the aftermath of the Paris attacks as "increasingly bleak." "There's been an accumulation of anti-Islamic rhetoric in our lives and that, I think, has triggered these overt acts of violence and vandalism," he <a href="" target="_blank">recently told</a> the <em>Chicago Tribune</em>.&nbsp;</p> <p>Between 1996 and 2000, <a href="" target="_blank">according</a> to the <em>Washington Post</em>, the FBI recorded between 20 and 30 hate crime incidents against Muslim Americans. In 2001 alone, the figure skyrocketed to nearly 500. Even before the terrorist attacks in Paris, the number of anti-Muslim hate crime incidents remained roughly five times as high as it was before 9/11.&nbsp;</p></body></html> MoJo Charts Crime and Justice International Race and Ethnicity Religion Wed, 25 Nov 2015 11:00:36 +0000 Edwin Rios 290296 at The Case For Donald Trump Being a Liar Is Overwhelming <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>I've gotten some pushback on <a href="" target="_blank">my post</a> about calling Donald Trump's serial tall tales <em>lying</em>. The main objection is an obvious one: something is only a lie if you tell it knowingly. Trump tells lots of whoppers, but maybe he's just misinformed. Or, in cases like the Jersey City Muslims, <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_trump_shrugging.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">maybe he's convinced himself that he really saw them cheering on 9/11. There's no way to know for sure.</p> <p>This is true: we can't know <em>for sure</em>. But in Trump's case we can be <em>pretty damn sure</em>. After all, this hasn't happened once or twice or three times. It's happened dozens of times on practically a daily basis. He doesn't just tell these stories until somebody corrects him. He blithely keeps on telling them long after he must know they're untrue. And while memory can fail, Trump has, by my count, told at least seven separate stories based on his own memory for which there is either (a) no evidence or (b) directly contradictory evidence.<sup>1</sup> Some of them are for things that had happened only a few days or weeks before.</p> <p>If you're waiting for absolute, watertight, 100 percent proof of a knowing lie, you'll probably never get it. But the case in favor of Trump being a serial liar is overwhelming&mdash;and in the fallen world in which we live, this is how adults have to make judgments about people. Given the evidence at hand, there's simply no reasonable conclusion except one: Donald Trump is a serial liar.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>On my list of <a href="" target="_blank">Trump fabrications,</a> they are numbers 1, 6, 8, 13, 18, 19, and 26.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 03:06:28 +0000 Kevin Drum 290646 at Quote of the Day: Here's What the Republican Primary Has Come To <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Gideon Resnick shows us what the Republican primary <a href="" target="_blank">has come to:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>A Carson campaign official told CBS News on Sunday that the candidate has considered taking a trip to Asia, Africa, or Australia in order to do something &ldquo;eye-opening&rdquo; prior to the Iowa caucus in February....(Australia was likely in the mix because Carson says he spent time working there at Charles Gairdner Hospital in 1983, according to his autobiography <em>Gifted Hands</em>. <strong>The <em>Daily Beast</em> has reached out to the hospital to confirm.</strong>)</p> </blockquote> <p>A leading presidential candidate makes a simple, entirely plausible statement in his autobiography and yet a reporter feels like maybe he ought to make a call to double check it. Just in case. And I can't say that I blame him.</p> <p>(Fine: I'm being snarky. For the record, I believe that Carson really was there.)</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Wed, 25 Nov 2015 02:28:37 +0000 Kevin Drum 290641 at Purina Pet Food Is So Much More Disgusting Than We Even Knew <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>If you've ever purchased seafood or pet food from Nestl&eacute;, you may have unwittingly contributed to the abuse of migrant workers in Southeast Asia.</p> <p>On Monday, Nestl&eacute; <a href="" target="_blank">admitted</a> that it had found indications of forced labor, human trafficking, and child labor in its supply chain in Thailand, where the Switzerland-based company sources some of the seafood that it sells in supermarkets around the world, including in the United States. The findings came after an internal investigation that was launched by Nestl&eacute; in December last year, following <a href="" target="_blank">reports</a> by media and NGOs that linked the company's shrimp, prawns, and Purina brand pet foods with abusive working conditions.</p> <p>Many of the workers in question are migrants from Thailand's less developed neighbors, Burma and Cambodia, who are tricked into laboring on fishing boats after fleeing persecution and poverty at home, according to the Massachusetts-based nonprofit Verit&eacute;, which at Nestl&eacute;'s request interviewed workers at six of the company's production sites in Thailand. Workers "had been subjected to deceptive recruitment practices that started in their home countries, transported to Thailand under inhumane conditions, charged with excessive fees leading to debt bondage in some cases, exposed to exploitative and hazardous working conditions, and, at the time of assessment, were living under sub-par to degrading conditions," Verit&eacute; wrote in <a href="" target="_blank">its report</a>.</p> <p>But Nestl&eacute; isn't the only one with a tainted supply chain: The mistreatment of migrants is systematic in Thailand's fishing sector, Verit&eacute; found, meaning that other American and European companies that buy seafood from the country are likely complicit in similar labor abuses. These abuses have been highlighted by the US State Department, which last year downgraded Thailand to the lowest level in its <a href="" target="_blank">annual report</a> on human trafficking, and they underpin <a href="" target="_blank">several lawsuits</a> that have been filed recently against retailers including Nestl&eacute; and Costco Wholesale Corp. Steve Berman, managing partner of the law firm Hagens Berman, which in August filed a class-action lawsuit against Nestl&eacute;, <a href="" target="_blank">told the <em>New York Times</em></a> that the company's report on Monday was "a step in the right direction," but added that "our litigation will go forward because Nestl&eacute; Purina still fails to disclose on its products, as is required by law, that slave labor was used in its making."</p> <p>For its part, Nestl&eacute; has vowed to publish a strategy to protect workers in Thailand, including by bringing in outside auditors and training boat owners about human rights. "This will be neither a quick nor an easy endeavour, but we look forward to making significant progress in the months ahead," Magdi Batato, Nestl&eacute;&rsquo;s executive vice president in charge of operations, said in a <a href="" target="_blank">statement</a>.</p></body></html> Blue Marble Food and Ag Human Rights International Wed, 25 Nov 2015 01:16:53 +0000 Samantha Michaels 290616 at Police Just Released Dashcam Footage of the Laquan McDonald Shooting <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>On Tuesday, Chicago officials released the dashcam footage from the <a href="" target="_blank">shooting of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald</a>. The video&rsquo;s release came hours after state prosecutors charged Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke <a href="" target="_blank">with first-degree murder</a> in McDonald&rsquo;s shooting last October, reportedly becoming the first cop in the city to face such charges in nearly 35 years.</p> <p>The video, posted below, is disturbing. (<strong>WARNING: </strong>Seriously, watch at your own discretion.)</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>In April, the city of Chicago paid McDonald&rsquo;s family $5 million, before any lawsuit was formally filed.</p> <p>The footage and a bond hearing early Tuesday <a href="" target="_blank">revealed details</a> that differed from the initial police narrative of events. Police previously said they had found McDonald in the street slashing a car&rsquo;s tires, and that when ordered to drop his knife, he walked away. After a second police car arrived and police tried to block McDonald&rsquo;s path, police said, McDonald punctured a police car&rsquo;s tires. When officers got out of the car, police officials alleged McDonald lunged at them with the knife and Van Dyke, who feared for his life, shot him.</p> <p>Instead, the footage shows McDonald, who was carrying a knife, ambling away from police as Van Dyke and his partner get out of their car. Van Dyke then unloads a barrage of bullets on the teen about six seconds after then. The <em>Chicago Tribune</em> <a href="" target="_blank">reported</a> that according to prosecutors, Van Dyke fired 16 rounds at McDonald in 14 or 15 seconds and was told to hold his fire when he began to reload his weapon. For about 13 of those seconds, McDonald is on the ground.</p> <p>At a press conference on Tuesday, Cook County State&rsquo;s Attorney Anita Alvarez <a href="" target="_blank">described</a> the video as "deeply disturbing" and told reporters that Van Dyke&rsquo;s actions "were not justified and were not a proper use of deadly force."</p> <p>A judge had ordered the video&rsquo;s release by Wednesday, but Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy announced that the city would release the video a day early. "The officer in this case took a young man's life and he's going to have to account for his actions," McCarthy told reporters. Van Dyke could face between 20 years and life in prison if convicted.</p> <p>"With these charges, we are bringing a full measure of justice that this demands," Alvarez said. &nbsp;</p> <p>Van Dyke's attorney Daniel Herbert <a href="" target="_blank">questioned</a> whether the case amounted to a murder case and <a href="" target="_blank">believed</a> the shooting was justified. Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel asked for calm after the video&rsquo;s release. "Jason Van Dyke will be judged in the court of law," Emanuel told reporters. "That's exactly how it should be." In a statement through attorneys, McDonald&rsquo;s family reiterated a call for peace and said they would have preferred for the video not to be released.</p> <p>"No one understands the anger more than us, but if you choose to speak out, we urge you to be peaceful," the family said. "Don&rsquo;t resort to violence in Laquan&rsquo;s name. Let his legacy be better than that."</p></body></html> MoJo Crime and Justice Race and Ethnicity Wed, 25 Nov 2015 00:18:35 +0000 Ben Dreyfuss and Edwin Rios 290626 at The Staples Singers Will Revive You With These Gospel and Soul Classics <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p><strong>The Staple Singers<br><em>Faith &amp; Grace: A Family Journey 1953-1976</em><br> Stax/Concord</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Not for gospel buffs only, the Staple Singers could make even a confirmed heathen feel blessed by the Holy Spirit. Featuring Roebuck "Pops" Staples and his children Mavis, Cleotha, and alternatively Pervis or Yvonne, the quartet evolved from local Chicago favorites to worldwide soul superstars over the course of a two-decade-plus run. Their sound drew its breathtaking beauty from the shimmering tremolo- and reverb-drenched guitar of Pops&mdash;a style his peers dubbed "nervous"&mdash;and the exuberant high harmonies of the four, with Mavis' powerhouse voice adding a thrilling jolt to the mix.</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Staple_Singers_Box_Set_Cover.jpg" style="height: 300px; width: 300px;"></div> <p>The earliest recordings on this fabulous four-disc set capture the Staples Singers at their most visceral. The live 16-minute medley "Too Close/I'm on My Way Home/I'm Coming Home/He's Alright" is downright hair-raising in its primal intensity. Curiously, the group's interaction with the like-minded folk movement of the early '60s resulted in some of their milder efforts in the form of a handful of Bob Dylan covers, although the lull was only temporary. Joining Stax Records in the late-'60s, they scored a series of secular-but-uplifting hits with foot-stomping songs like "Respect Yourself," "I&rsquo;ll Take You There," and "If You're Ready (Come Go with Me)."</p> <p>Pops passed away in 2000, but Mavis is still going strong today. In any case, <em>Faith &amp; Grace</em> testifies to their illustrious achievements.</p></body></html> Mixed Media Music Tue, 24 Nov 2015 23:57:50 +0000 Jon Young 290116 at The Big Problem With Electric Cars: They're Too Reliable <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Matt Richtel has an intriguing article today in the <em>New York Times</em> about electric cars. The question is: why aren't they selling better? Is it because they have weak performance? Because they can <img align="right" alt="" class="image image-_original" src="/files/blog_electric_car.jpg" style="border: 1px solid black; margin: 20px 0px 15px 30px;">only go a hundred miles on a charge? Because they're expensive?</p> <p>Those are all issues.<sup>1</sup> But it turns out that people who want to buy an electric car anyway have a hard time <a href="" target="_blank">getting dealerships to sell them one:</a></p> <blockquote> <p>Kyle Gray, a BMW salesman, said he was personally enthusiastic about the technology, but...the sales process takes more time because the technology is new, cutting into commissions....Marc Detsch, Nissan&rsquo;s business development manager for electric vehicles said some salespeople just can&rsquo;t rationalize the time it takes to sell the cars. <strong>A salesperson &ldquo;can sell two gas burners in less than it takes to sell a Leaf,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;It&rsquo;s a lot of work for a little pay.&rdquo;</strong></p> <p><strong>He also pointed to the potential loss of service revenue. &ldquo;There&rsquo;s nothing much to go wrong,&rdquo; Mr. Deutsch said of electric cars.</strong> &ldquo;There&rsquo;s no transmission to go bad.&rdquo;....Jared Allen, a spokesman for the National Automobile Dealers Association, said there wasn&rsquo;t sufficient data to prove that electric cars would require less maintenance. But he acknowledged that service was crucial to dealer profits and that dealers didn&rsquo;t want to push consumers into electric cars that might make them less inclined to return for service.</p> </blockquote> <p>I suppose this makes sense. And to all this, you can add the fact that none of these cars can fly. There are so many hurdles to overcome before we make it into the Jetson's future we were all promised.</p> <p><sup>1</sup>We are, of course, talking about the non-Tesla market here.</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Tue, 24 Nov 2015 22:11:52 +0000 Kevin Drum 290601 at China Is Absolutely Destroying the US on Clean Energy <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>When world leaders convene on Monday in Paris for two weeks of high-stakes climate negotiations, one of the top items on the agenda will be how developing nations should prepare for and help to slow global warming. Opponents to President Barack Obama's climate agenda, such as<strong> </strong>GOP presidential contender Marco Rubio, <a href="" target="_blank">like to argue</a> that anything the United States does to curb greenhouse gas emissions will be pointless because countries like India and China aren't doing the same.</p> <p>But <a href="" target="_blank">new data</a> from Bloomberg New Energy Finance shows that this argument is just hot air: For the first time ever, over the last year the majority of global investment in clean energy projects was spent in developing countries. In fact, clean energy investment in China alone outpaced that in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France <em>combined</em>, BNEF found. Across <a href="" target="_blank">55 major</a> non-<a href="" target="_blank">OECD</a> countries, including India, Brazil, China, and Kenya, clean energy investment reached $126 billion in 2014, a record high and 39 percent higher than 2013 levels.&nbsp;</p> <p>The chart below shows how that level of investment is opening up a market for wind, solar, and other clean energy projects in non-OECD countries that is now larger than the market in the traditional strongholds of the United States and Europe. In other words, the very countries Rubio likes to malign as laggards are actually leading the charge.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/total.jpg"><div class="caption">BNEF</div> </div> <p>That trend is likely to continue for decades to come, BNEF found. Check out their projection for growth through 2040:</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/power-shift.jpg"><div class="caption">BNEF</div> </div> <p>These numbers add up to a big deal for the climate, because they show that countries in Africa and Southeast Asia that still lack reliable electricity for millions of people are solving that problem, and growing their economies, without relying on dirty fossil fuels. China, to be clear, is still the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, and it doesn't plan to <a href="" target="_blank">peak its emissions until 2030</a>. But its early commitment to clean energy means it can continue its rapid rate of growth with far less pollution than it would produce otherwise.</p> <p>The BNEF report is just the<strong> </strong>most recent good sign for the clean energy business. Big corporations in the United States <a href="" target="_blank">are signing contracts for a record amount</a> of clean energy for their data centers, warehouses, and other facilities. And the Paris talks are likely to send a jolt through the industry, as countries around the world redouble their commitments to get more of their power from renewable sources.</p> <p>Stay tuned for more news on this front as the talks unfold over the coming weeks.</p></body></html> Blue Marble Charts Climate Change Climate Desk Energy International Tue, 24 Nov 2015 21:13:29 +0000 Tim McDonnell 290591 at Donald Trump Is a Pathological Liar. It's Time to Stop Tiptoeing Around This. <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Let's take a look at a few headlines about Donald Trump lately:</p> <blockquote> <p><a href="" target="_blank">CNN:</a> Does Donald Trump <strong>transcend</strong> the truth?</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">New York Times:</a> Donald Trump&rsquo;s <strong>shortcuts and salesmanlike stretches</strong></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">ABC News:</a> Donald Trump gaining strength despite <strong>questionable</strong> comments</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">The Atlantic:</a> Donald Trump's <strong>fact-free</strong> weekend</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Washington Post:</a> Donald Trump is leading an increasingly <strong>fact-free</strong> 2016 campaign</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">NBC News:</a> Amid outcry, Trump continues campaign of <strong>controversy</strong></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">BBC:</a> Trump <strong>'wrong'</strong> in claiming US Arabs cheered 9/11 attacks</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">CBS New York:</a> Evidence supporting Trump&rsquo;s claim of Jersey City Muslims cheering on 9/11 is <strong>hard to come by</strong></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Business Insider:</a> Donald Trump declares massive victory on his <strong>widely disputed</strong> claim about 9/11</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Los Angeles Times:</a> When it comes to Syrian refugees and fighting Islamic State, Trump <strong>wings it</strong></p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">USA Today:</a> Trump defends tweet with <strong>faulty</strong> crime stats as 'a retweet'</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank">Fox News:</a> Trump tweet on black crime sets off <strong>firestorm</strong></p> </blockquote> <p>It's way past time for this stuff. You can call Trump's statements <em>lies</em> or <em>fabrications</em> or even <em>falsehoods</em> if you insist on being delicate about it. But you can't call them questionable or controversial or salesmanlike or disputed or even faulty. The man is a serial, pathological liar. Isn't it about time for the journalistic community to work up the courage to report this with clear eyes?</p></body></html> Kevin Drum Tue, 24 Nov 2015 19:35:45 +0000 Kevin Drum 290586 at