MoJo Blogs and Articles | Mother Jones Mother Jones logo en Can Bernie Sanders Take Yes for an Answer? <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>Bernie Sanders has won. Not the Democratic Party's presidential nomination. Another candidate in the race collected millions more votes and secured a majority of delegates. But Sanders, the independent socialist senator from Vermont who has spent most of his political career running <em>against</em> Democrats, has achieved a tremendous ideological triumph. He has pushed&mdash;or pulled&mdash;Hillary Clinton, that other candidate, and the entire Democratic Party in a progressive direction, while proving that his anti-corporate, big-money-bashing populism of the left can inspire millions.</p> <p>That's a big deal. A two-term senator who had a small national following and not much influence on Capitol Hill prior to his presidential crusade has become a policy king-maker. He now must ask whether what he has accomplished is good enough to allow him to turn to the task of defeating Donald Trump, the presumptive GOP nominee. Or does Sanders really believe he should continue his fight against Clinton and the party?</p> <p>On Tuesday, Sanders <a href="" target="_blank">told</a> <em>USA Today</em> that he was preparing for a clash at the Democratic convention next month&mdash;that is, if the party does not embrace his more progressive stances on the minimum wage, trade, and climate change. He was essentially threatening at least three more weeks of intra-party squabbling, while the Clinton campaign and the Democratic establishment want to devote their attention and resources to the existential battle against Trump. In another <a href="" target="_blank">interview</a> that day, Sanders, who has said he will vote for Clinton, declared that Clinton has not yet passed the litmus test to win his endorsement.</p> <p>Sanders, though, has said that he will do whatever it takes to prevent Trump from reaching the White House. But that does not yet include ending efforts that might distract Clinton and the party from that goal. And here's the thing: Sanders is still issuing something of a threat after he has succeeded in ensuring that the Democratic Party's platform will be the most progressive it has been in decades.</p> <p>Last weekend, the party's platform drafting committee&mdash;which included representatives from the Clinton and Sanders camps&mdash;approved its final version of the platform, which will be presented to the full platform committee in a week and then to the full convention in Philadelphia. By any measure, it was a win for the Sanders crowd. True, Sanders' crew did not prevail on all fronts; it failed to convince the committee to call for a fracking ban, a full repudiation of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and certain changes in US policy toward Israel. But Team Sanders bagged several impressive wins.</p> <p>The <a href="" target="_blank">draft platform</a> calls for raising the hourly minimum wage to $15 and abolishing the death penalty. (No previous Democratic platform has taken this position on state executions.) It urges the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit and a "modernized version" of Glass-Steagall, the tossed-aside law that once prevented traditional banks from engaging in risky actions that threaten the wider economy. It proposes a surtax on multi-millionaires and an expansion of Social Security. It reaffirms that health care is a right. It commits the United States to running entirely on clean energy by mid-century and champions Planned Parenthood. It calls for ending the "era of mass incarceration" and supporting states that choose to decriminalize marijuana.</p> <p>The platform is not entirely The World According to Bernie. But it's a helluva lot closer to that than any political observer would have guessed a year ago. The influence of Sanders' folks on the drafting committee&mdash;including scholar Cornel West, environmentalist Bill McKibben, and Rep. Keith Ellison of Minnesota&mdash;is rather obvious. They have steered the party to the left.</p> <p>Sanders now faces a stark calculation: Are the policy gains that could be obtained by continuing the fight to Sandersize the platform worth the potential discord that could come from not closing ranks with Clinton to combat Trump? To pocket additional wins, Sanders has to threaten floor fights and debates that could suck up time and attention at the convention. It seems probable that Sanders will eventually come around and lead as many of his supporters as possible to vote for Clinton. Yet he is drawing out this process and needling the Clinton camp. To what end? Will he win platform fights on trade, the Middle East, and other matters at the convention? Maybe, but he won't have a majority of the delegates. And what will be the cost of such battles? Also, to what degree does the platform truly matter? How many presidents or legislators feel beholden to a platform? It is also conceivable that should Sanders lead an all-out battle on these subjects, the final outcome could be disappointing to his supporters. If Sanders does not win these squabbles, some of his voters might then feel less inclined to be with her.</p> <p>Sanders has reshaped the party and its platform in a stunning fashion, and he deserves much credit for that. But he appears to want to go further. At this stage, attempting that could hinder the effort to unify the party and focus it on the No. 1 job of stopping Trump. Clinton partisans are <a href="" target="_blank">obviously eager</a> for Sanders to declare victory and to fixate on defeating Trump. That's natural; they've had enough of Sanders and don't want to be bothered further. But he has his own reasons to claim success and to become a full partner in Clinton's anti-Trump endeavor. <a href="" target="_blank">With Trump posing a serious threat</a> to much of what progressives hold dear, Sanders and his backers, as they weigh whether to keep fighting the Dems for additional policy gains, might want to keep in mind that doing so could become a drag on the campaign against Trump and also tarnish the brilliant win Sanders has already attained. After all, a more progressive Democratic Party platform will mean little, if Trump seizes the White House.</p></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:13 +0000 David Corn 308081 at Trump Delegates: We're Bringing Guns to Cleveland <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>As the Republican convention in Cleveland approaches, several delegates from Pennsylvania who support Donald Trump say they are planning on bringing their guns with them to the GOP gathering. Why? They say they are worried about possible violent protest and even an attack from ISIS.</p> <p>James Klein, a pro-Trump delegate from the Harrisburg area, notes that guns won't be needed inside the convention hall and that delegates won't be allowed to bring in weapons. "But," he adds, "there's the hotels. There's going to be dinners."</p> <p>So Klein, an insurance executive and economist, has decided to come armed to Cleveland, and he has urged his fellow delegates to do the same. "We're talking about ISIS," he remarks, citing the recent shooting in Orlando and the bombings at the Istanbul airport. Referring to protesters outside Trump rallies, he adds, "We're talking about people who have shown a propensity for violence."</p> <p>"There are a whole bunch of things happening: You go to various events, receptions, whatever, outside the convention hall," says Ash Khare, a delegate from the northwest corner of the state who applied for a concealed carry permit in preparation for Cleveland. "And you walk on the streets and, you know, people know that you are a delegate, and who knows what the crazy people are going to do? So you've got to be vigilant about what's going on and prepare yourself."</p> <p>Marc Scaringi, another Trump delegate from the Harrisburg area, says that in the past few weeks there have been many emails exchanged among the Pennsylvania delegates discussing whether to bring weapons to Cleveland.</p> <p>A lifelong member of the NRA who carries a gun every day, Klein notes he is particularly concerned about the threat of international terrorism. "I'm not a terrorist, okay, but I'm an academic and a theorist and I would think that if I were an ISIS guy that I might want to attack the Republican National Convention," he says.</p> <p>Klein continues: "People will attack you at your weakest, at your softest." That is, he explains, attacks are not likely to occur at the convention hall but elsewhere in the city where police and Secret Service officers are unlikely to stop an attack.</p> <p>Khare expects to receive his concealed carry permit in a few days. Then he plans to obtain training from the local sheriff's department before buying a gun. But he stresses that having a concealed carry weapon is not about stirring up trouble: "You gotta have a proper mindset and the proper training. You don't go out to act like a warrior&hellip;This is just in case you get into a situation where you can make a difference."</p> <p>Scaringi hasn't yet decided if he will bring his gun, citing logistical concerns about where to store it. "If you can't have the firearm in the convention, then you really can't take it, because what do you do with it?" he says. "I don't think there's going to be any firearms locker room. That's really the only thing preventing me from saying, 'Yeah, I'm going to go ahead and carry.'"</p> <p>Scaringi also points to the <a href="" target="_blank">violence</a> that occurred at a Trump event in San Jose, California, in early June. Anti-Trump protesters punched the candidate's supporters, jumped on cars, and <a href="" target="_blank">threw eggs</a> at a female Trump supporter. "I think this is going to be the most riotous political convention since 1968, and maybe even more so," he predicts. "In addition to just your average political protester, you're going to get serious people here who want to do harm and want to create mayhem."</p></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Donald Trump Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:13 +0000 Pema Levy 308086 at Watch: Former Guards and a Prisoner Recall Life in a Private Prison <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>In December 2014, <em>Mother Jones </em>senior reporter Shane Bauer started a job as a corrections officer at a Louisiana prison run by the Corrections Corporation of America (CCA), the country's second-largest private prison company. Read Bauer's gripping firsthand account of his four months as a prison guard <a href="" target="_blank">here</a>. His investigation is also the subject of a <a href="" target="_blank">six-part video series</a>.</p> <p>Below are three extended interviews that go deeper into the lives of two former guards and a former prisoner that Bauer met at Winn Correctional Center. In the first video, Jennifer Calahan talks about the challenges she faced and sacrifices she made when she worked long hours as a prison guard:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src=";showinfo=0" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Life in prison was a matter of survival, explains "Corner Store," a recently released Winn inmate. (He asked that his nickname be changed.) He sits by the Mississippi River and recalls the violence and sexual assaults he witnessed behind bars.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src=";showinfo=0" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Dave Bacle, who was Shane Bauer's work partner when he was at Winn, explains why guards felt unequipped to confront dangerous incidents inside the prison:</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src=";showinfo=0" width="630"></iframe></p></body></html> Politics Video Investigations Prisons Top Stories Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:12 +0000 James West 308076 at The ACLU Is Suing to Bring Abortion Rights to Migrant Girls <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>The American Civil Liberties Union <a href="" target="_blank">filed a lawsuit</a> against the Department of Health and Human Services last<strong> </strong>week, alleging that the government agency knowingly gave millions of dollars to religious organizations with a record of denying contraception and abortion services to unaccompanied minors&mdash;most of whom are fleeing violence&mdash;in their care. This is the latest in a string of lawsuits the ACLU has filed against HHS and several Catholic organizations over the last year for refusing to provide access to reproductive services, despite government rules mandating them to do so.</p> <p>Under federal law, HHS is <a href="" target="_blank">required to ensure</a> that unaccompanied minors are "promptly placed in the least restrictive setting that is in the best interest of the child,"<strong> </strong>a program that is managed through the agency's Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). Border patrol officers refer minors arrested at the border to ORR, after which ORR places them in facilities throughout the state and is supposed to provide them with a <a href="" target="_blank">number of services</a>, including access to legal help, education, and physical and mental health care. If children experience sexual assault while in federal custody,<strong> </strong>the ACLU notes, HHS is also required to provide "unimpeded access to emergency medical treatment, crisis intervention services, emergency contraception, and sexually transmitted infections prophylaxis."</p> <p>That turns out to be a problem, because religiously affiliated organizations that receive grants from HHS, such as the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, which operates numerous Catholic charities across the country, have explicitly objected to and forbidden their subcontractors from providing access to abortion and contraception. This isn't the first time HHS and USCCB have come under scrutiny over the religious organization's refusal to provide reproductive health services to women. In 2012, <a href="" target="_blank">USCCB lost one of its human trafficking grants</a> with HHS because it refused to comply with new regulations requiring it to provide contraception and abortion. In December 2013, the ACLU <a href="" target="_blank">filed suit against USCCB</a> on behalf of a woman who had a miscarriage and was denied treatment at a hospital operating under one of USCCB's directives. Nonetheless, HHS approved grants of nearly $30 million to USCCB in fiscal year 2014, according to federal audit filings, of which nearly $9 million was for unaccompanied minors.</p> <p>In one case presented in the ACLU's <a href="" target="_blank">complaint</a>, Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston, a charity that operates a number of federal programs for unaccompanied minors and refugees, stated in its 2014-15 grant application that it did not discuss family-planning practices with its clients and, <a href="" target="_blank">due to its philosophy and policies,</a> encouraged abstinence. HHS approved the grant anyway, according to the ACLU. Federal audit filings show that from 2012 to 2014, HHS gave the group more than $16 million for its unaccompanied-minors program alone. &nbsp;</p> <p>The ACLU argues that by continuing to give grants to USCCB and its subcontractors, HHS is favoring religious institutions and allowing them to flout these minimum requirements for the care of unaccompanied minors. Additionally, it's also authorizing practices with "extraordinary consequences" for young women in federal custody.</p> <p>"These young women in particular have an acute need for reproductive health care because they've experienced abuse and torture on their way to the country and in the US," Jennifer Chou, an attorney with the ACLU of Northern California, told <em>Mother Jones</em>. "When they arrive, they're alone and afraid and abused, and the very last thing we should be doing is denying them critical medical services."</p> <p>More than 30,000 unaccompanied minors were referred to ORR custody during the last fiscal year. Most of them were boys over the age of 14, but the number of girls crossing the border has <a href="" target="_blank">steadily increased</a>. Girls now account for about <a href="" target="_blank">a third of all unaccompanied minors</a> in detention. Though there are no exact numbers on the prevalence of sexual assault among unaccompanied minors, nonprofit groups such as Amnesty International have reported that <a href="" target="_blank">girls are at serious risk</a> of being sexually assaulted or raped during their journeys over the border.</p> <p>Chou says at least 24 women have requested abortions over the last five years, but that the number only reflected cases where women were referred to ORR for reproductive services. Michelle Bran&eacute;, director of the Migrant Rights and Justice Program at the <a href="" target="_blank">Women's Refugee Commission</a>, a New York-based nonprofit focused on women and children's rights, says these numbers are not insignificant. "Reproductive services are really critical for this population," said Bran&eacute;. "We know that many encounter gender-based violence on their journey and are at risk for it when they get here." Timing is also an important factor, says Bran&eacute;, since girls often discover that they're pregnant only once they're in custody, and "you don't know how long it's been since they became pregnant."</p> <p>"They really have no outside support, and they don't have access to much outside services, so limiting their access can be really problematic," she continued.</p> <p>Through a FOIA request, the ACLU obtained documents that revealed several instances of women being shuttled from one shelter to another because they had requested abortions. In one example, the ACLU described "Rosa," a 17-year-old woman who was raped on her journey to the United States. After discovering that she was pregnant, she threatened to commit suicide and was hospitalized for suicidal ideation, but upon her release she was denied re-entry to the Catholic Charities facility that had initially housed her. Another religiously affiliated charity also refused to accept her. Rosa was eventually transferred to another facility and received an abortion, according to the ACLU's complaint.<strong> </strong></p> <div class="DC-note-container" id="DC-note-305373">&nbsp;</div> <script src="//"></script><script> dc.embed.loadNote('//'); </script><noscript> <a href="">View note</a> </noscript> <p>In another case presented in the complaint, ORR wanted to transfer one 17-year-old to a facility on the East Coast, Youth for Tomorrow, so she could be near her siblings. ORR decided against it because of the group's religious stance. "YFT would be unable to take this youth," one ORR official <a href="" target="_blank">wrote</a>. "YFT is a religious organization and is pro-life. I just had a UAC [unaccompanied minor] who requested that she wanted to terminate her pregnancy and I had to transfer her due to YFT's position on abortion."</p> <p>By transferring women to other shelters, the ACLU argues, HHS "<a href="" target="_blank">facilitated in ostracizing women</a>" and uprooted them from their support networks and legal representation. When abortion became an issue, providers placed women at shelters based on her request for the procedure, rather than her best interests, which might be informed by other, long-term needs.</p> <script src="//"></script><script> dc.embed.loadNote('//'); </script><noscript> <a href="">View note</a> </noscript> <p>Bran&eacute;<strong> </strong>acknowledged, however, that ORR was in a "difficult situation" because "Catholic contracts are a big percentage of the beds that they use, of the spaces they have to care for the kids." The organization faces<strong> </strong>"increasing pressure to get more space as numbers have gone up, and it's tricky for them to potentially not have those contracts," she said.</p> <p>A spokeswoman from USCCB says the organization does not comment on pending litigation. Mark Weber, a spokesman from HHS, also said he could not comment on the suit, but he noted that HHS partners with faith-based organizations because "they have years and years of demonstrated services in helping people in different situations, with infrastructures in place."&nbsp;</p> <p>"Anyone in this country is allowed to apply for a grant, and if your applications meet the grant requirements, the grantees are selected," Weber says. "It's a standard approach for many government programs."&nbsp;</p> <p>Chou,<strong> </strong>from the ACLU, says the ACLU isn't trying to prevent USCCB from applying for grants or providing services in the future: "What we're asking from the court is that all federal government grantees follow the law and provide all the necessary and required care that they're supposed to. We understand freedom of religion is an important constitutional right, but religious liberty does not give you the right to impose your beliefs on a vulnerable population."</p></body></html> Politics Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:11 +0000 Kanyakrit Vongkiatkajorn 307981 at These BBQ Stats Will Make You King of the Cookout <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQtop.jpg"><div class="caption"><a class="ng-binding" href="" id="contributor-name" target="_self">oneinchpunch/istock</a></div> </div> <p>People have been barbecuing in the Americas since long before the United States existed. In 1526, Spanish explorer Gonzalo Fern&aacute;ndez de Oviedo y Vald&eacute;s used the word "barbacoa" to describe frames that South American tribes used to cook their meat. Two and a half centuries later, in 1773, George Washington&mdash;who had a large smokehouse at Mount Vernon&mdash;wrote of hosting "a Barbicue of my own giving at Accatinck."</p> <p>Now, of course, we're all doing it.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQCards1-01.jpg"></div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQ2016%5B1%5D-02_0.jpg"></div> <p>These, of course, are not good days to be a farm animal&mdash;particularly a farm animal whose parts end up as hot dogs.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQ2016%5B1%5D-03.jpg"></div> <p>Speaking of which, just in case you think you might ever have a shot at winning Coney Island's annual Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest, consider the competition this weekend:</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQCard4-04.jpg"></div> </div> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p>Fun stuff. But there are environmental and health costs to our grilling habits. The Environmental Protection Agency offers these equivalents of the amount of carbon that would be released into the atmosphere if we all fired up our 'cues on July Fourth.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQ2016%5B1%5D-05.jpg"></div> <p>Holy cow meat! On the other hand, you've got to cook the stuff sufficiently. According to the US Department of Agriculture, one out of every four hamburgers turns brown before it's been cooked to a safe internal temperature.</p> <p>Then again&mdash;so many conundrums!&mdash;cooked meat contributes to our cancer risk. The good news is that Portuguese and Spanish researchers have found that soaking pork chops in beer before grilling them reduces carcinogens in the cooked meat. Which is also good news because it means...more beer. But here are the sobering facts.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQCard6-06.jpg"></div> </div> </div> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQStatCard7-07.jpg"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>Fires and the grim reaper aren't the only nasty things in store this holiday weekend.</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQ2016%5B1%5D-08.jpg"></div> <p>So quit chewing on your grill brush. And finally, as every American should know, being <em>this</em> stupid is downright un-American:</p> <div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/BBQ2016%5B1%5D-09.jpg"></div> <p>Happy birthday, United States of America!</p></body></html> Environment Climate Change Health Top Stories July 4 Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:11 +0000 Mother Jones 308021 at This Is What Happens When Big Food Gets Cozy with Nutritionists <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><em>Another episode of</em> Bite<em>, our food politics podcast, is out today and available for download. You can find it along with our <a href="" target="_blank">previous episodes here</a>, or by subscribing in <a href="" target="_blank">iTunes</a>, <a href="" target="_blank">Stitcher</a>, or via <a href="" target="_blank">RSS</a>. </em></p> <p>It's hard to trust nutritionists when they're in cahoots with corporations,<strong> </strong>and it happens more often than you think. <a href="" target="_blank">McDonald's</a> catered and sponsored a statewide nutritionists' convention in California in 2014. Last year, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics put the first "Kids Eat Right" seal on Kraft Singles, the American cheese snack that isn't more than 51 percent <a href="" target="_blank">real cheese</a>. The Academy and Kraft Foods have a three-year <a href="" target="_blank">partnership</a>.</p> <p>Although the corporate influence on our daily diets seems inescapable, nutritionists like Andy Bellatti's aim to fight it. A former student of New York University's <a href="" target="_blank">Marion Nestle</a>, the author of <em>Food Politics, </em>Bellatti wrote the blog <em><a href="" target="_blank">Small Bites</a></em> for six years before becoming an expert voice on corporate sponsorship of nutrition. He is the founder of the <a href="" target="_blank">Dietitians for Professional Integrity</a> and this week's guest on <em>Bite, </em>where he unpacks instances when nutrition science has blurred with food marketing.</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" height="161" src="/files/ABphoto2.jpg" width="269"><div class="caption"><strong>Fed up with corporate influence on nutritionists, Andy Bellatti founded Dietitians for Professional Integrity in 2013. </strong>Photo courtesy of</div> </div> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%">&nbsp;</div> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%">&nbsp;</div> <link href="" media="screen" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><div class="art19-web-player awp-medium awp-theme-dark-orange" data-episode-id="3619dd95-425a-40d1-b5ee-dead53e6b52c">&nbsp;</div> <script src="" type="text/javascript"></script><p>Bellatti isn't just after the big guys. He<strong> </strong>has appeared on <a href="http://" target="_blank"><em>HuffPo </em></a>and in the<em> <a href="" target="_blank">Chicago Tribune</a>. </em>He's dispelled myths about tryptophan for <a href="" target="_blank"><em>Life Hacker</em></a>, Bulletproof coffee for <em><a href="" target="_blank">Food Navigator,</a></em> and <a href="" target="_blank">bone broth</a> for <em>Mother Jones</em>. Other diet trends that drive Bellatti bonkers? Liquid juice meals, organic Gatorade, and Sun Chips.</p> <p>"PepsiCo sells [Sun Chips] as if it were a health elixir just because they have three grams of fiber in them," Bellatti tells <em>Bite</em> host Kiera Butler. "It's still a chip&mdash;there's nothing particularly healthy about them."</p> <p>But it's not all bad. When it comes to<strong> </strong>Paleo, the most-Googled diet of 2013 that promotes eating like our cavemen ancestors, Bellatti says there's at least one<strong> </strong>positive takeaway: It promotes whole, real foods. On the other hand, that doesn't absolve it from other problems, especially its focus on protein. Hearkening back to the Atkins diet and its promotion of protein-laden meals, we're getting too concerned with not getting enough of something that is literally in every food, Bellatti says. And in doing so, we often ignore<strong> </strong>other ingredients that are added in.</p> <p>"Just because a protein bar has, you know, 30 grams of protein, you're supposed to ignore the sugar content, which is ridiculous," Bellatti says.</p> <p>But diet trends do help us see foods in a new light. One example is cereal: Traditionally thought of as a healthy staple of the American breakfast, the food has <a href="" target="_blank">decreased</a> in sales as people have grown more concerned about carbohydrates and added sugar. This is good news for Bellatti, since he considers cereal<strong> </strong>to be "low-fat cookies with vitamins sprinkled on." (Here's more on just how much sugar is in <a href="" target="_blank">your favorite kid cereal.</a>)</p> <p>Whether you're a fan of fast food, a kale-loving vegan, a Paleo follower, or a drunk-a-tarian like <a href="" target="_blank">this chef</a>, you'll want to listen to this week's episode to learn more about the tricky ways food marketing gets disguised as science.</p> <p><strong>Show Notes</strong></p> <ul><li>Tom Philpott gives his follow-up on <a href="" target="_blank">smoothies</a>: Is your green drink something you should worry about?</li> <li>How one poultry company is creating <a href="" target="_blank">an environment</a> where "chickens can act like chickens"</li> <li>The tasty, late-night treat Andy Bellatti whips up in less than one minute</li> <li>Maddie Oatman makes pancakes with two ingredients: egg and banana.</li> <li>Want to stay up-to-date on food politics? Follow <em>Bite</em> <a href="" target="_blank">on Twitter</a> for the latest.</li> </ul></body></html> Media Corporations Food Bite Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:10 +0000 Jenny Luna 307971 at How a Notorious Racist Inspired America’s National Parks <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><div class="inline inline-center" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/GRANT_Final_630.jpg"><div class="caption"><a href="" target="_blank">Jackie Ferrentino</a></div> </div> <p>I used to tune out when my father would go on about eminent domain: how his immigrant grandparents had built up a modest homestead with two houses, three grown children, and a flock of chickens on the banks of the Bronx River. And then, around 1913, how the government had seized the property to make way for the Bronx River Parkway. That the episode still rankled after almost a century just seemed like a manifestation of my father's cranky late-life conservatism.</p> <div class="inline inline-left" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Madison_Grant_315_0.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Madison Grant </strong><a href="" target="_blank">Wikimedia Commons</a></div> </div> <p>That was before I found out about Madison Grant.</p> <p>It's a name you should be hearing a lot this year because of the <a href="" target="_blank">centennial of the National Park Service</a>&mdash;in many ways a product of Grant's pioneering work as the greatest conservationist who ever lived, according to one early Park Service director, and a creator of "the park concept," in the words of another. But you probably won't hear Grant's name so much as whispered, because his peculiar line of thinking also helped lay the groundwork for the death camps of Nazi Germany.</p> <p>Born in 1865, Grant enjoyed a blue-blood Manhattan childhood thanks to his mother's family wealth and his father's reputation as a doctor and Civil War hero. At 16, he went to Germany for four years of private tutoring before coming back for Yale and then Columbia Law School.</p> <p>Grant was a handsome, urbane figure with a thick mustache and steady, deep-set eyes and a reputation as a ladies' man. He set up a Manhattan law office but rarely practiced. Nor did he ever hold public office, despite his keen political interests. Big-game hunting was his real passion, according to the definitive 2008 biography&nbsp;<a href=";btkr=1" target="_blank"><em>Defending the Master Race</em></a>, by historian Jonathan&nbsp;Spiro, and he recognized early on that reckless&nbsp;overhunting&nbsp;was driving many species to extinction. Wealth, social connections, and his sharp mind soon earned him membership among such early hunter-conservationists as Theodore Roosevelt, Gifford&nbsp;Pinchot, and George Bird Grinnell in a spectacularly influential little group called the Boone and Crockett Club.</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Yelp_290_0_0.jpg"><div class="caption"><strong>Happy B-Day, National Parks! Love, Yelp </strong> Illustration by Peter Ryan</div> </div> <p>By 1895, Grant was overseeing construction of the Bronx Zoo, dedicated to the preservation of North American species, and had founded its parent organization. (The Wildlife Conservation Society, as it's now known, likewise never mentions Grant's name.) Among his many other initiatives, Grant helped launch the campaign to stop the last of&nbsp;California's&nbsp;magnificent redwoods from being logged, worked to save the bison (restocking the Plains with bison from his zoo), and pushed for the creation of the Denali, Olympic, Everglades, and Glacier national parks.</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Yelpl_1_290_2.png"></div> <p>This legacy might sound like fodder for Park Service accolades and PBS documentaries, except for one problem: After 1908, Grant began extending his efforts on behalf of North America's native species to what he considered its "native American"&nbsp;people&mdash;not Indian tribes but northern Europeans, preferably "of Colonial descent."&nbsp;In 1916, he published&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank"><em>The Passing of the Great Race</em></a>&nbsp;to call attention to the plight of the "Nordics," a word he helped popularize. "Unlimited immigration" and intermarriage, he warned, were "sweeping the nation toward a racial abyss."</p> <p>The book was a 476-page pseudoscientific compendium of stereotypes. Black men were "a valuable element in the community" so long as they remained "willing followers who ask only to obey and to further the ideals and wishes of the master race." The Irish tended to be intellectually "inferior," and "the Slovak, the Italian, the Syrian and the Jew" were "social discards." Having seen New York City's Jewish population surge from 80,000 to more than a million in just 30 years, Grant was especially enraged at "being literally driven off the the swarms of Polish Jews."</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Yelp_2_290_1.png"></div> <p>Grant's book ought to have been a national scandal. But eugenics, the idea that human stock could be improved much like livestock, was then becoming almost an establishment religion. So&nbsp;<em>The Passing of the Great Race</em>&nbsp;was published by&nbsp;Scribner's&nbsp;and edited by Maxwell Perkins (who later edited F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway). The president of the American Museum of Natural History wrote the preface, and former President Theodore Roosevelt provided a blurb ("<a href=";pg=PA830&amp;dq=%22and+all+Americans+should+be+sincerely+grateful+to+you+for+writing+it%22&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ei=keNoT766NciEsAKw5s2FCQ&amp;ved=0CD4Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&amp;q=%22and%20all%20Americans%20should%20be%20sincerely%20grateful%20to%20you%20for%20writing%20it%22&amp;f=false" target="_blank">a capital book</a>").</p> <p>Grant parlayed his rising influence as a eugenicist into a series of punitive measures aimed at "inferior races and classes." The Bronx River Parkway, for instance, was originally about cleaning up a polluted river and adding a roadway through newly picturesque landscapes. But Grant's commission carefully planned the project to take out "the wrong sort of development"&mdash;"Italian shacks" like my great-grandfather's, and neighborhoods populated by "Negroes."</p> <div class="inline inline-right" style="display: table; width: 1%"><img alt="" class="image" src="/files/Yelp_3_290_2.png"><div class="caption"><strong>Inspired by Tim Murphy's <a href="" target="_blank">must-read post</a>, "I Can't Stop Reading One-Star Yelp Reviews of National Parks." </strong></div> </div> <p>Others lost far more than their homes under Grant's influence. Many states pursued his recommendation to apply mandatory sterilization "to an ever widening circle of social discards, beginning always with the criminal, the diseased and the insane and extending gradually to types which may be called weaklings." Grant was also key to the passage of a 1924 law restricting immigration by groups he deemed undesirable, including Asians and Arabs.</p> <p>When the Nazis established their compulsory sterilization program in 1933, they said they were following "<a href="" target="_blank">the American pathfinders Madison Grant</a>" and a Grant disciple,&nbsp;Lothrop&nbsp;Stoddard. Hitler once supposedly wrote to Grant to say his book had become "my Bible." Grant died in 1937, too soon to see his theories turned into mass murder. But among those he inspired was Karl Brandt, the physician behind the Nazi program of forced euthanasia. At Nuremberg, Brandt's lawyers presented&nbsp;<em>The Passing of the Great Race</em>&nbsp;as evidence that the Nazis had merely done what an American scholar had advocated.</p> <p>Conservationists would understandably rather forget all this. But it's worth remembering because the movement has always struggled with elitist and exclusionary elements in its ranks. Among other things, this country invented and exported worldwide the model of uninhabited national parks&mdash;together with its ugly corollary, forced removals of indigenous populations. It's also worth remembering Grant's history because minority groups remain vastly under-&shy;represented&mdash;just 22 percent of all visitors at last count&mdash;in our national parks, and <a href="" target="_blank">even more so</a> in the leadership of environmental agencies and nonprofits. To change that, the conservation movement needs to acknowledge that the ghost of Madison Grant still haunts the natural wonders he helped protect.</p></body></html> Environment Money in Politics Race and Ethnicity Regulatory Affairs Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:09 +0000 Richard Conniff 304951 at The Trump Files: In 2012, Trump Begged GOP Presidential Candidates to Be Civil <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p><em>Until the election, we're bringing you "The Trump Files," a daily dose of telling episodes, strange-but-true stories, or curious scenes from the life of presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump.</em></p> <p>There was once a time when Donald Trump wanted presidential candidates to be nice to one another.</p> <p>"The Republican candidates are getting very, very nasty with one another," said Trump in January 2012, during <a href=";index=52&amp;list=PLBB36D0C29844BEF8" target="_blank">one of his</a> <em>From the Desk of Donald Trump</em> YouTube videos. "It's gotta stop."</p> <p>This was four years before Trump called Ted Cruz "<a href="" target="_blank">a true lowlife</a>" and bashed "Little Marco" Rubio as a "<a href="" target="_blank">lightweight choker</a>." In the current campaign, he repeatedly derided Jeb Bush for his "low energy" and <a href="" target="_blank">referred to Bush</a> as "a total embarrassment to both himself and his family." And he insulted <a href="" target="_blank">Carly Fiorina</a> and <a href="" target="_blank">Rand Paul</a> for their appearance.</p> <p>But in 2012, Trump advocated a different approach, urging the GOP candidates not to get into the gutter. "They're playing right into Obama's hands," he said. "We don't want [Obama] him <a href="" target="_blank">to use all of this stuff</a> to win the election."</p> <p>The billionaire in this video message issued a plea for decency: "The fact is, the things that are being said are bad and they're wrong. They've got to at least get along a little bit. Keep it civil."</p> <p>How times change.</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="354" src="" width="630"></iframe></p> <p><strong><em>Read the rest of "The Trump Files":</em></strong></p> <ul><li>Trump Files #1: <a href="" target="_blank">The Time Andrew Dice Clay Thanked Donald for the Hookers</a></li> <li>Trump Files #2: <a href="" target="_blank">When Donald Tried to Stop Charlie Sheen's Marriage to Brooke Mueller</a></li> <li>Trump Files #3: <a href="" target="_blank">The Brief Life of the "Trump Chateau for the Indigent"</a></li> <li>Trump Files #4: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald Thinks Asbestos Fears Are a Mob Conspiracy</a></li> <li>Trump Files #5: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald's Nuclear Negotiating Fantasy</a></li> <li>Trump Files #6: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald Wants a Powerball for Spies</a></li> <li>Trump Files #7: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald Gets An Allowance</a></li> <li>Trump Files #8: <a href="" target="_blank">The Time He Went Bananas on a Water Cooler</a></li> <li>Trump Files #9: <a href="" target="_blank">The Great Geico Boycott</a></li> <li>Trump Files #10: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald Trump, Tax-Hike Crusader</a></li> <li>Trump Files #11: <a href="" target="_blank">Watch Donald Trump Say He Would Have Done Better as a Black Man</a></li> <li>Trump Files #12: <a href="" target="_blank">Donald Can't Multiply 16 and 7</a></li> <li>Trump Files #13: <a href="" target="_blank">Watch Donald Sing the "Green Acres" Theme Song in Overalls</a></li> <li>Trump Files #14: <a href="" target="_blank">The Time Donald Trump Pulled Over His Limo to Stop a Beating</a></li> <li>Trump Files #15: <a href="" target="_blank">When Donald Wanted to Help the Clintons Buy Their House</a></li> <li>Trump Files #16: <a href="" target="_blank">When Donald Was "Principal for a Day" and Confronted by a Fifth-Grader</a></li> </ul></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Donald Trump The Trump Files Fri, 01 Jul 2016 10:00:09 +0000 Max J. Rosenthal 307761 at Hacker Reveals New Trove of DNC Documents and Answers a Few Personal Questions <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>The hacker using the handle "Guccifer 2.0" <a href="" target="_blank">posted another set of internal Democratic National Committee documents</a> Thursday, along with a series of answers to questions posed to him by journalists and others via Twitter. The hacker claims to be a male, working alone, and said "none of the [US] candidates has my sympathies."</p> <p>The new set of documents includes memos about foreign donations to the Clinton Foundation, details of attacks on Hillary Clinton posted on Twitter by Republicans, spreadsheets with political action committee financial commitments (along with the email and phone numbers for the PAC lobbyists), and other DNC materials.</p> <p>This is the third release from the hack. The first <a href="" target="_blank">went public</a> on June 15 in response to <a href="" target="_blank">a <em>Washington Post </em>story</a> from the previous day in which it was announced that the DNC, and perhaps Hillary Clinton's campaign itself, had been hacked. The hacker <a href="" target="_blank">released an alleged DNC opposition research file</a> on presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump on June 15 and also posted a batch of other internal DNC files concerning notes, research on opponents (from both parties), positions on various issues, and information related to DNC donors to a WordPress blog site. In that post, the hacker claimed he was working alone and had been within the DNC's computer system for a year before getting booted on June 12. He then claimed to have downloaded thousands of documents and passed them to WikiLeaks.</p> <p>He also mocked the cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike, which had been brought in to handle the DNC hack and analyze its source. CrowdStrike said the hack was likely the work of hackers working with, for, or in collusion with the Russian government, a claim the Russian government denied to the <em>Post</em>. The<em> </em>paper reported that the hack appeared to be Russian, based on tools used in the attack, and that the Russians might be using this to help Trump.</p> <p>The DNC has never confirmed the authenticity of the documents, but metadata associated with them, and some of the information within them, points to their authenticity. The DNC declined to comment on Thursday but said in a statement sent to <em>Mother Jones </em>after the hack was first revealed that it was all the work of the Russian government.&nbsp;</p> <p>"Our experts are confident in their assessment that the Russian government hackers were the actors responsible for the breach detected in April, and we believe [it] may be a part of a disinformation campaign by the Russians," a senior DNC official said.</p> <p>In an interview with <a href="" target="_blank"><em>Vice News' Motherboard </em>on June 21</a>, the hacker claimed he was working alone and was Romanian, not Russian. That same day, the hacker <a href="" target="_blank">posted 261 new documents</a>, including research on presidential candidates and talking points on Clinton controversies such as Benghazi.</p> <p>On June 22, the hacker modified his Twitter account to allow questions to be sent via Twitter's direct message system, saying he would answer them all at once. The hacker posted those answers Thursday in a post titled "FAQ FROM GUCCIFER 2.0":</p> <ul><li><strong>On where he's from:</strong> "I can only tell you that I was born in Eastern Europe. I won't answer where I am now."</li> <li><strong>On suspected links to Russian intelligence:</strong> "I'll tell you that everything I do, I do at my own risk. This is my personal project and I'm proud of it. Yes, I risk my life. But I know it's worth it. No one knew about me several weeks ago. Nowadays the whole world's talking about me. It's really cool!" The hacker added that he'd never be able to prove he wasn't affiliated with Russian intelligence, and he said cybersecurity firms like CrowdStrike have "no other way to justify their incompetence and failure" than to accuse Russia. "They just fucked up! They can prove nothing!"</li> <li><strong>On his gender:</strong> "I'm a man. I've never met a female hacker of the highest level. Girls, don't get offended. I love you."</li> <li><strong>About his political views and possible Trump support:</strong> "I don't want to disappoint anyone, but none of the candidates has my sympathies. Each of them has skeletons in the closet." He says he views Clinton and Trump differently: "Hillary seems so much false to me, she got all her money from political activities and lobbying, she is a slave of moguls, she is bought and sold;" Trump "has earned his money himself" and "at least he is sincere in what he says." But, he added, he doesn't support Trump: "I'm totally against his ideas about closing borders and deportation policy. It's nonsense, absolute bullshit."</li> <li><strong>On Bernie Sanders:</strong> "I have nothing to say about Bernie Sanders. It seems he never had a chance to win the nomination as the Democratic Party itself stood against him!"</li> </ul><p>The hacker also said he hopes he doesn't get caught by the FBI, "but it won't be that easy to catch me." The FBI hasn't responded to a request for comment on Thursday.</p></body></html> Politics 2016 Elections Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Thu, 30 Jun 2016 22:20:45 +0000 AJ Vicens 308096 at The Supreme Court Abortion Ruling Could Soon Take Down Laws in These 8 States <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><body><p>In a press call on Thursday, Planned Parenthood announced a campaign to work toward the repeal of abortion restrictions in eight states across the country, in light of the Supreme Court's historic ruling in <a href="" target="_blank"><em>Whole Woman's Health v. Hellerstedt</em></a>.</p> <p>The ruling, announced on Monday, found that two types of abortion clinic restrictions in Texas&mdash;a law requiring abortion providers to have local hospital admitting privileges and a rule requiring clinics to meet the strict infrastructure standards of outpatient surgery centers&mdash;were unconstitutional because they caused an undue burden on abortion access.</p> <p>Planned Parenthood announced on Thursday that it was planning to seek repeals of Texas-style restrictions in seven other states: Missouri, Virginia, Florida, Arizona, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. Planned Parenthood also announced that they would begin work toward repealing abortion restrictions in Texas beyond those struck down this week by the Supreme Court.</p> <p>Missouri and Tennessee each have both of the Texas-style restrictions on the books: an admitting-privileges law and facility infrastructure requirements. In Missouri, the admitting-privileges law led to the closure of an abortion clinic in Columbia, leaving the state with just one clinic. In Tennessee, both laws are being challenged in the courts. The rest of the states on Planned Parenthood's list each have laws requiring <a href="">structural standards</a> comparable to those of surgical centers, though the law specifics vary by state.</p></body></html> Politics Reproductive Rights Supreme Court Thu, 30 Jun 2016 21:30:54 +0000 Hannah Levintova 308101 at