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Solving our long-term deficit problem will require both spending restraint (mainly in healthcare) as well as tax hikes. I’ve suggested a couple of times this week that in addition to letting the Bush tax cuts expire, the tax part of this will amount to an additional 5-6% of GDP over the next couple of decades, which I’ve described as moderate. Megan McArdle says it’s anything but:

A tax hike of 5-6% of GDP doesn’t sound like much. But that’s a big tax hike if your baseline is 19% — it means that everyone’s taxes go up by about a third….These aren’t little adjustments. They’re huge changes in the overall tax burden, and they will have big effects on peoples lives, and the economy.

This is an example of how our choice of language has a huge impact on how we think about taxes. Raising taxes by a third really does sound like a lot. But let’s take a look at what that really means.

Page 65 of this CBO document provides estimates for how much income tax various people pay. The median family gets dinged for 3% of its income. A one-third increase means their income taxes would go up by….1% of their income. That’s not so much.

How about a family with twice the median income? That is, someone who’s pretty well off. They pay 13% of their income. A one-third increase means their taxes would go by 4% of their income. Again, this is far from catastrophic, especially since we’re talking about an increase phasing in over the course of many years.

Are these numbers the right ones? I don’t know. It all depends on what happens to spending and on how we decide to allocate the burden of higher taxes. If payroll taxes go up, it might hit the middle class a little harder. If we choose to increase capital gains taxes or institute a financial transaction tax, it would hurt them less. Or maybe we’ll choose a consumption tax or a carbon tax instead. Who knows? Still, it’s likely that more than three-quarters of all taxpayers would end up paying no more than an additional 5% of their income in taxes. That’s not painless, and no one will enjoy it. But over the course of a decade or two it’s just not a “huge change.”

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is the first thing despots go after. An unwavering commitment to it is probably what draws you to Mother Jones' journalism. And as we're seeing in the US and the world around, authoritarians seek to poison the discourse and the way we relate to each other because they can't stand people coming together around a shared sense of the truth—it's a huge threat to them.

Which is also a pretty great way to describe Mother Jones' mission: People coming together around the truth to hold power accountable.

And right now, we need to raise about $400,000 from our online readers over the next two months to hit our annual goal and make good on that mission. Read more about the information war we find ourselves in and how people-powered, independent reporting can and must rise to the challenge—and please support our team's truth-telling journalism with a donation if you can right now.

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