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Oil Reserves1 89.7 Billion barrels
2002 Oil Production1 1,259.25 Million barrels
2002 Oil Production Value2 $29.341 Billion
2002 Oil Production as Percentage of GDP3 35.65%
Companies Actively Pumping Oil3 National Iranian Oil Company; Gazprom (Russia); ENI-Agip (Italy); Petronas (Malaysia); Royal Dutch Shell (UK and Netherlands); TotalFina-Elf (France)
Top Countries Oil Exported to4 Japan (22%); Italy (8.5%); France (3%); Netherlands (1%); Germany (1%)

1 Source: Oil & Gas Journal, December 23rd 2002; pp. 113-115
2 Based on average imported refiner acquisition cost, January to October, 2002. Source: Monthly Energy Review, www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/prices.html
3 Source: Energy Information Administration country analysis briefs, www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/
4 Source: International Petroleum Encyclopedia. Tulsa, OK: PennWell Publishing Co. (2002), pp. 79-84.

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DEMOCRACY DOES NOT EXIST...

without free and fair elections, a vigorous free press, and engaged citizens to reclaim power from those who abuse it.

In this election year unlike any other—against a backdrop of a pandemic, an economic crisis, racial reckoning, and so much daily bluster—Mother Jones' journalism is driven by one simple question: Will America move closer to, or further from, justice and equity in the years to come?

If you're able to, please join us in this mission with a donation today. Our reporting right now is focused on voting rights and election security, corruption, disinformation, racial and gender equity, and the climate crisis. We can’t do it without the support of readers like you, and we need to give it everything we've got between now and November. Thank you.

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