Is the Political Climate Leading to More Violence Against LGBT People?

Last year saw the highest number of violent LGBT deaths on record.

John Raoux/AP

Last year was the deadliest on record for the LGBT community, according to the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. Even excluding the 49 deaths from the Pulse Nightclub shooting in Orlando, the number of homicides was among the highest on record, at 28, according to the coalition, which tracks violence against the LGBT community. Transgender women of color were the victims of 61 percent of those cases. Last year, 17 transgender women of color were killed; this year, through June 6, 12 have already been killed

Emily Waters, who analyzed the data for the study, says that the political climate has made LGBT people more vulnerable. “When we see the continuing rollbacks of protections for LGBTQ people and other marginalized communities, that incites a culture of violence and affirms those people who hold these biases,” she says. “The more and more that we see these types of discriminatory bills put forward or there’s more rollbacks of protections, the more likely that there’s going to be an increase in violence.” More LGBT people are reporting fear of violence to the coalition’s member programs this year, Waters says.

For the study, 12 organizations in the coalition collected information on 1,036 hate violence incidents from 2016 for what the group describes as the most comprehensive report on hate violence against LGBT and HIV-affected people. The most common forms of violence reported in the study—which encompassed more than the physical violence typically associated with hate crimes—were verbal harassment (20 percent), threats and intimidation (17 percent), and physical violence (11 percent). Of the incidents that included information about the perpetrator, 58 percent of reports involved someone the victim knew. Waters says it’s important to look at the ways these forms of violence overlap: Violence in the workplace, for example, puts victims at higher risk of intimate partner violence. 

Police violence increased, from three percent of the reports where the survivor did not know the offender in 2015 to 10 percent last year. Black people were nearly three times more likely than others to be the victim of excessive force. “We have to not assume that police are going to be a safe option for LGBTQ people, particularly LGBTQ people of color, and ensure we are investing in other types of solutions to violence that don’t require survivors to interact with police,” Waters says. This comes at a time when activists in some cities are protesting the police presence in LGBT pride parades, arguing that transgender communities and queer communities of color are targeted by law enforcement.

Young people are reporting more harassment online, a trend Waters finds alarming because the internet has been a place for LGBT people to find support. “So that more and more people are reporting that they’re experiencing violence online means that those spaces that have traditionally been a source of support for LGBTQ people are possibly now becoming more violent,” she says. The study also found more reports of harassment against transgender people and Latinos on the internet.

In addition to the report, the coalition released a guide to combating violence against LGBT communities. It calls on people to oppose anti-LGBT legislation, such as measures to keep transgender people out of the bathrooms that align with their gender identity and to allow discrimination on the basis of religious freedom. “These bills incite violence by saying that discriminatory beliefs hold more value than the lives and safety of LGBTQ communities,” the guide explains. 

MORE HARD-HITTING JOURNALISM

In 2014, before Donald Trump announced his run for president, we knew we had to do something different to address the fundamental challenge facing journalism: how hard-hitting reporting that can hold the powerful accountable can survive as the bottom falls out of the news business.

Being a nonprofit, we started planning The Moment for Mother Jones, a special campaign to raise $25 million for key investments to make Mother Jones the strongest watchdog it can be. Five years later, readers have stepped up and contributed an astonishing $23 million in gifts and future pledges. This is an incredible statement from the Mother Jones community in the face of huge threats—both economic and political—against the free press.

Read more about The Moment and see what we've been able to accomplish thanks to readers' incredible generosity so far, and please join them today. Your gift will be matched dollar for dollar, up to $500,000 total, during this critical moment for journalism.

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our newsletters

Subscribe and we'll send Mother Jones straight to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate

We have a new comment system! We are now using Coral, from Vox Media, for comments on all new articles. We'd love your feedback.