Iraq 101

The Iraq Effect: Sources

Thu Mar. 1, 2007 4:00 AM EST

SOURCES

IRAQ 101

Partly Sunni: Iraq's Neighbors map: University of Texas Perry-Castaneda Map Collection, Muslim Distribution

Hot Seats: The Iraqi Parliament: Washington Post, "Final Tally in Iraqi Elections", January 2006.

5,000 Years of Invasions: Library of Congress; Understanding Iraq, William Polk, 2006; Encyclopedia Britannica; "Timeline: Iraq", BBC News.

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CIVIL WAR

Insurgent and Militia Attacks GAO "Rebuilding Iraq—Status of DOD’s Reconstruction Program" . December 15,2006

Major Bombings The Brookings Institution “Iraq Index” Febraury 1,2007

Sectarian Violence in 2006: Department of Defense, "Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq," November 2006.

Average Daily Casualties: Department of Defense"Measuring Security and Stability in Iraq," November 2006.


The Lay of the Land

Dominant Groups map: globalsecurity.org, Ethnoreligious Groups

Population Density map: University of Texas, Perry-Castaneda Map Collection, Population Density.

Oil Industry map: Energy Information Administration, Iraq Oil Map.

U.S. Bases and Strongholds map: globalsecurity.org, Major Base Camps.

In the Line of Fire

American Casualties: Department of Defense, OIF-Totat-by-month.

Who's Fighting

U.S. Soldiers: Associated Press, "U.S. Army's 3rd Infantry Deploys for a Third Tour" , January 2007. "Pentagon Puts 6050 Fort Riley Soldiers on Alert for Iraq", November 2006; Department of Defense spokesperson gave troop levels at 132,000 as of end of December 2006.

British Soldiers: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index", page 21, January 2007.

Other Coalition Soldiers: U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, "Iraq Weekly Status Report", January 10, 2007.

Iraqi Military: U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, "Iraq Weekly Status Report", January 10, 2007.

Iraqi Police: U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, "Iraq Weekly Status Report", January 10, 2007.

Kurdish pesh merga: Congressional Research Service "Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, page 23", December 6, 2006.

Sunni Insurgents: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index," page 17, January 2007; Congressional Research Service, "Iraq:Post-Saddam Governance and Security," page 28, December 6, 2006.

Shiite Militias: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index," page17, January 2007; The Iraq Study Group, "Iraq Study Group Report," page 11, December 2006.

Foreign Fighters: Brookings Institution "Iraq Index," page 18, January 2007.

Who's Dying

U.S. Soldiers: DOD via icasualties

British Soldiers: DOD via icasualties

Other Coalition Soliders: DOD via icasualties

Iraqi Soldiers/Police: DOD via icasualties

Iraqi Civilians: U.N. Assistance Mission for Iraq October 2006

Defense Contractors: San Diego Union Tribune November 22,2006

Journalists: Reporters Without Borders

THE COST

War costs $1.9 billion a week: Congressional Research Service, "The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11," page 4, September 22, 2006.

Federal spending on Iraq and reconstruction: Congressional Research Service, "The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11," page 4, September 22, 2006.

Good Money After Bad

U.S. funded Iraqi National Congress: Congressional Research Service "Iraq:Post-Saddam Governance and Security," page 48, December 6, 2006.

Cost of "Future of Iraq Project": Congressional Research Service "Iraq:Post-Saddam Governance and Security," pages 12-13, December 6, 2006.

Cost of Iraq Study Group: Congressional Research Service "Iraq:Post-Saddam Governance and Security," pages 43, December 6, 2006.

Pentagon requests $806 million for military base construction: Congressional Research Service "Military Construction in Support of Afghanistan and Iraq," April 11, 2005.

Congress budgeted $20 million for a "commemoration of success" for troops: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, December 19, 2005.

Fables of the Reconstruction

Head of USAID talks about Iraq reconstruction: ABC's "Nightline", April 23, 2003.

Reconstruction costs $34.1 billion: Congressional Research Service, "Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance", page 2, June 15, 2006.

Cost of rebuilding Germany: Congressional Research Service, "U.S. Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany and Japan Compared", March 23, 2006.

And How Many Rooftop Helipads?

Embassy budget, Request and Arabic-speaking staff: CRS Report "U.S. Embassy in Iraq" Department of Defense

Iraq Embassy size: Hearing Before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, May 12, 2005.

Pipe Dreams

Paul Wolfowitz, "relatively soon" House Committee on Appropriations Hearing on a Supplemental War Regulation March 27,2003

Missed export goals: Government Accountability Office, "Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Key Issues for Congressional Oversight," January 2007; The Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index: Tracking Reconstruction and Security in Post-Saddam Iraq," January 2007.

$2 and $5.4 billion a year for reconstruction: Congressional Research Service "Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security" November 7, 2006; Congressional Research Service, "Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance," June 15, 2006.

Baghdad gets an average of 4 hours 30 minutes Iraq Weekly Status Report, State Department January 24,2007

Estimated cost of boosting Iraq's power capacity by 2010: "Rebuilding Iraq: More Comprehensive National Strategy Needed to Help Achieve U.S. Goals", GAO, July 2006.

Estimated Cost of Installing Solar Panels Naval Postgraduate School "Operation Solar Eagle" June 2005

Attacks on Iraqi Fuel Industry: Institute for the Analysis of Global Security.

Coalition of the Dwindling

Pundits:

David Brooks: The New York Times, "For Iraqis to Win, the U.S. Must Lose", by David Brooks, May 11, 2004.

Tucker Carlson: The New York Observer, "Newly Dovish, Tucker Carlson Goes Public...Kimmel Writer Ribs Times", by Joe Hagan, May 17, 2004.

Francis Fukuyama: The National Interest, "The Neoconservative Moment", by Francis Fukuyama, June 1, 2004.

Bill O'Reilly: "The O'Reilly Factor," "Ann Coulter on Iraq and Immigration", transcript from show on August 5, 2005.

Andrew Sullivan: andrewsullivan.com, "The Next Abu Ghraib Scandal", September 30, 2005.

William F. Buckley Jr.: The National Review, "It Didn't Work", February 24, 2006.

Joe Scarborough: MSNBC, "Losing Patience with Bush", by Joe Scarborough, March 15, 2006.

Thomas Friedman: The New York Times, "Big Talk, Little Will", by Thomas Friedman, August 16, 2006.

George Will: The Washington Post, "The Triumph of Unrealism", by George Will, August 15, 2006.

Jonah Goldberg: The National Review, "Iraq Was a Worthy Mistake", by Jonah Goldberg, October 20, 2006.

Kenneth Adelman, Eliot Cohen, David Frum, and Richard Perle: Vanity Fair, "Neo Culpa", by David Rose, November 3, 2006 .

The New Republic: The New Republic, "Obligations", by the Editors, November 16, 2006.

Fred Barnes: The Weekly Standard, "Moxie in the Executive", by Fred Barnes, December 11, 2006.

William Bennett: "The Forces of Decomposition and the War on Iraq", Bill Bennett's Morning in America show, August 31, 2005

Ann Coulter: CNBC, "Kudlow and Company," transcript from show of December 22, 2006.

Christopher Hitchens: slate.com, "Rushing for the Exit", by Christopher Hitchens, October 30, 2006.

Laura Ingraham: U.S. Department of Defense, "Radio Interview with Secretary Rumsfeld on the Laura Ingraham Show", December 12, 2006.

Charles Krauthammer: The Washington Post, "This is Realism?", by Charles Krauthammer, December 1, 2006.

Bill Kristol: The Weekly Standard, "It's Up to Bush", by Robert Kagan and William Kristol, December 18, 2006.

Rush Limbaugh: The Rush Limbaugh Show, transcript from November 27 show.

Michelle Malkin Jewish World Review, "What I Saw in Iraq", by Michelle Malkin, January 17, 2007.

Cal Thomas: Jewish World Review, "This Way Out?", by Cal Thomas, December 7, 2006.

Allies

Dates of allies dropping out: Congressional Research Service, "Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security," November 7, 2006 and Global Security, "Iraq Coalition Troops," November 2006.

Allies staying the course: Brookings Institution, Iraq Index, retrieved January 16, 2007.

Bill Me Later

Lawrence Lindsey Mother Jones "Bush’s Fuzzy War Math September 2003

Ari Fleischer White House Press Briefing October 1, 2002

Paul Wolfowitz U.S. Department of Defense Transcript February 27,2003

George W. Bush White House Press Conference March 6, 2003

Donald Rumsfeld U.S. Department of Defense Transcript March 28, 2003

With Friends Like These

41 cents of every dollar to military or police: CRS Report "Iraq: Recent Developments" June 15,2006

3 cents to democracy building: CRS Report "Iraq: Recent Developments" June 15,2006

A newly recruited Iraqi soldier's wage is $60: Congressional Research Service "Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security," page 23, November 7, 2006.

Half of soldiers go AWOL; "more deployable mindset:" Department of Defense, "Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq," November 2006.

Iraq's security forces neither "technically proficient" nor "politically dependable:" Michael O'Hanlon, Brookings Institute; New York Times, "The State of Iraq," December 19, 2006.

70 percent of the Iraqi police infiltrated: Alexander Shaw, 372nd Military Police Battalion; Washington Post: "In Baghdad, a Force Under the Militias' Sway," October 31, 2006.

90,000 rifles missing: Government Accountability Office"Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Key Issues for Congressional Oversight," January 2007.

Down the Drain

Corruption costs $4 billion: The Guardian "Corruption: The 'Second Insurgency' Costing $4bn a Year", by Julian Borger and David Pallister, December 2, 2006.

$8.8 billion: Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, "Oversight of Funds Provided to Iraqi Ministries through the National Budget Process," January 2005.

Ghost employees: Government Accountability Office, "Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq," January 2007.

30% of Iraq's refined oil ends up on black market or smuggled out of the country: "Securing, Stabilizing, And Rebuilding Iraq," January 2007; GAO.

$9 billion in oil revenues lost by CPA: Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Report to Congress, January 30, 2005.

Saddam stole $10.1 million from the U.N. Oil-for-Food program: Government Accountability Office"Recovering Iraq's Assets," March 18, 2004.

Babylonian Captivity

France, Italy, Germany paid millions in ransoms: GlobalSecurity.org.

Germany paid $8 million in ransoms: "The Economic Costs of the War in Iraq", by Scott Wallsten and Katrina Kosec, pages 9-10, September 2005.

Army private with spouse, 3 children: National Academy of Social Insurance, "Survivor Benefits for Families of Deceased Servicemembers and Overseas Contract Workers, by Virginia Reno, Anita Cardwell, and Joni Lavery, October 2006.

American defense contractor: National Academy of Social Insurance, "Survivor Benefits for Families of Deceased Servicemembers and Overseas Contract Workers, by Virginia Reno, Anita Cardwell, and Joni Lavery, October 2006.

Nepalese laborer: Los Angeles Times, "Poor Migrants Work in Iraqi Netherworld", by T. Christian Miller, October 9, 2005.

Iraqi civilian: Associated Press, "Britain Pays Compensation to Iraqis," July 19, 2004.

Iraqi soldier: San Francisco Chronicle, "An Army Where Wounded Soldiers are on Their Own", by Ben Gilbert, June 10, 2006.

Iraqi family: The New York Times, "For Iraqis in Harm's Way, $5,000 and 'I'm Sorry'", by Jeffrey Gettleman, March 17, 2004.

AFTERMATH

Iraq’s Newest Export: Refugees

Iraqis displaced United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees November 30,2006

Saudi Arabian fence Daily Telegraph"Saudi’s Build Fence to Shut Out Iraq"

Jordan/Sweden United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, September 30,2006 November 30, =2006

Only 202 admitted to U.S. Larry Yungk, UNCHR

Iraq: Before and After

30% of Iraqi children in school: U.N. Office for the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs, "IRAQ: School Attendance Rates Drop Drastically, October 18, 2006.

PTSD in Iraqis, children: The Lancet, "Mental Health of Iraqi Children", by Ali Razokhi, September 2, 2006.

40% of Iraqi professionals: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index", page 24, January 2007.

1/3 doctors gone, 2,000 murdered: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index", page 35, January 2007.

Number of Iraqis in jail: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index", page 16, January 2007.

Bodyguard increase: Agent France Presse, "Violence in Iraq Increasingly Targeting Women," November 22, 2006.

Worst time ever in Iraqi women's lives: The Observer, "Hidden Victims of a Brutal Conflict, by Peter Beaumont, October 8, 2006.

Breaking the Army

American soldiers doubt success: Army Times, "Down on the War," January 8, 2007.

It costs $275,000 to deploy one soldier for a year: Congressional Research Service"The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11," September 22, 2006.

It cost $5,840 to feed a soldier for a year: Mary Ann Hodges, United States Army Public Affairs Officer.

Army doctrine: "Counterinsurgency Handbook," Department of the Army Headquarters, December 2006.

Domestic National Guard units left with 1/3 of combat equipment: Government Accountability Office"Force Structure: Capabilities and Cost of Army Modular Force Remain Uncertain," April 4, 2006.

20,000 troops are in Baghdad currently: United States Army Public Affairs Officer.

Quote from David Grange about sustaining troops levels: Army Times, "By the numbers: Who's fighting; Deployment data underscore the strain of combat operations," December 11, 2006; Michelle Tan.

27 years of use: Government Accountability Office,Preliminary Observations on Equipment Reset Challenges and Issues for the Army and Marine Corps" March 2006.

It cost $17 billion to replace equipment: Mary Ann Hodges, United States Army Public Affairs Officer.

Army divorce rate increase between 2003 and 2005: Ann Edgecomb, United States Army Public Affairs Officer.

And the National Guard and Reserves

Domestic National Guard units left with 1/3 of combat equipment: Government Accountability Office"Force Structure: Capabilities and Cost of Army Modular Force Remain Uncertain," April 4, 2006.

Equipment transfer worth $1.76B: Government Accountability Office, "Preliminary Observations on Equipment Reset Challenges and Issues for the Army and Marine Corps," March 2006.

Army National Guard soldiers deployed to Vietnam: The National Guard Educational Fund"Major National Guard Call-ups in the 20th Century."

Army Guardsmen Deaths, Iraq: Lt. Col Mike Milord, Army National Guard Office of Public Affairs & Strategic Communications; Department of Defense, "Deployment File for Operation Enduring Freedom & Iraqi Freedom," November 2006.

126 Army National Guard Killed in Vietnam: Lt. Colonel Les' Melnyk, Chief, Command Information Division, National Guard Bureau Office of Public Affairs.

Deploying reservists cost U.S. economy $4 billion in lost productivity: AEI-Brookings Joint Center"The Economic Costs of the War in Iraq," September 2005.

Shell-Shocked

All: National Center for PTSD The Unique Circumstances and Mental Health Impact of the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

The Home Front

Rural death rate: The Carsey Institute,"U.S. Rural Soldiers Account for a Disproportionately High Share of Casualties." Fall 2006.

Military domestic violence: Anita Sanchez, Communications Director, The Miles Foundation.

1 in 5 military spouses get government assistance: "Military Families Study,"Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard University, March 2004

Wife of a New York National Guardsman: "Battles on the Home Front," Newsday, April 19, 2005 and "Military Families Cope and Hope This Thanksgiving," USA Today, November 24, 2004.

Ultimate Sacrifice

All: Brookings Institution, "Iraq Index", page 14, January 2007.

Putting a GI Back Together Again

23,000 soldiers have been wounded in Iraq: Department of Defense Operation Iraqi Freedom (O.I.F.) U.S. Casualty Status.

Number of Iraqi veterans who suffered from brain injury: AEI-Brookings Joint Center "The Economic Costs of the War in Iraq," September 2005.

Cost to evacuate a severely wounded soldier: 60 Minutes, "Saving Lives in Iraq," November 5, 2006; Scott Pelley.

Amputation rate in Iraq is double that of other wars: "Department of Defense Appropriations Bill, 2005" June 24, 2004.

Soldiers who have lost a limb in Iraq and what their lifetime treatment costs will be: AEI-Brookings Joint Center "The Economic Costs of the War in Iraq," September 2005.

1 in 5 Iraq veterans suffer from PTSD: Terry Jemison, Veterans Affairs Public Affairs Officer.

Cost of a prosthetic limb: AEI-Brookings Joint Center "The Economic Costs of the War in Iraq," September 2005.

Army suicide rate: Henry Minitrez, United States Army Public Affairs Officer.

Gulf War vets on disability: Linda Bilmes, Kennedy School of Government Faculty Research Working Paper Series, "Soldiers Returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: Long-Term Costs of Providing Veterans Medical Care and Disability Benefits," January 2007; Milken Institute Review,"Encore: Iraq Hemorrhage," Fourth Quarter 2006.

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