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Microsoft's 1995-1997 lobbyists and their power ties.

Lobbyist Power Ties
William Jarrell
of Preston, Gates, Ellis & Rouvelas Meeds: ex-deputy chief of staff for House Whip Tom DeLay (R-Texas).
Rep. Tom DeLay (R-Texas)
Ed Kutler
of Clark & Weinstock: former special assistant to House Speaker Gingrich.
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)
Grover Norquist
confidant to Gringrich: president, Americans for Tax Reform; one of the most powerful leaders of conservative grassroots causes in the country.
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)

Rep. Dick Armey (R-Texas)

Jack Abramoff

Former Rep. Rod Chandler
(R-Wash.) of Downey Chandler.
Former Rep. Vin Weber (R-Minn.)
of Clark & Weinstock
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)
Former Rep. Lloyd Meeds (D-Wash.)
of Preston Gates
Anne Smith
of Preston Gates: ex-aide to Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair Helms.
Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.)
Jack Abramoff
of Preston Gates: ex-director of Citizens for America, Reagan's grassroots lobbying campaign; close friend of Norquist.
Grover Norquist

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Former President Ronald Reagan Jonathan Blank
of Preston Gates: former Washington state assistant attorney general. Pamela Garvie
of Preston Gates: ex-counsel to former Rep. Robert Duncan (R-Ore.); ex-aide to former Senate Finance Committee Chair Packwood. Former Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.) Stacy Knowlton
of Preston Gates: former aide to Packwood. Former Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.) Boyd Hollingsworth
of Preston Gates: former deputy assistant for legislative affairs under Bush: ex-chief counsel to Simpson. Former Sen. Alan Simpson (R-Wyo.)

Former President George Bush Andrew Goldman
of Clark & Weinstock: ex-aide to defense undersecretary under Cheney; former analyst under Bush. Former President George Bush
Former Defense Secretary Dick Cheney
Patrick Pizzella
of Preston Gates: former Education Department deputy undersecretary under Reagan. Former President Ronald Reagan Werner Brandt
of Preston Gates: former executive assistant to ex-House Speaker Foley. Former Rep. Tom Foley (D-Wash.) Former Rep. Tom Downey
(D-N.Y.) of Downey Chandler: Gore confidant. Vice President Al Gore
President Bill Clinton
Margaret McCloud
of Downey Chandler: ex-aide to Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) and Downey. Former Rep. Tom Downey Bruce Heiman
of Preston Gates: ex-legislative director and trade counsel to Senate Finance Committee member Moynihan. Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-N.Y.) Amy Berger
of Preston Gates: ex-legislative counsel to Rockefeller; worked on issues before Senate Commerce Committee. Sen. John Rockefeller (D-W.Va.) Shawn Vassel
of Preston Gates: ex-staffer for both Goss and judiciary subcommittee chair Sen. Spencer Abraham (R-Mich.). Rep. Porter Goss (R-Fla.) Dennis Stephens
of Preston Gates: ex-aide to Armey, Bush, Reagan, Stockman, and Rep. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.). Former Rep. Steve Stockman (R-Texas)

Rep. Dick Armey (R-Texas)

Former President Ronald Reagan

Former President George Bush Kathleen Clark Kies
of Collier, Shannon, Rill & Scott: former aide to ex-Rep. Don Pease (D-Ohio); married to Kenneth Kies, aide to Archer. Rep. Bill Archer (R-Texas)