8 lbs, 21 inches, 3,800 diapers, and 1,525 tons of carbon: Sources


Americans emit 1,525 tons of CO2 emissions: United Nations Statistics Division; National Institute on Aging.

72% of American adults have children: “Gallup Poll.”

Kids fear global warming: BrainPOP National Earth Day Survey, 2007.

U.S.’ CO2 emissions far greater than Africa’s: “Population Connection Factsheet.”

One American child produces as much CO2 as 106 Haitians: United Nations Statistic Division.

Zahara Jolie-Pitt’s yearly CO2 emissions: United Nations Statistic Division.

A typical baby uses 3,800 disposable diapers: 2005 U.K. Government Study.

96% of American babies wear disposable diapers: The Diaper Industry Source, Richer Consulting Services.

Brits offset their kids’ diaper waste: allthingsgreen.net.

Hungarians offset babys’ CO2 footprint: TreeHugger.

Lower birth rates in China equals fewer CO2 emissions: Zhang Weiqing, Minister of National Population and Family Planning Commission; United Nations Statistic Division.

Twin births in the U.S. on the rise: Blue Cross Blue Shield.

Youth and civil conflict go hand and hand: Population Connection.

Uganda, Monaco, and war: University of Pennsylvania professor Steven Feierman and Stanford professor Richard Roberts.

Russia’s “conceive a patriot” day: “Missing: The ‘Right’ Babies,” The Nation.

Singapore’s dating program combats its low birthrate: lovebyte.org; CIA Factbook.

The “Quiverfull” movement: quiverfull.com.

The Pope calls for tax incentives for big families: “Large Families Deserve Support, Pope Says,” Catholic World News; “Pope Benedict XVI Leads ‘Eco-friendly’ Youth Rally,” International Herald Tribune.

The seven new mortal sins: “Vatican Official: New Sins on Horizon,” CNN.

Catholic globalization: “Beyond Christianity: Protestant-Catholic Distinctions in Coming Global Christianity, Paul Sullins, The Catholic University of America.

The U.S.’ increasing fertility rate: Department of Health and Family Services, Wisconsin.

The bloating American home: “Housing Facts, Figures, and Trends, 2006,” National Association of Home Builders; “Housing Facts, Figures, and Trends, 2007,” National Association of Home Builders.

Americans and their SUVs: “National Household Travel Survey,” U.S. Department of Transportation.

SUV owner demographics: “SUVs Continue to Pull Market Share from Car Segments,” J.D. Power and Associates.

Polluting school buses: “School Bus Pollution Report Card 2006,” Union of Concerned Scientists; “School Bus Pollution Report Card 2002,” Union of Concerned Scientists.

Polluting idle school buses: Clean School Bus, Environmental Protection Agency.

Offsetting American kids’ TV viewing: “Reducing Children’s Television-Viewing Time: A Qualitative Study of Parents and Their Children,” Pediatrics; California Energy Commission; “How Much Greenhouse Gas Does Your Family Produce?Discover; Environmental Protection Agency.

Baby’s first TV: “The Media Family,” Kaiser Family Foundation.

Appetite for Destruction: Popline, The Info Project. Comparisons yielded through various CO2 converters.

The Ballooning TV Family: imdb.com; Discovery Channel.

Nagging tweens: “Thanks to Ads, Kids Won’t Take No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No for an Answer,” New American Dream.

American kids and their toy consumption: The Real Toy Story: Inside the Ruthless Battle for America’s Youngest Consumers, Eric Clark, Simon & Schuster, 2007.

Toys and diapers trashing beaches: Ocean Conservancy.

Disney World’s dirty laundry: Disney World Trivia and Facts.

An American child’s food consumption: “Expenditures on Children by Families, 2006,” USDA.

Cafeteria waste: “Reusable Lunchbox,” New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Julia Roberts tells all: “Julia Roberts on Motherhood, the Paparazzi, and Making Less Garbage,” Vanity Fair.

Julia Roberts and her lavish maternity suite: The Fabulous Life: Celebrity Kids, VH1.

Voluntary Human Extinction Movement: vhemt.org.

Celebrity Babies, for Fun and Profit:

Nicole Richie: “Send Us Your Baby Pictures, But Don’t Expect Millions,” Melissa Herbert, The Plain Dealer; Save the Children.

Jamie-Lynn Spears: “OK! Pays $1 Million for Jamie Lynn Spears Pregnancy Story,” Reuters; KidsHealth, Newmours Foundation.

Christina Aguilera: “Send Us Your Baby Pictures, But Don’t Expect Millions,” Melissa Herbert, The Plain Dealer; One Laptop Per Child.

J-Lo/Marc Anthony: “Send Us Your Baby Pictures, But Don’t Expect Millions,” Melissa Herbert, The Plain Dealer; “Parents and the High Price of Child Care,” National Association of Child Care Resources and Referral Agencies.

Brad Pitt/Angelina Jolie: “Send Us Your Baby Pictures, But Don’t Expect Millions,” Melissa Herbert, The Plain Dealer; Pitt did not respond to a written request for confirmation.

Tom Cruise/Katie Holmes: “Someone Wanted to See Me?Vanity Fair.

Sodden Impact:

First disposable diaper in U.S.: The Diaper Industry Source, Richer Consulting Services.

Pampers comes on line: The Diaper Industry Source, Richer Consulting Services.

Diapers create mounds of U.S. municipal waste in 1970: “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States,” Environmental Protection Agency; “2006 Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Data Tables,” EPA.

Diapers and U.S. municipal waste in 1980: “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States,” EPA; “2006 Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Data Tables,” Environmental Protection Agency.

Super-absorbent polymers in diapers: Hygiene Absorbent Products Manufacturers Committee.

Cabbage Patch diapers introduced: “Advertising; Designer Diaper Campaign,” Philip H. Dougherty, The New York Times, October 1, 1984.

Diapers and U.S. municipal waste in 1990: “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States,” EPA; “2006 Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Data Tables,” EPA; “Eight in 10 Say Pollution Threatens Their Lives,” Associated Press, June 11, 1990.

Dueling over diapers: “Disposable Versus Reusable Diapers: Health, Environmental and Economic Comparisons,” Arthur D. Little, Inc., Procter & Gamble, 1990; “Diapers: Environmental Impacts and Lifecycle Analysis,” Carl Lehrburger, Jocelyn Mullen, and C. V. Jones, National Association of Diaper Services, 1991; “The Politics of Diapers: A Timeline fo Recovered History,” Mothering magazine.

Pampers-paid doc tells parents not to rush toilet training: “Two Experts Do Battle Over Potty Training,” Erica Goode, The New York Times, January 12, 1999.

Diapers and U.S. municipal waste in 2000: “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States,” EPA; “2006 Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Data Tables,” EPA.

Elimination communication: Diaper Free Baby.

Diapers and U.S. municipal waste in 2006: “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States,” EPA; “2006 Municipal Solid Waste Characterization Data Tables,” EPA.

Julia Roberts on flushable diapers: “Julia Roberts on Motherhood, the Paparazzi, and Making Less Garbage,” Vanity Fair.

Pampers introduces large diapers: Procter & Gamble’s Baby Care Spokesperson; Pampers.

Disposable diapers’ life span: New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Information Source: U.S. National Park Service; Missouri Department of Conservation.

MORE HARD-HITTING JOURNALISM

In 2014, before Donald Trump announced his run for president, we knew we had to do something different to address the fundamental challenge facing journalism: how hard-hitting reporting that can hold the powerful accountable can survive as the bottom falls out of the news business.

Being a nonprofit, we started planning The Moment for Mother Jones, a special campaign to raise $25 million for key investments to make Mother Jones the strongest watchdog it can be. Five years later, readers have stepped up and contributed an astonishing $23 million in gifts and future pledges. This is an incredible statement from the Mother Jones community in the face of huge threats—both economic and political—against the free press.

Read more about The Moment and see what we've been able to accomplish thanks to readers' incredible generosity so far, and please join them today. Your gift will be matched dollar for dollar, up to $500,000 total, during this critical moment for journalism.

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our newsletters

Subscribe and we'll send Mother Jones straight to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate

We have a new comment system! We are now using Coral, from Vox Media, for comments on all new articles. We'd love your feedback.