SPARSELY ATTENDED....Virtually everyone agrees that one of the root causes of the financial system meltdown has been the vast increase in leverage at big financial firms over the past few years. It's a problem that's gotten increased attention since 1998 but one that nobody ever does much about.
In fact, it's worse than that. As the New York Times reports today, four years ago the SEC voted to change the net capital rule for the biggest investment banks not to decrease allowable leverage or even to make sure it stayed at statutory levels, but to increase it. Pay attention to the last sentence:
Decisions made at a brief meeting on April 28, 2004, explain why the problems could spin out of control....On that bright spring afternoon, the five members of the Securities and Exchange Commission met in a basement hearing room to consider an urgent plea by the big investment banks. They wanted an exemption for their brokerage units from an old regulation that limited the amount of debt they could take on.
....The proceeding was sparsely attended. None of the major media outlets, including The New York Times, covered it.
This is surprisingly typical of how things get done in Washington. In all sorts of areas, decisions that turn out to have enormous impact are made in sleepy little commission meetings or by executive order, with hearings attended only by a few die-hard lobbyists on both sides and at least under the Bush administration the final decision practically foreordained in favor of whatever the business community wants. Then, like a cherry on top of an ice cream sundae, the budget for oversight is either cut or eliminated because the business community insists that market discipline will take care of such things far better than a bunch of federal bureaucrats.
Turns out that doesn't always work so well.