Washington Wide Web

Microsoft’s 1995-1997 lobbyists and their power ties.

Image: Scott Menchin

Lobbyist Power Ties
William Jarrell
of Preston, Gates, Ellis & Rouvelas Meeds: ex-deputy chief of staff for House Whip Tom DeLay (R-Texas).
Rep. Tom DeLay (R-Texas)
Ed Kutler
of Clark & Weinstock: former special assistant to House Speaker Gingrich.
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)
Grover Norquist
confidant to Gringrich: president, Americans for Tax Reform; one of the most powerful leaders of conservative grassroots causes in the country.
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)

Rep. Dick Armey (R-Texas)

Jack Abramoff

Former Rep. Rod Chandler
(R-Wash.) of Downey Chandler.
Former Rep. Vin Weber (R-Minn.)
of Clark & Weinstock
Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.)
Former Rep. Lloyd Meeds (D-Wash.)
of Preston Gates
Anne Smith
of Preston Gates: ex-aide to Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair Helms.
Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.)
Jack Abramoff
of Preston Gates: ex-director of Citizens for America, Reagan’s grassroots lobbying campaign; close friend of Norquist.
Grover Norquist

Former President Ronald Reagan

Jonathan Blank
of Preston Gates: former Washington state assistant attorney general.
Pamela Garvie
of Preston Gates: ex-counsel to former Rep. Robert Duncan (R-Ore.); ex-aide to former Senate Finance Committee Chair Packwood.
Former Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.)
Stacy Knowlton
of Preston Gates: former aide to Packwood.
Former Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.)
Boyd Hollingsworth
of Preston Gates: former deputy assistant for legislative affairs under Bush: ex-chief counsel to Simpson.
Former Sen. Alan Simpson (R-Wyo.)

Former President George Bush

Andrew Goldman
of Clark & Weinstock: ex-aide to defense undersecretary under Cheney; former analyst under Bush.
Former President George Bush
Former Defense Secretary Dick Cheney
Patrick Pizzella
of Preston Gates: former Education Department deputy undersecretary under Reagan.
Former President Ronald Reagan
Werner Brandt
of Preston Gates: former executive assistant to ex-House Speaker Foley.
Former Rep. Tom Foley (D-Wash.)
Former Rep. Tom Downey
(D-N.Y.) of Downey Chandler: Gore confidant.
Vice President Al Gore
President Bill Clinton
Margaret McCloud
of Downey Chandler: ex-aide to Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) and Downey.
Former Rep. Tom Downey
Bruce Heiman
of Preston Gates: ex-legislative director and trade counsel to Senate Finance Committee member Moynihan.
Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-N.Y.)
Amy Berger
of Preston Gates: ex-legislative counsel to Rockefeller; worked on issues before Senate Commerce Committee.
Sen. John Rockefeller (D-W.Va.)
Shawn Vassel
of Preston Gates: ex-staffer for both Goss and judiciary subcommittee chair Sen. Spencer Abraham (R-Mich.).
Rep. Porter Goss (R-Fla.)
Dennis Stephens
of Preston Gates: ex-aide to Armey, Bush, Reagan, Stockman, and Rep. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.).
Former Rep. Steve Stockman (R-Texas)

Rep. Dick Armey (R-Texas)

Former President Ronald Reagan

Former President George Bush

Kathleen Clark Kies
of Collier, Shannon, Rill & Scott: former aide to ex-Rep. Don Pease (D-Ohio); married to Kenneth Kies, aide to Archer.
Rep. Bill Archer (R-Texas)


In 2014, before Donald Trump announced his run for president, we knew we had to do something different to address the fundamental challenge facing journalism: how hard-hitting reporting that can hold the powerful accountable can survive as the bottom falls out of the news business.

Being a nonprofit, we started planning The Moment for Mother Jones, a special campaign to raise $25 million for key investments to make Mother Jones the strongest watchdog it can be. Five years later, readers have stepped up and contributed an astonishing $23 million in gifts and future pledges. This is an incredible statement from the Mother Jones community in the face of huge threats—both economic and political—against the free press.

Read more about The Moment and see what we've been able to accomplish thanks to readers' incredible generosity so far, and please join them today. Your gift will be matched dollar for dollar, up to $500,000 total, during this critical moment for journalism.

We Recommend


Sign up for our newsletters

Subscribe and we'll send Mother Jones straight to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.


Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.


We have a new comment system! We are now using Coral, from Vox Media, for comments on all new articles. We'd love your feedback.