New Study: Wealth Makes You Selfish

<a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/jtyerse/">jtyerse</a>/Flickr

Fight disinformation: Sign up for the free Mother Jones Daily newsletter and follow the news that matters.


In theory, America’s mega rich could pay off all of America’s student debt, halve global poverty and hunger by 2015, and replace 70% of money lost in the 2008 recession. Bevy of problems solved, right? Not quite. A study released this week sheds light on why a billionaire bailout isn’t very likely. Titled “Social Class as Culture: The Convergence of Resource and Rank in the Social Realm,” the report, published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, concludes that individuals from rich backgrounds are, to put it simply, more selfish. 

The report’s authors—social scientists Dacher Keltner, Michael Kraus, and Paul Piffhave done 12 different studies to measure empathy, Keltner told MSNBC, and they keep coming back to the same idea: “Lower class people just show more empathy, more prosocial behavior, more compassion, no matter how you look at it,” Keltner says.

In one test, for example, Keltner and his team focused on vagus nerve activation. The vagus nerve is tied to feelings of caretaking and compassion; the more active your vagus nerve, the better you are—physiologically speaking—at feeling these emotions. In recent tests, Keltner found that individuals from lower-class backgrounds had more reactive vagus nerves. So, when confronted with something deserving of empathy—a sad image, a human in pain—they were likely to feel for them more intensely.

Other theories on the blights of wealth abound. There’s “Affluenza,” a newly-coined term describing the idea that the more wealth you vy for and attain, the more chronically dissatisfied you become. The Millionaire Next Door, along with other personal finance guides, explores prosperity’s practical challenges—estate planning and investing large sums, for example. Thayer Cheatham Willis, a wealth counselor, ponders the notion of plenty-induced aimlessness; when you’ve got it all, what do you do next?

Some experts think the link between wealth and loss of empathy isn’t quite as clearcut as Keltner claims. “The research regarding income and helping behaviors has always been [a] little bit mixed,” Meredith McGinley, a psychology professor at Chatham University, told MSNBC. Others question Keltner’s methods in conducting his research. UC Berkeley Professor Mitch Hoffman opposes his findings altogether, claiming that altruism actually increases with income. He looked at data on Gentile families who hid Jews during the Holocaust and found that—even after controlling for “ease-of-rescue” variables (extra rooms in a home, money to feed extra mouths)—rich people were more likely to be rescuers. I’d add that some of the nation’s wealthiest, people like Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and Oprah Winfrey, donate chunks of their fortunes to causes like global health and education.

Wherever you fall on Keltner and his crew’s research, it does admittedly lend credence to the stereotype of the wealthy as self-interested and greedy. But given the lack of consensus among researchers on the issue, it’s impossible to safely assume that a hefty bankroll makes someone an immediate Scrooge.

LESS DREADING, MORE DOING

This is the rubber-meets-road moment: the early days in our first fundraising drive since we took a big swing and merged with CIR to bring fearless investigative reporting to the internet, radio, video, and everywhere else that people need an antidote to lies and propaganda.

Donations have started slow, and we hope that explaining, level-headedly, why your support really is everything for our reporting will make a difference. Learn more in “Less Dreading, More Doing,” or in this 2:28 video about our merger (that literally just won an award), and please pitch in if you can right now.

payment methods

LESS DREADING, MORE DOING

This is the rubber-meets-road moment: the early days in our first fundraising drive since we took a big swing and merged with CIR to bring fearless investigative reporting to the internet, radio, video, and everywhere else that people need an antidote to lies and propaganda.

Donations have started slow, and we hope that explaining, level-headedly, why your support really is everything for our reporting will make a difference. Learn more in “Less Dreading, More Doing,” or in this 2:28 video about our merger (that literally just won an award), and please pitch in if you can right now.

payment methods

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our free newsletter

Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily to have our top stories delivered directly to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate