The Trump Administration Is Being Sued Over a Very Weird Bird

Oil and gas companies are destroying sage-grouse habitat—with Ryan Zinke’s blessing.

Male greater sage grouse perform mating rituals for a female grouse (not pictured)David Zalubowski/AP

Environmental groups have filed two lawsuits against US Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke for approving oil and gas leases on habitat that is home to the greater sage-grouse, an imperiled bird species native to the American West.

Both lawsuits urge the courts to reverse the recent oil and gas land sales, claiming that the Trump administration is ignoring Obama-era conservation plans intended to protect the greater sage-grouse from development, and therefore breaking the law.

“This is politically-driven—it comes from Trump’s ‘America-first’ agenda,” says Laird Lucas, lead counsel on one of the lawsuits and executive director of legal firm Advocates for the West. “The oil and gas industry basically gave Zinke and the Interior Department their wish list of what would happen, and the department is following that.”

Center for Biological Diversity

The lawsuits are independent, but coordinated, says Lucas. On Monday, one was filed in US District Court in Boise, Idaho, by the Center for Biological Diversity and the Western Watersheds Project; on the same day, the Montana Wildlife Federation, the Wilderness Society, National Audubon Society, and National Wildlife Federation filed another case in US District Court in Great Falls, Montana. (The Department of the Interior did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Mother Jones.)

The sage-grouse, a small, ground-dwelling bird, has been in decline for decades. By 2015, the population had dropped to 90 percent of its historic levels due to industrial development, prompting the largest conservation effort in United States history by the Obama administration.

But things changed when Donald Trump took over the Oval Office. In December, the DOI’s Bureau of Land Management issued a memo saying it would de-prioritize preserving sage-grouse habitat in leasing and development plans. A month later, the department issued another memo, which instructed the Bureau of Land Management Field Offices to accelerate oil and gas leasing and reduce public comment on leasing plans. Now, the environmental groups argue that these efforts “do not conform” to the official plans set up by the Obama Administration.

Since December, the department, which manages about 45 percent of remaining occupied greater sage-grouse habitat, has leased hundreds of thousands of acres to oil and gas interests—with more sales on the way.

Oil and gas lease sales in greater sage-grouse habitat

CBD/WWP

If the sage-grouse die-off, it would be disastrous for the entire western sage-brush ecosystem. As an “indicator species,” the sage-grouse is a “canary in a coal mine,” Holly Copeland, a conservation scientist at the Nature Conservancy, told Mother Jones in March, because scientists use its health to measure the wellbeing of more than 350 other species that share its habitat. Plus, it’s got the weirdest mating dance.

“As the sagebrush ecosystem gets torn apart, degraded, fragmented—mainly through humans, through roads and highways and farms and ranches and power lines and oil and gas wells, and all of that—it fragments it,” says Lucas. “It really hurts the sage-grouse.”

One More Thing

And it's a big one. Mother Jones is launching a new Corruption Project to do deep, time-intensive reporting on the corruption that is both the cause and result of the crisis in our democracy.

The more we thought about how Mother Jones can have the most impact right now, the more we realized that so many stories come down to corruption: People with wealth and power putting their interests first—and often getting away with it.

Our goal is to understand how we got here and how we might get out. We're aiming to create a reporting position dedicated to uncovering corruption, build a team, and let them investigate for a year—publishing our stories in a concerted window: a special issue of our magazine, video and podcast series, and a dedicated online portal so they don't get lost in the daily deluge of headlines and breaking news.

We want to go all in, and we've got seed funding to get started—but we're looking to raise $500,000 in donations this spring so we can go even bigger. You can read about why we think this project is what the moment demands and what we hope to accomplish—and if you like how it sounds, please help us go big with a tax-deductible donation today.

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our newsletters

Subscribe and we'll send Mother Jones straight to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate