Health Care Bill Allows Feds to Investigate Jail Conditions

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Facts matter: Sign up for the free Mother Jones Daily newsletter. Support our nonprofit reporting. Subscribe to our print magazine.


This story first appeared on the ProPublica website.

Among the many lesser-known provisions tucked into the lengthy health care reform bill passed last month is one that expands the U.S. Attorney General’s power to look into the abuse and neglect of those living in institutional settings.

The provision, first reported by the Web site Main Justice, amends the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA) to allow the Justice Department to issue subpoenas compelling publicly run prisons, jails, mental health facilities and nursing homes to open their doors to inspectors and turn over records.

Most local and state officials cooperate with CRIPA probes, resolving disputes through settlement agreements. Occasionally, however, they refuse to participate in the process, forcing the federal government to take them to court.

We wrote about one such case in Buffalo, N.Y., where Erie County Sheriff Timothy Howard balked at Justice Department requests for unfettered access to the Erie County Holding Center. The Justice Department opened an investigation into conditions at the 680-bed jail in November 2007 in response to reports of excessive force by guards and a rash of inmate suicides. When Erie County officials would not make improvements voluntarily, the Justice Department filed suit. Its inspectors gained access to the jail last month under a court order, prompted, at least in part, by three additional inmate suicides that have occurred since oral arguments began in the case.

The CRIPA language was originally a part of the Health Care Fraud Enforcement Act, which Sen. Ted Kaufman, D-Del., introduced last October. That bill never made it out of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Last November, Kaufman introduced an amendment to the Senate version of the health care reform bill that included many of his original provisions. The CRIPA language remained in the bill President Obama signed.

“The absence of subpoena authority enables non-cooperating jurisdictions to obstruct and delay the [Civil Rights] Division in its mission to ensure that the federal rights of persons in the custody of state and local officials are respected,” a spokesperson for Kaufman wrote in an e-mail. “The resultant litigation when jurisdictions exploit the absence of subpoena power is extraordinarily costly, yet the substantive outcome … is the same.”

It is not yet clear when the Justice Department can begin issuing subpoenas. Justice Department officials declined to comment.

THE TRUTH...

is the first thing despots go after. An unwavering commitment to it is probably what draws you to Mother Jones' journalism. And as we're seeing in the US and the world around, authoritarians seek to poison the discourse and the way we relate to each other because they can't stand people coming together around a shared sense of the truth—it's a huge threat to them.

Which is also a pretty great way to describe Mother Jones' mission: People coming together around the truth to hold power accountable.

And right now, we need to raise about $400,000 from our online readers over the next two months to hit our annual goal and make good on that mission. Read more about the information war we find ourselves in and how people-powered, independent reporting can and must rise to the challenge—and please support our team's truth-telling journalism with a donation if you can right now.

payment methods

THE TRUTH...

is the first thing despots go after. An unwavering commitment to it is probably what draws you to Mother Jones' journalism. And as we're seeing in the US and the world around, authoritarians seek to poison the discourse and the way we relate to each other because they can't stand people coming together around a shared sense of the truth—it's a huge threat to them.

Which is also a pretty great way to describe Mother Jones' mission: People coming together around the truth to hold power accountable.

And right now, we need to raise about $400,000 from our online readers over the next two months to hit our annual goal and make good on that mission. Read more about the information war we find ourselves in and how people-powered, independent reporting can and must rise to the challenge—and please support our team's truth-telling journalism with a donation if you can right now.

payment methods

We Recommend

Latest

Sign up for our free newsletter

Subscribe to the Mother Jones Daily to have our top stories delivered directly to your inbox.

Get our award-winning magazine

Save big on a full year of investigations, ideas, and insights.

Subscribe

Support our journalism

Help Mother Jones' reporters dig deep with a tax-deductible donation.

Donate