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Joshua Bell's Virtuoso Reality

The violin master on 19th century rockstars, video-game addiction, and the virtues of a $100,000 bow.

MJ: You've certainly had your share of acclaim throughout your career. It's quite effusive, some of it. Like the Interview magazine quote that your music "does nothing less than tell human beings why they bother to live." What do you make of stuff like that?

JB: There's also, I don't include the bad quotes in my PR materials! [Laughs.] I mean, that's nice. It's a great job! You get thousands of people clapping after you do your job, which is amazing. Not everybody who goes to work gets that at the end of the day. Even movie actors tell me they're jealous of the fact that we get the immediate applause. When they're filming movies they don't get that.

MJ: They just get the groupies.

JB: [Laughs.] Exactly. But in the end, I am so hard on myself. In fact, it was very hard for me to accept compliments for a very long time. I sort of learned to do it. Because I wanted to say, "Are you kidding? That sucked!" I always feel like I could have been better. You have to have that, because if you think you're great you're not going to get better. But I once had a guy stop me on the street who said something really over the top, but kind of sincere: "I saw your concert, it was the best night of my life" or something like that. And I was so uncomfortable with it, I said, "Well, you need to get out more!" He seemed horrified, and I felt so bad afterwards. I thought I was being self-deprecating, and I realized that that's not what someone like that wants to hear. So I've had to learn how to just say thank you.

MJ: So, like most kids, you were into video games. Think there's a market for a game called Fiddle Hero?

JB: I was more than into video games. I was addicted. Really, looking back, I think I had a severe addiction, with all the classic symptoms of anxiety and release and things that go along with it. I remember going out the back door of the music school where I should have been practicing. My mother would drop me off and I'd go out the back and literally break into a sprint to get to the arcade, feeling that rush of like—I've never done drugs but apparently it's like that—I'd walk into the arcade and I'd just feel this euphoria. [Laughs.] Thank god I've never done drugs, because I think I have an addictive personality! This was in the '80s, so all the Donkey Kong and Pac Man and Centipede—I had the local high scores on several of those machines at one time. But yes, I have been talking to some people about exploring the idea for some kind of violin video game. We'll see.

MJ: Glenn Gould supposedly once threatened to sue a guy for shaking his hand. Are there any activities you avoid to protect your hands?

JB: Um, doing dishes. [Laughs.] No, just because I don't like doing dishes—it's a great excuse! Yeah, I'm careful around knives, cutting things, because I've seen several people in my business chop off the tips of their fingers. But I'm not that careful; I've gone on stage twice with crutches because of severely strained ankles from basketball. And I've jammed most of my fingers at one time. I like to ski, but I'm careful on the slopes, because if I break an arm… I shouldn't be doing it all, but you can't live in fear all of the time.

MJ: Tell me how you came to purchase your violin.

JB: I sort of worked my way up. I bought my first Strad when I was 19.

MJ: How does a 19-year-old afford a Stradivarius?

JB: Well, this one didn't have some original parts; it was an unusual one because it was shaped like a guitar—but it was made by Stradivarius and it had a good sound and I bought it for $140,000. Which was a lot of money, but I could take out a loan and I bought it. A few years later, I tripled my money, and put a down payment on my next Strad.

MJ: Like real estate!

JB: Yeah. That one was a million two, a beautiful violin. I owned that when I went into the shop of Charles Beare, a famous London violin dealer. And they said, you should try this violin. It's leaving tonight to go to Germany. Some businessman has an interest in buying it, but you should take a play on it. He said it's the Gibson ex-Huberman [Stradivarius]. They left me alone with it for a minute, and I just started getting more and more excited, and I was like, "This is the violin I've been looking for!" The way it responded to me; it was like, meant to be. It just felt like mine.

MJ: Like in Harry Potter, where the wand chooses the wizard!

JB: Yeah, so the dealers walked back in and I said, "This is my violin, I've got to have it." Which is not what you should be saying [laughs] to people you're starting to negotiate with. But I played on it that very night at the Royal Albert Hall for 8,000 people—a very complicated, difficult piece. Technically I should have had a month to get to know the instrument before I played it, but I just did not want to part with it. And then it was still not over, because I had to come up with the money. I had to sell mine to buy this one, and you can't just turn around and sell it overnight. I had like one month. Anyway, I ended up by chance running into someone that fell in love with my violin; he found a sponsor and I got the money for the new violin on the exact day of the deadline! So it was meant to be.

MJ: Isn't that kind of like dumping your sweetheart for a new lover?

JB: It is, it is. I would have liked to have kept them both.

"You open up the case; it's a masterpiece, it's gorgeous, the varnish is still there from 300 years ago. People who know violins, they look at it and it's almost like a face."

MJ: Describe your emotional relationship with your violin.

JB: I don't want to carry the analogy too far, because it can get a little corny. I don't sleep with it in my bed, but there is something very magical about the instrument. You open up the case; it's a masterpiece, it's gorgeous, the varnish is still there from 300 years ago. People who know violins, they look at it and it's almost like a face. So I open up my case every day, and have one of the great creations. It is very inspiring. It makes you want to practice. How can you open up a case and look at a violin that was made in 1713 by one of the greatest artists in history and then say, "No, I don't feel like practicing today." [Laughs.] You step up to the plate. But there are days that I get neurotic with the instrument. Every little adjustment will change the balance for good or for bad. It's kind of a miracle, the way the whole thing works as an acoustical whole, so perfectly balanced that any little thing will—which also means the weather, the humidity. There are some days I take it out and it feels dreadful, like nothing is responding, and I want to sell it and get rid of it. And the next day suddenly the skies open up and the sound is glorious again. So it's like a relationship: There are good days and bad days.

MJ: How important is the bow?

JB: Extremely important. As important.

MJ: Some of these François Tourte bows sell for more than $100,000. Are they strung with unicorn hair?

JB: [Laughs.] That's funny. The price is supply and demand. There aren't that many of them and they are not making any Tourtes anymore. But there's something about the sound that it gets, especially out of a great Italian instrument, the way it makes the violin resonate in a way that makes a big difference. It's also the feel. There's so much that happens with the bow; it's got to do many things, and be balanced and just right.

MJ: Modern bow-makers can't replicate that?

JB: There are several great modern bow makers, but compared to a Tourte? Some of it is maybe that pernambuco wood, which is what they use, is getting harder to find. It's endangered, except the amount of wood used for bows is so miniscule that it's almost laughable to worry about bow makers.

MJ: So, how much of the classical repertoire do you think is any good?

JB: Most of it. The bad stuff has been weeded out already. Of course there are pieces that I don't like, but generally I'd say the classical repertoire that has survived has survived because it's great. Beethoven, Mozart, and Brahms and these people have stood the test of time—I can confidently say that these were the greatest composers—and Bach, of course. With rock music, so much of it is flash in the pan. And in the 17th century there were flashes in the pans, too. Someone once told me that there were four Franz Schuberts in the musical dictionary of the time and not one of them was the Franz Schubert we know today!

MJ: Desert island question: You're stuck with the works of one composer...

JB: Ooh, that's a hard one. I'd have to say Beethoven.

MJ: You've done a number of film soundtracks, including The Red Violin. It struck me, preparing for this interview, that soundtracks are one of the few places we ever hear classical music.

JB: For the masses, absolutely. I always find it funny when people say, "I don't really like classical music" or "it doesn't do anything for me." I tell them, "Well, you know, it does. You go to films and you're responding to it, and you've heard it..."

MJ: And it's controlling you.

JB: It's controlling you! So don't think you're not being affected. It's a great medium for music.

MJ: Because you've got a captive audience?

JB: Yeah, and it plays a huge role. I mean, the music in Star Wars, I can't imagine what the movie would have been like without it. It made the film.

MJ: What non-classical music would your fans be surprised that you listen to?

JB: I'm not a good example. [Laughs.] I don't listen to a lot of music when I have my free time. But you know, I'll go to a jazz club and have a drink and listen to a good jazz musician. Or sometimes in the morning, if I want to put myself in a good mood, I'll put on some Latin music.

MJ: Let's talk Vivaldi. I can understand why any violist would want to record The Four Seasons, but it's been recorded by so many of the greats. Why tread where so many others have gone?

JB: As a classical musician, you're always treading where so many people have gone. That's what we do.

MJ: But the Vivaldi in particular feels so overexposed.

JB: Well, if anything, Vivaldi has so much more room than almost anything else for being individual. Baroque music was very much like jazz in that a certain amount was written out and there's a lot that's just—the harpsichord player is improvising the whole way through; he's got the charts like jazz players have. And the violinist as well. There's room to ornament and improvise things. That's why we go back. Actors want to do Shakespeare again and again, or want to do Hamlet. When you hear one guy do Hamlet and another guy do it, it's going to be a whole different experience. For me, the recording is more about posterity—for my grandkids, and for my own documentation of my version when I was 35.

MJ: What's the most technically difficult piece you've ever performed?

JB: It's not always what seems hard. The Beethoven violin concerto is technically maybe the hardest because it's so exposed. The Tchaikovsky is more technically difficult; it's got more acrobatics, yet you can get away with more.

MJ: What do you mean, exposed?

JB: If you mess up the tiniest little thing in the Beethoven concerto, or the phrasing isn't just exactly perfectly executed—Beethoven brings out the worst in the best violinist. You almost never hear a satisfying performance, because it doesn't play itself. The Tchaikovsky is technically bombastic, but it kind of plays itself.

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